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STATE OF MARYLAND 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



Seventy-fifth Annual Report 

OF THE 

State Board of Education 

Showing Condition 
OF THE 

Public Schools of Maryland 

FOR THE 
YEAR ENDING JULY 31, 1941 




BALTIMORE, MD. 



ft 



STATE OF MARYLAND 
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION— OCTOBER, 1941 

Name Address Name Address 

TASKER G. LOWNDES, Pres Cumberland HARRY Y. GEORGE Baltimore 

DR. J. M. T. FINNEY, Vice-Pres. ...Baltimore HORACE M. MORGAN Queen Anne 

WENDELL D. ALLEN Baltimore MRS. ALVIN THALHEIMER Baltimore 

HENRY C. WHITEFORD Whiteford 

ALBERT S. COOK, Secretary-Treasurer, Towson 

OFFICE OF THE STATE SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS 

1111 Lexington Building, Baltimore, Md. 

Name Office 

ALBERT S. COOK State Superintendent of Schools 

[. JEWELL SIMPSON Assistant State Superintendent in Charge of Elementary Instruction 

T. G. PULLEN, JR Asst. Supt. in Administration and Supervisor of High Schools 

E. CLARKE FONTAINE (Chestertown) Supervisor of High Schools 

JAMES E. SPITZNAS (Cumberland) Supervisor of High Schools 

EARLE T. HAWKINS Supervisor of High Schools 

J. WALTER HUFFINGTON Supervisor of Colored Schools 

JOHN J. SEIDEL Assistant Superintendent in Vocational Education 

ELISABETH AMERY Supervisor of Home Economics Education 

H. F. COTTERMAN (College Park) Supervisor of Agriculture 

R. FLOYD CROMWELL Supervisor of Educational and Vocational Guidance 

R. C. THOMPSON (1112 Lexington Bldg.) Supervisor of Vocational Rehabilitation 

and Special Education 

THOMAS D. BRAUN 1112 Lexington Bldg.) Rehabilitation Assistant 

ROGER E. MARTZ (Hagerstown) Rehabilitation Assistant 

THOMAS C. FERGUSON Supervisor of Physical Education and Recreation 

ETHEL E. SAMMIS Asst. Supervisor of Physical Education and Recreation 

ADELINE J. PRATT (400 Cathedral St.) State Director of Public Libraries 

BESSIE C. STERN (1114 Lexington Bldg.) Director, Bureau of Educational Measurements 

MERLE S. BATEMAN Director, Teacher Certification 

GRACE STEELE TRAVERS Financial Secretary 

E. SUE WALTER Clerk 

RUTH E. HOBBS Stenographer 

ELIZABETH McGINNITY Stenographer 

HELEN BUCHER BANDIERE Stenographer 

EMMA E. LUECKERT (1112 Lexington Bldg.) Stenographer 

FRANCES O. KANN (1114 Lexington Bldg.) Statistical Assistant 

MARY A. BARTHEL (1112 Lexington Bldg.) Stenographer 

MARGARET L. MILLER Stenographer 

C. ELIZABETH OWINGS Stenographer 

MARY ELEANOR RICE (1114 Lexington Bldg.) Statistical Assistant 

ELSIE F. FORMAN Stenographer 

BEATRICE L. LEVI (1114 Lexington Bldg.) Statistical Clerk 

PRESIDENTS OF STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES 

M. THERESA WIEDEFELD State Teachers College, Towson 

JOHN L. DUNKLE State Teachers College, Frostburg 

J. D. BLACKWELL State Teachers College, Salisbury 

LEONID AS S. JAMES State Teachers College (For Colored Youth), Bowie 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 
MARYLAND TEACHERS' RETIREMENT SYSTEM 

911 Lexington Building, Baltimore, Md. 

HOOPER S. MILES State Treasurer and Chairman 

J. MILLARD TAWES State Comptroller 

ALBERT S. COOK State Superintendent of Schools 

EDWIN W. BROOME Superintendent of Montgomery County Schools, Vice-Chairman 

ALTHEA FULLER Principal, Allegany County 

MILDRED MEDINGER Secretary 

MINNIE M. HAMILTON Stenographer 

HELEN KIRKMAN Clerk 



MARYLAND COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS AND SUPERVISORS 

1941-42 



County Address 

ALLEGANY— Cumberland 
Charles L. Kopp, Supt. 
Lillian Compton, Asst. Supt. 
Jane Botsford 
Winifred Greene 
Mildred Willison 
Helen Sandfort (Art) 
Richard T. Rizer (High School) 
Harold McNally (Special Education) 

ANNE ARUNDEL— Annapolis 
Geo. Fox, Supt. 
Ruth Parker Eason 
W. Slater Bryant, Jr. 
Howard A. Kinhart (High School) 

BALTIMORE— Towson 
C. G. Cooper, Supt. 
Edward G. Stapleton, Asst. Supt. 
M. Lucetta Sisk (Curriculum) 1 
Viola K. Almony 1 
Myrtle Eckhardt 1 
Jennie E. Jessop 1 
C. James Velie (Music) 1 
Olive Jobes (Art) 1 

Howard A. Wescott (Physical Ed.) 1 

CALVERT— Prince Frederick 
Harry R. Hughes, Supt. 
Mattie V. Hardesty 

CAROLINE— Denton 

W. Stewart Fitzgerald, Supt. 
A. May Thompson 

CARROLL— Westminster 

Raymond S. Hyson, Supt. 
Ruth DeVore 
Charles E. Reck 

Samuel M. Jenness (High School) 

CECIL— Elkton 

H. E McBride, Supt. 
Olive L. Reynolds 

CHARLES— La Plata 

F. Bernard Gwynn, Supt. 
Jane Bowie 

DORCHESTER— Cambridge 
W. Theodore Boston, Supt. 
Evelyn E. Johnson 

FREDERICK— Frederick 
E. W. Pruitt, Supt. 
L. Louise Freeman 
A. Drucilla Worthington 

GARRETT— Oakland 

Franklin E. Rathbun, Supt. 
Kate Bannatyne 2 
Caroline Wilson 



County Address 

HARFORD— Bel Air 

C. Milton Wright, Supt. 
Hazel L. Fisher 
Mary L. Grau 3 

HOWARD— Ellicott City 
H. C. Brown, Supt. 
Gail W. Chadwick 

KENT — Chestertown 

Louis C. Robinson, Supt. 
Esta V. Harrison 

MONTGOMERY— Rockville 
E. W. Broome, Supt. 
Grace Alder 
Elizabeth Meany 
Eloise Cason 

Mary Gertrude Cross (Music) 

Marjorie Billows (Art) 

Fern D. Schneider (High School) 

PRINCE GEORGE'S— Upper Marlboro 
Nicholas Orem, Supt. 
Louise R. Colip* 
Maude Gibbs Hyle 
Mary Kemp 4 
Kathryn Reidy* 
Catherine R. Green* 

QUEEN ANNE'S— Centreville 
Franklin D. Day, Supt. 
Tempe H. Dameron 

ST. MARY'S — Leonardtown 
Lettie M. Dent, Supt. 
E. Violette Young 

SOMERSET — Princess Anne 
C. Allen Carlson, Supt. 
Alice Mae Coulbourn 

TALBOT— Easton 

J. Willard Davis, Supt. 
William R. Phipps 

WASHINGTON— Hagerstown 
B. C. Willis, Supt. 
Pauline Blackford 
Katherine L. Healy 
Anne Richardson 
Mary Helen Chrissinger (Art) 
Miriam L. Hoffman (Music) 

WICOMICO— Salisbury 

James M. Bennett, Supt. 
Hazel Jenkins Hearne 

WORCESTER— Snow Hill 

Arthur C. Humphreys, Supt. 
Elizabeth Mundy 



1 200 W. Saratoga St., Balto. 

2 Granteville 



3 Havre de Grace 

4 Hyattsville 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Letter of Transmittal 5 

The State Public School Budgets for 1941, 1942 and 1943 6 

1941 Legislation Affecting Education 7 

The 1940 Maryland School Census 11 

Dates of Opening and Closing Schools and Length of Session 16 

Enrollment in Public and Non-Public Schools, Birth Rates, Ratio of High 

School to Total Enrollment 17 

Percent and Index of Attendance 22 

Grade Enrollment, Elementary Graduates and Non-Promotions 25 

Education for Handicapped Children in Counties and City 36 

High School Graduates: Number, Persistence and Occupations 40 

High School Enrollment by Year and Subject 47 

Participation of White High School Pupils in Music Activities 56 

The Physical Education Program in Maryland Counties 57 

High School Failures and Withdrawals 58 

Teachers by Subject, Clerks, Certification, Resignations, Turnover, 

Summer School Attendance 61 

Number Belonging and Average Salary per Teacher 75 

Number and Size of Schools 87 

Summer Schools, Evening Schools, Adult Education, Vocational Rehabili- 
tation, Defense Training 93 

Costs of Maryland Schools: 

Total, Percent from State, Distribution of School Tax Dollar 99 

Cost per Pupil 105 

Financing the Vocational Education Program 116 

The Adult Education Program 119 

Transportation of Pupils 121 

Capital Outlay, Bonds Outstanding, Value of School Property 125 

1941-42 County Levies; Percent of Levies Used for Schools; Assess- 
ments; Tax Rates 129 

Parent-Teacher Associations 134 

State and County School Administration and Supervision 135 

The Maryland State Teachers Colleges — Towson, I£rostburg, Salisbury ... 147 

Contributions of Teachers to State Teachers' Retirement System 155 

National Youth Administration Aid to High School Pupils 156 

The Maryland Public Library Commission Aid to School Libraries 157 

The State and County Health Program for School Children 160 

List of Financial Statements and Statistical Tables 163 

Index 206 



4 



Baltimore, Md., July 15, 1942. 

Honorable Herbert R. O'Conor, 

Governor of Maryland, 
Annapolis, Maryland. 

Dear Governor O'Conor: 

In accordance with Section 24 of Article 77, of the Laws of 
Maryland, the seventy-fifth "annual report, covering all opera- 
tions of the State Department of Education and the support, con- 
dition, progress, and needs of education throughout the State" for 
the school year ending in June, 1941, is herewith presented to you. 

In accordance with the policy during the emergency cre- 
ated by war conditions of eliminating or limiting State Reports to 
the most important and essential data, a questionnaire was sent to 
the county superintendents asking their recommendations regard- 
ing items which might be omitted, or which should be mimeo- 
graphed or printed. The following report, which has approxi- 
mately half the usual number of pages, includes only those items 
deemed absolutely necessary by at least one-half of the superin- 
tendents who sent in replies. A verbal analysis of information 
included in tables or charts has been omitted entirely, although 
this is not considered a good precedent for normal times. The 
separate sections for white elementary, white high and colored 
schools included in reports for the past fourteen years have been 
eliminated. Each subject treated has been presented for all types 
of schools in the same table or in consecutive tables or charts. In 
many ways this new arrangement is considered an improvement. 

The excellent law which governs the Maryland school pro- 
gram, its simple and efficient plan of organization for administra- 
tion, supervision and financing, as well as the enthusiastic co- 
operation received from all county teachers, clerks, attendance 
workers, supervisors, and superintendents, who have been given 
the whole-hearted moral and financial support of their patrons, 
county boards of education and county commissioners have made 
possible the conditions shown in this report. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Thomas G. Pullen, Jr. 

Secretary -Treasurer. 

State Board of Education. 
Tasker G. Lowndes, President 
John M. T. Finney, Vice-President* 
Wendell D. Allen 
Harry Y. George 
Horace M. Morgan 
Fannie Thalheimer 
Henry C. Whiteford 

* Deceased. 

5 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 
TABLE 1 

The State Public School Budgets for 1941, 1942 and 1943 



Purpose 



- Amounts Contributed to 
g Retirement System, Counties 
£ and Baltimore City 

Retirement System 

1. County Teachers 

2. Baltimore City Teachers 

3. Expense Fund 

Sub Total Items 1-3 

4. High School Aid 

5. Colored Industrial Fund 

6. Part Payment of Salaries 

7. Books and Materials 

8. Fund Distributed on Basis of Census 

and Attendance 

9. Equalization Fund 

10. Reduction of County Taxation, Basis 

1940 Federal Census 

11. Education of Physically Handi- 

capped Children 

12. Night Schools 

13. Increase in Salaries of Col. Teachers 

Sub Total Items 4-13 

14. State Board of Education Expenses . 

15. Vocational Education 

16. Physical Education and Recreation . 

17. Bureau of Educational Measurements 

18. Publications and Printing 

19. Medical Examinations of Teachers . 

20. Vocational Rehabilitation 

21. Consultant Architect 

22. State Department of Education .... 

23. State Aid for Curriculum Con- 

struction and Revision 

Sub Total Items 14-23 

24. Bowie State Teachers College 

25. Frostburg State Teachers College . . 

26. Salisbury State Teachers College. . . 

27. Towson State Teachers College. . . . 

Sub Total Items 24-27 

Grand Total Including Fees . . 
Fees — State Teachers Colleges 

Total from State 



1941 
Appropriation 



$557,737 
a409,538 
12,000 



a$979,275 

593,006 
26,250 
183,647 
250,000 

1,800,000 
1,331,316 

"1,250,000 

19,650 
10,000 



$5,463,869 

1,000 
11,000 
20,000 
9,600 
4,500 
1,700 
15,850 
750 
65,283 



$129,683 

c59,025 
d82,885 
e95,677 
f224,255 



cdef$461,842 



a$7,034,669 
194,780 



a$6,839,889 



Request 



1942 



$590,018 
536,890 
10,608 



$1,137,516 

614,687 
26,250 
192,800 
250,000 

1,800,000 
1,574,085 

1,250,000 

20,000 
10,000 



$5,737,822 

1,200 
13,250 
20,000 
12,000 
5,000 
1,700 
37,642 
750 
66,814 

6,000 



$164,356 

c88,885 
d93,340 
ell7,397 
f237,584 



cdef$537,206 



b$7, 576,900 
186,840 



b$7,390,060 



1943 



$626,670 
564,897 
10,608 



$1,202,175 

626,876 
26,250 
194,400 
250,000 

1,800,000 
1,711,197 

1,250,000 

20,000 
10,000 



$5,888,723 

1,200 
13,200 
20,000 
12,000 
5,000 
1,700 
37,642 
750 
66,514 

6,000 



$164,106 

c88,885 
d95,140 
el21,374 
f237,809 



cdef$543,208 



b$7,798,212 
186,840 



b$7,611,372 



Appropriations 



1942 



$590,018 
536,890 
10,598 



$1,137,506 

614,687 
26,250 
192,800 
250,000 

1,800,000 
1,574,085 

1,250,000 

20,000 
10,000 
gl30,148 



g$5,867,970 

1,100 
11,000 
19,000 
9,600 
4,500 
1,700 
15,850 
750 
64,474 



$127,974 

c66,025 
d84,780 
e93,772 
f225,309 



cdef$469,886 



$7,603,336 
186,840 



$7,416,496 



1943 



$626,670 
564,897 
10,598 



$1,202,165 

626,876 
26,250 
194,400 
250,000 

1,800,000 
1,711,197 

1,250,000 

20,000 
10,000 
gl90,000 



g$6,078,723 

1,100 
11,000 
19,600 
9,600 
4,500 
1,700 
15,850 
750 
64,374 



$128,474 

c66,025 
d85,380 
e94,772 
f226,209 



cdef$472,386 



$7,881,748 
186,840 



$7,694,908 



a Excludes overpayment of $102,501 previously made to Baltimore City. 

b Excludes $130,148 in 1942 and $190,000 in 1943 included in supplementary budget for equalization of salaries 
of colored teachers. 



Includes fees at State Teachers Colleges as follows: 

c Bowie $18,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 

d Frostburg 37,200 37,200 37,200 37,200 37,200 

e Salisbury 51,840 42,240 42,240 49,600 42,240 

f Towson 87,740 82,400 82,400 85,340 82,400 

g In order to carry out the provisions of Chapter 515 of the Laws of 1941. 

* Basis for distribution 1930 Federal census. 



State School Budget and 1941 Educational Legislation 7 



MARYLAND 1941 LEGISLATION WHICH AFFECTS EDUCATION 

General Legislation 

Ch. 515, S. B. 329 

Equalizing salaries of white and colored teachers, by amending Section 
93 of Article 77 (1939 edition), eliminating the word "white," and repealing 
Sections 194 and 195. 

Ch. 938, H. B. 67 

Appropriations for carrying out Senate Bill 329 are included in the 
following amendment to House Bill No. 67: 

Contingent upon the passage of Senate Bills Nos. 327 and 329, there 
is hereby appropriated to the State Department of Education the sum of 
$130,148.00 for the fiscal year 1942 and the sum of $190,000.00 for the 
fiscal year 1943 for the purpose of paying a portion of the salaries of 
colored teachers beginning January 1, 1942; which sums are to be supple- 
mented by the various counties in which it will be necessary to do so, 
according to Senate Bill No. 329; and, further, that the appropriations of 
$130,148.00 and $190,000.00 for 1942 and 1943, respectively, are contingent 
upon $95,000.00 or approximately that much in each year being produced by 
taxes imposed upon half-mile race tracks by legislation passed at the 1941 
Session of the General Assembly. The State's share, as appropriated, in- 
cludes savings in the Public School Budget passed by the General Assembly 
of 1939, in the approximate amount of $90,000.00 to be used in the fiscal years 
1942 and 1943. The said sums of $130,148.00 for the fiscal year 1942 and 
$190,000.00 for the fiscal year 1943 are to be allocated to the following 
counties of the State in the amounts indicated: 



1942 1943 

Anne Arundel $ 18,495.00 $ 27,000.00 

Calvert 8,905.00 13,000.00 

Caroline 3,767.00 5,500.00 

Carroll 2,055.00 3,000.00 

Charles 13,700.00 20,000.00 

Dorchester 9,247.00 13,500.00 

Frederick 2,055.00 3,000.00 

Howard 2,055.00 3,000.00 

Kent 3,425.00 5,000.00 

Prince George's 10,275.00 15,000.00 

Queen Anne's 6,850.00 10,000.00 

St. Mary's 10,617.00 15,500.00 

Somerset 14,727.00 21,500.00 

Talbot 5,480.00 8,000.00 

Wicomico 10,275.00 15,000.00 

Worcester 8,220.00 12,000.00 



Total $130,148.00 $190,000.00 



Ch. 312, H. B. 185 

Making optional an elective course in the safe operation of motor 
vehicles to students who have attended county high schools at least two 
years. Requirements for course and credits allowed shall be determined 
by the State Board of Education. Instruction cars shall be furnished by 
State Police Department unless Board of Education makes other provision. 
Driving experience may be under supervision of State Police in discretion 
of the Superintendent of Police, or under local Police, or under a teacher. 
Driving instruction shall, if possible, be given on property removed from 
State roads. Sections of roads near schools may be designated and marked 
for instruction by State Roads Commission. No vehicle shall be operated 
between such signs at a speed in excess of 20 miles per hour. 



8 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



Ch. 150, H. B. 198 

Providing for issuance of certificates equivalent to high school diplomas 
to persons who have not attended school but who pass examinations given 
by the State Board of Education. 

Ch. 843, H. B. 491 

Scholarships for tuition at College Park, University of Maryland, shall 
be available as follows: three students from each legislative district in 
Baltimore City and three from each county to be appointed by the State 
Senator, not more than one appointment to be made in any one year; from 
each legislative district in Baltimore City and from each of the counties 
a number of students equal to the number of representatives of the respective 
legislative districts in the House of Delegates to be appointed one each by 
each member of the House of Delegates. 

Scholarships for tuition at Princess Anne shall be given by the State 
Senator to one student from each legislative district in Baltimore City and 
from each of the counties. 

Appointments by State Senators and Delegates shall be on any basis 
they elect, except each student appointed shall show financial need and 
satisfy the entrance requirements of the University. 

Ch. 676, H. B. 736 

Pension and retirement status required to be maintained and reemploy- 
ment by State and counties of persons in military service authorized. 

Ch. 798, H. B. 738 

Permitting municipalities to issue bonds until 1943 to take advantage 
of Federal Aid. 

Ch. 854, S. B. 67 

State bond issue provides for State Teachers Colleges as follows: 
Towson, for gymnasium and equipment, $51,000 from issue July 15, 1941 

Bowie, for water supply $10 000 1 $g 000 frQm iggue Jan 15 1942 

Bowie, for gymnasium, $15,000 | 2 ' g 000 frQm isgue Jul ]5 1942 

Bowie, for library equipment, $5,000 .. J T ' * 1 

Salisbury, for library equipment and sewerage, $5,000 from issue of 
Jan. 15, 1942: 

Ch. 551, S. B. 443 

Charlotte Hall scholarships to be available to private as well as public 
school pupils and to be for four years instead of three. 

Ch. 319, H. B. 624 

Authorizing the Board of Public Works to conVey to the County Com- 
missioners of Baltimore County a tract of land now a part of the State 
Teachers College property in Towson for use as a public, highway of Baltimore 
County and also a right of way over a part of said property for Metropolitan 
District services in Baltimore County. 

Resolution 

Requesting the Legislative Council to make a careful study and survey 
of the proposal to extend the years and grades of instruction offered in the 
public schools and to report the results of such study and survey, together 
with recommendations and proposed legislation, to the 1943 General As- 
sembly. 



1941 Educational Legislation 



9 



Ch. 807, H. B. 785 
Magistrates for juvenile causes to deal with minors under 18 years. 

Ch. 824, H. B. 861 
Constitutional amendment on juvenile courts. 

Ch. 525, S. B. 376 
Creating commission to study juvenile delinquency. 

Ch. 566, S. B. 463 

Making it possible for Morgan State College to become part of the 
Maryland Teachers Retirement System with financing from Morgan State 
College budget. 



1941 Legislation Affecting Individual Counties 

Allegany 

Ch. 448 ? H. B. 620 

Requiring that school buses in Allegany County shall not exceed capacity 
by more than 25% in bus with center aisle and by more than 10% in bus 
without center aisle, provided that this limitation shall not apply within a 
mile radius of a school. In determining seating capacity, thirteen inches 
shall be allowed each passenger. Steel construction shall be required for 
new buses and all buses must be equipped with outside mirrors. 

Frederick 
Ch. 422, H. B. 324 

Transportation of pupils to non-State aided schools to be provided by 
Board of Education and paid for by county commissioners. 

Harford 

Ch. 818, H. B. 835 

Recreation activities in Harford to be studied by supervisor of recreation 
to be appointed. 

Montgomery 

Ch. 246, H. B. 436 
Supervisor of school property shall place insurance on school building:. 

Ch. 924, H. B. 896 

Public officials and employees not to be interested financially in contracts 
or purchases to which the Board of County Commissioners or County Board 
of Education is a party, and requiring advertisement regarding the purchase 
of land. 



10 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



St. Mary's 
Ch. 609, S. B. 526 

County Commissioners to provide funds to County Board of Education for 
transportation of pupils to non-State aided schools. 



Somerset 

Ch. 217, S. B. 219 

Board of Education to receive real estate, title to which stands in the 
name of Trustees of Washington Academy. 



Baltimore City 
Ch. 214, S. B. 133 

$7,000 provided for scholarships for fifth and sixth districts in Baltimore 
City at Johns Hopkins University. 

Ch. 348, S. B. 333 

Requiring scholarships to be awarded by the State Senator in Carroll, 
Cecil, Charles, Frederick, Harford, Howard, Somerset, Talbot, Wicomico 
and Worcester counties after competitive examinations supervised by the 
Board of Education, but prepared and graded by Blue Ridge College, Char- 
lotte Hall, Maryland Institute, St. Mary's Female Seminary, Washington 
College and Western Maryland College. 



Ch. 468, H. B. 325 

Providing for pensions of $300 to be paid by the County Commissioners 
of Carroll and Frederick Counties to teachers who had had 25 or more years 
experience prior to June 1, 1927, who hold life certificates, are at least 
sixty years old, are unable to teach because of physical disability or infirmity, 
or are without other means of comfortable support, and are ineligible to 
receive pensions through the Maryland State Retirement System. 

Bond issues for the following counties were authorized: 
County Chapter Bill No. Amount Purpose 

Allegany 416 H.678 $800,000 Mt. Savage, Lonaconing, Ellerslie 

Calvert 603 S.517 100,000 Prince Frederick High School 

Garrett 929 H.569 250,000 Oakland High, referendum required 

139 S.177 a40,000 Auditorium at Accident, one room 

at Hutton 

fKent 270 S.293 350,000 Junior-senior high school and junior 

high schools for white youths, 
referendum required 
50,000 Junior-senior high school for colored 
youths, referendum required 

^Montgomery .... 252 H.413 bl,2O7,550 b ^ ma Park Lanham 

Prince George's 744 H.649 500,000 F °^£dale TilSft JSSi 

bury Heights, Bladensburg, Tee 
Bee junior-senior high school, 
Brentwood, Oxon Hill 

f Queen Anne's .... 68 S.215 30,000 High schools at Centerville and 

Sudlersville 

69 S.215 30,000 Auditorium at Church Hill 
f Washington .... 200 S.198 200,000 School buildings and land 

a Notes, not bond issue. 

b Total for all county purposes, including schools, 
t See Table 109, page 126. 



1940 School Census in Maryland 



11 



TABLE 2— Census of Boys and Girls Under 21 Years of Age in 23 
Maryland Counties By Age, Color, and Sex, November, 1940 



Age 


White 


Colored 


1 otal 


r>oys 


Girls 


1 otal 


Hoys 


LririS 


Total Counties: 














(5-18) 1934 


1Q7 AOA 


inn Q9 ^ 


96 499 


AO 988 


21 319 


on QfiQ 

, yoy 


(5-18) 1936 


201 281 


1 H9 fi78 


qa cnQ 

JO , DUO 


41 988 


21 264 


20 734 


(5-18) 1938 


9n9 88/1 


1 HQ <^Q^ 
J.UO , OjO 


99 289 


41 642 


21 041 


20 601 


(5-18) 1940 


Ot\K 99Q 


J.U4 , DUO 


1 nn 79fi 


41 086 


20 557 


9n WQ 
, o^y 


Total Ages 20 or Under 














1940 




1 en Q1 r; 


143 , 011 


Oo , uoj 


29 357 


29 232 


20 


12 177 


6 497 


5 680 


2 230 


1 182 


1 048 


19 


13 407 


7 115 


6 292 


2 458 


1 301 


1 157 


18 


13 991 


7 327 


6 664 

7 039 


2 ' 628 


1 369 


1 259 


X7 


14 460 


7 421 


2 836 


1 430 


1 4_Q6 


16 


15 260 


7 891 


7, 369 


3 108 


1 524 


1 584 


15 


15 572 


7998 


1 574 


2' 979 


1 512 


1 467 


14 


15'l28 


7^777 


7, '351 


2, '990 


1^531 


1^459 


13 


15,527 


7,739 


7,788 


2,959 


1,477 


1,482 


12 


15,408 


7,746 


7,662 


3,059 


1,519 


1,540 


11 


14,686 


7,438 


7,248 


2,942 


1,499 


1,443 


10 


14,793 


7,542 


7,251 


3,139 


1 , 555 


1,584 


9 


14,706 


7,470 


7,236 


2,946 


1,483 


1,463 


8 


14,364 


7,300 


7,064 


2,950 


1,423 


1,527 


7 


14,048 


7,059 


6,989 


2,833 


1,423 


1,410 


6 


13,591 


6,848 


6,743 


2,972 


1,453 


1.519 


c 


13,795 


7,047 


6,748 


2,745 


1,359 


1,386 


4 


13,050 


6,708 


6,342 


2,661 


1,325 


1,336 


3 


12,710 


6 , 520 


6,190 


2,511 


1,255 


1,256 


2 


12,897 


6,709 


6,188 


2,756 


1,332 


1,424 


1 


11,291 


5,768 


5,523 


2,268 


1,114 


1,154 


Under 1 


12,465 


6,395 


6,070 


2,619 


1,291 


1,328 


Balto. City (5-18) 1940 


117,610 






34,434 






EntireState (5-18) 1940 


322,939 






75,520 







TABLE 3— Brief Summary of 1940 School Census of Maryland Children 



County 


Census 
Ages 7-15 Years 


Change 
1938 to 1940 


Census 
Ages 
6-14 

Years 


Change 
1938 

to 
1940 


Ages 7-15 Yea 
Number 


-s in No School 
Per Cent 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


Total Counties 


134,232 


26,797 


+256 


—903 


159,041 


—1,476 


4,289 


2,049 


3.2 


7.7 


Allegany 


15,116 


243 


+46 


—29 


14,981 


—143 


293 


6 


1.9 


2.5 




7,562 


3,039 


+ 122 


—84 


10,543 


—35 


176 


205 


2.3 


6.8 




22,459 


1,901 


+ 727 


—40 


23,952 


+ 508 


618 


111 


2.8 


5.8 


Calvert 


919 


1,089 


—43 


—41 


2,023 


—113 


25 


87 


2.7 


8.0 


Caroline 


2,220 


691 


—158 


—37 


2,832 


—197 


65 


57 


2.9 


8.2 


Carroll 


5,499 


350 


—75 


—13 


5,694 


—187 


245 


20 


4.4 


5.7 


Cecil 


3,779 


398 


—109 


—42 


4,134 


—131 


74 


21 


2.0 


5.3 


Charles 


1,953 


1,717 


+ 70 


—19 


3,624 


+ 1 


44 


191 


2.3 


11.1 


Dorchester 


2,928 


1,370 


—258 


—94 


4,178 


—372 


122 


154 


4.2 


11.2 


Frederick 


8,652 


893 


—176 


—25 


9.395 


—206 


648 


81 


7.5 


9.1 




4,452 


1 


—159 


—1 


4,408 


—81 


196 




4.4 






4,907 


842 


+ 26 


+ 14 


5,659 


+23 


209 


' 67 


4.2 


k'.b 


Howard 


2,729 


664 


—51 


—21 


3,370 


—96 


86 


65 


3.1 


9.8 


Kent 


1,399 


734 


—127 


—81 


2,093 


—220 


32 


42 


2.3 


5.7 


Montgomery 


11,097 


1,798 


+215 


—146 


12,892 


—13 


164 


138 


1.5 


7.7 


Prince George's 


13,072 


3,630 


+ 888 


+ 194 


16,913 


+ 1,099 


159 


237 


1.2 


6.5 




1,706 


778 


—104 


—87 


2,475 


—156 


34 


22 


2.0 


2.8 


St. Mary's 


2,147 


1,278 


+2 


—89 


3,400 


—57 


117 


144 


5.4 


11.3 




2,212 


1,418 


—202 


—117 


3,559 


—310 


116 


119 


5.2 


8.4 


Talbot 


1,832 


914 


—78 


+ 4 


2,756 


—126 


38 


48 


2.1 


5.2 


Washington 


11.436 


238 


—151 


—14 


11,425 


—252 


518 


17 


4.5 


7.1 




3,923 


1,393 


—27 


—61 


5,191 


—141 


198 


77 


5.0 


5.5 


Worcester 


2,233 


1,418 


—122 


—74 


3,544 


—271 


112 


140 


5.0 


9.9 


Baltimore City 


84,394 


25,708 






108,086 


*— 5,107 










Entire State 


218,626 


52,505 






267,127 


*— 6,583 











* Chance 1939 to 1940 for Baltimore City. 



12 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 4 



Number and Percent of Maryland County Children Enumerated of Ages 7-15 
Years Inclusive, in Public, Private and Parochial Schools, and 
No School, November, 1940 





Number 


Percent 


County 




In Pri- 








In Pri- 






In 


vate and 


In No 




In 


vate and 


In No 




Public 


Parochial 


School 


Total 


Public 


Parochial 


School 




School 


School 






School 


School 








White 


Children 








Total and Average: 


















115,973 


11,764 


6,675 


134,412 


86.3 


8.7 


5.0 


1 QQ Q 


116,434 


12,128 


5,414 


133,976 


86.9 


9.1 


4.0 




117,635 


12,308 


4,289 


134,232 


87.6 


9.2 


3.2 


_ . „ , 


11,959 


954 


159 


13,072 


91.5 


7.3 


1.2 




9,675 


1,258 


164 


11,097 


87.2 


11.3 


1.5 




12,648 


2,175 


293 


15,116 


83.7 


14.4 


1.9 




3,361 


344 


74 


3,779 


88.9 


9.1 


2.0 




1,629 


43 


34 


1,706 


95.5 


2.5 


2.0 


Talbot 


1,772 


22 


38 


1,832 


96.7 


1.2 


2.1 




1,588 


321 


44 


1,953 


81.3 


16.4 


2.3 


Kent 


1,337 


30 


32 


1,399 


95.6 


2.1 


2.3 


Anne Arundel 


6,797 


589 


176 


7,562 


89.9 


7.8 


2.3 


Calvert 


851 


43 


25 


919 


92.6 


4.7 


2.7 




18,080 


3,761 


618 


22,459 


80.5 


16.7 


2.8 


Caroline 


2,133 


22 


65 


2,220 


96.1 


1.0 


2.9 


Howard 


2,343 


300 


86 


2,729 


85.9 


11.0 


3.1 




2,795 


11 


122 


2,928 


95.4 


.4 


4.2 


Harford 


4,449 


249 


209 


4,907 


90.7 


5.1 


4.2 


Garrett 


4,197 


59 


196 


4,452 


94.3 




4.4 


Carroll 


5,096 


158 


245 


5,499 


92.7 


2!9 


4.4 




10,519 


399 


518 


11,436 


92.0 


3.5 


4.5 




2,107 


14 


112 


2,233 


94.4 


.6 


5.0 




3,709 


16 


198 


3,923 


94.6 


.4 


5.0 


Somerset 


2,090 


6 


116 


2,212 


94.5 


.3 


5.2 




927 


1,103 


117 


2,147 


43.2 


51.4 


5.4 




7,573 


431 


648 


8,652 


87.5 


5.0 


7.5 


Colored Children 


Total and Average: 
















1936 


24,537 


635 


3,128 


28,300 


86.7 


2.2 


11.1 


1938 


*24,505 


658 


*2,537 


**27,700 


*88.5 


2.4 


*9.1 


1940 


24,100 


647 


*2,050 


*26,797 


89.9 


2.4 


*7.7 


Allegany 


237 




6 


243 


97.5 




2.5 




756 




22 


778 


97.2 




2.8 


Talbot 


859 


• ■ -j 


48 


914 


94.0 


' ' !8 


5.2 


Cecil 


376 


1 


21 


398 


94.5 


.2 


5.3 


Wicomico 


1,313 


3 


77 


1,393 


94.3 


.2 


5.5 


Carroll 


330 




20 


350 


94.3 




5.7 




690 


' ' 2 


42 


734 


94.0 


"3 


5.7 




1,783 


7 


111 


1,901 


93.8 


.4 


5.8 


Prince George's 


3,245 


148 


237 


3,630 


- 89.4 


4.1 


6.5 




2,769 


65 


205 


3,039 


91.1 


2.1 


6.8 




221 




17 


238 


92.9 




7.1 


Montgomery 


1,655 


' "5 


138 


1,798 


92.0 


' ' !3 


7.7 


Harford 


774 


1 


67 


842 


91.9 


.1 


8.0 


Calvert 


1,001 


1 


87 


1,089 


91.9 


.1 


8.0 




630 


4 


57 


691 


91.2 


.6 


8.2 




1,296 


3 


119 


1,418 


91.4 


.2 


8.4 




804 


8 


81 


893 


90.0 


.9 


9.1 


Howard 


570 


29 


65 


664 


85.8 


4.4 


9.8 




1,272 


6 


140 


1,418 


89.7 


.4 


9.9 




1,422 


104 


191 


1,717 


82.8 


6.1 


11.1 




1,216 




154 


1,370 


88.8 




11.2 


St. Mary's 


881 


*253 


144 


1,278 


68.9 


i9!8 


11.3 








IHK 









* Represents one child in Garrett County. 



1940 School Census in Maryland Counties 



13 



TABLE 5 

Non-School Attendants of Ages 7-15 Years Enumerated in 23 Maryland 
Counties Distributed According to Employment, Handicap, and 
Age Group, November, 1940 



Children of Ages 7-15 Years Not in School 



County 


Employed 


Not Employed 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 




7-13 
Years 


14-15 

Years 


7-13 
Years 


14-15 
Years 


7-13 

Years 


14-15 
Years 


7-13 
Years 


14-15 

Years 



White Children 



Total 1934 


242 


2,766 


350 


2,264 


317 


147 


178 


92 


1936 


180 


3,451 


291 


1,893 


368 


163 


203 


126 


1938 


102 


2,433 


236 


1,869 


313 


168 


188 


105 


1940 


82 


2,095 


168 


1,206 


266 


164 


196 


112 


Allegany 




62 


19 


132 


34 


15 


26 


5 






49 


13 


76 


6 


10 


15 


7 






279 


33 


214 


32 


25 


17 


18 






19 




3 


1 


1 


1 




Caroline 




49 




5 


1 


2 


6 


' ' '2 


Carroll 


■"4 


194 




14 


11 


8 


9 


5 


Cecil 




35 


' ' '2 


9 


16 


2 


6 


4 


Charles 




7 


6 


19 


1 


1 


5 


5 




' ' *3 


58 




42 




5 


9 


5 




39 


344 


' *29 


182 


' i9 


16 


13 


6 






56 


14 


85 


13 


8 


13 


7 




' io 


109 


6 


46 


15 


13 


4 


6 






42 


2 


26 


7 


3 


3 


3 


Kent 




27 






1 




2 


2 


Montgomery 


"*5 


60 


" ' 8 


' 32 


16 


"l2 


19 


12 




2 


80 


1 


19 


34 


9 


11 


3 


Queen Anne's 




28 




1 




1 


1 


3 


St. Mary's 


"'3 


53 


' ' 5 


33 


' 13 


4 


4 


2 




2 


48 


10 


46 


4 


3 


3 




Talbot 




20 


3 


9 






4 


"*2 




' 'i4 


225 


17 


191 


' 26 


' 21 


15 


9 


Wicomico 




173 






12 


3 


8 


2 






78 




' 22 


4 


2 


2 


4 



Colored Children 



Total 1936 


127 


1,524 


505 


738 


113 


44 


54 


22 


1938 


90 


1,153 


295 


781 


105 


39 


52 


22 


1940 


64 


1,026 


202 


569 


72 


40 


54 


23 






2 




1 


1 




2 






"'4 


64 


" "39 


83 


5 


' ' *5 


3 


' ' '2 


Baltimore 




51 


15 


34 


5 


1 


4 


1 






67 




12 


3 


1 


3 


1 






46 




2 


1 




5 


3 


Carroll 




12 




7 




. ..j 


. ... 




Cecil 




7 


' ' 2 


8 


"i 


2 








"ii 


61 


41 


64 


4 


6 


2 


' " 2 


Dorchester 


21 


73 


11 


38 


3 


4 


2 


2 




4 


30 


1 


38 


6 


2 










1 












.... 




' ' '3 


31 


' ' *4 


' '21 


' ' 4 




" " 3 






1 


24 


16 


24 






.... 




Kent 




39 












' ' 2 




' "5 


42 


' 30 


' *5i 


' ' 3 


" * 2 


4 


1 


Prince George's 


8 


160 


2 


38 


11 


4 


9 


5 






18 




1 


2 




1 




St. Mary's 


• ' 7 


77 


"ii 


30 


8 


' " 6 


2 








50 


18 


45 


1 


2 


2 


"i 


Talbot 




21 


8 


14 


1 


3 




1 






7 


1 


8 


1 








Wicomico 




65 






2 


. ... 


' ' 9 


"i 






78 




' '50 


10 




1 





14 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 6 — Physically and Mentally Handicapped School Attendants of 
Ages 7-15 Years Enumerated in 23 Maryland Counties 



vUU IN 1 I 
1 


White Children 
of Ages 7-15 Years in School 


Colored Children 
of Ages 7-15 Years in School 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 


Physically 
Handcapped 


Hand.ic3.ppG<i 


Total 1936 


949 


232 


149 


61 




816 


345 


140 


34 




865 


212 


121 


56 




119 


21 


1 







42 


24 










190 


31 


14 


1 




5 


3 


1 







23 


5 








Carroll 


47 


9 


4 


4 




27 


7 










8 


2 


17 


21 


Dorchester 


30 


5 


12 


13 


Frederick 


71 


4 


4 


1 




16 


19 








Harford 


46 


7 


6 


5 


Howard 


17 


2 


2 





Kent 


3 


1 










42 


21 


9 


1 


Prince George's 


10 


4 








Queen Anne's 


2 


5 





1 


St. Mary's 


38 


1 


29 


4 




15 


2 


2 





Talbot 


2 





1 







74 


33 


8 







15 


2 


5 


5 


Worcester 


23 


4 


6 






TABLE 7— Status of Youth of Ages 14-20 Years, Inclusive, Enumerated 
in 23 Maryland Counties, November, 1940 



Ages 


Total 
Number 
Ages 14-20 
Years 


Percent of Total Number of Ages 14-20 Years Inclusive 


Not Employed 


Employed 


In School 


Not 
Handicapped 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys | Girls 


Boys GirJs 


Boys Girls 



White 



Total and 
































Average .... 


52,026 47,969 


7 


8 


18.4 


.6 


.6 


.4 


.3 


42 


9 


29 


1 


48 


3 


51.6 


14 


7,777 7,351 


2 





2.9 


.4 


.4 


.5 


.3 




3 


3 





92 


8 


93.4 


15 


7,998 7,574 


4 


4 


6.4 


.7 


.6 


.4 


.3 




6 


7 





81 


9 


85.7 


16 


7,891 7,369 


8 


9 


13.9 


.5 


.8 


.5 


.3 


28 





15 


3 


62 


1 


69.7 


17 


7,421 7,039 


11 


1 


24.2 


.5 


.6 


.2 


.3 


46 


6 


30 


5 


41 


6 


44.4 


18 


7,327i 6,664 


10 


8 


28.3 


.6 


.6 


.3 


.3 


65 


1 


46 


5 


23 


2 


24.3 


19 


7,115 6,292 


10 


3 


30.1 


.6 


.6 


.2 


.2 


74 


4 


54 


7 


14 


5 


14.4 


20 


6,497 5,680 


8 





28.9 


. 5 


.3 


.3 


.3 


80 


9 


60 





10 


3 


10.5 



Colored 



Total and 




























Average .... 


9,849 


9,380 


12.4 


24 


1 


.5 


.7 


.5 


.4 


55 


.1 


35.8 


31.5 


14 


1,531 


1,459 


6.7 


6 


5 


.5 


1.0 


.4 


.3 


14 


2 


6.2 


78.2 


15 


1,512 


1,467 


11.4 


13 


5 


.3 


.9 


.3 


.5 


31 





17.1 


57.0 


16 


1,524 


1,584 


14.5 


24 


1 


.6 


.6 


.3 


.2 


50 


7 


30.4 


33.9 


17 


1,430 


1,406 


16.0 


30 


7 


.7 


.7 


1.1 


.4 


63 


2 


40.9 


19.0 


18 


1,369 


1,259 


13.8 


33 





.4 


.8 


.4 


.5 


74 


6 


52.2 


10.8 


19 


1,301 


1,157 


12.3 


33 


9 


.5 


.2 


.2 


.2 


81 


3 


57.4 


5.7 




1,182 


1,048 


12.5 


32 


9 


.6 


.7 


.4 


.3 


83 


6 


61.2 


2.9 



1940 School Census in Maryland Counties 



15 



TABLE 8 



Distribution of Youth of Ages 16-20 Years Inclusive Enumerated in 23 
Maryland Counties, November, 1940 



County 


Total 
Number 
Ages 16-20 
Years 


Percent of Total Number of Ages 16-20 Years Inclusive 


Not Employed 


Employed 


In School 


Not 
Handicapped 


Physically 
Handicapped 


Mentally 
Handicapped 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 


Boys Girls 



White Youth 



Total and 
Average 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 
Baltimore. . . . 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. . 
Pr. George's . . 
Queen Anne's. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington . . . 
Wicomico. . . . 
Worcester 



36,251 

4,421 
2,039 
6,037 
259 
676 
1,643 
1,079 
515 
895 
2,470 
1,221 
1,267 
759 
482 
2,356! 
2,913 
522 
640 
601; 
555 
2,990 
1,209 
702 



33,044 

3,995 
1,833 
5,522 
287 
645 
1,468 
1,019 
495' 
816 
2,195 
1,123 
1,132 
709 
419 
2,106: 
2,655 
430 1 
540 | 
543 I 
479 
2,943 
1,083 : 
607; 



9.8 24.7 



18.1 
10.6 
7.6 
3.5 
5.3 
5.9 
12.2 
11.3 
9.8 
10.1 
21.5 
5.2 
6.3 
2.9 
5.6 



3.2 
5.3 

14.1 
3.6 

12.4 
7.2 
5.6 



66.0 
33.2 
26.4 
41.5 
17.8 
18.0 
36.7 
32.7 
31.6 
23.8 
28.1 
13.7 
19.9 
19.1 
14.1 
13.1 
12.5 
26.5 
38.7 
4.6 
27.7 
20.5 
21.8 



.6 

.7 
.6 
.7 
.4 
1.5 
.2 
.5 
.6 
.2 
.7 
1.0 
1.4 
.8 

'.4 
.1 
.6 
1.2 
.2 



.1 

.9 
.4 
.5 
.6 

1.0 
.9 

1.0 
.2 
.4 

.5 
.9 



57.9 

41.8 
55.5 
62.0 
82.2 
67.2 
69.9 
59.2 
61.9 
68.2 
64.8 
55.2 
66.2 
67.3 
68.7 
33.0 
52.8 
66.9 
72.2 
60.1 
57.5 
60.6 



72 



40.0 

24.7 
33.0 
41.7 
33.4 
51.8 
55.0 
28.4 
28.7 
36.2 
49.7 
43.5 
53.2 
49.6 
45.6 
21.3 
45.7 
55.1 
40.4 
33.1 
53.0 
41.2 
51.2 
52.2 



Colored Youth 



Total and 




























Average .... 


*6,806 


*6,454 


13.9 


30.5 


.5 


.6 


.5 


.3 


*69.7 


*46.8 


15.4 


21.8 


Allegany 


112 


90 


23.2 


38.9 


1.8 


1.1 






38.4 


28.9 


36 


.6 


31.1 


Anne Arundel . 


668 


631 


31.9 


52.6 


.7 


1.1 


.6 


.*3 


50.2 


26.0 


16 


.6 


20.0 


Baltimore . . . . 


468 


451 


12.2 


27.3 


.4 


.9 


.7 


.2 


66.2 


41.5 


20 


.5 


30.1 


Calvert 


332 


301 


10.3 


52.5 










80.4 


29.9 


9 


3 


17.6 


Caroline 


194 


201 


11.4 


26.4 


1.0 


1.5 


.5 




77.8 


54.2 


9 


.3 


17.9 


Carroll 


90 


105 


15.6 


29.5 




1.9 






63.3 


46.7 


21 




21.9 


Cecil 


110 


110 


12.7 


40.0 




1.8 




'.9 


72.7 


30.9 


14 


6 


26.4 




431 


408 


17.9 


39.2 


1.4 


1.2 


1.2 


.7 


64.7 


41.0 


14 


S 


17.9 


Dorchester. . . 


339 


351 


12.1 


33.3 


.9 


.3 


.3 


.9 


75.2 


49.0 


11 


5 


16.5 


Frederick 


232 


229 


12.1 


33.6 


1.3 


1.8 


2.1 




72.4 


46.7 


12 


1 


17.9 




183 


175' 


4.4 


25.7 




.6 




]5 


74.3 


52.6 


21 


3 


20.6 




168 


169 


18.5 


25.4 


!6 




.6 


.6 


72.0 


60.4 


8 


3 


13.6 


Kent 


210 


200 


10.9 


35.5 










72.9 


45.5 


16 


2 


19.0 


Montgomery. . 


350 


333 


12.9 


31.5 


'.8 






!3 


74.0 


42.1 


12 


3 


26.1 


Pr. George's. . 


826 


753 


9.4 


18.9 


.1 


!i 


'.h 


.1 


75.3 


53.3 


14 


7 


27.6 


Queen Anne's. 


174 


168 




.6 


.6 








83.9 


75.6 


15 


5 


23.8 


St. Mary's 


426 


350 


6."4 


19.1 


1.2 


1.1 


!9 


!3 


80.5 


57.7 


11 





21.2 


Somerset 


352 


318 


20.4 


28.3 


.6 




.6 


.6 


62.5 


45.9 


15 


9 


25.2 


Talbot 


227 


268 ; 


3.1 


5.6 










74.0 


73.9 


22 


9 


20.5 


Washington . . . 


80 


7C 


11.2 


18.6 








; ; 


68.8 


55.7 


20 





25.7 


Wicomico. . . . 


406 


402 1 


14.5 


28.9 


.6 


!5 


.6 


'.7 


60.3 


43.0 


24 


6 


26.9 


Worcester .... 


427 


37C 


14.3 


34.6 


.2 


.3 


.5 


.5 


77.3 


54.1 


7 


7 


10.5 



* Represents one pupil in Garrett County. 



16 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 9 

Dates of Opening and Closing Schools for Year Ending June 30, 1941 



County 



Allegany .... 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore. . . 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 



First Day 
of School 
in Sept. 
1940 



5 
9 
9 
4 
4 
4 
4 
9 

a4 
4 
3 

b9 



Last Day 
of School 
in June 
1941 



13 
20 
27 
11 
6 
13 
13 
18 
10 
10 
13 
cl9 



County 



Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. . . 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's. . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City. 



First Day 
of School 
in Sept. 
1940 



Last Day 
of School 
in June 
1941 



4 


13 


e4 


dl3 


9 


20 


e9 


120 


4 


6 


4 


dl3 


2 


4 


a5 


13 


3 


13 




4 
6 


9 


24 



a Schools for colored children, Sept. 9. 
b Schools for colored children, Sept. 11 
c Schools for colored children, June 10. 
d Schools for colored children, June G. 
e Schools for colored children, Sept 3. 
For length of session see Table IX, page 178 



f Schools for white high school pupils June 
18, 19, 20 ; for colored elementary pupils June 
13 ; and for colored high school pupils June 
16 and 17. 



TABLE 10 



Number of County Schools in Session Fewer Than 180 Days, Year 
Ending June 30, 1941 





For All Counties by Year 




For 1941 by County 


Year 


Total 
No. 


Having 

One 
Teacher 


Having 
More 
Than One 
Teacher 


County 


Total 
No. 


Having 

One 
Teacher 


Having 
More 
Than One 
Teacher 



White Schools 



1926 


124 


109 


15 


Anne Arundel . . 


bl 




1 












cl 


i 




1930 


28 


22 


6 


Garrett 


dl 


l 




1935 


a33 


18 


15 








1940 


a7 


2 


5 










1941 


a3 


2 


1 


I 








Colored Schools 


1940 


50 






Calvert 


bl 


i 




1941 


12 






Harford 


e7 


7 










Pr. George's . . . 


f3 


2 


i 












bl 


1 





a Excludes elementary school at Frostburg State Teachers College open 179 days in 1935 
and 1940, and 177 days in 1941. 

b 178 days c 179 days d 176 days 

e Five schools open 179 days, one 178.5 days, and one 177 days, 
f Two schools open 179 days, one 177 days. 



Dates of 1940-41 School Year, Short Sessions, 
Elementary School Enrollment 



IT 



TABLE 11 

Total Enrollment in Maryland Elementary Schools, White and Colored, for 
Years Ending in June, 1923, 1940 and 1941 





White Elementary Schools 




Colored Elementary Schools 


County 


Number Enrolled 


County 


Number Enrolled 


1923 


1940 


1941 




1923 


1940 


1941 



*°105,772 


*°108,591 


*°109,481 


Total Counties. 


♦31,070 


*°23,697 


*°23,430 


°13,154 


°17,186 


°17,603 


Prince George's 


2,781 


°2,912 


°2,962 


°10,985 


t°ll,854 


t°H,571 


Anne Arundel . . 


2,853 


°2,843 


°2,860 


6,421 


10,692 


11,363 




1,942 


1,880 


1,846 


4,524 


110,003 


tl0,717 


Montgomery . . . 


1,898 


1,759 


1,734 


10,859 


tl0,799 


tl0,697 




1,803 


1,417 


1,374 


8,505 


6,798 


6,694 




2,255 


1,386 


1,326 


4,947 


6,275 


6,488 


Wicomico 


1,675 


1,275 


1,256 


5,902 


4,747 


4,671 


Worcester 


2,088 


1,217 


1,219 


4,290 


4,152 


4,348 


Dorchester. . . . 


1,947 


1,193 


1,142 


5,373 


3,757 


3,726 


Calvert 


1,343 


1,097 


1,090 


3,986 


°3,286 


°3,272 


Talbot 


1,373 


830 


855 


3,405 


3,045 


3,080 


St. Mary's 


1,405 


912 


849 


3,432 


2,562 


2,475 


Frederick 


1,150 


765 


765 


2,241 


2,201 


2,242 




916 


788 


757 


2,298 


1,915 


1,881 


Kent 


1,188 


661 


653 


3,059 


1,880 


1,840 


Queen Anne's. . 


1,093 


658 


636 


3,025 


1,948 


1,828 


Caroline 


1,188 


658 


631 


2,105 


1,659 


1 , 598 




848 


529 


608 


1,803 


1,490 


1,520 


Cecil 


548 


358 


372 


2,101 


1,462 


1,420 


Carroll 


440 


324 


322 


1,748 


1,292 


1,245 


Washington 


377 


242 


239 


2,117 


819 


832 


Allegany 


267 


223 


205 


1,060 


823 


802 












Baltimore City. 


*15,675 


t*28,408 


t*29,112 


*f79,709 


*f66,896 


*t65,732 














Total State 


*46,745 


t*52,105 


t*52,542 


*tl85,481 


*fl75,487 


*U75,213 









Baltimore 

Allegany 

Prince George's 
Montgomery . . . 

Washington 

Frederick 

Anne Arundel . . 

Carroll 

Harford 

Garrett 

Wicomico 

Cecil 

Dorchester. . . . 

Howard 

Worcester 

Somerset 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Charles 

Queen Anne's. . 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 



Baltimore City. 
Total State 



* Totals exclude duplicates. 

f Includes estimate of enrollment in grades 7 and 8 of junior high schools. 
° Excludes enrollment in elementary schools of State teachers colleges: 



Towson . . 
Frostburg . 
Salisbury . 
Bowie. . . . 



College 



Anne Arundel . . 
Prince George's . 



1923 


1940 


1941 


179 


242 


237 


122 


185 


179 




136 


124 




115 


122 




29 


27 




86 


95 



For enrollment by counties arranged alphabetically and by type of organization see Table II, 
pages 168 and 169. 



18 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 12 

Total Enrollment in Maryland High Schools for Years Ending in June 1923, 

1940, and 1941 



County 



Number Enrolled in 
White High Schools 



1923 



1940 



1941 



County 



Number Enrolled in 
Colored High Schools 



1923 



1940 



Total Counties. 

Baltimore 

Allegany 

Prince George's 
Montgomery . . . 
Washington 
Anne Arundel . . 

Frederick 

Carroll 

Harford 

Cecil 

Wicomico 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Caroline 

Worcester 

Howard 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Charles 

Queen Anne's. . 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Baltimore City. 

Total State 



*14,888 



,512 

,665 
824 
609 

,281 
454 

,421 
775 
651 
514 
901 
449 
558 
597 
649 
284 
462 
437 
99 
403 
282 
23 
143 



*tll,465 
*f26,353 



*38,492 

5,788 
f4,167 
3,584 
t3,020 
t2,715 
2,484 
2,507 
,835 
571 
,344 
,273 
,225 
,006 



*39,948 

6,227 
t4,347 
3,859 
f3,249 
t2,715 
2,65 
2,513 
1,899 
1,573 
1,334 
1,326 



853 
802 
726 
792 
695 
636 
543 
518 
417 
217 

: t20,671 

=157,273 



224 
033 
883 
804 
782 
733 
702 
619 
543 
542 
439 
220 



*t21,559 
*f61,507 



Total Counties. 

Prince George's 
Anne Arundel . . 

Wicomico 

Charles 

Montgomery. . . 
Dorchester. . . . 

Worcester 

Somerset 

St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Frederick 

Baltimore 

Kent.. 

Harford 

Caroline 

Calvert 

Queen Anne's . . 

Cecil 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Howard 

Washington 

Baltimore City. 
Total State 



*447 



58 
117 
18 



78 



36 



*1,331 
*1,778 



*4,818 

471 
449 
402 
331 
314 
301 
287 
265 
241 
204 
218 
104 
188 
156 
178 
157 
127 
103 
111 
98 
66 
61 



*t3,913 
*t8,391 



* Excludes duplicates. 

t Includes estimated enrollment in grade 9 in junior high schools, and enrollment in 
vocational schools. 

For enrollment by counties arranged alphabetically and by type of organization see Table 
II, pages 168 and 169. 



Enrollment in Maryland Public and Non-Public Schools 



19 



TABLE 13 



Comparison of Enrollment in Counties and Baltimore City in Public and 
Non-Public Schools, 1930 to 1941 



Year 


Total 


Public Schools 


Catholic Schools 


Non-Catholic 
Non-Public Schools 


° Counties 


Baltimore 
City 


°Counties 


Baltimore 
City 


Counties 


Baltimore 
City 


Counties 


Baltimore 
City 



°White Elementary School Enrollment 



1930 


118,717 


109,159 


108,737 


78,133 


8,722 


29,002 


1,258 


2, 


024 


1931 


119,763 


108,736 


109.406 


77,304 


9,079 


29,462 


1,278 


1, 


970 


1932 


121,923 


108,720 


111,370 


76,949 


9,321 


29,954 


1,232 


1, 


817 


1933 


123,224 


108,420 


112,509 


76,426 


9,636 


30,399 


1,079 


1, 


595 


1934 


122,881 


107,883 


111,907 


75,311 


9,876 


31,020 


1,098 


1, 


552 


1935 


122,559 


107,192 


111,696 


74,818 


9,622 


30,735 


1,241 


1, 


639 


1936 


121,857 


107,230 


110,938 


75,316 


9,698 


30,171 


1,221 


1, 


743 


1937 


122,247 


105,173 


110,955 


73,452 


9,785 


29,817 


1,507 


1, 


904 


1938 


121,422 


103,094 


109,636 


71,392 


9,933 


29,384 


1,853 


2, 


318 


1939 


121,137 


100,250 


109,579 


68,863 


9,823 


29,090 


1,735 


2, 


297 


1940 


120,719 


96,947 


109,154 


66,896 


9,828 


27,947 


1,737 


2, 


104 


1941 


122,003 


95,401 


*110,021 


*65,732 


U0 ,152 


127,371 


tl,830 


t2, 


298 



White High School Enrollment 



1930 


27,893 


18,167 


24,760 


14,139 


1,480 


3,150 


1,653 


878 


1931 


30,193 


19,516 


26.998 


15,447 


1 , 509 


3,215 


1,686 


854 


1932 


31,775 


21,560 


28,547 


17,173 


1,574 


3,553 


1,654 


834 


1933 


33,678 


23,399 


30,778 


18,920 


1,542 


3,755 


1,358 


724 


1934 


33,760 


23,439 


31,036 


19,056 


1,389 


3,699 


1,335 


684 


1935 


34,823 


24,679 


31,786 


19,897 


1,592 


4,023 


1,445 


759 


1936 


36,249 


25,438 


33,111 


20,416 


l,o87 


4,211 


1,551 


811 


1937 


37,313 


25,365 


33,959 


20,012 


1,707 


4,435 


1,647 


918 


1938 


38,007 


25,111 


34,415 


19,712 


1,787 


4,562 


1,805 


837 


1939 


40,496 


26,410 


36,637 


20,997 


2,022 


4,610 


1,837 


803 


1940 


42,273 


27,093 


38,492 


21,421 


2,083 


4,841 


1,698 


831 


1941 


44.054 


26,784 


*39,948 


*21,559 


t2,425 


f4,382 


tl,681 


t843 



°Colored Enrollment 



1930 


29.466 


24,419 


28,712 


22,978 


633 


1,362 


121 


79 


1931 


29,667 


24,776 


28,910 


23,452 


653 


1,254 


104 


70 


1932 


29 , 758 


26,372 


29,047 


25,083 


658 


1,229 


53 


60 


1933 


30,120 


27,546 


29,458 


26,028 


651 


1,439 


11 


79 


1934 


29,781 


28,788 


29,166 


27,202 


607 


1,448 


8 


138 


1935 


29 , 504 


29,901 


28,927 


28,353 


543 


1,403 


34 


145 


1936 


29,372 


31,071 


28,872 


29,504 


497 


1,438 


3 


129 


1937 


29,251 


31,841 


28,728 


30,284 


523 


1,440 




117 


1938 


29,031 


31,611 


28,467 


30,064 


541 


1,444 


' 23 


103 


1939 


29,171 


33,430 


28,619 


31,850 


529 


1,473 


23 


107 


1940 


29,146 


34,026 


28,627 


32,441 


519 


1,490 




95 


1941 


29,282 


34,703 


*28,720 


*33,169 


t562 


U.447 




t87 



° Includes for county public schools enrollment in elementary schools of State normal 
schools or teachers colleges. 

* For public school enrollment in detail by counties and Baltimore City see Table II, 
pages 168 and 169. 

t For non-public school enrollment in detail by school, county and Baltimore City, see 
Tables HI-V, pages 170 to 174. 



20 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 14 



Recorded and Resident Birth Rates Per 1,000 White and Colored Population 

Reported by Bureau of Vital Statistics, Maryland State Department of Health 



County 


Recorded Birth Rates 


Resident Birth Rates* 


1920 


1930 


1935 


1940 


1935 


1937 


1939 


1940 


White 




23 


.5 


17.4 


14 


3 


13 


4 


17 





17.6 


18.4 


18 


.7 


Allegany 


27 


1 


22.2 


20 


.4 


22 


7 


19 


5 


20.2 


19.0 


20 







20 


2 


14.4 


13 


8 


11 


3 


16 


9 


16.3 


17.6 


16 


9 




21 


.5 


13.9 


8 


.1 


6 


4 


14 


5 


14.0 


14.7 


18 


.8 


Calvert 


26 


.6 


22.2 


19 


8 


21 


2 


20 


6 


21.0 


21.4 


21 


2 




23 


.1 


16.5 


16 


6 


15 


4 


19 


5 


19.0 


16.6 


17 


4 


Carroll 


22 


1 


15.1 


13 





10 


6 


16 


5 


15.4 


17.1 


17 


4 


Cecil 


22 


4 


19.9 


15 


.7 


16 


1 


17 


7 


17.2 


16.7 


18 


4 


Charles 


23 


6 


20.1 


17 


2 


17 


1 


23 


2 


23.4 


25.2 


20 


1 




26 


.9 


19.2 


lo 


5 


14 


6 


15 


3 


15.7 


15.6 


15 


2 


Frederick 


25 





20.2 


17 


6 


17 


3 


17 


2 


17.4 


16.4 


16 


9 




28 


4 


24.2 


24 


3 


21 


1 


25 


8 


24.8 


25.8 


24 


1 


Harford 


18 


6 


17.8 


14 





13 


1 


16 


7 


16.8 


17.6 


18 


3 


Howard 


22 


8 


14.9 


13 


9 


11 


5 


19 


1 


22.2 


18.8 


21 


2 




21 


5 


12.6 


11 


8 


16 


1 


12 


6 


15.4 


14.7 


17 


7 




20 


9 


13.6 


14 


9 


11 


5 


18 


7 


22.8 


26.3 


20 


.7 


Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 


20 


9 


11.4 


7 


5 


4 


5 


19 


2 


20.0 


23.9 


19 


3 


21 


1 


18.1 


13 


1 


11 


3 


14 


6 


17.1 


17.6 


15 


3 




26 


8 


26.7 


25 


8 


24 


2 


25 


5 


23.9 


25.8 


24 


6 




24 


7 


17.9 


14 


6 


13 


9 


14 


2 


13.9 


13.4 


16 


5 


Talbot 


22 





19.4 


16 


9 


20 


5 


13 


4 


14.9 


14.5 


16 


5 


Washington 


26 


9 


20.4 


17 


5 


18 


3 


17 


7 


17.8 


18.6 


18 


.4 


22 


3 


18.4 


14 





21 


8 


12 


3 


14.3 


14.9 


17 







20 





15.7 


9 


3 


10 


7 


11 


9 


13.6 


16.2 


14 


5 


Baltimore City 


25 


3 


17.6 


15 


4 


18 


1 


13 


7 


13.6 


13.2 


14 


6 


Entire State 


24 


5 


17.5 


14 


9 


15 


6 


15 


5 


15.6 


15.9 


16 


7 



Colored 





28.6 


23 


.5 


26.7 


19.8 


22.9 


23.0 


24.2 


24.9 




29.3 


18 


7 


15.0 


25.0 


15.0 


18.4 


21.4 


24.3 




29.1 


25 


6 


20.2 


19.4 


25.3 


27.3 


28.7 


27.3 




25.2 


15 


1 


9.3 


8.9 


16.8 


16.3 


13.4 


22.1 




31.8 


32 


7 


29.0 


27.6 


29.0 


30.1 


37.6 


28.0 




26.1 


24 


5 


20.7 


25.9 


21.7 


21.7 


22.8 


26.4 


Carroll 


30.5 


22 


1 


17.4 


17.2 


19.7 


19.6 


26.8 


21.5 


Cecil 


26.3 


20 


4 


25.7 


19.6 


25.3 


19.7 


20.5 


20.9 


Charles 


35.5 


30 


8 


29.4 


30.1 


31.0 


30.8 


33.6 


35.2 




31.0 


22 


2 


19.7 


22.9 


19.5 


21.2 


20.2 


22.7 




29.6 


26 


1 


19.8 


24.2 


20.2 


16.4 


21.0 


24.4 


Harford 


19.2 


29 


1 


20.1 


19.3 


22.0 


26.5 


20.8 


22.1 


Howard 


30.3 


20 


2 


21.3 


18.3 


"24.4 


24.8 


26.1 


26.5 


Kent 


29.0 


23 


4 


19.4 


21.9 


20.1 


17.3 


18.9 


23.1 




28.3 


22 


7 


19.2 


17.3 


21.5 


21.5 


22.7 


22.6 




27.0 


21 


7 


17.9 


10.3 


26.2 


22.1 


26.0 


26.7 




22.3 


19 


4 


18.7 


19.3 


18.9 


21.5 


17.8 


20.2 


St. Mary's 


33.3 


27.4 


24.5 


30.1 


25.0 


22.3 


25.0 


31.5 


Somerset 


31.2 


22 


2 


22.2 


21.5 


23.4 


20.6 


19.2 


23.9 


Talbot 


28.1 


19 


8 


22.1 


23.6 


21.4 


20.8 


18.2 


22.0 




19.7 


13 


4 


12.6 


20.7 


13.0 


12.6 


16.8 


23.5 




30.9 


25 


9 


23.9 


22.6 


21.5 


20.4 


22.9 


20.1 




26.8 


28 


3 


23.4 


22.2 


24.0 


26.1 


2o.6 


24.1 


Baltimore City 


26.1 


22 


6 


19.5 


23.3 


18.5 


18.9 


19.1 


21.6 


Entire State 


27.5 


23 


1 


20.0 


21.7 


20.5 


20.5 


21.1 


22.8 



* Prior to 1935 birth rates were calculated on births occurring in the indicated areas ani 
are shown under the heading "Recorded Birth Rates." For 1935, 1937, 1939 and 1940 birth 
rates are shown by residence of mother, as well as for 1935 and 1940 according to location 
of birth. 



Birth Rates; Ratio of High School to Total Enrollment 



21 



TABLE 15 

Ratio of "Number Belonging" in High Schools to "Number Belonging" in 
Elementary and High Schools Combined, for School Years Ending in 
June 1924, 1939, 1910 and 1941 



County 



White Schools 



1924 1939 1940 al941 



County 



Colored Schools 



1924 1939 1940 al941 



County Average . . 

St. Mary's 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Kent 

Cecil 

Worcester 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel 

Charles 

Wicomico 

Carroll 

Somerset 

Queen Anne's 

Frederick 

Harford 

Allegany x 

Howard 

Baltimore 

Prince George's . . 

Garrett 

Montgomery x. . . 

Calvert 

Washington x . . . . 

Baltimore City xj 

Total State 



13.3 

3.0 
18.8 
18.7 
15.2 
14.3 
18.9 
16.7 
10.2 

5.5 
19.9 



13 
15 
18 
14 
14 

13.5 
12.7 
11.0 
11.6 
8.4 
13.9 
15.5 
11.1 

12.1 

13.2 



§25.0 

32.1 
27.8 
29.2 
27.3 
29.0 
29.0 
26.7 
27.3 
28.7 

§27.1 
27.1 
27.5 
26.2 
25.5 
28.0 

§24.2 
24.6 

§23.8 
24.9 
23.3 
23.7 
20.3 
19.1 

24.1 

§24.6 



§26.0 

34.4 
30.3 
29.5 
29.1 
30.8 
29.7 
27.7 
28.6 
30.1 

§28.6 
28.1 
29.5 
27.1 
26.8 
27.6 

§25.6 
25.6 

§25.5 
25.3 
24.3 
23.5 
20.9 
20.0 

25.0 

§25.2 



§26.4 

35.6 
32.2 
30.7 
30.6 
30.4 
30.3 
29.2 
29.2 
29.2 

§29.1 
29.0 
28.2 
27.7 
27.1 
27.0 

§26.7 
26.5 

§26.4 
25.4 
24.5 
23.5 
21.0 
20.0 

25.2 

§26.0 



County Average . . 

Allegany 

Wicomico 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Dorchester 

Caroline 

Kent 

Charles 

Worcester 

St. Mary's 

Frederick 

Talbot 

Queen Anne's 

Harford 

Washington 

Somerset 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. . . 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Calvert 

Howard 

Baltimore City x*J 
Total State § 



2.0 

11.9 
6.0 
4.0 



6.7 
3.0 
2.0 



.5 

7^8 

9.2 
4.8 



§15.9 

29.6 
22.0 
23.2 
21.7 
17.3 
20.9 
21.6 
17.9 
17.5 
18.8 
19.7 
19.0 
17.9 
15.3 
18.7 
17.0 
13.7 
§13.9 
°t7.4 
§13.0 
11.8 
10.0 



*12.3 
§13.8 



§ Excludes pupils enrolled in elementary schools of State teachers colleges, 
x County has 6-3-3 or 8-4 plan of organization as against 7-4 or 6-5 plan in remaining 
counties. 

t Includes Baltimore County pupils in last four years of high school in 1939 and 1940, 
end in last three years of high school in 1941 who attended Baltimore City schools at the 
expense of the county. 

* Excludes Baltimore County pupils in last four years of high school who attended 
Baltimore City high schools at the expense of the county. 

° If the last five years of Baltimore County pupils in junior and senior high school worK 
in Baltimore City are included in obtaining the ratio, the figure becomes 10.0 in 1939. 

t Vocational and ninth year of junior high schools included with senior high schools. 

a For number belonging by types of schools, see Tabic VI, page 175. 



22 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 16 

Percent of Attendance in White and Colored Elementary Schools for School 
Years Ending in June 1923, 1939, 1940 and 1941 



County 


White Schools 


1923 


1939 


1940 


1941 





°84.2 


°92 


7 


°92 


.2 


°91 


7 


A 1 1 o <r '. i T"i \7 


°88.9 


*°94 


1 


*°93 


8 


*°93 


3 


Prince George's . . . 


84.9 


93 


4 


93 


3 


92 


8 




84.9 


*92 


6 


*92 


2 


*92 


8 




79.4 


t93 


5 


f93 


1 


t92 


5 


Kent 


86.7 


92 


3 


93 


3 


92 


5 




83.6 


93 


7 


93 





92 


4 




85.4 


93 





92 


1 


92 





St. Mary's 


74.5 


92 


2 


91 


1 


91 


6 




83.3 


93 


1 


92 


2 


91 


6 




79.9 


92 


(i 


91 


4 


91 


6 




°84.0 


t°92 


1 


t°91 


8 


t°91 


5 


Anne Arundel 


84.5 


92 


3 


92 


2 


91 


4 




83.9 


93 


2 


92 





91 


1 




86.5 


°93 


2 


°92 


6 


°91 





Talbot 


85.8 


94 


1 


93 


3 


90 


9 




84.0 


91 


1 


90 


8 


90 


8 




81.2 


93 


2 


92 


1 


90 


7 


Caroline 


86.5 


f92 


8 


t92 


2 


t90 


4 




81.9 


*91 


1 


*91 


(I 


*90 


2 


Cecil 


84.8 


91 


5 


91 


2 


89 


U 


Worcester 


83.5 


91 


4 


91 


2 


89 


8 


Harford 


84.5 


91 


4 


89 


8 


89 


1 




79.5 


90 


3 


90 


2 


89 


3 


Baltimore City .... 


89.6 


*90 


8 


*90 


3 


*90 


3 


Total State 


86.4 


91 


9 


91 


5 


91 


2 



County 



County Average 

Washington 

Queen Anne's. . . 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Prince George's 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Anne Arundel . . 

Kent 

Cecil 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Montgomery 

Howard 

Dorchester 

St. Mary's 

Carroll 

Harford 

Worcester 

Calvert 

Charles 

Baltimore City . . 
Total State 



Colored Schools 



1923 1939 1940 1941 



76.2 

81.7 
73.1 
87.4 
84.6 
76.4 
84.3 
84.8 
80.5 
71.2 
73.4 
74.4 
75.4 
76.4 
80.8 
71.0 
74.2 
62.9 
72.0 
79.9 
80.1 
65.3 
66.8 



87.0 
79.9 



88.2 

93.0 
92.5 
94.4 
91.7 
89.5 
92.0 
91.8 
91.4 
88.0 
88.8 
91.4 
89.2 
91.1 
87.8 
84.4 
84.6 
86.2 
86.5 
88.6 
84.3 
81.3 
83.6 



*88.9 
88.6 



87.2 
92.6 

r,3.o 

94.3 
90.5 
88.7 
90.1 
90.5 
89.6 
87.8 
89.3 
90.9 
|88.9 
89.3 
87.3 
86.2 
84.4 
82.5 
86.8 
87.6 
81.2 
80.3 
79.4 



*88.8 
88.0 



87.6 

93.4 
93.2 
92.6 
90.8 
90.7 
90.6 
90.2 
89.8 
89.7 
89.7 
89.3 
f88.3 
87.8 
87.2 
85.6 
84.7 
83.8 
82.8 
82.8 
82.7 
81.8 
81.0 



*87.7 
87.7 



* Includes junior high schools, grades 7-8. 
f Includes junior high schools, grade 7. 
For attendance in 1941 arranged alphabetically and by type of organization, see Table IX, 
page 178. 

° Excludes per cent of attendance in elementary schools of State teachers colleges: 

State Teachers College 

Frostburg 

Towson 

Salisbury 

Bowie 



1939 


1940 


1941 


96.2 


95.8 


94.8 


90.0 


91.6 


91.1 


95.5 - 


94.0 


93.0 


93.7 


94.2 


95.0 



Anne Arundel 89.1 89.7 91.1 

Prince George's 95.2 93.7 93.1 



Elementary and High School Attendance 



23 



TABLE 17 — Percent of Attendance for School Years Ending in June, 1924, 
1940 and 1941, by Types of White Elementary Schools 



Schools Having 
One Teacher 

County 





1924 


1940 


1941 




J80.9 


Oft 


o 


Qft 






82.9 


QQ 

yo 


q 


y-± 


1 




81.7 


93 


6 


93 


.7 


Kent 


84.8 


94 


9 


93 


.7 


Queen Anne's. . 


82.9 


93 


5 


92 


.3 


Pr. George's . . . 


83.3 


90 





91 


.5 




83.9 


93 


1 


91 


4 


Dorchester. . . . 


81.3 


91 


2 


91 


.0 




77.0 


96 


1 


90 


.9 


Carroll 


78.2 


89 


8 


90 


7 


Washington 


80.1 


90 


2 


90 


4 


Frederick 


79.6 


90 


4 


90 


3 


Montgomery . . . 
St. Mary's 


78.1 


92 


7 


90 


.2 


79.3 


90 


5 


90 


.2 




82.7 


89 


6 


90 


.0 




77.3 


90 





89 


.9 


Talbot 


87.3 


94 


4 


89 


.7 




81.2 


89 


6 


89 


4 


Cecil 


81.7 


88 


9 


89 


.2 




82.5 


87 





87 


.9 


Anne Arundel . . 


77.6 


95 


6 


86 


.0 





Schools Having 




Two Teachers 


County 












1924 


1940 


1941 


County Av 


83.9 


91 


.9 


91.5 


Pr. George's . . . 


85.8 


93 


I 


94.0 




88.9 


95 




93.9 




83.3 


92 


g 


93.5 


Queen Anne's . . 


86.5 


91 


;{ 


93.1 


Anne Arundel . . 


81.9 


92 


7 


92.9 


Washington 


80.6 


92 


3 


92.6 




81.9 


93 


8 


92.4 




87.7 


92 


8 


92.3 




84.3 


92 


7 


92.2 




81.4 


91 


9 


91.9 


Kent 


85.8 


93 





91.6 


St. Mary's 


81.4 


91 


.0 


91.5 


Calvert 


81.7 


91 


3 


91.0 


Baltimore 


82.5 


90 


.4 


90.9 


Talbot 


86.7 


92 


8 


90.8 


Cecil 


86.5 


93 


.1 


90.6 


Frederick 


80.3 


90 





90.5 




87.9 


93 


.0 


90.5 




86.3 


92 


.3 


90.0 




82.6 


90 


.4 


89.7 


Dorchester. . . . 


86.7 


89 


.2 


89.3 




85.6 


88 


9 


88.9 


Montgomery. . . 


80.5 


91 


4 


88.9 





Graded Schools 


County 












1924 


1940 


1941 




°88.3 


°92 




°91.8 


St. Mary's 




92 


o 


93.5 




°92!3 


*°94 




*°93.3 


Washington 


88.8 


*92 


3 


♦93.0 


Pr. George's . . . 


89.0 


93 




92.8 


Kent 


83.3 


93 


2 


92.8 




86.4 


93 


4 


92.6 




84.3 


t93 


3 


|92.6 


Queen Anne's. . 


88.3 


92 





91.8 




89.9 


93 


4 


91.7 


Calvert 




91 


5 


91.6 




°86!i 


t°91 


8 


t°91.5 


Anne Arundel . . 


87.9 


92 


1 


91.3 




86.7 


92 





91.2 




85.8 


91 


1 


91.0 




88.5 


93 


2 


91.0 


Wicomico 


89.3 


°92 


6 


°91.0 


Dorchester. . . . 


89.5 


92 


4 


90.8 




89.9 


t92 


2 


t90.4 


Montgomery. . . 


86.3 


*91 





♦90.2 


Cecil 


87.3 


91 


5 


89.9 




89.3 


91 


3 


89.8 




88.9 


90 





89.4 




88.4 


90 





89.1 



% Neither Baltimore County, with an attendance of 82.3 percent in 1924, nor Caroline, with 88.3 percent 
in 1924, had any one-teacher schools in 1940 or 1941 ; Calvert, with an attendance of 77.2 percent in 1924 
and 87.8 in 1940, had no one-teacher schools in 1941. 

° Excludes percent of attendance in elementary schools of State teachers colleges : in 1941 — Frostburg, 
94.8; Towson. 91.1; Salisbury, 93. 

* Includes junior high schools, grades 7-8. f Includes junior high schools, grade 7. 



TABLE 18— Percent of Attendance in Maryland High Schools for School 
Years Ending in June 1923, 1938, 1940 and 1941 



County 



White High Schools 



1923 1938 1940 1941 



County 



Colored High Schools 



1923 1938 1940 1941 



County Average 

Wicomico , 

Washington 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Somerset , 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Kent 

Prince George's . 

Baltimore 

Queen Anne's . . , 

Dorchester 

Charles , 

Howard , 

Garrett 

Anne Arundel . . 

Talbot , 

St. Mary's , 

Worcester 

Cecil 

Harford , 

Montgomery 

Caroline 

Baltimore City. 

Total State 



91.9 
92.3 



91.5 
91.6 



94.7 

96.0 
95.8 
95.4 
96.2 
96.0 
94.0 
95.1 
95.2 
95.0 
94.6 
95.2 
95.4 
94.3 
93.8 
93.5 
95.1 
93.0 
93.4 
93.8 
93.9 
93.2 
93.1 
92.5 

94.7 

94.7 



94.0 

95.7 
95.4 
95.3 
95.6 
95.7 
94.7 
94.3 
93.9 
94.4 
94.0 
93.1 
94.1 
93.2 
94.0 
93.0 
93.0 
93.4 
92.2 
92.9 
92.8 
92.6 
92.6 
90.6 

93.6 



93.4 

95.5 
95.1 
95.1 
95.0 
94.7 
94.4 
94.0 
93.8 
93.5 
93.4 
93.3 
93.2 
92.9 
92.8 
92.5 
92.5 
92.4 
92.2 
92.0 
91.6 
91.6 
91.5 
89.1 

93 8 

93.5 



County Average 

Allegany , 

Baltimore 

Wicomico 

Frederick 

Kent 

Carroll 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Anne Arundel . . , 

Calvert 

Queen Anne's. . , 

Montgomery 

Washington 

Prince George's . 

Dorchester 

Charles , 

Harford 

Talbot 

Caroline 

St. Mary's 

Cecil 

Howard 



Baltimore City . 
Total State 



89.3 

93.5 

9CL5 
90.5 
86.3 



88.9 



87.4 
88.4 



87.3 
85.6 



93.2 

96.1 

94!(3 
95.3 
91.6 
94.1 
91.6 
95.1 
95.4 
91.9 
94.1 
93.9 
92.4 
91.9 
95.2 
91.6 
92.1 
90.9 
88.1 
95.8 
89.6 
87.2 



t92.7 
93.0 



91.9 

95.8 
*95.4 
92.9 
93.0 
92.5 
94.0 
91.4 
91.5 
92.3 
91.5 
91.9 
93.0 
92.6 
92.2 
92 
89 
92 
91 
89 
91 
87 



.0 
,G 
.7 
,0 
,2 
1 

.6 
84.9 



t92.7 
92.2 



For attendance in 1941 arranged alphabetically see Table IX, page 178. 
* Previous to 1940 all Baltimore County pupils attended high schools in Baltimore City, 
t Includes vocational classes and Baltimore County pupils who attended Baltimore City 
high schools at the expense of Baltimore County. 



24 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 19 



An Index of School Attendance in County Elementary Schools,* White and 
Colored, for School Year Ending June 30, 1941 





Percent of 


Rank in Percent of 


County 


JAttend- 
ance 


fLate 
Entrants 


"With- 
drawals 


Attend- 
ance 


fLate 
Entrants 


With- 
drawals 



White Schools 





91.7 


.5 


1.7 










92.8 


.3 


.9 


2 


4 


1 


Carroll 


92.5 


.4 


1.0 


4 


8 


3 




92.4 


.5 


1.4 


6 


11 


7 


Kent 


92.5 


.4 


1.8 


5 


7 


15 




93.3 


.3 


2.2 


1 


5 


22 


Queen Anne's 


92.0 


.9 


.9 


7 


19 


2 




91.6 


.2 


2.0 


9 


1 


18 




91.5 


.4 


1.6 


11 


6 


12 




91.0 


.2 


1.7 


14 


2 


13 


Cecil 


89.9 


.3 


1.5 


20 


3 


10 




91.4 


.5 


1.5 


12 


12 


11 




91.1 


.5 


1.5 


13 


13 


9 


Calvert 


91.6 


1.0 


1.5 


10 


20 


6 




90.7 


.7 


1.4 


17 


16 


4 


Talbot 


90.9 


.7 


1.5 


15 


15 


8 




90.8 


.4 


1.9 


16 


9 


17 




92.8 


.9 


2.1 


3 


18 


21 




90.4 


1.1 


1.3 


18 


22 


5 




89.4 


.4 


1.7 


22 


10 


14 




91.6 


2.7 


1.9 


8 


23 


16 


Montgomery 


90.2 


.6 


2.1 


19 


14 


20 




89.3 


1.0 


2.0 


23 


21 


19 


Worcester 


89.8 


.8 


2.3 


21 


17 


23 



Colored Schools 



County Average 

Queen Anne's. . . 

Washington 

Prince George's . 

Wicomico 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Somerset 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Anne Arundel . . . 

Howard 

Carroll 

Kent 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

St. Mary's 

Montgomery. . . . 

Harford 

Dorchester 

Calvert 

Worcester 

Charles 



87.6 


2.7 


2.1 








93.2 


.3 


1.1 


2 


2 


4 


93.4 


1.2 


.4 


1 


6 


1 


90.7 


.7 


2.0 


5 


3 


13 


90.2 


1.4 


1.4 


7 


8 


6 


89.3 


1.9 


.8 


11 


9 


2 


90.8 


1.3 


1.9 


4 


7 


11 


89.8 


.8 


1.9 


8 


4 


12 


92.6 




4.9 


3 


1 


22 


90.6 


'2I7 


1.5 


6 


14 


8 


89.7 


2.6 


1.6 


9 


13 


9 


85.6 


2.1 


1.5 


15 


10 


7 


82.8 


2.5 


1.2 


18 


12 


5 


89.7 


2.4 


2.1 


10 


11 


14 


88.3 


.8 


3.1 


12 


5 


19 


87.8 


3.9 


1.9 


13 


17 


10 


83.8 


5.7 


1.0 


17 


20 


3 


87.2 


3.3 


2.2 


14 


15 


16 


82.8 


3.5 


2.3 


19 


16 


17 


84.7 


4.6 


2.6 


16 


19 


18 


81.8 


6.3 


2.2 


21 


21 


15 


82.7 


4.2 


4.2 


20 


18 


21 


81.0 


6.3 


3.4 


22 


22 


20 



* Excludes elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 

t Late entrance for employment, indifference, or neglect. The county having the smallest 
percentage of late entrants is ranked first. 

Withdrawals for causes other than removal, transfer, commitment to institutions, or 
death. The county having the smallest percentage of withdrawals is ranked first. 

$ For percent of attendance by counties arranged alphabetically see Table IX, page 178. 



Index of Attendance; County Enrollment by Grades 



25 



CHART 1 



NUMBER OF BOYS AND GIRLS ENROLLED* BY GRADES 
IN MARYLAND COUNT! SCHOOLS, YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1941 



COLORED 



Total 

1940 

1941 



_ 4096 
K\\\\\\\\\\\ |g 3954 

RBuU M59 

KWWW || 3430 

H^553 3353 

K\\\\\\\\\ 3383 

h\\\\W M 3340 

HBHHE21 3034 

k\\\\\\\\ || 3170 

JBHB23 2sa2 

I392| 2741 
2712 

^\\\\\\ 2604 

33 
22 



1941 1 
WHITE 



Boys YI7I7A Girls 



Total 
1940 
1941 
678 
795 

$14974 
*15367 LL 

14366 
13956 b 

14151 
14180 



H.U8 23053 
ll.ioi 22719 



14476 
14275 

14326 
14472 

14381 
14064 

13494 
14135 



Special 1080 
Classes 1275 

Total 105356 
Elem - 105886 



WMMMmmmmmMF 




^-4,Roa 




4876 
*.oZ\ 5136 

13/155 27929 
>4^2 27855 



Total 37914 
High 39225 



Grand 143270 
Total 145111 



4.9 Z\ 



1 8.5-80 
T3.3 8& 



t Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, and commitment to institution. 
% Includes enrollment in junior first grade. 

* Includes 74 boys and 112 girls in 1940 and 44 boys and 114 girls in 1941, who were 
post-graduates. 

Includes pupils from Baltimore County who received instruction in Baltimore City high 
schools at the expense of Baltimore County. 



26 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



11 


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Number in White High Schools in Year 


Total 
High 


37,914 
39,225 

4,274 
2,570 
6,077 
217 
850 
1,865 
1,304 
593 
1,021 
2,476 
1,200 
1,520 
761 
522 
3,146 
3,716 
512 
431 
721 
682 
2,674 
1,302 
791 

20,417 

5^222 
13,087 
2,108 

59,642 


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Number in White Elementary Schools in Grade 


Total 
Elemen- 
tary- 




Special 
Classes 


1,080 
7 1,275 

4 309 

82 

! ' '63 
45 
26 

! "ii 

97 
25 

"58 
50 

125 

'. ' '37 

2 233 

93 
15 

3 3,356 
. 3,356 

4,631 


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14,151 
14,180 

1,271 
826 

2,298 
96 
255 
617 
417 
200 
331 
898 
500 
583 
251 
160 

1,210 

1,504 
178 
111 
245 
229 

1,344 
414 
242 

6,311 
6,311 

;;;; 

20,491 


CO 


14,366 
13,956 

1,321 
783 

2,209 
127 
206 
599 
387 
226 
308 
864 
500 
549 
280 
146 

1,204 

1 , 554 
189 
99 
227 
229 

1,332 
364 
253 

6,646 
6,646 

20,602 




8 14,974 
'5 15,367 

. 1,405 
869 

3 2,410 
100 
191 
681 
484 
210 
320 
987 
608 
626 
382 
147 

.2 1,313 
. 1,765 
191 
136 
246 
216 
1,403 
443 
234 

i9 7,524 
i9 7,524 

i4 22,891 


Kindei 
garter 


: :::::::::: :g ::::::::§§:::: g 



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Enrollment by Grades 



27 



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28 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 22 

County White and Colored Elementary School Graduates and Non-Promotions 



Year 


Number 


fPERCENT 
















Boys 


Girls 


Total 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 



County White Elementary School Graduates 



1923 


3,200 


4,136 


7,336 


6.1 


8.5 


7.2 


1925 


3,705 


4,549 


8,254 


7.0 


9.4 


8.1 


1927 


*4,290 


*5,059 


*9,349 


*8.1 


no. 2 


*9.1 


1929 


*4,742 


*5,186 


*9,928 


*8.8 


*10.4 


*9.6 


1931 


*4,757 


*5,156 


*9,913 


*8.7 


*10.2 


*9.4 


1933 


*5,121 


*5,653 


*10,774 


*9.1 


*10.9 


*9.9 


1935 


*5,190 


*5,719 


*10,909 


*9.2 


*11.0 


no.i 


1937 


*5,292 


*5,703 


*10,995 


*9.6 


*n.i 


*10.3 


1939 


*5,845 


*6,080 


*11,925 


*10.6 


*11.9 


*11.2 


1940 


*5,901 


*6,266 


*12,167 


*10.8 


*12.3 


*11.5 


1941 


*5,923 


*6,463 


*12,386 


*10.8 


*12.7 


*11.5 



County Colored Elementary School Graduates 



1923 


350 


637 


987 


2 


3 


4 


3 


3.3 


1925 


487 


705 


1,192 


3 


4 


5 





4.2 


1927 


542 


909 


1,451 


4 





6 


8 


5.4 


1929 


733 


1,077 


1,810 


5 


5 


8 


4 


6.9 


1931 


884 


1,101 


1,985 


6 


7 


8 


6 


7.6 


1933 


805 


1 , 105 


1,910 


6 


1 


8 


6 


7.4 


1935 


874 


1,190 


2,064 


6 


9 


9 


7 


8.2 


1937 


793 


1,130 


1 , 923 


6 


5 


9 


7 


8.1 


1939 


909 


1,100 


2,009 


7 


6 


9 


6 


8.6 


1940 


944 


1,178 


2,122 


8 





10 


4 


9.2 


1941 


878 


1,128 


2.006 


7 


6 


10 


2 


8.8 



County White Elementary Pupils Not Promoted 



1923 


13,435 


8,586 


22,021 


25.6 


17 


5 


21.7 


1925. 


10,673 


6,336 


17,009 


20.2 


13 





16.8 


1927 


9,954 


6,134 


16,088 


18.7 


12 


4 


15.6 


1929 


9,147 


5,609 


14,756 


17.1 


11 


3 


14.3 


1931 


9,231 


5,293 


14,524 


16.8 


10 


4 


13.7 


1933 


10,503 


6,244 


16,747 


18.6 


12 





15.4 


1935 


9,283 


5,447 


14,730 


16.5 


10 


5 


13.6 


1937 


9,200 


5,390 


14,590 


16.6 


10 


5 


13.7 


1939 


7,571 


4,198 


11,769 


13.7 


8 


2 


11.1 


1940 


7,253 


3,822 


11,075 


13.2 


7 


5 


10.5 


1941 


6,949 


3 , 736 


10,685 


12.7 


7 


3 


10.1 



County Colored Elementary Pupils Not Promoted 



1923 


5,722 


4,616 


10,338 


38.3 


31.1 


34.7 


1925 


4,800 


3,700 


8,500 


33.2 


26.3 


29.8 


1927 


4,015 


3,091 


7,106 


29.5 


23.3 


26.4 


1929 


3,230 


2,361 


5,591 


24.2 


18.5 


21.4 


1931 


2,929 


2,022 


4,951 


22.4 


15.8 


19.1 


1933 


3,041 


2,230 


5,271 


23.2 


17.4 


20.3 


1935 


2,848 


1,959 


4,807 


22.4 


15.9 


19.2 


1937 


2,601 


1 , 753 


4,354 


21.5 


15.0 


18.3 


1939 


2,604 


1,705 


4,309 


21.7 


14.9 


18.4 


1940 


2,335 


1,512 


3,847 


19.8 


13.3 


16.6 


1941 


2,196 


1,467 


3,663 


18.9 


13.2 


16.1 



* Includes seventh or eighth grade promotions in junior high schools as graduates and 
seventh or seventh and eighth grade non-promotions in junior high schools as non-promotions. 

t Per cent of total elementary enrollment, exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, 
commitment, and death, who graduated or were not promoted. 



County Elementary Pupils Graduated and Not Promoted 



29 



CHART 2 



PERCENT OF GRADUATES IN 1941 
COUNTY WHITE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENTt 



County 



Number 
Boys Girls 



Percent 
Boys 



Percent 
U7771 Girls 



Total and 
Co. Average 


5,923 


6,463 


Caroline 


137 


127 


Wore est er 




122 


St. Mary's 


55 


59 


Garrett 


230 


269 


Kent 


72 


89 


Cecil 


189 


213 


Queen Anne' s 


98 


78 


Anne Arundel 


384 


420 


Talbot 


87 


103 


Frederick 


381 


434 


Carroll 


249 


309 


Calvert 


42 


54 


Dorchester 


127 


167 


Charles 


71 


105 


Somerset 


111 


107 


Wicomico 


184 


188 


Prince Georg* 


* 645 


619 


Harford 


218 


256 


Baltimore 


913 


984 


Montgomery* 


536 


507 


Allegany* 


535 


616 


Howard 


86 


106 


Washington* 


433 


531 



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HEW//////////////!////////////////////////////, 



EF&V///////////////////////f///////////////////SS// 



imtttflitMittMttilMtittltMtiiMMItttti. 



VXE/////////i//////f/t////I//I//f/////// i 



32 ■ •. ; T-r, 

n&x///s//j//////s/s////s//////////////fs/M 



unnnmnx 



mV///f//i/tf///It/////i//iJ///l/J///j 



t Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment to institution, or death, and 
includes promotions from grade 7 in counties having 6-5 plan, and from grade 8 in counties 
hav:ng 6-3-3 or 8-4 plan of organization. 

* County has 6-3-3 or 8-4 plan of organization. 



30 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 3 



PER CENT OF GRADUATES IN TOTAL COUNTY COLORED 
ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT - 1941 



County 

Total and 
Co. Av. 

Cecil 

Caroline 

St. Mary's 

Que on Anne's 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Wicomicb 

Somerset 

Frederick 

Harford 

Kent 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Worcester 

Montgomery 

Charles 

Washington 
Howard 

Anne Arundel* 
Calvert 
Baltimore 
Prince George's 31 



Number 
Boys Girls 



Per Cent Boys 



177771 Per Cent 
ILUn Girls 



878 
25 
35 
43 
28 
17 
12 
60 
64 
32 
32 
32 
47 
33 
50 
71 
56 
9 
28 
86 

24 
41 

53 



nx*///////////////////////////////////, 



E^//////////////////////////////////////////////////// 



\Q.Z ' ■ .. , • . -■ S..--I 

KI*////fJ////////////J/////lf/////////////////l/f//A 



mnmEnmimimiLL 



warn 



1128 
25 
38 
54 
36 
19 
11 
74 
72 
46 
46 
33 
64 
46 
65 
94 
71 
12 

137 

29 ^s£}/]$$f}W h 

51 ESBBfflffig^ 

so BBS WnnnzzA 



mnzzA 



vzv////i/////////f//f///////////i/////iii//ii '//. 



WJtiilJMiiliJIItltlilitiMMMIMMMrA 



[OT///////////////////////////////////////// 



tTEy/////////////////////////////////X//////////- 



[TS*'///////////////////////////////////////////// 



CE»<///////////////////////////////////////i 



ITM//////////////////////////////////////////> 



QKX////////////////////////////////////////i 



TSE¥//////////f//i/////////tf//////////////. 



ICW/////////////////////////////////// 



Excludes pupils in elementary school of State Teachers College at Bowie. 



Elementary School Graduates and Non Promotions 
by County 



31 



CHART 4 



AND 
County- 
Total and 
Co. Average 

Caroline 
Kent 

Frederick 
Washington 
Calvert 
Montgomery- 
Worcester 
Cecil 

Prince George 

Dorchester 

Queen Anne's 

Carroll 

Garrett 

Talbot 

Harford 

Anne Arundel 

Howard 

Allegany 

St. Mary's 

Baltimore 

Wicomico 

Charles 

Somerset 



NUMBER AND PER CENT OF COUNTY WHITE ELEMENTARY 
JUNIOR HIGH PUPILS THROUGH GRADE 8 NOT PROMOTED,* 1941 



Number 
Boys Girls 



6949 (E9H 

3736 1 3B ////////> 



Per Cent 
Boys 



1///A Per Cent 
Girls 



35 

28 
249 
381 

37 
467 

91 
161 
609 
162 

95 
315 
224 
101 
302 
455 
146 
982 

71 
1449 
271 
146 
172 



23 



15 Lll 



128 Li£. 



229 LJJ 



15 H3S 



7/7ZA 



233 Ul 



50 L*£ 



335 



70 Ul 



35 



125 



i*>.8 : 

BT////////////// 



130 YWl// 

48 



133 



141 LH 

230 



I4.C ' 

wsrtmtmuu/Mimm.\ 



95 Lii 



37 



i\v/////////////////a//////////, 



2V/////////////////////////////, 



847 



84 L£l 



* Includes pupils in kindergartens and special classes considered not ready for advance- 
ment. 

Pupils in elementary schools of teachers colleges in Allegany, Baltimore and Wicomico 
Counties are excluded. 



32 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 5 



NUMBER AND PERCENT OF COUNTY COLORED ELEMENTARY PUPILS 
NOT PROMOTED - 1941 



County 



Number 
Boys Girls 



Percent Boys X////X Percent Girl* 



Total & 2,196 
Co. Av. 




Somerset 
Dorchester 



112 



90 



121 

7£ 

Calvert 131 
Anne Arundel* 578 
415 



P. Geor^s* 



Bait Imore 



289 



62 nrr 

64 

78 E3 

40 

87 
259 
288 
219 



wEBf///////////////////////// ^^m^^mm 

DX*////////////////////////////////^^^^ 

wis*//////////////////////////////////// 



* Excludes pupils in elementary school of State Teachers College at Bowie. 



Non Promotions by County and Grade 



33 



CHART 6 



NON-PROMOTIONS* BY GRADES IN COUNTY ELEMENTARY AND 
JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS THROUGH GRADE 8 FOR YEAR ENDING IN JUNE, 1941 



Per Cent Boys 



COLORED 



No. 

Boys 

Girls 

566 
394 



270 

K\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\M^lie6 




229 

1^^\\\\\\\\\\U3| i84 

J 225 
^Hl50 

1207 
I 322 

i 





WHITE 



EZZI Per Cent Girls 
No. 

Boys 
Girls 
1666|_ 

954^ 

1057 1 
487 1747/////////^ 



853 
423 



705 
429 




667 
370b 
630 



855 
488 



232 
113 



W77X 



* Excludes pupils in kindergartens and special classes not considered ready for advance- 
ment. Also pupils in elementary school classes at the four State teachers colleges are excluded. 



34 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 23 



Causes for Non-Promotion of County White Elementary Pupils Not Pro- 
moted by Year, 1929 to 1941, and by County for Year Ending June 30, 1941 







Per Cent of Pupils Not Promoted by Cause 


Year 
County 


Total 
Not 
Promoted 


DO 
<D 


late Home 
ons and 
Interest 


>> 


Illness 


At- 
e Not 
Sickness 


from 
r School 


s or Over, 
ed 


ranee and 
Withdrawal 


uses 






All Caus 


Unfortui 
Conditi 
Lack of 


Mental 
Incapat 


Personal 


Irregular 
tendanc 
Due to 


Transfer 
Anothei 


iS 


Late Ent 
Early V 


Other Cz 



By Year 



1929 


14,731 


14.3 


4 


3 


2 


5 


1 


9 


2 





.8 


1.1 


.4 


1.3 


1930 


14,311 


13.8 


4 


5 


2 


7 


1 


7 


1 


5 


.8 


1.0 


.3 


1.3 


1931 


14,505 


13.8 


4 


8 


2 


7 


1 


6 


1 


2 


.8 


.8 


.3 


1.6 


1932 


15,251 


14.3 


5 


4 


2 


7 


1 


8 


1 


2 


.8 


.7 


.3 


174 


1933 


16,727 


15.5 


5 


8 


3 


1 




5 


1 


3 


.8 


.7 


.2 


2.1 


1934 


17,818 


16.6 


5 


8 


3 


3 


2 


4 


1 


5 


.9 


.6 


.2 


1.9 


1935 


14,709 


13.7 


4 


7 


2 


5 


1 


9 


1 


3 


.7 


.8 


.1 


1.7 


1936 


14,751 


13.8 


4 


9 


2 


3 


1 


7 


1 


4 


.7 


.8 


.1 


1.9 


1937 


14,575 


13.7 


5 





2 




1 


8 


1 


3 


.8 


.9 


.1 


1.7 


1938 


12,520 


11.9 


4 


5 


1 


8 


1 


4 


1 





.7 


.7 


.3 


1.5 


1939 


11,759 


11.1 


4 


6 


1 


6 


1 


2 




9 


.7 


.5 


.2 


1.4 


1940 


11,057 


10.5 


4 


2 


1 


6 


1 


1 




9 


.7 


.5 


.2 


1.3 


1941 


10,685 


10.1 


3 


8 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 





.6 


.6 


.2 


1.5 



By County, 1940-41 





58 


3 


4 


1 


3 


.6 


.5 


.4 






.2 


.3 


Kent 


43 


3 


7 




5 


.2 


.5 




.4 


.1 


.2 


.8 


Frederick 


377 


5 


8 


2 


9 


.4 


1.1 




.3 


.3 


.1 


.2 




610 


5 


9 


2 


1 


.7 


.6 


.6 


.3 


.8 


.1 


.7 


Calvert 


52 


6 


8 


4 


2 


.1 


.6 


.3 


.4 


.8 




.4 


Montgomery 


700 


7 





2 


8 


.4 


.9 


.7 


.4 


.4 


".i 


1.3 




141 


8 





2 


5 


1.6 


1.2 


.3 


.3 


1.0 


.1 


1.0 


Cecil 


255 


8 


8 


2 


8 


1.6 


1.4 


.8 


.4 


.2 


.7 


.9 


Prince George's 


944 


8 


9 


2 


6 


2.2 


1.1 


.3 


1.1 


.2 


.6 


.8 


Dorchester 


232 


9 


8 


2 


7 


3.1 


1.1 


.9 


.5 


.6 


.1 


.8 


Queen Anne's 


130 


9 


9 


5 


9 


.2 


.8 


.2 


1.0 






1.8 


Carroll 


440 


9 


9 


4 


2 


2.5 


1.0 


.6 


.5 


".3 




.8 




354 


9 


9 


2 


8 


2.1 


1.6 


1.4 


.2 


.4 




1.0 


Talbot 


149 


10 





3 


1 


1.8 


2.5 


.3 


.7 


1.1 


.1 


.4 


Harford 


443 


11 


1 


4 


6 


.3 


1.0 


1.5 


1.3 


.7 


.3 


1.4 




685 


11 


1 


4 


4 


1.6 


1.2 


1.3 


1.1 


.5 


.2 


1.1 




241 


11 


6 


6 


2 


.8 


.9 


.9 


.5 


.8 


.1 


1.4 


Allegany* 


1,537 


13 


7 


4 


6 


2.2 


.9 


2.0 


.2 


.7 


.4 


2.7 




108 


13 


8 


3 


2 


.4 


1.3 


2.4 


1.4 


.6 


.4 


4.1 




2,296 


13 


9 


5 


4 


.2 


1.5 


1.4 


1.0 


.9 


.1 


3.4 




431 


13 


9 


5 


9 


3.1 


2.6 




.8 


1.0 




.5 


Charles 


203 


14 


3 


5 




3.3 


1.3 


1.3 


.9 


1.0 


' ' .3 


1.1 


Somerset 


256 


14 


4 


7 


4 


2.6 


1.5 


1.1 




.6 


.1 


1.1 



* Excludes pupils attending the elementary schools of State teachers colleges, 
f 13 years, 1929 to 1931, inclusive. 



Causes of Non Promotion 



85 



TABLE 24 

Causes for Non-Promotion of County Colored Elementary Pupils t Not 
Promoted by Year, 1929 to 1941, and by County for Year Ending 

June 30, 1941 



Year and 
County 



tTotal 
Not 
Promoted 



Percent of Pupils Not Promoted by Cause 



0) 



a Z 



S.2" 
a £ o 

o C o 

"HO* 



fS3 



0) Q, 



By Year 



1929 


5.588 


20.4 


5.5 


5.8 


2 


3 


*1 


8 


1 


6 


.5 


1.3 


1.6 


1930 


5.643 


21.1 


7.0 


5.1 


2 


6 


*1 


6 


1 


7 


.7 


.9 


1.5 


1931 


4,932 


18.5 


5.8 


4.4 


2 


4 


*1 


4 


1 


8 


.5 


1.0 


1.2 


1932 


4,952 


18.7 


6.6 


4.3 


2 


4 


1 


2 


1 


7 


.3 


.8 


1.4 


1933 


5,266 


19.8 


7.8 


4.4 


1 


8 


1 


1 


1 


8 


.4 


.8 


1.7 


1934 


5,310 


20.8 


7.3 


6.2 


2 


2 


1 


2 


1 


7 


.5 


.5 


1.2 


1935 


4,797 


19.2 


6.4 


5.0 


2 


1 


1 


3 




9 


.5 


.5 


1.5 


1936 


4,660 


19.1 


6.7 


5.3 


2 





1 


3 


1 


4 


.6 


.5 


1.3 


1937 


4,350 


18.3 


6.6 


4.4 


2 


4 


1 


3 


1 


4 


.5 


.4 


1.3 


1938 


4,484 


19.2 


7.9 


4.0 


1 


7 


1 


2 


1 


3 


.7 


.7 


1.7 


1939 


4,303 


18.5 


8.5 


3.7 


1 


6 




9 


1 


4 


.5 


.6 


1.3 


1940 


3,832 


16.6 


7.7 


3.2 


1 


5 


1 







9 


.8 


.6 


.9 


1941 


3,663 


16.1 


7.0 


3.0 


1 


8 


1 







9 


.7 


.5 


1.2 



By County 



Queen Anne's 


16 


2.9 


1 


.6 








.5 


.4 




.2 






.2 




10 


4.4 


3 


.9 










.5 












Cecil 


20 


5.5 


1 


6 


i 


4 


"i 


i 






i3 


' ' '.S 




' ' .8 


Caroline 


46 


7.9 


4 


3 




3 


l 


9 


"!3 




.2 


.7 




.2 




135 


8.0 


1 


3 


2 


9 




8 


.9 




.4 


.2 


1.1 


.4 




56 


9.4 


4 


5 


1 


3 







1.7 








.7 


.2 




75 


9.5 


2 


6 




5 


2 


8 


1.1 


i 


.i 


' ' !8 


.1 


.5 


Allegany 


19 


9.6 


4 


1 


2 







5 


2.0 






.5 




.5 




120 


10.4 


4 


2 




5 


1 





1.7 




4 


.1 


' ' !i 


2.1 




131 


10.9 


4 


2 






3 


5 


1.2 


1 


7 


.1 


.1 


.1 


Carroll 


34 


11.1 


2 





6 


2 




7 


1.3 




3 


.3 


.3 




St. Mary's 


110 


13.4 


4 


8 


3 


9 


2 


5 


.2 




2 


.4 


.7 


' ' .7 


Kent 


85 


13.6 


8 


3 




3 


2 


4 


.8 






.8 


.5 


.5 




101 


13.7 


8 





1 


1 


2 


3 


.8 




4 


.6 


.5 






174 


13.9 


4 


9 


3 


7 


1 


5 


.7 


2 





.4 


.4 


!3 




154 


14.0 


4 


6 


1 


9 


1 


3 


1.3 


2 


3 


.3 


.4 


1.9 


Charles 


199 


14.8 


6 





5 


1 


1 


1 






4 


.4 


1.0 


.7 


Harford 


112 


15.0 


5 


9 


3 


7 


2 


7 


l!6 




3 


.3 




.5 


Calvert 


218 


20.7 


10 


4 


4 


2 




7 


1.3 




8 


2.0 


' ' !8 


.5 


Anne Arundelf 


637 


22.7 


10 


8 


4 


6 


2 


1 


.9 




8 


.8 


.7 


2.0 


Prince George'sf 


703 


24.9 


11 


1 


3 





2 


7 


.9 


2 


2 


1.4 


.7 


2.9 




508 


28.7 


14 


1 


6 


7 


2 


3 


1.8 




5 


1.1 


.2 


2.2 



t Excludes pupils at elementary school, Bowie State Teachers College. 
* Thirteen years or over employed. 



36 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 25 — Number and Percent of Non-Promotions in First Grade* 
in Maryland County White Schools, 1941 



County 



Total Counties: 

1940 

1941 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Howard 

Washington 

Frederick 

Montgomery 

Kent 

Talbot 

St. Mary's 

Prince George's. . 



First Grade Non-Promotions 



Number 



Boys Girls 



l,fi90 
1,666 

5 
42 
26 

123 
79 

119 
12 
22 
14 

194 



1,065 
954 



14 
16 

63 
52 
65 

9 
12 

8 

108 



Percent 



Boys Girls 



21.3 
20.5 

5.1 
11.5 
12.0 
17.3 
15.0 
16.5 
18.2 
19.8 
18.9 
20.3 



15.1 
13.2 

2.2 
4.4 
9.7 



County 



Harford 

Dorchester. . 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore. . . 
Queen Anne's 
Worcester . . . 
Somerset .... 

Charles 

Allegany .... 
Wicomico. . . 

Calvert 

Cecil 

Garrett 



First Grade Non-Promotions 



Number 



Boys Girls 



71 
43 
103 

286 
25 
23 
26 
27 

184 
65 
17 
68 
92 



41 

15 
56 

164 
11 
23 
23 
16 

108 
36 
7 
49 
56 



* Excludes pupils in first grades of elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 



TABLE 26 — Program for Education of Physically Handicapped Children 
in Maryland Financed with State Funds in 1940-41 



County 



Total Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel . 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . . 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. . 
Pr. George's . . . 
Queen Anne's. . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot .... 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Balto. City 

Entire State . . . 



Home Teaching 



Pupils 



72 



1 

4 

2 

120 
192 



Teach- 



44 



Expendi- 
tures 



$5,420.07 

714.40 
129.18 
2,002.12 



94.60 
235.10 
301.35 
41.40 
15.00 
67.50 
121.20 
221.10 
112.90 
83.60 
270.30 
292.27 



56.25 



145.80 
412.00 
104.00 

2,878.80 

8,298.87 



Transportation 
to Regular Class 



Pupils 



Expendi- 
tures 



$1,809.15 
690.00 



82.45 
40.00 



2.00 
' 28^90 



62.00 
50.00 



130.40 



38.50 
301.00 

67.00 
175.00 

87.00 



54.90 



2,021.20 
3,830.35 



Special Classes in 
Hospital Schools 



Pupils 



107 

14 
9 
17 

3 
5 
3 
1 
2 
10 



2 
1 
5 
5 
5 
1 

'2 
4 
2 
2 

108 
215 



Expendi- 
tures 



$131.20 



al31.20 



b5,100.00 
5,231.20 



Pupils 



211 

35 
12 
46 
1 
4 
9 
7 
2 
3 
12 
12 
8 
5 
2 
10 
13 
6 
3 
2 
2 
5 



248 
459 



a Expenditures for teaching 2 children at the Rehabilitation Institute, Reisterstown. 
The children were from Allegany and Cecil counties. 

b The teachers, for whom reimbursement of $5,100 was paid, instructed 108 Baltimore 
City and 105 county children under treatment in the hospital schools. 

c The remainder of the $20,000 State appropriation was spent for testing hard-of-hearing 
children in county schools ($513.00), and administrative supplies and stenographic service 
($2,126.58). 



First Grade Non Promotions; Physically Handicapped Children 37 

STATE-AIDED PROGRAM FOR PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 

CHILDREN 

Hospital classes are maintained in the Children's Hospital 
School, in Kernan's Hospital, and in Happy Hills Convalescent 
Home, all in Baltimore City. County children who are being 
treated in these institutions are instructed by teachers under the 
supervision of the Director of Special Education of Baltimore 
City. State funds are paid to the City for this service. 

The State provides one part-time teacher for the instruction 
of spastic paralysis cases from the counties undergoing treatment 
at the Children's Rehabilitation Institute at Reisterstown. This 
teacher is under the direction of the Baltimore County Superin- 
tendent of Schools and the State Supervisor of Special Education. 
The Institute is a State-aided hospital school conducted for the 
treatment and education of children suffering from cerebral in- 
juries. The school instruction given is of academic nature on the 
same basis as the home teaching program which is conducted in 
the different counties. 

Services for Crippled Children 

The program for crippled children in Maryland has been made 
more effective because of the Federally financed well-organized 
orthopedic clinic service of the State Department of Health which 
serves every county at regular intervals, and the physiotherapy 
that is available in 16 counties of the State. * Eleven orthopedic 
surgeons are employed part-time ; they are assisted in the clinics 
by physiotherapists, orthopedic nurses, county health officers, and 
county public health nurses. All crippled children reported in 
the annual school census are referred to the State Department of 
Health for examination and classification as to physical ability 
to do school work. Hospitalization is provided by the Services 
for Crippled Children for all who need it. Recommendations for 
special education for physically handicapped children who cannot 
adjust in regular school are sent by the orthopedists to the county 
superintendents, and to the State Supervisor of Special Education. 

Examination and Training of Hard-of -Hearing Children in Counties 

The audiometer testing of white children in the public schools 
of the State was continued on the same basis that has been in 
effect since 1938 — a worker from the Maryland State School for 
the Deaf has her salary paid by that institution and her traveling 
expenses by the State Department of Education. This tester 
visits all of the schools in the counties, tests the children of speci- 
fic grades plus all others who are suspected of having a hearing 
loss, and then makes her reports and recommendations to the 
county superintendents. 

* Two in Allegany ; one each in Frederick, Garrett, and Washington ; one for Baltimore, 
Howard, and Prince George's, combined ; one for Wicomico, Somerset, and Worcester, 
combined ; one for Caroline, Kent, Queen Anne's, and Talbot, combined ; one for Cecil and 
Harford combined. 



38 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

During the school year 1940-41, 1,119 children who had been 
tested previously were re-examined by the worker from the Mary- 
land State School for the Deaf. She found that 70 percent of this 
number had received medical treatment or further examination 
since the original survey was made, and that practically all 
recommendations concerning educational placement had been 
carried out. 

In addition, 441 new children were examined, of whom 169 
registered normal hearing, 171 showed very slight hearing loss, 
and 101 showed hearing loss of 15 percent or more. The per- 
centage of hearing loss among these children was naturally high 
because they were suspected of having a hearing deficiency when 
brought to the examiner by their teachers. 

TABLE 27 



Special Classes for Retarded Children in Maryland Counties, 1940-41 





White 


Colored 


County 






Average 






Average 




Number 




Enroll- 


Number 




Enroll- 




of 


Enroll- 


ment Per 


of 


Enroll- 


ment Per 




Classes 


ment 


Class 


Classes 


ment 


Class 


Total, 1938-39 


37 


733 


19.8 


1 


25 


25.0 


1939-40 


52 


1,080 


20.8 


3 


69 


23.0 


1940-41 


61 


1,275 


21.3 


3 


85 


28.3 




*15 


309 


20.1 


1 


21 


21.0 




4 


82 


20.5 








Caroline 


3 


63 


21.0 








Carroll 


t2 


45 


22.5 








Cecil 


1 


26 


26.0 








Dorchester 


1 


17 


17.0 










5 


97 


19.4 










1 


25 


25.0 








Howard 


3 


58 


19.3 








Kent 


2 


50 


25.0 










6 


125 


20.8 










2 


37 


18.5 










tH 


233 


21.3 






27^0 




4 


93 


23.3 




"54 




1 


15 


15.0 









* Six of these are in one school. 

f Two of the classes are in one school. 

% Two schools have two classes each. 



The Mental Hygiene Society of Maryland, in cooperation 
with the various health, welfare and school departments in the 
counties conducted child guidance clinics at stated intervals in 
22 of the 23 counties. * Psychiatrists from various state and 
private hospitals who have volunteered their services make per- 
iodic visits to these counties according to a pre-arranged schedule. 
The function of these clinics is specifically "the diagnosis and 
adjustment of behavior and personality problems of children," 
rather than the determining of grade placement on the basis of 
mental ability. 



* Baltimore County makes use of clinics in Baltimore City. 



Special Classes for Mentally Handicapped Children 



39 



Training of Teachers for Mentally Handicapped 

The program of training teachers for classes of mentally 
handicapped children was continued at the University of Maryland 
and Johns Hopkins University during the summer of 1940. Ap- 
proximately 40 teachers from the different counties were enrolled 
in these courses. 

TABLE 28 



Baltimore City Special Classes, Day Camp, and Crafts School for Girls, 
Semester Ending June 30, 1941 













Promoted or 






Net 






§ Making Satisfactory 




Number 


Roll 


Average 


Percent 


Improvement 


Kind of Class 


of 


June 30, 


Net 


of Attend- 








Classes 


1941 


Roll 


ance 
















Number 


fPercent 



Physically Handicapped White Pupils 



Total and Average 


27 


523 


529 


90.2 


438 


83 


7 


Open Air 


2 


48 


46 


95.0 


39 


81 


3 




11 


222 


235 


89.7 


182 


82 





Sight Conservation 


4 


75 


72 


87.5 


62 


82 


7 


Hearing Conservation 


5 


73 


72 


88.9 


57 


78 


1 


Deaf 


2 


21 


20 


95.0 


20 


95 


2 


Mixed* 


3 


84 


84 


91.7 


78 


92 


9 


Day Camp for Boys 


1 


55 


42 


81.3 








Crafts School for Girls 


1 


16 


10 


78.0 









Physically Handicapped Colored Pupils 





9 


177 


176 


81.8 


128 


72.3 




4 


84 


81 


76.5 


62 


73.8 


Orthopedic 


3 


57 


59 


86.4 


43 


75.4 


Open Air 


1 


19 


19 


84.2 


13 


68.4 


Deaf 


1 


17 


17 


88.2 


10 


58.8 


Mentally Handicapped White Pupils 




135 


3,259 


3,360 


82.6 


§2,837 


87.1 


Opportunity 


93 


2,290 


2,289 


84.8 


2,014 


87.9 


Special Center 


1 


20 


21 


84.9 


18 


90.0 


Shop Center 


41 


949 


1,050 


77.8 


805 


84.8 


Mentally Handicapped Colored Pupils 


Total and Average 


92 


2,490 


2,547 


76.1 


§1,850 


74.3 




55 


1,528 


1,519 


78.1 


1.177 


77.0 




30 


811 


880 


73.2 


573 


70.7 


Special Center 


7 


151 


148 


72.4 


100 


66.2 



t Percent of net roll of classes involved. 

* Junior high school class consisting of pupils with the following deficiencies : Orthopedic, 
52 ; sight, 17 ; cardiac, 12 ; and hearing, 3. 

§ Making satisfactory improvement applies to the opportunity group. 



Training in lip reading in Baltimore City was supplied during the 
year to 41 pupils in the regular grades in addition to those who were mem- 
bers of the classes for the deaf. There were 409 pupils in the regular grades 
who received training in speech correction. 



40 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 7 



County 



PERCENT OF 1927 WHITE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GRADUATES WHO PERSISTED 
TO HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION IN 1941 

V/h.H.S. 

Grad's % 

1941 Mi Boys 



Total & 

Average 


,028 


Kent 


107 


A, Arundel 


458 


Wi comi co 




Mont.* 


607 




79 


Allegany* 


735 


Caroline 


157 


Baltimore 


994 


Talbot 


129 


Harford 


294 


Frederick 


483 


toward 


136 


Pr. Geo. 


653 


Carroll 


255 


Charles 


93 


Dorchester 


166 


Washington* 


497 


Worcester 


139 


Q. Anne's 


96 


Cecil 


237 


Somerset 


143 


Garrett 


197 


Calvert 


31 



64.0 rtTT? 



79.8 F^al^r 



77.3 



76.4 It^3 



72.6 1 
71.2 BB 

7o.i 

67.7 P§g 

66.8 gg 
66.5 
62.7 



Co.l 



•s.i.Hff 




I I Girls 



* Pupils reported promoted from grade 8 of junior high or elementary schools m twelve 
grade systems were considered elementary school graduates. 

For number of graduates for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



Persistence of Elementary Graduates to High School Graduation 41 



CHART 8 



Total & 
Average 



PERCENT OF 1957 COLORED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GRADUATES WHO 
PERSISTED TO HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION IN 1941 



No. of C.H.S. 
Grads.1941 

County Boys Girls Total 



'249 



*459 



*36.8 



All. 


8 


8 


72.7 


Balto. 


* 13 . 


15 


*71.8 


Carr. 


10 


12 


57.9 


Wash. 


4 


9 


54.2 


A. A. 


27 


50 


51.7 


Wic. 


22 


46 


46.3 


Dor. 


15 


33 


43.3 


Cec. 


7 


9 


42.1 


Caro. 


5 


23 


40.6 


Talb. 


16 


22 


40.0 


Ykmt. 


14 


35 


36.8 


Fred. 


11 


18 


34.9 


Kent 


9 


18 


34.6 


Sora. 


10 


28 


33.9 


Q.Anne* 




18 


33.3 


Harf . 


6 


14 


30.8 


St.M. 


10 


18 


30.4 


Wor. 


14 


21 


29.9 


Chae. 


17 


16 


26.8 


P. Geo. 


21 


31 


25.0 


Calv. 


2 


11 


21.0 


How. 


2 


4 


13.0 



Percent Boys 




I I Percent Girls 



* Baltimore County elementary school graduates of 1937 attended Baltimore City junior 
and senior high schools at the expense of Baltimore County. Since Baltimore City has a 
twelve-year course they could not graduate until 1942. In this case, however, 1941 high school 
graduates are compared with 1937 elementary school graduates although they actually graduated 
in 1936 from elementary school. 

For number of graduates for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



42 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 29 — Estimated Number and Percent of Colored and White Elementary School 
Graduates Who Graduated from High School Four Years Later, by Year 









Percent 


















White High 












White 




School Graduates 




Colored 


High School 


Are of Elementary 


Year of 


High School 


Graduates 


School Graduates 


High School 


Graduates 








Four Years Before 


Graduation 








Total 


Boys 


Girls 


Total 


Boys 


Girls 




Total 


Boys 


Girls 


2,887 


1,071 


1,816 


39.4 


33.5 


43.9 


1927. 


97 


34 


63 


2,993 


1,142 


1,851 


39.5 


34.0 


44.0 


1928 


117 


42 


75 


3,395 


1,339 


2,056 


41.2 


36.2 


45.2 


1929 


121 


50 


71 


3,785 


1,534 


2,251 


43.8 


37.8 


49.0 


1930 


169 


63 


106 


4,204 


1,713 


2,491 


45.0 


39.9 


49.3 


1931 


192 


77 


115 


4.397 


1,772 


2,625 


47.0 


40.9 


52.2 


1932 


288 


124 


164 


4,921 


2,114 


2,807 


49.6 


44.6 


54.1 


1933 


297 


117 


180 


5,122 


2,220 


2,902 


50.5 


45.7 


55.0 


1934 


318 


128 


190 


4,839 


2,052 


2.787 


48.8 


43.2 


54.1 


1935 


322 


142 


180 


5,322 


2,283 


3,039 


49.2 


44.0 


53.8 


1936 


t374 


tl64 


f210 


5,472 


2,361 


3,111 


50.8 


46.1 


55.0 


1937 


f392 


fl61 


f231 


5,930 


2,566 


3,364 


54.7 


49.1 


59.9 


1938 


t510 


f202 


t308 


6,306 


2,750 


3,556 


57.8 


53.0 


62.2 


1939 


|576 


f234 


t342| 


6,813 


3,017 


3,796 


62.7 


58.5 


66.6 


1940 


f673 


f245 


t428 


7,038 


3,168 


3,870 


64.0 


59.9 


67.8 


1941 


t708 


f249 


t459 



Year of 
High School 
Graduation 



1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



Percent 
Colored High 
School Graduates 
Are of Elementary 
School Graduates 
Four Years Before 



Total 



10.3 
10.2 
13.0 
13.2 
18.9 
16.4 
18.5 
16.2 
U9.0 
t20.5 
f25.5 
t27 
t31.0 
|36.8 



Boys 



9.7 
9.8 
10.3 
13.0 
14.2 
22.9 
16.0 
17.6 
16.1 
fl9.7 
f20.0 
f23.5 
f26.8 
f26.4 
t31.4 



Girls 



9.9 
10.6 
10.1 
12.9 
12.7 
16.7 
16.7 
19.1 
16.4 
tl8.5 
t20.9 
f27.1 
t28.7 
t34.4 
t40.6 



f Includes Baltimore County graduates whc attended Baltimore City high schools at the expense of 
Baltimore County. 

CHART 9 



MUTE GIRL GRADUATES OF PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS 
ENTERING MARYLAND TEACHERS COLLEGES THE FALL FOLLOWING GRADUATION 



County 

County Average 

Wicomico 

Queen Anne's 

Calvert 

Worcester 

Somerset 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Cecil 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Garrett 

Talbot 

Ho;vard 

Anne Arundel 

Harford 

Caroline 

Charles 

Prince George's 

Carroll 

Montgomery 



Number 
1941 

126 

26 
5 
1 
5 
4 

18 
9 
5 

10 

18 
3 
2 
2 
6 
4 
2 
1 
2 
1 
1 



Percent 
1941 




For graduates and entrants to teachers colleges for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 
194 to 199. 



Persistence to High School Graduation ; 1941 Graduates 43 
Entering Teachers Colleges 



CHART 10 





COLORED GIRL GRADUATES OF COUNTY HIGH SCHOOLS 


ENTERING BOWIE 


STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE THE FALL FOLLOWING GRADUATION 


County 


1941 


Percent 
1941 


County Average 


22 




Allegany 


2 


H 2.5.0 


Prince George's 


6 




Carroll 


2 




Caroline 


2 


■ m . ■ 


Queen Anne'e 


2 




Wicomico 


3 




Kent 


1 




Frederick 


1 




Talbot 


1 




Anne Arundel 


2 




Somerset 


1 




Montgomery 


1 





For entrants to Bowie State Teachers College for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, 
pages 194 to 199. 



TABLE 30 



Comparison of Number and Percent of County White High School Graduates 
Continuing Education or Staying or Working at Home Year 
Following Graduation, 1926 to 1940 









Number 


Percent 




Total Number 


















Graduates 


of Graduates 






Staying or 






Staying or 


of 






Continuing 


Working at 


Continuing 


Working at 








Education 


Home, Married 


Education 


Home, Married 




Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


1926 


1,045 


1 . 574 


507 


856 


88 


323 


48.8 


54.3 


8.5 


20.5 


1927 


1,071 


1,816 


472 


913 


99 


417 


44.1 


50.3 


9.3 


22.9 


1928 


1,142 


1,851 


480 


947 


118 


432 


41.8 


51.2 


10.3 


23.3 


1929 


1,339 


2 , 056 


527 


1.051 


125 


455 


39.3 


51.3 


9.3 


22.1 


1930 


1 , 534 


2,251 


542 


1,031 


223 


694 


35.3 


45.8 


21.5 


28.7 


1931 


1.713 


2,491 


574 


953 


361 


994 


33.5 


38.2 


21.2 


39.8 


1932 


1,772 


2,625 


471 


820 


495 


1,321 


26.6 


31.2 


27.9 


50.4 


1933 


2,114 


2,807 


469 


701 


447 


1,453 


22.2 


25.0 


21.1 


51.8 


1934 


2,223 


2,904 


522 


803 


473 


1,348 


23.5 


27.7 


21.2 


46.4 


1935 


2,052 


2,787 


498 


800 


367 


1,172 


24.3 


28.7 


17.9 


42.0 


1936 


2,283 


3,039 


613 


980 


244 


1,036 


26.9 


32.3 


10.7 


34.0 


1937 


2,361 


3,111 


652 


1,078 


354 


1,081 


27.6 


34.7 


15.0 


34.7 


1938 


2,566 


3,364 


745 


1,114 


347 


1,249 


29.0 


33.1 


13.5 


37.1 


1939 


2 , 750 


3 , 556 


761 


1,118 


254 


1,133 


27.7 


31.4 


9.2 


31.9 


1940 


3,017 


3,796 


*699 


tl,107 


147 


916 


23.1 


29.1 


4.9 


24.1 



* Includes 10 duplicates in Anne Arundel who are simultaneously working and continuing 
their education. 

t Includes 2 duplicates in Anne Arundel who are simultaneously working and continuing 
their education. 



44 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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46 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Colleges Attended in 1940-41 by 1940 County White High School 47 
Graduates; Entrants to State Teachers Colleges; 
. White High School Enrollment by Year 



TABLE 34 



Number and Percent of County High School Graduates Who Entered State Teachers 
Colleges September after Graduation 



White 
High 
School 
Graduates 



Boys 



1,713 
1,772 
2,114 
2,220 
2,052 
2,283 
2,361 
2.566 
2,750 
3.017 
3,168 



Girls 



2,491 
2,625 
807 
902 
787 
039 
ill 
364 
556 
796 
870 



White Entrants to 
State Teachers Colleges 
Fall Following Graduation 



Number 



Boys 



Girls 



214 
174 
74 



131 
118 
151 
179 
141 
126 



Percent 



Boys 



Girls 



8.6 
6.6 
2.6 
3.0 
3.3 
4.3 
3.8 
4.5 
4.9 
3.7 
3.3 



Year 



1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



Colored 
High 
School 
Graduates 



Boys 



77 
124 
117 
128 
142 
tl64 
fl61 
t202 
f234 
f245 
f249 



Girls 



115 
164 
180 
190 
180 
t210 
t231 
f308 
t342 
t428 
t459 



Colored Entrants to 
State Teachers College 
Fall Following Graduation 



Number 



Boys 



Girls 



20 
28 
17 
26 
15 
16 
30 
38 
21 
t40 
22 



Percent 



Brys 



18.2 
12.9 
2.6 
4.7 
1.4 
4.9 
3.7 
8.9 
3.0 
3.3 
2.1 



Girls 



17.4 
17.1 
9.4 
13.7 
8.3 
7.6 
13.0 
12.3 
6.1 
9.3 
5.0 



t Includes residents of Baltimore County who graduated from Batimore City high schools after five years 
work above grade 7. 

For 1941 graduates and teachers college entrants for individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 
194 to 199. 



TABLE 35 



Enrollment in Each Year of Last Four Years of Maryland Count v White 
High Schools, by Year, 1925-1941 



Year 


I 


II 


III 


IV 


Post- 
Graduates 


Total 


1925 


6,772 


4,453 


3,281 


2,732 




17,238 


1926 


7,558 


4,777 


3,610 


2,748 




18,693 


1927 


7,871 


5,363 


3,856 


3,067 




20,157 


1928 


8,487 


5,636 


4,257 


3,178 




21,558 


1929 


8,587 


6,100 


4,694 


3,612 




22,993 


1930 


9,038 


6,292 


5,080 


3,981 


' 26 


24,417 


1931 


9,777 


6,969 


5,490 


4,338 


21 


26,595 


1932 


9,662 


7,636 


6,070 


4,646 


153 


28,167 


1933 


10,548 


7,658 


6,720 


5,207 


169 


30,302 


1934 


10,629 


8,016 


6,381 


5,404 


91 


30,521 


1935 


11,072 


8,162 


6,731 


5,110 


153 


31,228 


1936 


11,267 


8,749 


6,927 


5,526 


127 


32,596 


1937 


11,267 


8,907 


7,456 


5,675 


93 


33,398 


1938 


11,256 


8,883 


7,586 


6,080 


113 


33,918 


1939 


12,064 


9,332 


8,062 


6,478 


198 


36,134 


1940 


12,206 


10,073 


8,352 


7,441 


186 


37,858 


1941 


12,554 


10,342 


8,848 


7,323 


158 


39,225 



For enrollment in individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



48 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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High School Enrollment Taking Various Subjects 



49 





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Total 1940 

Total 1941° 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Prince George's 

Talbot 

Washington 

Worcester 



50 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 38 



Number of Maryland County White Pupils in Last Four Years of High 
School Enrolled in Various English Courses, 1940-41 









English 










County 










Journal- 


Public 


Reme- 














ism 


Speak- 


dial 




I 


II 


III 


IV 


V 




ing 


Reading 


Total, 1939-40 


12,104 


10,215 


8,573 


7,239 


40 


120 


168 




1940-41 


12 , 504 


10,484 


9,029 


7,392 


82 


151 


137 


' 34 




1,360 


1,139 


1,062 


779 




75 




34 




839 


699 


567 


490 


' 33 










2,061 


1,687 


1,306 


1,033 












76 


61 


50 


33 












248 


234 


191 


172 












570 


494 


437 


367 












390 


372 


304 


247 












190 


158 


135 


107 












326 


270 


247 


171 












801 


631 


555 


502 












392 


322 


285 


205 












459 


391 


381 


299 












250 


214 


167 


144 










Kent 


173 


133 


100 


108 










Montgomery 


957 


798 


758 


646 




"l9 






Prince George's 


1,234 


973 


848 


706 




57 








160 


133 


124 


100 










St. Mary's 


135 


119 


97 


81 












191 


217 


167 


149 










Talbot 


196 


166 


156 


138 












849 


705 


607 


511 












410 


353 


284 


249 


' 34 










237 


215 


201 


155 











White High School Enrollment Taking Various Courses in 51 
English and Social Studies 



1 



I 



If 



tin 



if 



l! 



4 



I 



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52 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 40 



Enrollment' 1 of Maryland County White High School Pupils in the Various 
Branches of Science, by Year, 1931 to 1941, and by County, 1940-11 



Year 

AND 

County 


Generalf 


Biology If 


Related 
Science I 


Related 
Science II 


Chemistry 


Physics 


Hygiene and 
Physiology^ 


Senior 
Science^: 


Applied 
ScienceJ 


Biology 11$ 


ZoologyJ 


1930-31 


7,643 


5,741 






2,986 


1,896 












1931-32 


7,420 


6,156 






3,572 


2,284 












1932-33 


8,181 


6,831 






3,929 


2,429 












1933-34 


8,154 


6,785 






3,852 


2,348 












1934-35 


8,389 


7,453 






3,764 


2,490 












1935-36 


8,864 


7,996 






4,139 


2,284 












1936-37 


8,508 


8,248 






4,428 


2,250 












°1937-38 


8,737 


8,116 






4,060 


2,468 


°570 


69 






45 


°1938-39 


9,396 


8,765 






4,502 


2,532 


°578 


242 


87 


77 


61 


1939-40 


9,733 


9,690 






4,179 


2,851 


°571| 


331 


161 


51 


41 


°1940-41 


9,261 


8,520 


1^433 


'749 


4,513 


2,565 


°581 


742 


170 


68 


27 



By County 1940-41 





1,042 


1,000 


87 


57 


464 


225 






62 








590 


532 


197 


13 


305 


121 




' '59 






' '27 


Baltimore 


1,533 


1,600 


26 




466 


404 




377 


' '30 






Calvert 


52 


51 


8 


' 'l2 


78 
















173 


121 


187 


69 


115 


"78 












Carroll 


485 


424 


75 


58 


213 


133 












Cecil 


402 


346 






171 


88 




' '84 








Charles 


82 


153 


" '84 


' '28 


60 


48 












Dorchester 


279 


251 


44 




125 










' i9 




Frederick 


611 


542 


10 


' ' 9 


489 


"78 












Garrett 


238 


154 


148 


112 


254 


48 








"5 




Harford 


329 


316 


85 


16 


245 


166 


' °5i 


' 39 




13 




Howard 


102 


97 


116 


93 


120 


45 












Kent 


156 


96 






57 






' 32 










593 


654 


' *53 


ii5 


412 


'i38 








"ii 




Prince George's. . . 
Queen Anne's 


928 


735 


83 


66 


196 


293 




' '84 








100 


118 


41 




58 














St. Mary's 


79 


33 


68 


' *5i 


57 


' i3 




' 31 










193 


216 






46 


23 












Talbot 


126 


127 


' *20 


' 'i<3 


98 


24 








' '20 




Washington 


565 


508 


44 


34 


257 


361 


'536 












384 


269 






153 


158 














219 


177 


"57 




74 


121 




' '36 









* Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, or commitment to an institution. 
$ If these courses were given prior to 1937-38, they were not reported separately, 
t Previously Related Science I and II were combined with General Science and Biology I, 
respectively. 

Bacteriology was taken by 6 pupils in 1937-38, 14 pupils in 1938-39, and 13 pupils 
in 1940-41. 



White High School Enrollment Taking Various Courses in 53 
Science and Mathematics 



TABLE 41 



Enrollment* of Maryland County White High School Pupils in the Various 
Branches of Mathematics, by Year, 1931 to 1941, and by County, 1940-41 



Year 
and 
County 


General 
Mathematics I 


General 
Mathematics II 


Algebra I 


Algebra II 


Plane Geometry 


Trigonometry 


Solid Geometry 


Mathematics Review 


Arithmetic Review 


Vocational and Ap- 
plied Mathematics 


Commercial and 
Business Arithmetic 


Introduction 
to Business 


1930-31 


2,054 




8,775 


3,663 


4,425 


963 


460 


558 


336 


75 






1931-32 


2,158 




8,455 


4,527 


4,020 


914 


456 


447 


641 


174 






1932-33 


2,462 




9,071 


4,272 


4,412 


965 


417 


646 


467 


166 






1933-34 


2,509 




9,082 


3,915 


4,507 


1,067 


560 


455 


807 


204 






1934-35 


3,881 




8,508 


3,865 


4,269 


713 


528 


260 


502 


193 






1935-36 


5,838 




7,384 


3,598 


4,183 


792 


533 


330 


418 


178 


447 




1936-37 


6,174 




7,292 


3,482 


3,938 


757 


500 


241 


339 


43 


284 




1937-38 


6,309 




7,172 


3,225 


4,033 


694 


558 


281 


161 


32 


t983 




1938-39 


°5,861 


°1,182 


7,594 


3,255 


3,643 


676 


594 


136 


58 


208 


tl,234 


t80 


1939-40 


6,994 


1,360 


6,404 


3,400 


3,897 


764 


610 


133 


88 


436 


tl,033 


t355 


1940-41 


7,550 


1,512 


5,834 


3,057 


3,533 


727 


637 


184 


78 


475 


U.173 


t818 



By County, 1940-41 



Allegany 


609 




776 


309 


289 


53 


53 


27 


34 


97 


39 






488 


29 


386 


180 


195 


63 


62 


10 




139 


334 






1,612 


338 


950 


591 


474 


126 


142 






49 


117 






53 


29 


23 


13 


20 


10 


.... 


' *io 






17 






179 


132 


97 


67 


29 


29 














Carroll 


454 


160 


138 


197 


9 


18 










Cecil 


244 


"i57 


166 


119 


121 


' '34 


8 


32 






' '91 


" *47 




146 


9 


52 


67 


18 






27 






17 


9 


Dorchester 


309 


48 


86 


18 


105 


• • 




10 






10 




Frederick 


559 




309 


119 


237 


46 


' *29 












Garrett 


241 


' *30 


176 


107 


62 


4 


7 




' *44 




"ii3 


' si 


Harford 


329 


250 


157 


157 


117 


31 


20 








63 






154 




91 


26 


65 
















Kent 


126 

389 


' *79 


48 


84 


62 












" *2i 






51 


509 


243 


434 


100 


88 






17 


53 


' 29 


Prince George's 


646 


88 


531 


250 


498 


121 


116 








114 




Queen Anne's 


141 


57 


87 


32 
38 


51 












10 


' 36 




12 


55 


44 












30 
8 


41 


Somerset 


157 


"52 


50 


49 


27 












Talbot 


116 


84 


55 


46 


14 


14 


11 






34 


' '86 




70 


" *50 


782 


162 


279 


43 


49 


8 




'i73 




530 




321 




158 


188 


104 


46 


40 








' *59 


9 


Worcester 


195 


iia 


101 


45 


59 












43 



















* Exclusive of withdrawals for removal, transfer, death, or commitment to an institution. 

In 1938-39 general mathematics was separated for the first time into general mathematics 
I and general mathematics II. 

t The enrollment shown includes all classes taught by a teacher certificated in mathe- 
matics. The remaining classes in this subject will appear on the commercial Table 45, page 55. 



54 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 42 — Enrollment of Maryland County White High School Pupils in 
the Foreign Languages" for Years Ending June 30, 1925 to 1941 



YEAR .TjNDING 

TfTKTC Qft 

J UNlli OU 


Latin 


French 


Spanish 


German 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


1925 


2,076 


3,333 


1,411 


2,306 


38 


39 


8 


10 


1926 


2,154 


3,497 


1,400 


2,428 


31 


29 


6 


2 


1927 


2,335 


3,535 


1,379 


2,532 


24 


17 






1928 


2,494 


3,510 


1,420 


2,690 


19 


10 






1 Q9Q 


2,271 


3,475 


1,656 


2,751 


34 


26 






1930 


2,338 


3,446 


1,567 


2,713 


46 


57 






1931 


2 , 534 


3,684 


1,598 


2,786 


22 


13 






1932 


2,559 


3,683 


1,762 


2,967 


53 


26 






1933 


2,421 


3,713 


1,989 


3,237 


46 


26 






1934 


2,460 


3,746 


1 , 850 


3,149 


30 


. 28 






1935 


2,272 


3,409 


1,601 


2,966 


36 


52 






1936 


2,106 


3,208 


1,604 


2,872 


36 


48 






1937 


2,141 


3,218 


1,589 


2,617 


36 


29 


io 


3 


1938 


2,115 


3,155 


1,545 


2,664 


34 


20 


27 


10 


1939 


2,249 


3,276 


1 , 547 


2,663 


25 


29 


17 


5 


1940 


2,115 


3,328 


1,468 


2,594 


33 


48 


5 


5 


1941 


1,965 


3,325 


1,409 


2,457 


58 


59 







TABLE 43— Enrollment of Maryland County White High School Pupils* in 
Industrial Work, Agriculture, and Home Economics for Years 
Ending June 30, 1925 to 1941, Inclusive 



Year Ending June 30 


Industrial 


Agriculture 


Home Economics 


Arts 


Education 


Boys 


General 


Vocational 




4,338 




814 


6,266 


465 


1926 


4,256 




869 


6,595 


546 


1927 


4,905 


' si 


922 


7,304 


618 


1928 


5,341 


39 


948 


7,797 


587 


1929 


5,528 


69 


929 


8,079 


516 


1930 


5,549 


201 


931 


7,690 


543 


1931 


6,107 


368 


1,100 


7,753 


566 


1932 


6,041 


418 


1,264 


7,461 


770 


1933 


6,380 


520 


1,260 


7,823 


720 


1934 


6,536 


410 


1,278 


7,908 


780 


1935 


6,873 


403 


1,389 


8,065 


1,040 


1936 


6,928 


772 


1,482 


8,259 


1,330 


1937 


7,489 


521 


1,644 


8,184 


1,324 


1938 


7,844 


578 


1,833 


8,105 


1,793 


1939 


8,318 


842 


2,049 


8,333 


2,613 


1940 


9,415 


892 


2,344 


8,903 


2,920 


1941 


10,196 


992 


2,355 


9,389 


3,287 



TABLE 44 

Enrollment of Maryland County White High School Pupils* in Music, Art, 
and Physical Education for Years Ending June 30, 1931 to 1941, Inclusive 



Year 


Music 


Art 


Physical Education 
















Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


1931 


7,119 


8,645 


315 


378 


3,594 


3,614 


1932 


7,031 


8,477 


671 


714 


3,976 


4,168 


1933 


7,714 


9,128 


741 


737 


4,722 


4,387 


1934 


7,465 


8,865 


529 


541 


4,601 


4,572 


1935 


7,461 


8,840 


537 


538 


4,813 


4,699 


1936 


7,526 


9,134 


418 


571 


5,413 


5,182 


1937 


7,579 


9,422 


535 


594 


5,483 


5,276 


1938 


7,333 


9,519 


910 


1,159 


5,793 


5,917 


1939 


7,840 


9,967 


1,534 


1,984 


6,935 


6,934 


1940 


7,978 


10,585 


1,836 


2,254 


8,216 


8,168 


1941 


8,635 


11,524 


2,105 


2,472 


9,226 


9,322 



* Excluding duplicates and withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment and death. 
For 1941 enrollment in individual high schools, see Table XXIV, pages 200 to 205. 



White County High School Enrollment in Languages, Practical 55 
and Fine Arts, Physical Education and Commercial Subjects 



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Participation in Music and Physical Education Activities 57 
TABLE 47 

Participation of County Pupils in Phvsical Education Program, 

1940-41 



County 


Badge Tests 


Intramural 
Athletics 


Interschool 
Athletics 


Total 
Number 
Individual 
Participants* 


Percent 
Participating 


er of One- 
ler Schools 
articipating 




Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Boys 


Girls 


Numb 
Teacl 
NotF 



White 



Total Counties: 
























1939-40 


32,977 


34,820 


33,987 


32,287 


22,174 22,170 


42,972 


41,965 


86.7 


84.4 




1940-41 


34,669 


37,256 


39,086 


37,171 


24,392 


24,804 


45, 176 


44,717 


88.9 


86.8 


25 


Percent, 1940-41 . . 


68.2 


72.4 


76.9 


72.2 


48.0 


48.2 


88.9 


86.8 


88.9 


86.8 






4,464 


4,374 


4,374 


3,648 


2,461 


2,393 


5,158 


4,849 


90.8 


81.6 






1,962 


2,066 


1,783 


1,919 


1,366 


1,666 


2,700 


2,880 


87.9 


91.7 






7,214 


7,882 


7,834 


7,598 


4,116 


4,230 


7,946 


7,750 


98.8 


97.5 






227 


260 


130 


180 


172 


203 


270 


326 


88.8 


91.1 






824 


883 


884 


899 


602 


712 


897 


933 


98.0 


97.5 




Carroll 


1,726 


1,833 


1,931 


1,761 


1,142 


1,245 


2,078 


2,107 


95.5 


93.1 




Cecil 


599 


821 


940 


888 


835 


925 


1,285 


1,309 


85.0 


85.1 


' ' 2 


Charles 


427 


437 


537 


516 


324 


357 


642 


602 


94.3 


89.5 




Dorchester 


692 


774 


764 


704 


551 


637 


1,004 


1,006 


83.0 


79.0 


' ' 2 




2,165 


2,154 


2,392 


2,375 


1,828 


1,635 


2,662 


2,600 


86.0 


81.0 


1 


Garrett 


780 


989 


898 


874 


588 


647 


1,228 


1,234 


78.5 


79.0 


8 




1,158 


1,260 


1,182 


1,171 


930 


914 


1,463 


1,510 


77.7 


79.2 




Howard 


794 


815 


576 


638 


676 


636 


853 


889 


87.6 


86.9 




Kent 


386 


400 


478 


488 


222 


207 


593 


584 


97.1 


92.1 






2,043 


2,664 


3,382 


3,424 


1,596 


1,373 


3,680 


3,678 


81.5 


80.6 




Prince George's. . . 


3,370 


3,226 


3,465 


3,067 


2,395 


2,348 


4,097 


3,827 


87.4 


89.0 






499 


563 


545 


586 


441 


556 


626 


676 


97.2 


97.1 






214 


277 


410 


425 


324 


392 


414 


440 


99.3 


98.2 




Somerset 


441 


549 


662 


644 


432 


377 


772 


799 


87.4 


90.3 




Talbot 


280 


351 


507 


398 


449 


417 


600 


567 


83.9 


73.1 




Washington 


3,192 


3,229 


3,576 


3,154 


1,691 


1,672 


4,070 


4,011 


85.5 


83.5 






795 


937 


1,025 


1,009 


700 


728 


1,287 


1,290 


82.2 


79.9 




Worcester 


417 


512 


811 


805 


551 


534 


851 


850 


94.3 


86.6 





Colored 



Total Counties: 


























1939-40 


5,953 


6,627 


5,417 


6,078 


5,129 


5,451 


7,672 


8,436 


88 


3 


89.5 




1940-41 


6,081 


6,945 


5,928 


6,593 


5,706 


6,185 


7,719 


8,608 


94 


2 


94.9 




Percent, 1940-41 . . 


74.2 


76.6 


72.3 


72.7 


69.6 


68.2 


94.2 


94.9 


94 


2 


94.9 






91 


104 


65 


76 


68 


17 


96 


105 


82 


1 


92.1 




Anne Arundel 


539 


614 


589 


721 


590 


529 


775 


924 


92 


2 


93.1 






504 


524 


121 


86 


397 


429 


525 


572 


95 


1 


95.2 




Calvert 


144 


226 


194 


235 


195 


234 


269 


361 


100 





100.0 






47 


62 


60 


92 


245 


162 


245 


201 


92 


5 


74.7 




Carroll 


130 


137 


140 


148 


110 


94 


140 


150 


97 


2 


94.9 




Cecil 


107 


129 


60 


74 


154 


155 


154 


157 


95 


1 


100.0 




Charles 


396 


512 


366 


449 


406 


457 


446 


566 


92 


5 


98.1 






443 


456 


431 


447 


349 


349 


479 


502 


98 


2 


99.2 






275 


318 


200 


211 


186 


198 


289 


320 


98 


6 


97.3 






271 


267 


217 


230 


237 


233 


292 


287 


95 


7 


92.6 




Howard 


155 


120 


166 


128 


126 


118 


194 


150 


98 





99.3 




Kent 


249 


246 


231 


246 


154 


121 


255 


261 


95 


5 


95.3 






310 


285 


558 


554 


386 


346 


616 


605 


98 


9 


92.6 




Prince George's. . . 


850 


887 


656 


701 


715 


779 


855 


927 


94 


6 


97.0 






154 


214 


199 


196 


161 


147 


227 


251 


96 


2 


98.8 






266 


335 


295 


352 


269 


293 


295 


358 


95 


■2 


98.4 






301 


379 


278 


362 


156 


228 


349 


438 


78 


8 


87.4 




Talbot 


227 


255 


158 


155 


152 


180 


229 


277 


90 


1 


86.3 




Washington 


65 


81 


61 


65 


73 


95 


74 


101 


80 


4 


92.7 




Wicomico 


206 


421 


447 


589 


200 


601 


475 


615 


100 





99.8 




Worcester 


351 


373 


436 


476 


377 


420 


440 


480 


98 


7 


97.4 





* Each boy and girl is included only once. 



58 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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60 



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1 

County 

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Total Number 

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County Average 


1941 


Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Kent 

Montgomery. . . . 
Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's . . . 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 



County Withdrawals and Non Promotions by High School 
Subject; High School Teachers Distributed by Subject 



61 



TABLE 51 



Number of County White Teachers Distributed by Subjects Taught in Last 
Four Years of High School, Year Ending June 30, 1941 





Number of Teachers 




Number of Cases Where 






on Full-Time Basis 


Number 


Teachers Instruct in More 


Approximate 




Distributed by Time 


of High 


Than One High School 


Number of 


Subjects 


Devoted to Different 


Schools 


Each Week or Term 


Different 


Subjects* 


Offering 






Individuals 








Each 






Teaching 








Subject 




High 


Each 




1940 


1941 


or Service 


Teachers 


Schools 


Subject 


English 


239.8 


244.1 


149 


dl 


d2 


387 




204.1 


215.7 


149 


cl 


c2 


407 


Science 


181.4 


186.3 


149 


al 


a2 


372 




163.0 


159.9 


149 


al 


a2 


317 


French 


44.7 


41.0 


99 






104 




41.9 


39.8 


"7Q 






88 




1.2 




2 






2 




.5 












Library 


40.0 


48^9 


' '84 






165 


Commercial 


133.0 


134.0 


74 


1 


2 


158 




104.2 


109.2 


129 


7 


16 


149 


Industrial Work 


88.8 


98.8 


100 


bl3 


b28 


122 


Physical Education. . . 


58.9 


63.1 


62 


6 


20 


163 


Music 


49.5 


55.2 


124 


cd22 


cd66 


102 


Agriculture 


33.1 


31.3 


60 


b7 


bl4 


55 




24.0 


26.6 


58 


11 


29 


41 


Administration and 














Supervision 


81.8 


81.5 




1 


2 


172 


Guidance 


5.8 


19.0 




1 


5 


65 


Total 


1,495.7 


1,554.4 


149 









* Excludes time given to grade 7 or grades 7 and 8. 

a Teacher in Cecil taught mathematics and science in two high schools, 
b Teacher in Dorchester who taught agriculture and industrial arts in two high schools is 
included with agriculture. 

c Teacher in Dorchester taught music and social studies in two high schools, 
d Teacher in Frederick taught music and English in two high schools. 



TABLE 52 



Number of County Colored High School Teachers Distributed by 
Subjects Taught, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



Academic 
Subjects 


Number of 
Teachers on Full- 
Time Basis Dis- 
tributed by Time 
Devoted to Dif- 
ferent Subjects 


Number 
of High 
Schools 
Offering 

Each 
Subject, 

1941 


Special 
Subjects 


Number of 
Teachers on Full- 
Time Basis Dis- 
tributed by Time 
Devoted to Dif- 
ferent Subjects 


Number 
of High 
Schools 
Offering 

Each 
Subject, 

1941 


1940 


1941 


1940 


1941 


Social Studies. . . 


25.0 


28.3 


33 


Home Economics 


21.0 


23.5 


29 


English 


25.7 


27.1 


33 


Industrial Arts. . 


8.2 


10.8 


16 


Science 


25.7 


27.1 


33 


Agriculture 


9.7 


9.7 


15 


Mathematics 


25.6 


23.7 


33 


Physical Ed 


5.8 


6.1 


14 


French 


1.1 


1.1 


3 




4.8 


4.8 


18 


Latin 


.7 


.7 


2 






.9 


2.0 


7 


Total Academic 








Administration 








and Special 








and Supervision 


7.1 


7.2 


24 


Subjects 


162.0 


172.8 


33 


Guidance 


.7 


.7 


3 









G2 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 53 



Number of Clerks Employed in County Schools, 1940-41 





Number 


of Clerks 






County 






Total 
Salaries 


Average 
Annual 




1939-40 


1940-41 




Salary 


Total and Average 


26.5 


27.6 


$23,614 


$856 


Montgomery 


9 


10 


10,650 


1,065 




7 


7 


4,620 


660 




5 


5 


3,908 


782 




2 


2 


1,900 


950 


Prince George's 


1 


1 


800 


800 


Carroll 


.5 


.5 


780 


780 


Frederick 


1 


1 


500 


500 




1 


1 


356 


356 


Garrett 




.1 


100 


100 



TABLE 54 



Number of Certificates Issuedf in 1920-21, 1940-41, and 1941-42 





Number of Certificates Issued 


Grade of Certificate 










1920-21 


1940-41 


1941-42* 


Administration and Supervision: 










1 


1 






3 


4 


... . 
















4 


High School: 










8 


3 


10 




141 


129 


187 


Special 


35 


96 


91 




39 


33 


34 






61 


53 


Elementary: 






20 


Principal 


19 


30 


Bachelor of Science in Elementary Education .... 




221 


288 






123 


51 


First Grade 


265 


5 


1 




289 






Third Grade 


161 






Nonpublic Advanced First Grade 




' 27 


' 16 


Nonpublic First Grade 




10 


7 


Provisional or Emergency: 






15 






16 






7 


5 



* Up to March 1, 1942. 

t To white and colored teachers. 



Clerks in County Schools; Certificates Issued; Certification 63 
of County White Elementary Teachers 



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64 



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66 



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68 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 59 



Number and Percent of White Elementary School Teachers * New to the 
Schools of Each Individual County During the School Year 1940-41, 
With Comparisons for Preceding Years 





New to 
County 




Number New to County Who Were 










Onange in 
Number 






Experienced 






Year 








of 














and 
County 








Teaching 




















Positions 






In 




From 




Num- 


Per- 


October 


Inex- 


But 


Counties 


r rom 


High 


Substi- 




ber 


cent 


to 


peri- 


New 


X5UC IN Ot 


An- 


School 


tutes 










October 


enced 


to 


Teaching 


other 


in Same 
















State 


Preceding 


bounty 


County 


















1 ear 








Total and 






















A vpm cp • 
a v ci age • 






















1 93f)-31 


°343 


11 


8 


24 


238 


29 


56 


44 


5 


15 


1931-32 


°275 


9 


5 


— 61 


210 


17 


32 


1 Q 


5 


11 


1932-33 


°149 


5 


3 


— 81 


102 


2 


29 


10 


6 


10 


1 Q33-34 


°174 


6 


2 


29 


115 


12 


30 


3 


5 


12 


1 934-35 


°195 


7 





13 


155 


10 


21 


7 


3 


6 


1^35-36 


°166 


6 





— 7 


115 


7 


33 


10 


3 


8 


1 Q3R-37 


°204 


7 


4 


4-14 


141 


19 


35 


10 


3 


6 


1 Q37-38 


°207 


7 


5 


18 


82 


40 


52 


40 


4 


29 


1 


°202 


7 


4 


20 


1 f>7 


22 


41 


18 


7 


25 


1939-40 


°203 


7 


4 


17 


106 


18 


49 


18 


4 


26 


1940-41 


°215 


8 





6 


127 


29 


29 


19 


10 


20 


Caroline 








—1 














Kent 








— 1 














Harford. 


'2 


1 


7 


— 3 


2 












"Worcester 


1 


2 





— 1 • 






i 








Carroll 


4 


3 


4 


—3 














Cecil 


3 


3 


5 


—3 


3 














3 


4 


1 


—3 






'3 










11 


4 


2 


—6 


'4 




3 










4 


4 


8 


+ 1 


3 












Howard 


3 


5 


4 




3 














17 


6 


6 


+ 6 


3 










3 


2 


7 


1 


—1 


1 










1 




4 


8 


2 


—3 


1 














35 


9 


.6 


+ 7 


31 




i 




i 


'2 


Anne Arundel .... 


15 


9 


6 


—1 


6 




4 




1 






11 


10 


1 


—2 


8 




3 








Frederick 


18 


10 


.5 


—4 


9 




6 




i 


i 




5 


12 


.8 




5 












Talbot 


6 


13 


3 


— i 


4 










'2 


Calvert 


3 


13 


.6 


—1 


2 




i 








Montgomery 


36 


16 


4 


+ 13 


19 


10 


3 


2 




'2 


Prince George's . . 


51 


18 


.6 


+ 1 


19 


13 


4 


8 


i 


6 


Baltimore City 






















Elementary 












t4 






t8 




and Occup 


po 


4 


9 


—42.5 


57 


7 


2 




Entire State 


°283 


6 


.9 


—48.5 


184 


t33 


36 


21 


18 


20 



♦Teachers in grade 7 and grades 7 and 8 of junior or junior-senior high schools are 
excluded from this table. They are included in Table 60, page 69. 

° Excludes teachers who transferred from one county to another. 

t Includes 2 who formerly taught in private schools. 

% From other type of school in City, excluded from total. 



Turnover of White Teachers 



69 



TABLE 60 

Number and Percent of White Regular, Senior High, Junior High, and Junior- 
Senior High School Teachers New to the Schools of Each Individual 
County During the School Year, 1940-41, With Comparisons for 
Preceding Years 





New to 








Number New to 


County Who Were 






County 


























Change in 
Number 






Experienced 






Year 








of 














AND 








Teaching 














County 








Positions 


Inex- 




In 




r rom 






Num- 


Per- 


October 


peri- 


But 


Counties 




Trio- 






ber 


cent 


to 


enced 


New 


But Not 


From 


mentary 


Substi- 










October 




to 


Teaching 


Another 


ocnooi 


tutes 














State 


Preceding 


County 


in Same 


















Year 




County 





Total and 






















Average: 






















1930-31 


°348 


25 





+ 107 


205 


o£ 


71 


39 


10 


30 


1931-32 


°247 


18 


3 


+ 94 


172 


1 Q 

lit 


50 


27 


2 


4 


1932-33 


°134 


10 


2 


—15 


81 


91 


23 


16 


1 
1 


8 


1933-34 


°108 


7 


9 


+ 14 


70 


t n 


14 


9 


1 


6 


1934-35 


°172 


12 


2 


+ 36 


122 


1 7 


28 


16 


3 


2 


1935-36 


°205 


14 





+ 60 


149 


i n 


20 


16 


g 


11 


1936-37 


°199 


13 


3 


+ 50 


123 


DO 


26 


13 


g 


6 


1937-38 


°241 


15 





+ 88 


129 


DO 


21 


25 


1 n 


15 


1938-39 


°233 


13 


8 


+ 85 


144 


37 


16 


25 


13 


23 


1939-40 


°255 


14 


4 


+ 72 


156 


38 


17 


19 


13 


31 


1940-41 


°269 


15 


.0 


+ 47 


173 


44 


33 


20 


17 


12 


Queen Anne's .... 


1 


3 


7 




1 












Worcester 


3 


7 


1 


—3 


2 












Kent 


2 


8 


3 




2 














8 


9 


1 


+2 


5 






'2 






Anne Arundel. . . . 


9 


9 


7 


—1 


7 


i 










Garrett 


5 


10 







5 












Howard 


3 


10 





+i 


3 












Wicomico 


6 


11 


1 




3 


i 












5 


11 


4 


+ i 


5 














26 


11 


8 


+i 


17 


2 




2 




3 




4 


13 


3 




2 










1 


Harford 


10 


14 


7 


+i 


7 


i 










Baltimore 


33 


15 


6 


+ 8 


19 


10 




2 


2 




Washington 


21 


15 


8 


+ 3 


5 


4 






2 


4 




9 


19 


1 


+2 


5 


1 




2 






Talbot 


7 


20 


6 




5 










2 


Cecil 


13 


21 





+ 5 


8 


i 




2 






Montgomery 

St. Mary's 


50 


21 


7 


+ 14 


27 


n 




4 




i 


4 


23 


5 




2 


2 










Prince George's. . 


35 


24 





+ 5 


23 


7 


4 


i 








8 


25 


8 


+ 1 


2 


2 


3 


1 






Frederick 


27 


28 


1 


+ 7 


18 


1 


1 


4 


2 


i 


Baltimore City. . . 


86 


6 


9 


—6 


41 


tttll 


3 


5 


26 




Senior High 


21 


4 


1 




13 


1 






7 




Junior High. . . 


52 


8 




—14 


23 


tt7 


3 


'3 


16 




Vocational 


13 


13 





+ 8 


5 


t3 




2 


3 




Entire State 


°350 


11 


5 


+ 41 


214 


ttt55 


36 


25 


33 


12 



t Each (t) represents a former private school teacher included in the figure. 

Excludes teachers who transferred from one county to another. 



70 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 61 



Number and Percent of Colored Elementary School Teachers New to the 
Elementary Schools of Each Individual County During the School Year, 
1940-41, With Comparisons for Preceding Years 



Year 

AND 

County 


New to 
County 


Change 
in 

Number 
of 

Teaching 
Positions 

October 
to 

October 


Number New to County Who Were 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent 


Inex- 
peri- 
enced 


From 
Another 
County 


iiiXperii 

In 

Counties 
But Not 
Teaching 
Preceding 
Year 


But 

New 

to 
State 


Substi- 
tutes 


Total and 


















Average: 


















1930-31 


°201 


26 4 


+ 5 


154 


32 


32 


11 


4 


1931-32 


°115 


15i4 


—6 


85 


24 


22 


5 


3 


1932-33 


°103 


13.9 


—7 


78 


13 


16 


6 


3 


1933-34 


°73 


10.2 


—14 


48 


25 


12 


8 


5 


1934-35 


°96 


13.2 


+ 8 


74 


13 


20 


1 


1 


1935-36 


°70 


9.7 


— 3 


57 


31 


9 


2 


2 


1936-37 


°57 


8.2 


—9 


39 


32 


12 


5 


1 


1937-38 


OA 1 

4 i 




—23 


OO 


21 






4 


1938-39 


°50 


7.5 


—18 


40 


25 


5 


4 


1 




°57 


8.8 


— 17 


42 


22 


11 


3 


1 


1940-41 


°41 


6.6 


—15 


30 


7 


7 


2 


2 


Allegany 






—1 


















—2 












Anne Arundel 


*2 


2^6 




i 




i 








1 


2.9 


—4 






l 








1 


3.8 


—2 


i 












1 


4.8 




l 










Kent 


1 


5.9 




l 










Wicomico 


2 


5.9 








i 






Dorchester 


2 


6.1 


—2 


i 


i 








Calvert 


2 


8.0 




l 










Prince George's . . . 


8 


9.5 


+2 


5 


i 


i 








2 


10.0 


—2 






2 








5 


11.9 


+3 


5 










Carroll 




12.5 




1 










Talbot 


3 


12.5 




1 


2 










5 


18.5 


—3 


2 


2 


i 








3 


21.4 


—2 


1 


1 




i 




Somerset 


9 


27.3 


—2 


9 










Baltimore City 


















Elementary and 








38 




t4 






Occupational 


39 


6.2 


—1 


1 






Entire State 


°79 


6.3 


—16 


68 


8 


Ul 


2 


2 



° Excludes teachers who transferred from one county to another. 

f Includes 4 teachers whose assignment had been in another type of city school. They are 
excluded from the total. 



Turnover of Colored Teachers 



71 



TABLE 62 



Number and Percent of Colored High School Teachers New to the High 
Schools of Each Individual County During the School Year, 1940-41, With 
Comparisons for Preceding Years 



Year 
and 
County 


New to 
County 


Change 
in Num- 
ber of 
Teaching 
Positions 
October 
to 

October 


Number New to County Who Were 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent 


Inex- 
peri- 
enced 


But 

New 

to 
State 


Expe 

From 
Another 
County 


rienced 

in 

Counties 
But Not 
Teaching 
Preceding 
Year 


Substi- 
tutes 


Total and 


















Average: . . . 


















1930-31 


°26 


30.2 


+ 8 


22 


3 


1 


1 




1931-32 


°35 


38 . 5 


+ 9 


28 


5 


* 


2 




1932-33 


°28 


29 . 5 


+3 


21 


1 


J 


6 




1933-34 


°15 


15 . 8 


+ 2 


11 


3 






1 




°20 


19.4 


4-8 


17 


1 


} 


i 


1 


1935-36 


°25 


22.3 


+ 6 


15 


4 




l 


5 


1936-37 


°28 


23.9 


+ 9 


21 


6 






1 


1937-38 


°38 


27.7 


+ 18 


30 


8 


8 






1938-39 


°35 


23.2 


+ 14 


27 


5 


8 


2 


i 




*°39 


22.8 


4-1 Q 


29 


3 


10 


1 


2 


1940-41 


c 42 


24.0 


+ 7 


32 


7 


6 


1 


2 




1 


11.1 


+ 1 




1 










1 


20.0 




i 












3 


20.0 


+2 


2 












2 


25.0 


+2 


2 












2 


25.0 


+ 1 


2 










Prince George's. . . 


5 


27.8 


+ 1 


2 


i 


i 






Hariord 


2 


28.6 




2 










Caroline 


2 


33.3 


—2 


2 












3 


33.3 


+ 1 


2 












3 


33.3 




3 










Allegany 


2 


40.0 






i 


i 






Charles 


5 


41.7 




3 


l 


l 






Calvert 


3 


50.0 




2 




l 






Cecil 


2 


50.0 




1 


i 








Dorchester 


5 


50.0 




4 




i 








5 


55.6 




2 


2 


l 






Howard 


2 


66.7 


+i 


2 










Baltimore City 


ttl5 


5.6 


+ 7 


9 


5 


l 


tt2 




Senior High 


1 


1.1 


+ 6 








tl 




Junior High .... 


15 


9.8 


+ 1 


*9 


4 


i 


tl 






1 


3.7 










Entire State 


tt°55 


12.2 


+ 14 


41 


12 


7 


t3 


2 



Excludes teachers who transferred from one county to another. 

* Includes four teachers who came from the elementary schools into high schools of the 
same county. 

t Each t represents a teacher formerly in another type of Baltimore City school and 
excluded from the total number and percent new to the City and State. 



72 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 64 — College Attended by Inexperienced County Colored School 
Teachers and Those with Previous Experience in Other States Who 
Were New to Maryland During the School Year, 1940-41 



State 
of College 
Attended 



















line 








g 








o 




les 


hes 


eric 


ett 


ord 


o 




'o 


a 


u 


T3 






>- 

« 


tn 

09 


01 







0) 






O 


U 


U 


U 


Q 




c 


w 



2 £ 



Inexperienced Teachers Employed for School Year, 1940-41 



20 


7 


19 




5 


5 


6 


2 


5 


15 


5 


5 


3 


2 


26 


18 


1 


3 


2 


5 


1 

3 3 


2 


10 


1 


12 




3 


5 




1 


3 


11 


3 


5 




1 


13 


15 




3 


1 


3 


2 


3 




7 




3 




1 


4 






1 


5 


1 


2 






2 


6 


1 


1 




1 


1 


3 




3 




6 












1 


1 




3 






9 


6 




1 














i 






1 
1 






1 


1 


4 


2 






1 


1 


3 






1 


1 


















1 
1 




1 
















1 






1 




1 










































1 


































































1 






"a 
i 

2 


'2 
1 


1 
4 
1 






































1 




4 




1 


1 
1 










4 

5 
3 


2 






1 


1 












2 






















1 




















1 




1 






























1 


1 








1 










1 




























1 


2 




1 




















1 

2 




























1 






2 


1 
1 












1 
























1 








1 




1 








1 













































Total 

Maryland 

Western Maryland 

University of Maryland . 

Washington 

Hood 

Johns Hopkins ......... 

Goucher 

St. Joseph's . . 

Maryland Institute 

Notre Dame 

Pennsylvania 

New York 

District of Columbia 

Ohio 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

North Carolina 

7 Other States 



162 



Teachers with Experience in Other States Employed for School Year, 1940-41 



Total 


27 


2 


1 


9 




1 




















6 


2 




1 


2 




2 


1 
























Pennsylvania 


7 
3 
2 
2 
12 
1 


1 




3 
































1 
1 




1 






Maryland 




















2 
1 
1 

2 








Iowa 




1 


































































1 
1 
















12 Other States 


1 




6 


























1 








1 




Unknown 




























1 













































TABLE 64 — College Attended by Inexperienced County Colored School 
Teachers and Those with Previous Experience in Other States Who 
Were New to Maryland During the School Year, 1940-41 



School or College 
Attended 



Newly 
Appointed 
Elementary 

School 
Teachers 



School or College 
Attended 



Newly 
Appointed 
High 
School 
Teachers 



Total 

Bowie State Teachers College, Md. 

Hampton Institute, Va 

Cheyney Training School for 

Teachers, Pa 

Virginia State College for Negroes 

Morgan State College, Md 

Shippensberg State Teachers 

College, Pa 

Howard University, Wash., D. C. 

Temple University, Pa 

Massachusetts State College 

Miner Teachers College 

Washington, D. C 

University of Delaware, Del 



**31 

14 

*5 

3 
2 
1 

*1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 



Total 

Hampton Institute, Va 

Princess Anne College, Md 

North Carolina A. and T 

Morgan State College, Md. 

Virginia State College for 

Negroes 

West Virginia State College 

South Carolina A. and M 

Tuskegee, Alabama 

St. Augustine's, North Carolina . . . 
Springfield Teachers College, Mass 

Lincoln University, Pa 

Miner Teachers College, 

Washington, D. C ' ' 



**** 33 

**7 
5 
5 
4 



* Each asterisk represents one teacher with experience outside the State. 



Colleges Attended by Inexperienced Teachers 



73 



TABLE 65 

Maryland Students Who Completed in June 1940, at Colleges Indicated, 
the Education Courses Necessary for Certification Compared with 
the Number of Graduates Who Took Positions in the County 
High Schools in the Fall of 1940* 





Number of Graduates 




Who Met Requirements for 




College 


Certification from 


Who Received 








Maryland County 








High School 




Maryland 


Baltimore 


Positions* 




Counties 


City 




WH 


73 


11 


56 




40 


22 


24 




21 


4 


11 


Hood College 


9 




7 




2 


'8 


2 


St. Joseph's College 


5 


1 


2 


Johns Hopkins University 


4 


8 


1 


College of Notre Dame 


4 


12 


2 



According to reports from colleges. 



74 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 66— County Teachers in Service in October, 1940, Who Attended' 
Summer School in 1940, Showing Colleges Attended 





Teachers Employed Oct., 
1940 Who Attended Sum- 
mer School in 1940 




Number of 
County 
Teachers 


County 


Elementary- 


High 


Summer 
School Attended 




No. 


Per- 
cent 


No. 


Per- 
cent 




Ele- 
mentary 


High 



County White Teachers 



Total and Average 

St. Mary's 

Cecil 

Washington 

Frederick 

Allegany 

Dorchester 

Montgomery 

Howard 

Worcester 

Carroll 

Garrett 

Somerset 

Caroline 

Baltimore 

Talbot 

Calvert 

Queen Anne's 

Anne Arundel 

Charles 

Kent 

Harford 

Prince George's . . . 
Wicomico 



x761 

11 

22 
*** 93 

*60 
90 
28 
59 
18 
16 

§36 
32 
14 
12 

t°*124 
11 

7 
8 

37 

10 
9 

24 
*30 

10 



28.3 tt448 



40.7 
25.9 
35.6 
35.1 
35.2 
38.4 
27.7 
32.1 
32.7 
30.5 
29.4 
28.6 
28.6 
34.1 
24.4 
31.8 
20.0 
23.7 
25.6 
25.7 
20.5 
10.9 
11.9 



16 
40 
f28 
65 
10 
85 
9 
12 
26 
15 
8 
12 
f28 
9 
1 
8 
17 
5 
3 
9 
28 



25.2 

35.3 

25.8 

30.3 

29.5 

29.8 

22.7 

37.3 

30.0 

28.6 

29.9 

30.0 

25. 

25.5 

13.3 

26.5 

10.0 

29.6 

18.3 

16.7 

12.5 

13.2 

19.0 

14.8 



Total 



University of Maryland . . . 
Johns Hopkins University . 
Western Maryland College 
Teachers College, 

Columbia University 

University of Delaware. . . 
Pennsylvania State College 

Duke University 

Shepherd State Teachers 

College 

University of Wisconsin . 

Catholic University 

George Washington 

University 

Madison College 

Cornell University 

New York University. . . 

Stout Institute 

University of West 

Virginia 

Rutgers University 

Geo. Peabody, Nashville 



Harvard University 

University of Pennsylvania 
University of Pittsburgh 
University of Virginia. . 
47 Other Schools 



x761 

t**406 
i°**137 



**37 
24 
2 
14 

19 
7 
1 



28 



County Colored Teachers 



Total and Average. . . . ***241 



Dorchester .... 

Frederick 

Anne Arundel . . 

St. Mary's 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Montgomery — 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Baltimore 

Somerset 

Caroline 

Prince George's . 

Charles 

Queen Anne's . . , 

Washington 

Howard 

Calvert. . 

Carroll 

Kent 

Cecil 

Harford 



***241 


38.5 


63 


36.2 


*24 


72.7 


4 


40.0 


10 


50.0 


4 


66.7 


40 


51.3 


6 


46.2 


*12 


46.2 


5 


55.6 


14 


41.2 


7 


46.7 


9 


33.3 


6 


66.7 


17 


39.5 


4 


50.0 


2 


40.0 


2 


40.0 


10 


41.7 


3 


33.3 


14 


33.3 


5 


62.5 


12 


36.4 


3 


33.3 


5 


35.7 


2 


33.3 


34 


40.0 


2 


11.1 


14 


40.0 


2 


16.7 


6 


28.6 


2 


40.0 


1 


14.3 


2 


66.7 


4 


26.7 


1 


33.3 


4 


16.0 


2 


33.3 


*2 


25.0 






3 


17.6 






2 


18.2 






2 


8.7 


i 


16!7 



Morgan State College 

Hampton Institute 

Howard University 

Virginia State College 

Temple University 

Catholic University 

University of Pennsylvania 
Teachers College, Columbia 

Storer College 

New York University 

University of Michigan . . . 
15 Other Colleges 



***241 


63 


**144 


18 


31 


10 


*21 


2 


8 
8 


6 

5 


6 


2 


5 


2 


4 


3 


5 






*3 


i 


2 


8 


10 



t Excludes one music supervisor. 
§ Excludes a superintendent. 



* Excludes one supervisor. 
° Excludes an attendance officer. 
$ Excludes an assistant superintendant. 
x Excludes a superintendent, an assistant superintendent, six supervisors and an attend- 
ance officer. 



Summer School Attendance by County Teachers; Average No. 75 
Belonging and Average Salary per County Teacher by Year 



TABLE 67 

Average Number of Pupils Belonging per County Teacher and Principal 

1923-1941 



Year 



1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1634 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



Average Number Belonging 
per White Teacher and 
Principal in 



Elementary 
Schools* 



31.7 
31.5 
32.1 
32.0 
32.3 
32.8 
32.9 
33.6 
34.0 
34.9 
36.2 
36.1 
36.1 
35.8 
35.4 
35.2 
35.6 
35.5 
35.8 



High 
Schools 



20.0 
19.8 
20.1 
20.3 
20.4 
21.0 
21.5 
21.6 
21.9 
22.3 
24.4 
24.8 
24.7 
25.1 
24.9 
24.0 
24.2 
24.5 
24.1 



Average Number Belonging 
per Colored Teacher and 
Principal in 



Elementary 
Schools* 



38.3 
35.9 
35.7 
34.6 
34.0 
33.7 
33.3 
33.0 
33.3 
34.0 
34.9 
35.0 
34.0 
33.2 
33.3 
33.7 
34.9 
35.3 
35.8 



* Excludes pupils in elementary schools of State teachers colleges. 



TABLE 68 



Average Annual Salary Per County Teacher and Principal 
1923-1941 



Year 


Average Salary Per White 
Teacher and Principal in 


Average Salary Per Colored 
Teacher and Principal in 


Elementary 
Schools 


High 
Schools 


Elementary 
Schools 


High 
Schools 


1923 




$990 


$1,436 


$513 


$906 


1924 




1,030 


1,477 


532 


835 


1925 




1,057 


1,485 


546 


808 


1926 




1,103 


1,517 


563 


891 


1927 




1,126 


1 , 534 


586 


908 


1928 




1,155 


1,544 


602 


897 


1929 




1,184 


1,557 


621 


879 


1930 




1,199 


1,550 


635 


874 


1931 




1,217 


1 , 559 


643 


882 


1932 




1.230 


1,571 


653 


856 


1933 




1,231 


1,532 


657 


837 


1934 




1,122 


1.394 


595 


784 


1935 




1,135 


1,398 


602 


790 


1936 




1,202 


1,469 


636 


817 


1937 




1,220 


1,488 


653 


821 


1938 




1,295 


1,587 


745 


905 


1939 




1,314 


1,595 


846 


997 


1940 




1,360 


1,605 


906 


1,018 


1941 




1.387 


1,618 


993 


1,103 



76 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 11 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF WHITE PUPILS BELONGING PER TV.*™*? AND PRINCIPAL 
IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS (Grades 1 - 7 or 8) 



County 
Co. Average 



1941 




Kent 
Harford 
Montgomery 
Talbot 
Garrett 
Dorchester 
St. Mary»s 

Balto. City 32.5 t32.9 
State 34.3 34.6 



* Excludes elementary school of the State Teachers College. 

t The corresponding figures for junior high school.?, 26.5 in 1941 and 26.9 in 1940 are not 
included with data for grades 1-6. 

For basic data by county, see Table XVIII, page 188. 



Average Number Belonging per White Teacher and Principal 77 

CHART 12 



AVERAGE NUMBER OE WHITE PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER 
AND PRINCIPAL IN LAST FOUR YEARS OE HIGH SCHOOL 



County- 


1939 


1940 


Co. Average 


24.2 


24.5 


Baltimore 


32.3 


31.8 


Allegany 


29.8 


28.6 


A. Arundel 


26.1 


25.1 


Washington 


26.5 


26.8 


Howard 


22.3 


24.5 


Frederick 


26.5 


27.3 


St. Mary's 


25.7 


23.6 


Pr. George's 


23.3 


23.8 


Wicomico 


22.1 


23.0 


Garrett 


24.6 


23.2 


Carroll 


21.9 


21.9 


Somerset 


23.9 


25.2 


Dorchester 


22.7 


22.3 


Harford 


22.3 


22.1 


Kent 


19.9 


20.5 


Montgomery 


19.1 


20.6 


Talbot 


19.3 


20.1 


Calvert 


18.2 


20.7 


Cecil 


22.3 


22.2 


Caroline 


19.5 


20.6 


Worcester 


18.5 


18.4 


Queen Anne's 


18.2 


18.8 


Charles 


20.8 


19.9 



Balto. City 
State 



*27.1 *26.9 
25.0 25.1 




* Data for senior high schools in Baltimore City. 

t Excludes the following number of pupils per teacher and principal : junior high 26.5 
vocational, 19.5. 

For basic data by county, see Table XIX, page 189. 



78 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 13 



AVERAGE NUMBER -OF COLORED PUPILS BELONGING PER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER 



County 
Co. Average 



1939 1940 1941 
34.9 35.3 




Balto. City 35.9 $36.3 
State 35.4 35.8 



* Excludes elementary school of Bowie State Teachers College. . 
t The corresponding figure for junior high schools, 81.1, is not included with data 
for grades 1-6. . 

$ The corresponding figure for junior high schools, 31.2, is not included above. 
For basic data by county, see Table XXI, page 192. 



Average Number Belonging per Colored Teacher and Principal 

CHART 14 



79 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF COLORED PUPILS BELONGING 
PER HIGH SCHOOL TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL 



County 1939 
Co. Average 28.0 

Montgomery- 
Kent 

Worcester 
A. Arundel 




Cecil 
Talbot 

Howard 

Washington 17.9 
Balto. City*24.7 



27.7 



State 



26.9 27.6 



t Before September 1939 Baltimore County high school pupils attended high schools m 
Baltimore City. After three county one-year high schools were started, only those county 
pupils who had started their courses in Baltimore City high schools prior to Sept. 1939 
continued going to the City high schools. 

* Data for senior high schools only. Includes Baltimore County pupils whose tuition 
was paid by the county. 

f Excludes 31.1 pupils per junior high, and 15.1 pupils per vocational school teacher 
and principal. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXII, page 193. 



80 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Average Number Belonging and Average Salary per 
Teacher and Principal 



81 



CHART 15 — Average Salary per County White and Colored Elementary and 
High School Teacher and Principal 1925-1941 



1,200 



400 



200 











































































✓ 
















5-*— 

/ 

/ 
/ 














A — 


/ 








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f 














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/ 

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/ / 


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Hi 





1525 1927 1323 1331 1333 1335 1937 1333 1M1 



82 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 16 



AVERAGE SALARY PER WHITE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 



County 1933 1939 1940 1941 
Co. Average $1231 $1314 $1360 



ijfonT crrsvn P7*v 


1366 


1546 


1576 


Bait, irnor© 


1453 


1552 


1535 


A 1 1 p f»nn v 

r\ J. X C^ailjr 


1314 


1326 


1371 


A* Arnndsl 


1270 


1333 


1369 


Wasnington 


1168 


1325 


1363 


Frederick 


1139 


1305 


1330 


Cecil 


1226 


1290 


1310 


Carroll 


1095 


1198 


1293 


Q. Anne's 


1183 


1208 


1293 


St. Mary's 


1099 


1180 


1278 


Pr. George's 


1231 


1216 


1253 


Kent 


1175 


1197 


1282 


WiCOTTliCO 


1143 


1170 


1270 


Talbot 


1121 


1167 


1279 


Calvert 


1150 


1153 


1252 


Dorchester 


1104 


1170 


1259 


Worcester 


1118 


1137 


1243 


Caroline 


1115 


1180 


1286 


Howard 


1104 


1162 


1248 


Garrett 


1144 


1152 


1241 


Charles 


1100 


1098 


1223 


Somerset 


1119 


1159 


1219 


Harford 


1151 


1199 


1220 


Belto.City 


1701 


1836 


*1897 


State 


1405 


1499 


1543 




t Excludes $2,117 per junior high school principal, vice-principal and teacher. 

% Excludes $2,082 per junior high school principal, vice-principal and teacher. 
For basic data by county, see Table XVIII, page 188. 



Average Salary per White Principal and Teacher 



83 



CHART 17 



AVERAGE SALARY PER WHITE HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 

1941 Per Per Principal 
Prin- Teach- and Teacher 

cipal er 1940 1941 

|2594 $1514 *1605 



County 
Co. At. 

Bait. 
Mont. 

Wash. 

All. 

Q. A. 

A. A. 

Harf. 

Calv. 

Caro. 

Chas. 

Fred. 

Kent 

Cec. 

Talb. 

Som. 

Carr. 

Garr. 

Wico. 

How. 

Dor. 

Wor. 

St. M. 

P. Geo. 



Bait. City *5987 • 2565 t 2601 
State 2768 1869 1857 




Excludes following average salaries in Baltimore City junior high and vocational schools 
* 1941 per principal : junior high $3,101 ; vocational $3,527. 
"1941 per teacher: junior high $2,084; vocational $2,039. 
t 1940 per teacher and principal: junior high $2,082; vocational $2,089. 
t 1941 per teacher and principal: junior high $2,117; vocational $2,130. 

For basic data by county, see Table XIX, page 189. 



84 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 18 



AVERAGE SALARY PER COLORED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHER 



County 1933 1939 1940 1941 
Co. Average $ 657 # 846 $ 906 ~~ 




Balto. City 1614 1749 *1821 
State 1056 1291 *1360 m 



* Baltimore City average of $1,854 for 1941 includes $1,836 per elementary and $1,929 
per junior high school principal, vice-principal, and teacher, whereas in earlier years the 
figures include only elementary school personnel. The State average of $1,418 excludes junior 
high school personnel in Baltimore City. 

For basic data by county, see Table XXI, page 192. 



Average Salary per Colored Principal and Teacher 



85 



CHART 19 



County 



AVERAGE SALARY PER COLORED HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL AND TEACHER 

Per Principal 
and Teacher 
1940 1941 




Howard 
Worcester 
Wicomico 
Dorchester 
Somerset 

Bait o. City t37 37 t2468 t2365 
State tl896 tl721 1 1460 



t Baltimore City 1941 figures above are an average of senior high school principals and 
vice-principals $3,712; teachers $2,601, principals and teachers $2,630 ; and vocational school 
principal $3,790, teachers $2,055, principal and teachers $2,120. 

In State figures for 1941 which include data for Baltimore City senior high schools and 
exclude the vocational schools, the average above per principal and vice-principal should be 
$1,600 instead of $1,896. 

For basic data by county, see Tabic XXII, page 193. 



86 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Average Salary per Teacher and Principal; Size of 87 
County Elementary Schools 

TABLE 71 — Number of County White Schools Giving Instruction in Grades 
1 to 7 (8) Having Following Number of Teachers, School Year 1940-41 



County White Schools Giving Instruction in Grades 1 to 
7 (8) Having Following Number of Teachers and Principals 



2.5-3.4 


3.5-4.4 


4.5-5.4 


5.5-6.4 


6.5-7.4 


7.5-8.4 


8.5-9.4 


| 9.5-10.4 


I 10.5-11.4 


| 11.5-12.4 


| 12.5-13.4 


TT 
1 


| 14.5-15.4 


| 15.5-16.4 


| 16.5-17.4 


| 17.5-18.4 


| 18.5-19.4 


| 19.5-20.4 


20.5 or more 


45 


57 


34 


27 


34 


24 


25 


12 


14 


4 


6 


5 


9 


9 


2 


3 


1 


4 


10 


1 


3 


1 


7 


3 


2 


4 


1 


1 


1 


2 




1 


1 




1 


1 




2 


5 


5 


4 






2 


2 


1 


2 










1 


1 










5 


5 


1 


4 


'4 


6 


3 


1 


3 


1 


2 




1 


1 










4 




2 






1 


























1 




2 




2 


i 


1 




























'2 


2 


i 


3 


1 


3 


1 




















1 




1 




1 




3 




1 


1 








1 


















4 


i 


1 




























3 


2 




1 




i 


2 


























1 


6 


3 




'4 


2 


1 


1 






1 




2 














3 


2 


1 


i 


1 






i 






















1 


1 


4 


2 


'2 




i 












1 












2 


2 




2 














1 












i 


1 




i 






1 


























6 


1 


i 


2 


'2 


i 


2 




2 


1 




3 


1 


2 


1 






2 


1 


3 


7 


3 


5 


2 


2 


1 


'3 


3 




i 


1 


2 






i 








4 


2 










1 






















1 




































i 




2 






2 


1 


























'2 


1 


i 


















1 












*4 


8 


1 




'2 




2 




1 


1 






1 


2 




1 




1 


2 


3 


2 


1 


'2 




i 




'2 


1 




















bl 


1 


3 




1 


'2 


1 













































Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's . . 
Queen Anne's. . . . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



625 

43 
28 
48 
6 
9 
24 
27 
10 
32 
33 
63 
37 
16 
12 
39 
46 
15 
16 
15 
14 
59 
20 
13 



183 



117 

a5 
4 
7 
2 
2 
3 
4 
2 
2 
10 
10 
11 
1 
6 
5 
7 
3 
8 
2 
2 

al4 

3 
4 



a Includes one two-teacher school having grades 1-3, included in other tables as a graded 
school. 

b Includes one school having grade 7 included in other tables as a graded school. 



TABLE 72 — County Colored Elementary Schools Having Following Number 
of Teachers, School Year 1940-41 



Number 
of 

Teachers 


Total No. 
Schools 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince George's 1 


Queen Anne's 


St. Mary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


Total 


343 


2 


38 


18 


17 


4 


6 


8 


24 


22 


10 


16 


8 


12 


19 


43 


17 


17 


16 


16 


3 


15 


12 


1. -1.4 


182 


1 


16 


8 


12 




4 


5 


15 


17 


5 


12 


2 


9 


3 


14 


14 


10 


8 


13 


2 


8 


4 


1.5-2.4 


110 




15 


6 


3 




1 


3 


7 


3 


4 


3 


5 


2 


10 


25 


2 


6 


5 


1 




4 


5 


2.5-3.4 


22 




4 




1 


3 


1 




2 


1 










4 




1 


1 




1 




2 




3.5-4.4 


11 




1 


i 


1 


















i 


2 


2 






i 








2 


4.5-5.4 


10 


i 


1 


2 




1 




















1 






1 




1 




1 


5.5-6.4 


3 






1 


























1 


i 






6.5-7.4. . . . 


2 


















1 


























8.5-9.4 


1 




























1 
















11.5-12.4. . . 


1 












































12.5-13.4. . . 


1 




1 























































































See Table 1, page 167, for number of schools. 



88 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 73 



Decrease in Teachers Employed in County One-Teacher Schools, 1920-1941 



School Year 
Ending 
June 30 


County White Elementary Teachers 


Colored Elementary Teachers 


l otal 


In One-Teacher Schools 


Total 


In One-Teacher Schools 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


1920 


2,992 


1,171 


39.1 


683 


422 


61.8 


1921 


3 , 037 


1,149 


37.8 


694 


408 


58.8 




3 , 054 


1 , 124 


36.8 


708 


406 


57.3 


1923 


o , Uod 


1,093 


35.7 


712 


403 


56.6 


1924 


3,065 


1,055 


34.4 


728 


395 


54.4 


1925 


3,047 


1,005 


33.0 


721 


397 


55.1 


1926 


3,067 


956 


31.2 


728 


394 


54.1 


1927 


3,088 


898 


29.1 


725 


382 


52.7 


1928 


3,070 


823 


26.8 


734 


378 


51.5 


1929 


3,078 


739 


24.0 


734 


372 


50.7 


1930 


3,050 


663 


21.7 


733 


363 


49.5 


1931 


3,049 


586 


19.2 


739 


353 


47.7 


1932 


3,022 


489 


16.2 


727 


344 


47.3 


1933 


2,954 


407 


13.8 


718 


334 


46.5 


1934 


2,947 


377 


12.8 


708 


331 


46.7 


1935 


2,941 


365 


12.4 


714 


318 


44.5 


1936 


2,949 


342 


11.6 


709 


309 


43.6 


1937 


2,972 


324 


10.9 


697 


293 


42.0 


1938 


2,965 


289 


9.7 


677 


271 


40.0 


1939 


2,946 


260 


8.8 


658 


232 


35.3 


1940 


2,944 


209 


7.1 


644 


198 


30.7 


1941 


2,921 


184 


6.3 


627 


181 


28.9 



TABLE 74 — Number and Percent of Teachers and Pupils in One-Teacher 
Elementary Schools in Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1941 





White Schools 




Colored Schools 




Teachers in 


Pupils in 




Teachers in 


Pupils in 




One-Teacher 


One-Teacher 




One-Teacher 


One-Teacher 


Counties 


Schools 


Schools 


Counties 


Schools 


Schools 




Num- 


Per- 


Num- 


Per- 




Num- 


Per- 


Num- 


Per- 




ber 


cent 


ber 


cent 




ber 


cent 


ber 


cent 


Total and Average 


184 


6.3 


4,358 


4.0 


Total and Average.. 


181 


28.9 


5,608 


26.7 












Caroline 










Calvert 












' ' 3 


i'.b 


U6 


6.7 














2 


13.3 


81 


13.3 




' "i 


' ' .6 


' 'l8 


"3 


Worcester 


4 


14.8 


136 


11.6 




2 


1.2 


40 


.6 


Prince George's. . . . 


14 


16.5 


306 


10.0 


Prince George's . . . 


5 


1.8 


130 


1.1 




1 


16.7 


31 


15.1 


Allegany 


6 


1.8 


158 


1.4 




7 


17.1 


328 


18.3 




1 


1.9 


21 


1.1 




16 

8 


20.3 


537 


18.8 


Montgomery 


7 


2.3 


166 


1.5 


Wicomico 


23.5 


227 


18.1 


Wicomico 


4 


4.8 


112 


3.4 




8 


24.2 


274 


20.7 




2 


5.1 


54 


3.6 




5 


25.0 


155 


20.3 


Carroll 


7 


5.6 


128 


2.7 




2 


28.6 


38 


15.9 


Kent 


2 


5.7 


47 


3.8 


St. Mary's 


10 


40.0 


290 


34.2 


Washington 


19 


6.5 


483 


4.5 


Charles 


15 


42.9 


525 


38.2 


Harford 


14 


11.8 


382 


8.8 


Carroll 


4 


44.4 


117 


36.3 




5 


12.5 


121 


8.5 


Cecil 


5 


45.5 


151 


40.6 




8 


14.0 


168 


7.5 


Calvert 


12 


48.0 


504 


46.2 




7 


14.3 


184 


10.0 




17 


51.5 


440 


40.6 


Talbot 


7 


15.2 


127 


7.9 




12 


52.3 


347 


45.8 


Cecil 


15 


17.6 


397 


12.9 


Kent 


9 


52.9 


302 


46.2 


St. Mary's 


7 


25.9 


145 


17.4 


Talbot 


13 


54.2 


359 


42.0 




21 


28.8 


461 


18.6 


Queen Anne's 


14 


66.7 


344 


54.1 




44 


40.0 


1,016 


27.3 













County One-Teacher Schools; Public High Schools 



89 



TABLE 75 

Number of Public High Schools, Year Ending July 31, 1941 



Public High Schools for 



Year and 
County 


White Pupils 


Colored Pupils 


Total 


Group 


Total 


Group 


°1 


°2 


°1 


°2 




82 


*69 


U3 


4 




t4 




148 


*130 


tl8 


16 


' "ii 


5 




1 KO 


142 


10 


or 
Zo 


17 


8 


1935 


150 


136 


al4 


28 


25 


3 


1940 


149 


133 


bl6 


33 


31 


2 


1941 


149 


132 


c!7 


33 


31 


2 


Allegany 


10 


8 


tt2 


1 


1 




Anne Arundel 


6 


4 


2 


1 


1 






12 


6 


«6 


3 


3 




Calvert 






1 


1 






5 


5 




1 


1 




Carroll 


9 


8 


"ii 


1 


1 




Cecil 


8 


8 


1 


1 




Charles 


5 


5 




2 


2 






6 


6 




1 


1 






7 


7 




1 


1 






6 


6 












8 


8 




* 2 


* " 2 






4 


4 




1 


1 




Kent 


4 


4 




1 


1 




Montgomery 


11 


7 


x'tm 


1 


1 






12 


12 


3 


3 






5 


5 




1 








2 


2 




2 


2 






4 


4 




2 


2 




Talbot 


4 


4 




2 


2 




Washington 


8 


6 




1 


1 






7 


7 


1 


1 




Worcester 


5 


5 




3 


1 


' ' 2 


Baltimore City 


22 


§7 


xl3 


4 


§2 


x2 


Entire State 


171 


§139 


30 


4 


§2 


2 



First group schools have as a minimum an enrollment of 30, an attendance oi' 25, and 
two teachers. They give a four-year course. Second group schools have as a minimum an 
enrollment of 15, an attendance of 12. They give a two-year course. Schools in Baltimore 
County giving a one-year course are classified as second group schools. 

* Includes the schools classified as group 1 and group 2, prior to 1928. 
t Classified as group 3 prior to 1928. 

1 Each t represents one junior high school, 
a Includes 7 junior high schools. 

b Includes 10 junior high schools, 
c Includes 11 junior high schools. 

§ Includes 2 junior-senior high schools with grades 7-12 inclusive 
x Junior high schools having grades 7 to 9 inclusive. 
For individual high schools in 1941, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



90 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 76 



Size of Teaching Staff in Last Four Years of Maryland County White High 
Schools, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



Number 
of 

Teachers 


Total No. 
Schools 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince George's | 


Queen Anne's 


St. Mary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


Total 


149 


10 


6 


12 


1 


5 


9 


8 


5 


6 


7 


6 


8 


4 


4 


11 


12 


5 


2 


4 


4 


8 


7 


5 





































First Group High Schools 















1 




1 

3 




1 






i 










i 


°i 
l 


i 

2 


2 
2 
1 
1 


1 
1 


1 














2 
1 












1 




1 

2 


3 






1 
1 


i 
i 


l 
l 


l 


.3 
1 


i 


i 


2 


l 








1 

2 


2 




l 








5 


1 








l 
l 


















1 


i 


l 
l 




1 

2 
2 


















2 


1 
1 


2 


1 


2 


1 








i 




2 






l 






















l 




l 


l 
l 






1 


1 
1 




















l 








i 


























l 




































1 








l 




































l 


















l 








1 






1 














































































1 








2 








































































1 






























1 














































2 
































































l 








































































































i 
l 


i 
l 


l 






























































l 










































































































































i 
























1 


























l 

















































































Second Group and Junior High Schools 



1 


4 
3 
3 
1 

1 
1 

2 
1 


1 
1 


i 
l 


3 

1 










































2 










































3 






1 


















1 
1 


















4 








































5 






1 








































8 




































1 






9 






























1 












10 






1 


































1 






11 
























1 

























































For teaching staff in individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



Size of Staff and Enrollment in County High Schools 



91 



TABLE 77 

Size of Enrollment in Last Four Years of Maryland County White High 
Schools, for Year Ending June 30, 1941 









3 


























>> 


rge's 


CO 

« 








c 






Average Number 






C 


0) 












u 

1> 












ai 


□ 

V 


C 

a 


ja 









a 


u 


Belonging 


Total Nc 
Schools 


Allegany 


Anne An 


Baltimor 


| Calvert 


Caroline 


| Carroll 


| Cecil 


| Charles 


Dorchest 


Fredericl 


| Garrett 


| Harford 


Howard 


| Kent 


Montgon 


| Prince G 


Queen Ai 


| St Mary 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washing 


Wicomic 


Worceste 


Total 


149 


10 


6 


12 


1 


5 


9 


8 


5 


6 


7 


6 


8 


4 


4 


11 


12 


5 


2 


4 


4 


8 


7 


5 



First Group High Schools 



26- 


40 


41- 


50 


51- 


75 


76- 


100 


101- 


125 


126- 


150 


151- 


175 


176- 


200 


201- 




226- 


250 


251- 


275 


276- 


300 


301- 


325 


326- 


350 


351- 


375 


401- 


425 


526- 


550 


551- 


575 


576- 


600 


601- 


625 


676- 


700 


726- 


750 


751- 


775 


776- 


800 


826- 


850 


851- 


875 


926- 


950. . 



1,001-1,025. 
1,076-1,100. 
1,151-1,175. 
1,226-1,250. 
1,476-1,500. 



12 





























l 






























1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 


2 
1 

i 
i 


i 

3 

i 


2 
1 


1 

1 

2 




















1 
3 
1 
1 


i 
l 












1 

i 
i 
i 

2 
1 


2 

1 
1 


i 

i 
l 


i 
i 


i 
i 
l 


3 


3 
1 




i 
l 


l 
l 




2 
1 


i 






2 






1 






2 
1 
1 


.. :: 




l 










2 
1 








1 
1 


i 


i 






2 


1 














i 


1 
1 






l 








i 




l 
l 


2 
1 




i 


i 
l 






















l 














i 


















i 


1 


























l 


































1 














1 


















1 




































1 




































i 
























2 


























l 












































1 


l 


































1 


























































l 


















1 














































i 
































































l 


























































i 
































1 












1 




l 




























































































































l 


































1 


















1 




















































































1 1 



















Second Group and Junior High Schools 



26- 40 


3 


1 


i 


2 
1 








































41- 50 


2 
3 








































51- 75 






















1 


















76- 100 


1 








































101- 125 










































126- 150 


1 








































176- 200 
























1 


















226- 250 








































1 






251- 275 










































301- 325 










































326- 350 






1 



















































































For enrollment in individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



92 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 78 

Size of Teaching Staff and Size of Enrollment in County Colored High 
Schools for Year Ending June 30, 1941 



No. of 
Teachers 

Average 

No. 
Belonging 


Total No. 
High Schools 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince George's 


Queen Anne's 


St. Mary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


1 Wicomico 


| Worcester 


Number op Schools Distributed by Size of Teaching Staff 


All Schools 


33 


1 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 


i 


2 


1 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


3 


1 


2 


2 


2 


1 


1 


3 


2 


5 






3 
















1 
















1 


1 




2 


3 


5 






















1 


1 






















4 


5 


1 










1 














1 




1 


1 










5 


7 












1 


1 










1 




1 


1 


1 








1 


6 


4 








1 


1 










1 








i 














7 


2 














1 




















1 








8 


2 




























1 


l 
















10 


1 


















1 




























13 


1 




1 








































15 


1 










































1 



















































Number of Schools Distributed by Size of Enrollment 



26-50 


3 


51-75 


6 


76-100 . . . 


2 


101-125. . . 


6 


126-150. . . 


4 


151-175. . . 


5 


176-200 . . . 


2 


201-226 . . . 


2 


300-325. . . 


1 


326-350 . . . 


1 


376-400 . . . 


1 



* Includes two second group schools in Worcester County. 
For individual high schools, see Table XXIII, pages 194 to 199. 



Size of Colored High Schools; Baltimore City Summer 93 
and Evening Schools 

TABLE ^9— Baltimore City Summer Schools, 1940 







Total 


Net Roll at End of Term 


Percent of Net 








Enrollment 








Roll Recom- 


















mended for Pro- 




Type ok 


No. 








Taking 


motion Taking 


No. of 


School 


of' 
















Princi- 


Schools 
















no 1 o onH 






Boys 


Girls 


_ . 
1 otal 


Review 


Advance 


Review 


Advance 


Teachers 










Work 


Work 


Work 


Work 




White Schools: 




















Secondary: 






















2 


1 ,350 


940 


2,126 


2,061 


65 


85.8 


90.3 


35 


Junior 


1 


464 


319 


716 


716 




95.7 




11 




4 


632 


471 


01 1 

oil 


798 


' 'i3 


96.8 


100 '. 6 


21 


Demonstration 


1 


153 


223 


341 




341 




100.0 


14 


Total White . . . 


8 


2 , 599 


1 ,953 




3 575 


419 






81 


Colored Schools: 




















Secondary: 






















/ 1 


53 


145 


175 


148 


27 


98.1 


100.0 


3 




I 1 


199 


291 




392 


36 


96.6 


100.0 


10 


Elementary 


4 


689 


749 




1,255 




89.9 




21 


Demonstration 


1 


101 


209 


283 




283 




98^4 


12 


Total Colored . . 


6 


1,042 


1,394 


2,141 


1,795 


346 






46 


All Schools: 




















1940 


14 


3,641 


3,347 


6,135 


5,370 


765 






127 


1939 


14 


3,644 


3,359 


6,208 


5,505 


703 






121 


1938 


14 


3,299 


3,350 


5,822 


4,917 


905 






128 


1937 


14 


2,905 


2,948 


5,142 


4,290 


852 






121 


1936 


14 


3,400 


3,028 


5,544 


4,963 


581 






122 


1935 


14 


4,150 


3,929 


7,015 


6,304 


711 






128 


1934 


15 


3 , 728 


3,472 


6,139 


5,324 


815 






120 


1932 


12 


3,644 


3,263 


6,081 


5,393 


688 






107 


1931 


16 


4,399 


4,088 


7,192 


6,354 


838 






154 


1930 


16 


3,865 


3,798 


6,504 


5,592 


912 






145 



TABLE 80— Baltimore City Adult Education 



Enrollment 



Type of Work 


White 


Colored 


Nights 
in Session 
1940-41 


1941 


1940 


1932 


1941 


1940 


1932 




1,797 


1,588 


1,215 








93 


Academic: 


















105 


216 


583 


1,371 


1,600 


1,461 


68 




2,169 


3,040 


3,181 


802 


1,031 


540 


*93 


Commercial 


2,020 


2,614 


2,704 


357 


347 


350 


80 


Vocational: 














46 




1,951 


1,898 


2,418 


513 


421 


376 






457 


551 


736 


495 


473 


576 




Parent Education 


2,289 


2,160 




720 


514 








732 


1,990 












National Defense 


7,575 






17i 










1.153 












' 68 




10,533 


9,637 


7,310 


3,485 


3,829 


2,815 






7,886 


7,315 


5,920 


2,587 


2,988 


2.359 






74.9 


75.9 


80.8 


74.2 


78.0 


83.4 




Average Number of 


















412 


320 


282 


114 


105 


80 





* Junior high 80 nights. 



94 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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County Evening Schools; Vocational Rehabilitation 95 



VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION 

One hundred and eleven disabled persons with a total of 57 
dependents were rehabilitated during the year ending June 30, 
1941. The average case cost, including all types of expenditures, 
amounted to $124.66. 

The jobs held by the 111 rehabilitants are distributed among 
the following occupational classifications used for the United 
States Census: 

Agriculture 5 Technical-Professional 10 

Clerical 30 Trade-Commerce 4 

Domestic 9 Transportation 6 

Manufacturing 41 

The average weekly wage of the 111 persons who were re- 
habilitated was $19.13. The range of weekly wages covered 25 
persons placed in jobs paying §25.00 or more, 58 who received 
from $15.00 to $24.99, and 28 who earned less than $15.00 
per week. 

TABLE 82 



Service Rendered Cases Referred fur Vocational Rehabilitation in Maryland 
During Year Ending June 30, 1941 











Training 


Being 


Surveyed, 


Closed 




Total 




Being 


Completed 


Prepared 


under 


after 




Number 


Rehabili- 


Followed 


Awaiting 


for Em- 


Advise- 


Other 




of Cases 


tated 


on Jobs 


Jobs 


ployment 


ment 


Services 


Total Counties.. 


209 


45 


24 


9 


74 


47 


10 


Allegany 


33 


8 


5 


1 


8 


8 


3 


Anne Arundel . . . 


6 


2 


2 




2 






Baltimore. 


32 


7 


6 


' 2 


10 


"*5 


* ' 2 


Calvert 


3 




1 


. „ 


1 




Caroline 


3 


. . .. 






1 


1 




Carroll 


8 






6 


1 




Cecil 


2 










1 




Charles 


9 


i 




i 




3 




Dorchester 


4 






l 


3 






Frederick 


21 


6 




l 


4 


• • 7 




Garrett 


13 


2 






7 


4 




Harford ........ 


12 


6 






5 


1 




Howard 


6 


1 






1 


3 




Kent 






... 








Montgomery 

Pr. George's .... 


"l3 


' ' ' 4 






6 






21 


4 


6 




5 


6 




Queen Anne's. . . 




. ... 












St. Mary's 


' ' '4 










' ' 2 






1 














Talbot 


1 




... 






' i 




Washington 


11 


' ' 2 






6 


1 






5 








3 
















1 






Balto. City 


234 


66 


41 


8 


67 


28 


24 


Total State . . . 


443 


111 


65 


17 


141 


75 


34 



96 1941 Report of Maryland State Department op Education 

The rehabilitation program is financed jointly by State and 
Federal funds, the Federal government making available one 
dollar for every dollar expended by the State up to $39,134.34. 
Maryland appropriates only $16,100. This, together with $1,312.66 
from Baltimore City and $729.66 from gifts and donations, makes 
a total of $18,142.32 which the Federal government will match. 
This means that $20,992.02 of Federal funds originally allocated 
to Maryland remain unmatched and are therefore available for 
distribution to other states. 

The relationship between the State Industrial Accident Com- 
mission and the Vocational Rehabilitation Service which was so 
active during the year 1940, had to be discontinued during 1941 
due to a lack of funds. Approximately 500 persons who were 
disabled in industrial accidents were qualified to receive this re- 
habilitation service had the funds been available. 

Plans are under way for a more definite working agreement 
with the Maryland State Employment Service whereby that 
agency will employ a full-time placement worker to handle cases 
trained by the rehabilitation service. 



MARYLAND'S NATIONAL DEFENSE TRAINING PROGRAM 

Maryland's National Defense Training Program, financed by 
Federal funds, completed the first year of its operation on July 
8, 1941. 

Carried on under the supervision of the State Department 
of Education in cooperation with school officials of Baltimore City 
and the various counties, the Program was originally designed to 
perform the dual function of giving elementary or pre-employment 
training to inexperienced people for work in industries essential 
to the National Defense, and also supplementary or advanced 
training to those already engaged in such industries so that they 
might be promoted to more responsible positions calling for 
greater skill and broader technical knowledge. 

However, in January 1941, the Program was expanded so that 
it could reach rural and non-rural out-of-school youth. This part 
of the program was designed: (1) To obtain potential workers 
for defense industries; (2) To improve the mechanical skills of 
workers in agricultural occupations ; and (3) To develop general 
mechanical abilities for youth anticipating military service. In 
addition, elementary and advanced courses, in both academic and 
technical fields, have been organized for officers and non-com- 
missioned men now in military service. 

The courses offered cover an eight-week period of forty hours 
per week. Intensive training is given in shop work with class- 



Rehabilitation Program; Maryland's National Defense 
Vocational Training Program 



97 



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98 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

room study in related and technical subjects. At the end of such 
a course a student who had no previous technical training is 
qualified to perform, intelligently and efficiently, the simpler tasks 
in a defense industry. In the matter of supervision and instruc- 
tion, the same standards have been maintained that obtain for 
regular vocational courses in the Maryland public schools. How- 
ever, in most instances the classes have been conducted on a 
three-shift or twenty-four-hour day basis, so that a student en- 
gaged on work not essential to the national defense can prepare 
for a defense industry and at the same time continue to hold 
down his job as a wage earner. 

Of the 15,669 enrollees who were given courses to improve 
their skill and increase their technical knowledge, practically all 
continued in defense industries. Approximately seventy-five 
percent of the 8,236 who enrolled for pre-employment courses 
were subsequently placed in defense industries. The remaining 
twenty-five percent are accounted for in two ways: 

(1) Enrollees in defense courses who give no promise 
of becoming competent workers upon completion of the 
course are either dropped or else guided into another type 
of training. 

(2) In many instances students have been offered em- 
ployment in defense or useful industries before completing 
their courses. Since they did not register for placement 
with the Maryland State Employment Service the records 
concerning their employment are incomplete. 

Of the 2,587 rural and non-rural youth who completed the 
course prior to July 1, 1941, approximately twenty-five percent 
entered defense industries. Almost one hundred percent of those 
who were employed in trades at the beginning of the course re- 
turned to occupations in the trades. Approximately the same 
number returned to agricultural pursuits as left farms to take 
the defense training. Most of these youth had enrolled in auto 
mechanics and tractor repairs. 

On the other hand, approximately sixty percent of the un- 
employed youth in small towns and rural areas of the State who 
were enrolled in the program for rural and non-rural youth ob- 
tained employment in defense industries. 

Much of the administrative and supervisory work in Mary- 
land has been done by school officials without extra remuneration. 
The result is that for the first year only 5.8 percent was spent on 
local administration and supervision and 2.7 percent for State 
administration and supervision, or a total of 8.5 percent against 
a total of 14 percent for such work proposed by the Federal 
Government. 



Maryland's National Defense Training Program ; 
Total Expenditures and State Aid for Schools 



99 



FINANCING THE MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM 



CHART 20 



Total School Current Expenses and Total State Aid in 23 Counties and 
Baltimore City*, 1919 to 1941 



Millions 
opDoluars 



Millions 

orLOLLARS 























* 


• 












s 

' j 


\ 
\ 












1 

/< 






y 


& 
















/ 

/ 

/ 

-- ir* 
it 

< 

if 




















—— 






























Tt AlO - 


r 23 Co 






'ATE A i 


d- Bal 





















1920 19ZZ 1*24- 1914 1928 1930 1932 193* 193b «S» i94o 1942 

* Includes expenditures from City funds for training teachers in City training school (s), 
but excludes amounts appropriated by City and State for the Retirement Fund for teachers. 

For 1941 data, see Tables 84 and 85, pages 100 to 102 and Tables XI and XIII, pages 181 
and 183. 



100 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 84 



School Current Expenses from State, Federal, and Local Funds and Capital 
Outlay by Boards of Education in the Counties and Baltimore City, 1921-1941 



Year 
Ending 
July 31 


Current Expense Disbursements 


Capital 
Outlay 


Total 


From State 
Funds 


From Federal 
Funds 


From Local 
Funds 




Total Counties 


1921 


$5,043,923 


$1,537,621 


$17,073 


$3,489,229 


$929,024 


1922 


5,291,124 


1,527,627 


f33,853 


3,729,644 


1,121,554 


1923 


5,964,456 


2,005,335 


f33,710 


3,925,411 


1,475,269 


1924 


6,475,803 


2,041,155 


t43,244 


4,391,404 


949,720 


1925 


6,743,015 


2,130,518 


f43,252 


4,569,245 


2,527,823 


1926 


7,143,150 


2,212,857 


t48,010 


4,882,283 


2,602,745 


1927 


7,517,720 


2,291,235 


f48,965 


5,177,529 


1,023,362 


1928 


7,787,298 


x°2,207,335 


151,910 


5,528,053 


1,532,718 


1929 


8,164,657 


x°2,279,589 


t54,425 


5,830,643 


1,773,070 


1930 


8,456,414 


x2, 299, 380 


f69 , 779 


6,087,255 


2,450,144 


1931 


8,852,073 


2,323,767 


f78,755 


6,449,551 


2,172,088 


1932 


8,892,181 


2,661,382 


f77,470 


6,153,329 


1,650,065 




8,485,146 


2,531,668 


f78,343 


5,875,135 


688,497 


1934 


8,010,425 


3,622,840 


t67 J 903 


4,319,682 


1,132,433 


1935 


8,189,909 


3,665,763 


+75 ,'727 


4,448,419 


1,590,879 


1936 


8,715,542 


3,580,265 


f84,854 


5,050,423 


2,000,321 


1937 


9,082,523 


3,583,329 


f92,553 


5,406,641 


2,531,071 


1938 


9,893,912 


4,219,147 


fl44,854 


5,529,911 


1,576,434 


1939 


10,216,150 


4,300,033 


tl66,016 


5,750,101 


2,845,537 


1940 


10,752,978 


4,415,744 


tl66,215 


6,171,019 


2,773,778 


1941 


§11,108,701 


4,406,610 


§fl67,417 


6,534,674 


1,116,817 



*Baltimore City 



1921 


$5,394,656 


$1,023,597 


$8,945 


$4,362,114 


$1,267,636 


1922 


6,594,168 


1,015,034 


11,939 


5,567,195 


1,417,569 


1923 


6,799,794 


1,052,845 


13,256 


5,733,693 


3,301,086 


1924 


6,794,048 


1,046,561 


14,551 


5,732,936 


5,336,889 


1925 


7,237,993 


1,024,179 


18,301 


6,195,513 


3,224,734 


1926 


7,480,170 


1,034,372 


22,522 


6,423,276 


3,484,767 


1927 


7,878,719 


1,066,385 


20,112 


6,792,222 


4,200,038 


1928 


8,360,391 


x999,753 


17,240 


7,343,398 


1,897,871 


1929 


8,767,395 


xl, 017, 153 


20,338 


7,729,904 


633,632 


1930 


9,193,068 


x976,083 


18,980 


8,198,005 


1,508,678 


1931 


9,666,385 


932,251 


13,773 


8,720,361 


3,658,046 


1932 


9,415,054 


974,431 


11,131 


8,429,492 


2,678,922 


1933 


8,388,125 


1,072,738 


10.663 


7,304,724 


1,268,159 


1934 


7,992,222 


948,586 


10,081 


7,033,555 


1,087,351 


1935 


8,502,074 


954,383 


25,913 


7,521,778 


642,191 


1936 


8,744,298 


946,396 


26,363 


7,771,539 


223,669 


1937 


9,031,032 


943,073 


22,536 


8,065,423 


1,156,748 


1938 


9,347,234 


941,150 


83,737 


8,322,347 


759,130 


1939 


9,747,952 


950,005 


55,923 


8,742,024 


30,785 


1940 


9,845,208 


953,033 


56.690 


8,835,485 


13,032 


1941 


§10,238,979 


937,901 


§57,256 


9,243,822 


145,492 





*Entire State 


1921 


$10,438,579 


$2,561,218 


$26,018 


$7,851,343 


$2,196,660 


1922 


11,885,292 


2,542,661 


45,792 


9,296,839 


2,539,123 


1923. 


12,764,250 


3,058,180 


46,966 


9,659,104 


4,776,355 


1924 


13,269,851 


3,087,716 


57,795 


10,124,340 


6,286,609 


1925 


13,981,008 


3,154,697 


61,553 


10,764,758 


5,752,557 


1926 


14,623,320 


3,247,229 


70,532 


11,305,559 


6,087,512 


1927 


15,396,448 


3,357,620 


69,077 


11,969,751 


5,223,400 


1928 


16,147,689 


x3, 207, 088 


69,150 


12,871,451 


3,430,589 


1929 


16,932,052 


x3, 296, 742 


74,763 


13,560,547 


2,406,702 


1930 


17,649,482 


x3, 275, 463 


88,759 


14,285,260 


3,958,822 


1931 


18,518,458 


3,256,018 


92,528 


15,169,912 


5,830,134 


1932 


18,307,235 


3,635,813 


88,601 


14,582,821 


4,328,987 


1933 


16,873,271 


3,604,406 


89,006 


13,179,859 


1,956,656 


1934 


1^,002,647 


4,571,426 


77,984 


11,353,237 


2,219,784 


1935 


16,691,983 


4,620,146 


101,640 


11,970,197 


2,233,070 


1936 


17,459,840 


4,526,661 


111,217 


12,821,962 


2,223,990 


1937 


18,113,555 


4,526,402 


115,089 


13,472,064 


3,687,819 


1938 


19,241,146 


5,160,297 


228,591 


13,852,258 


2,335,564 


1939 


19,964,102 


5,250,038 


221,939 


14,492,125 


2,876,322 


1940 


20,598,186 


5,368,777 


222,905 


15,006,504 


2,786,810 


1941 


§21,347,680 


5,344,511 


§224,673 


15,778,496 


1,262,309 



* Includes expenditures from City funds for training of teachers in City training school (s), 
but excludes amounts appropriated by City and State for the Retirement Fund. 

t Includes amounts received from the Federal Government toward salaries and expenses 
at Indian Head. 

x Excludes receipts from liquidation of Free School Fund. 

° Excludes $6,500 to be used by Charles County for school building purposes. 

§ Excludes expenditures for Vocational Defense Training Classes. See Table 83, page 97. 



Financing Maryland's Public School System; 
State, Federal and Local Aid 



101 



CHART 21 

PERCENT OF CURRENT EXPENDITURES FOR YEAR ENDING JULY 31, 1941 



State, Excluding Equalization Fund 



County- 



Total 

Somerset 

Charles 

Garrett 

Calvert 

St. Mary's 

Carolire 

Worcester 

Dorchester 

Carroll 
Howard 

Wicomico 
Queen Anne's 
Anne Arundel 
Kent 
Talbot 

Prince George's 

Frederick 

Washington 

Harford 

Allegany 

Cecil 

Baltimore 

Montgomery 

Baltimore City 
Total State 



Received from 



1 1 Equalization Fund 

I::::::-] Federal Aid 

V/////A County Levy and Other County Sources 




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For basic data, see Table 85 and Tables XI to XIII, pages 181 to 183. 



102 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 85 



Percent of Current Expense Disbursements Received by County Boards of 
Education from State and *Federal Funds for School Purposes for 
Year Ending July 31, 1941 



County 


fTotal 
Disburse- 
ments 

for 
Current 
Expenses 


Amount Received for Cur- 
rent Expenses from 


Percent of Current Expense 
Disbursements Received from 


tState 
Aid 


-(^Fed- 
eral 
Aid 


County 
Levy and 
Other 
County 
Sources 


State Aid 
Excluding 
Equalization 
Fund 


State 
Equalization 
Fund 


Total 
State Aid 


Federal Aid 


County Levy 
and Other j 
Sou rc es | 


Total Counties. 


$11,108,701 


$4,406,610 


$167,417 


$6,534,674 


28 


7 


11.0 


39.7 


1.5 


58.8 


Somerset 


221,189 


158,796 


1,041 


61,352 


38.8 


33.0 


71.8 


.5 


27.7 


Charles 


233,781 


148,016 


J19.559 


66,206 


31 


6 


31.7 


63.3 


8.4 


28.3 


Garrett 


358,854 


247,338 


8,470 


103 , 046 


24 


8 


44.1 


68.9 


2.4 


28.7 


Calvert 


131,911 


88,366 


2,421 


41,124 


31 


5 


35.5 


67.0 


1.8 


31.2 


St. Mary's 


163,557 


105,012 


5,637 


52,908 


36 


8 


27.4 


64.2 


3.4 


32.4 




225,170 


136,018 


8,729 


80,423 


33 


4 


27.0 


60.4 


3.9 


35.7 


Worcester 


245,355 


135,317 


3,403 


106,635 


35 





20.2 


55.2 


1.4 


43.4 


Dorchester. . . . 


311,175 


167,986 


3,933 


139,256 


32 


2 


21.8 


54.0 


1.3 


44.7 


Carroll 


474,783 


248,064 


5,417 


221,302 


29 


7 


22.6 


52.3 


1.1 


46.6 


Howard 


217,224 


107,819 


4,219 


105,186 


31 


9 


17.7 


49.6 


1.9 


48.5 


Wicomico 


362,319 


171,228 


2,240 


188,851 


32 


9 


14.4 


47.3 


.6 


52.1 


Queen Anne's . . 


195,147 


87,992 


4,666 


102,489 


32 


3 


12.8 


45.1 


2.4 


52.5 


Anne Arundel . . 


721,931 


305,365 


5,978 


410,588 


26 


5 


15.8 


42.3 


.8 


56.9 


Kent 


164,900 


69,142 


1,710 


94,048 


35 


7 


6.3 


42.0 


1.0 


57.0 


Talbot 


218,643 


84,859 


2,954 


130,830 


33 


5 


5.3 


38.8 


1.4 


59.8 


Pr. George's. . . 


999,555 


386,408 


12,441 


600,706 


27 


.7 


11.0 


38.7 


1.2 


60.1 


Frederick 


625,733 


239,363 


6,070 


380,300 


30 


8 


7.5 


38.3 


1.0 


60.7 


Washington 


800,855 


283,843 


14,960 


502,052 


28 


6 


6.8 


35.4 


1.9 


62.7 


Harford 


380,456 


130,556 


10,926 


238,974 


34 


3 




34.3 


2.9 


62.8 


Allegany 


1,087,458 


357,364 


14,430 


715,664 


25 


8 


'i'.o 


32.8 


1.3 


65.9 


Cecil 


331,490 


106,574 


2,901 


222,015 


32 


1 




32.1 


.9 


67.0 


Baltimore 


1,449,162 


417,700 


7,710 


1,023,752 


28 


8 




28.8 


.5 


70.7 


Montgomery. . . 


1,188,053 


223,484 


17,602 


946,967 


18 


8 




18.8 


1.5 


79.7 


Balto. City 


°10,218,120 


°937,901 


57,256 


°9, 222, 963 


9 


2 




9.2 


.6 


90.2 


State 


$21,326,821 


$5,344,511 


$224,673 


$15,757,637 


19 


3 


5.7 


25.0 


1.0 


74.0 



t Excludes estimated State, Federal and County funds for public school health services 
expended by County and City health offices. 

* Includes Federal Aid for 1940-41 received after July 31, 1941, but excludes Federal 
Aid for Vocational Education National Defense Training classes shown on page 97. 

t Includes $12,696 received from Federal Government toward salaries and expenses at 
Indian Head. 

Excludes $856,407 for teachers in Baltimore City Retirement System of which $409,538 

came from State funds and $446,869 from local funds. See Tables XI-XIII, pages 181 to 183. 



State, Federal and Local Aid; The School Tax Dollar 



103 



CHARl 22 

How the Tax Dollar for School Current Expenses was Used in 1940-41 in the 

Maryland Counties 



INCLUDING TRANSPORTATION 




EXCLUDING TRANSPORTATION 




• Fixed charges and payments to adjoining counties. 

t Auxiliary agencies exclude estimated expenditures by health offices in counties for services 
rendered to school children. The upper circle includes cost of transportation in auxiliary 
agencies (12.7c), while the lower circle excludes cost of transportation (.9c). Expenditures 
from Federal funds for Vocational Education National Defense training classes are excluded. 
For basic data, see Tables XIII, XV, and XVI, pages 183, 185 and 186. 



104 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 86 — Percent Distribution of School Expenditures By County School 
Boards for Year Ending July 31, 1941 



County 



Percent of Total Current Expense Funds Used for 













* 






« S3 - 






.2 
'3 


Supervision 


o 2 

a S 


Materi 
)ther Cc 
>tructior 


ion 


jnance 


try Ager 


Salarie 
Teacl 


Books, 
and C 
of Ins 


Operat 


Maint< 


Auxiliz 



T3 , 

S O C 

Bl O 

« ™ s 



Percent of 
Expenditures 
for Current 
Expenses and 
Capital Out- 
lay Used for 
Capital 
Outlay 



Including Cost of Transportation 





2.8 


1 


.7 


66 


.5 


4 


.1 


7.5 


3.6 


12 


7 


1.1 


9.1 


Allegany 


2.1 


2 


.1 


66 


.8 


4 


.7 


8.7 


4.5 


9 


6 


1.5 


16.4 




3.1 


1 


2 


65 


9 


3 


.7 


6.8 


4.8 


14 





.5 


1.5 


Baltimore 


2.2 


1 


6 


71 


1 


3 


4 


7.4 


3.4 


9 


7 


1.2 


11.4 


Calvert 


5.9 


3 


3 


52 


9 


3 


3 


5.3 


1.2 


27 





1.1 


2.0 




4.3 


1 


8 


63 


9 


2 


2 


5.8 


1.5 


19 


5 


1.0 


3.4 


Carroll 


2.7 


2 


1 


62 


6 


3 


5 


5.4 


3.2 


19 


5 


1.0 


7.9 


Cecil 


2.8 


1 


3 


68 





5 


5 


7.6 


1.7 


12 


3 


.8 


3.1 




2.9 


1 


9 


57 


6 


5 


2 


7.3 


3.2 


21 





.9 


1.1 


Dorchester 


3.0 


1 


3 


60 


5 


3 


3 


7.0 


6.9 


17 


1 


.9 


1.8 


Frederick 


2.5 


1 


1 


65 


1 


4 


2 


6.7 


2.2 


17 


2 


1.0 


5.0 


Garrett 


3.5 


1 


5 


58 


9 


4 


9 


4.2 


3.2 


21 





2.8 


1.0 




2.7 


1 


7 


73 


4 


3 


1 


6.9 


2.9 


8 


4 


.9 


12.7 


Howard 


3.6 


1 


7 


59 


3 


4 


3 


7.8 


2.5 


19 


1 


1.7 


.9 


Kent 


4.9 


2 


4 


61 


8 


2 


5 


6.3 


3.6 


18 


1 


.4 


.2 


Montgomery 


2.2 


1 


9 


69 


7 


5 


7 


10.1 


3.2 


6 


5 


.7 


23.9 


Prince George's 


2.3 


1 


5 


68 


2 


4 


7 


8.8 


7.1 


6 


3 


1.1 


6.9 


Queen Anne's 


4.3 


2 


2 


60 


6 


3 





6.9 


1.6 


18 


9 


2.5 


13.3 


St. Mary's 


5.5 


2 


5 


54 


1 


3 


2 


4.4 


2.6 


26 


8 


.9 


4.3 




3.9 


1 


9 


61 


9 


3 


6 


7.2 


1.9 


18 


4 


1.2 


3.4 


Talbot 


4.7 


2 


3 


62 


8 


3 


2 


7.6 


2.0 


16 


3 


1.1 


.1 




2.3 


1 


6 


75 





3 


2 


7.1 


2.3 


7 


8 


.7 


4.4 


Wicomico 


3.9 


1 


7 


61 


5 


4 


8 


7.9 


4.1 


15 





1.1 


3.0 




4.1 




6 


60 


2 


3 


4 


7.8 


2.6 


19 


4 


.9 


.5 


Baltimore City 


3.1 


1 


6 


70 


3 


2 


8 


9.3 


2.3 


2 


3 


t-2 


1.4 


State 


3.0 


1 


7 


68 


3 


3 


4 


8.4 


3.0 


7 


6 


.7 


5.5 



Excluding Cost of Transportation 



County Average 


3.2 


1.9 


75.5 


4.6 


8.6 


4.1 


.9 


1.2 


10.2 




2.3 


2.3 


73.1 


5.2 


9.5 


4.8 


1.2 


1.6 


17.7 




3.6 


1.3 


75.8 


4.3 


7.8 


5.5 


1.1 


.6 


1.7 




2.5 


1.7 


78.0 


3.7 


8.2 


3.8 


.8 


1.3 


12.4 


Calvert 


8.1 


4.4 


72.0 


4.5 


7.3 


1.7 


.6 


1.4 


2.7 




5.3 


2.2 


78.6 


2.7 


7.2 


1.8 


1.0 


1.2 


4.1 


Carroll 


3.3 


2.6 


77.0 


4.3 


6.6 


3.9 


1.1 


1.2 


9.6 


Cecil 


3.1 


1.5 


77.0 


6.2 


8.6 


1.9 


.7 


1.0 


3.5 




3.7 


2.4 


72.2 


6.4 


9.2 


4.0 


.9 


1.2 


1.4 


Dorchester 


3.6 


1.6 


72.4 


3.9 


8.4 


8.2 


.8 


1.1 


2.2 




3.0 


1.4 


78.2 


5.0 


8.0 


2.6 


.5 


1.3 


5.9 


Garrett 


4.3 


1.9 


73.3 


6.1 


5.3 


3.9 


1.7 


3.5 


1.2 


Harford 


2.9 


1.8 


79.7 


3.4 


7.5 


3.1 


.6 


1.0 


13.7 




4.4 


2.1 


72.8 


5.2 


9.6 


3.1 


.7 


2.1 


1.2 




6.0 


2.8 


74.6 


3.1 


7.6 


4.3 


1.1 


.5 


.3 


Montgomery 


2.3 


2.0 


73.8 


6.0 


10.6 


3.5 


1.1 


.7 


24.9 




2.4 


1.5 


72.4 


5.0 


9.4 


7.6 


.6 


1.1 


7.3 


Queen Anne's 


5.3 


2.6 


74.0 


3.7 


8.5 


1.9 


1.0 


3.0 


15.8 


St. Mary's 


7.4 


3.5 


73.2 


4.3 


5.9 


3.5 


.9 


1.3 


5.7 




4.7 


2.4 


75.8 


4.5 


8.8 


2.3 


.1 


1.4 


4.2 


Talbot 


5.5 


2.8 


74.6 


3.7 


9.1 


2.4 


.7 


1.2 


.1 


Washington 


2.4 


1.8 


80.9 


3.5 


7.7 


2.4 


.5 


.8 


4.7 




4.5 


2.1 


71.8 


5.6 


9.2 


4.7 


.8 


1.3 


3.5 




5.1 


2.0 


74.3 


4.2 


9.6 


3.2 


.5 


1.1 


.6 




3.1 


1.6 


70.5 


2.7 


9.4 


2.3 


2.1 


t-2 


1.4 




3.2 


1.7 


72.9 


3.6 


9.0 


3.2 


1.5 


.7 


5.8 



* Auxiliary agencies exclude estimated expenditures by health offices in counties and 
Baltimore City for services rendered to school children. The upper table includes cost of 
transportation in auxiliary agencies and the lower table excludes cost of transportation. 
Expenditures from Federal funds for Vocational Education National Defense training classes 
are excluded. 

f Baltimore City expenditures for the Retirement System are excluded. 



The School Tax Dollar; Per Pupil Costs of General Control; 105 
Cost Per White Elementary and High School Pupil 



TABLE 87 

Cost Per Pupil Belonging for General Control 



County 



1939 1940 



1941 



Increase 
1941 
Over 
1940 



County 



1939 



1940 



1941 



Increase 
1941 
Over 
1940 



County Average 

St. Mary's 

Calvert 

Queen Anne's . . . 

Kent 

Talbot 

Caroline 

Garrett 

Worcester 

Wicomico 

Howard . 

Somerset 

Cecil 



$1.80 $1.83 $1.86 



3.40 
3.61 
3.48 
3.09 
3.04 
2.68 
2.75 
2.27 
2.19 
2.74j 
2.09 
2.0li 



3.59 
3.33 
3.17 
3.19 
3.02 
2.56 
2.68 
2.34 
2.19 
2.70 
2.05 
2.08 



4.10 
3.66 
3.34 
3.32 
3.24 
2.97 
2.65 
2.57 
2.39 
2.34 
2.16 
2.01 



$.03 

.51 
.33 
.17 
.13 
.22 
.41 

*.03 
.23 
.20 

*.36 
.11 

*.07 



Dorchester. . . . 
Anne Arundel . . 

Carroll 

Charles 

Montgomery . . . 

Harford 

Frederick 

Allegany 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Prince George's 

Baltimore City . 

Total State 



$1.92 $2.11 $1.98 $*.13 
1.55 1.75 1.97 .22 



1.75 
1.84 
1.69 
1.60 
1.49 
1.43 
1.17 
1.54 
1.26 

2.90 

2.24 



1.79 
1.93 
1.93 
1.74 
1.42 
1.57 
1.17 
1.38 
1.33 



2.84 
2.24 



1.94 
1.91 
1.74 
1.61 
1.59 
1.47 
1.38 
1.34 



2.99 
2.31 



.15 
♦.02 
♦.19 
♦.13 

.17 
*.10 

.21 
♦.04 



.15 
$.07 



Decrease. 

For basic data, see Table XIV, page 184. 



TABLE 88 



Average Current Expense Costf Per County White Elementary and White 
High School Pupil Belonging, 1923-1941 



Year 


Average Cost per 
County Pupil 
Belonging in 


Year 


Average Cost per 
County Pupil 
Belonging in 


Elemen- 
tary 
Schools 


High 
Schools 


Elemen- 
tary 
Schools 


High 
Schools 


1923 


$39.84 
43.06 
43.67 
46.02 
47.26 
47.81 
49.49 
49.78 
50.17 
49.27 


$91.12 
96.44 
95.16 
97.20 
98.43 
95.82 
96.00 
97.60 
98.54 
94.78 


1933 


$46.95 
44.36 
45.16 
♦48.90 
*51.24 
♦54.86 
*54.95 
♦57.70 
♦58.48 


$82.62 
76.21 
77.58 
80.48 
82.47 
90.87 
89.96 
91.45 
93.49 


1924 


1934 


1925 


1935 


1926 


1936 


1927 


1937 


1928 


1938 


1929 


1939 


1930 


1940 


1931 


1941 


1932 





t Excluding general control and fixed charges. 

* I'art of this amount is due to inclusion of estimated expenditures on public white 
elementary school children by county health offices from State and County funds. These 
figures were first included in 1936. 

For basic data for 1941, see T.tbles XVIII and XIX, pages 188 and 189. 



106 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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c^ cc!J2 



Coo 
C 

"£h02 



HH H H H CO CM H CM H H 1—* CM ' 



iCOHOJCOHOJCM CM 



o 



.£ S'-S p. 



. a>*a> c w 

mOOOOOQHOffiWWSpHO'o^wEH^^^ 



dl § 

pq 



c c 

hj02 



Costs per Pupil 



107 



CHART 23 



COST PER WHITE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL FUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 



County 


1939 


1940 


Co. Average 


$ 55 


$ 58 


St. Mary's 


76 


83 


Calvert 


71 


76 


Mont gomery 


70 


71 


Q. Anne f B 


61 


64 


Charles 


63 


65 


Kent 


64 


65 


Talbot 


59 


62 


Allegany* 


56 


59 


Dorchester 


55 


62 


Garrett 


57 


61 


Worcester 


57 


63 


Howard 


54 


61 


Cecil 


56 


59 


Carroll 


55 


58 


Wicomico* 


53 


56 


Caroline 


50 


59 


Anne Arundel 


55 


59 


Somerset 


52 


57 


Frederick 


52 


53 


Jarford 


54 


54 


Baltimore* 


33 


53 


Washington 


48 


52 


Pr. George's 


48 


50 


3alto. City 


73 


t74 



State 



61 



63 




* Excludes pupils attending elementary school of State Teachers College. 

f Excludes $96, cost per white junior high school pupil. 
X Excludes $98, cost per white junior high school pupil. 
Figures include estimated expenditure per pupil by State and County Departments of 
Health. For basic data, see Table XVIII, page 188. 



108 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 90 



Cost Per Pupil in White Elementary Schools, Grades 1-7 (8), for the Main 
Subdivisions of Expenditures, Exclusive of General Control, for the 
Year Ending July 31, 1941 f 



County 


Super- 
vision 


Salaries 


Textbooks 
and Other 
Costs of 
Instruction 


Opera- 
tion 


Main- 
tenance 


Auxiliary 
Agencies* 


Total 
Current 

Ex- 
penses 


Capital 
Outlay 


County Average: 
































1940 


$1 


.41 


$38 


.34 


$1 


.74 


$4 


.61 


$2 


.00 


$9 


.60 


$57 


.70 


$11.71 


1941 


1 


.35 


38 


.80 


1 


.91 


4 


.76 


2 


.05 


9 


.61 


58 


.48 


3.03 




1 


.42 


42 


.82 


2 


.59 


5 


.74 


2 


.77 


8 


.47 


63 


.81 


.59 


Anne Arundel 




.97 


36 


.71 


1 


.26 


4 


.52 


2 


.58 


11 


.37 


57 


.41 


.94 






.96 


37 


32 


1 


.29 


4 


.44 


2 


.04 


6 


.83 


52 


.88 


2.28 


Calvert 


3 


.56 


36 


80 


2 


.02 


5 


.32 




.53 


29 


.57 


77 


80 


.25 




1 


.78 


35 


22 


1 


.00 


3 


.19 




.64 


15 


.58 


57 


41 


1.56 


Carroll 


1 


.26 


36 


.95 


1 


.48 


3 


.09 


1 


.78 


113 


.76 


58 


32 


.24 


Cecil 


1 


.19 


39 


89 


2 


.62 


3 


90 


1 


21 


9 


.90 


58 


71 


.52 




2 


.03 


35 


45 


3 


.06 


4 


91 


1 


14 


20 


23 


66 


82 


.34 


Dorchester 


1 


.24 


39 


13 


1 


.88 


4 


67 


3 


53 


13 


35 


63 


so 








.88 


36 


07 


1 


.66 


4 


11 


1 


00 


12 


17 


55 


89 


i!65 




1 


53 


38 


43 


3 


48 


2 


93 


2 


01 


14 


59 


62 


97 


.61 




1 


48 


37 


18 


1 


14 


3 


65 


1 


36 


8 


55 


53 


36 


7.01 


Howard 


1 


45 


35 


22 


2 


09 


5 


04 


1 


29 


15 


20 


60 


29 


.37 


Kent 


2 


60 


38 


75 


1 


56 


5 


35 


2 


34 


16 


03 


66 


63 


.11 


Montgomery 


1 


66 


49 


35 


3 


06 


8 


03 


2 


38 


7 


07 


71 


55 


12.26 


Prince George's 


1 


17 


34 


06 


1 


70 


4 


77 


3 


41 


4 


07 


49 


18 


6.13 


2 


50 


39 


35 


1 


53 


4 


54 


1 


01 


18 


18 


67 


11 


.25 


St. Mary's 


3 


63 


46 


48 


1 


68 


2 


66 


2 


08 


27 


59 


84 


12 


3.11 


Somerset 


1 


59 


34 


64 


1 


96 


3 


83 




52 


13 


74 


56 


28 


.56 


Talbot 


2 


07 


38 


85 


1 


23 


5 


88 


1 


45 


15 


14 


64 


62 




Washington 


1 


26 


39 


12 


1 


52 


3 


86 


1 


23 


5 


33 


52 


32 


2^60 




1 


58 


34 


85 


2 


65 


4 


85 


2 


50 


11 


28 


57 


71 


3.04 


Worcester 




65 


36 


89 


1 


58 


4 


63 


1 


50 


16 


53 


62 


78 


.35 


Baltimore City 






























.15 


Elementary 


1 


77 


58 


53 


1 


74 


8 


31 


2 


20 


2 


03 


74 


58 


Total State 


$1 


49 


$45 


06 


$1 


85 


$5 


88 


$2 


10 


$7 


21 


$63 


59 


$2.12 



* Includes estimated expenditures by State and County Departments of Health on services 

to school children, an average of $1.53 for the counties in 1941. 

± Includes 13 cents for payment by Frederick County for transporting 37 pupils to an 
elementary school in Carroll County. 

t For actual expenditures, see Table XVIII, page 188. 



Cost per White Elementary Pupil 



109 



TABLE 91 

Cost Per Pupil Belonging in White One-Teacher, Two-Teacher and Graded 
Schools for Year Ending July 31, 1941, Exclusive of Expenditures for 
General Control, Supervision, and Fixed Charges 



One-Teacher 
Schools 



No. 



Cost 
Per 
Pupil 



County 



Two-Teacher 
Schools 



No. 



Cost 
Per 
Pupil 



County 



209 
184 

1 

7 
7 
7 
7 
21 
44 
1 
2 
8 
4 
5 
6 
5 
15 
19 
2 
7 
14 
2 



$63.43 
66.77 

223.00 
90.23 
85.50 
83.06 
79.15 
73.79 
70.74 
66.69 
65.30 
64.43 
64.10 
61.81 
61.51 
60.86 
59.98 
58.17 
55.78 
53.96 
49.45 
49.29 



County Average 

1940 

1941 

Worcester 

Dorchester 

Kent 

Calvert 

St. Mary's 

Anne Arundel . . 

Wicomico 

Montgomery . . . 
Queen Anne's . . 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Charles 

Pr. George's. . . . 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Baltimore 

Harford 

Caroline 

Garrett 

Allegany 

Washington. . . . 
Howard 



124 
114 

4 
2 
6 
2 
8 
4 
3 
4 
3 
2 
2 
2 
7 
3 
4 

10 
7 

11 
2 

10 
4 

13 
1 



$60.84 
63.16 

83.59 
82.22 
80.38 
78.74 
78.01 
73.51 
73.38 
72.44 
70.92 
68.25 
63.03 
62.93 
60.29 
60.28 
60.12 
58.09 
57.28 
57.28 
56.69 
55.24 
54.26 
53.46 
49.34 



County Average 

1940 

1941 

St. Mary's . . . 

Calvert 

Montgomery . 

Charles 

Queen Anne's. 

Allegany 

Talbot 

Howard 

Garrett 

Dorchester . . . 
Worcester .... 

Kent 

CecU 

Carroll 

Anne Arundel 
Wicomico. . . . 

Caroline 

Frederick .... 

Somerset 

Baltimore. . . . 

Harford 

Washington. . 
Pr. George's. . 



Includes estimated expenditures by State and County health offices on services to school 
children. 



110 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 24 



COST PER WHITE HIGH SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 



County 1933 1939 1940 1941 
Co. Av. $ 83 $ 90 $ 91 t 



Calvert 104 
Charles 103 
Q. Anne's 102 
Montgomery 97 
St .Mary's 91 
Worcester 102 
Dorchester 104 
Caroline 90 
Cecil 
Talbot 
Kent 
Garrett 
Carroll 
Somerset 
Howard 
Washington 72 
Wicomico 76 

Frederick 71 

A. Arundel 81 

Harford 73 
Pr. George's 86 

Allegany 76 

Baltimore 67 

Balto.City t95 

State 86 



84 
86 
97 
97 
100 
95 
96 




* Cost per pupil belonging in senior high schools in Baltimore City excludes $98 per junior 
high, and $147 per vocational school pupil. . . 

% Cost per senior high school pupil in 1933, 1939, and 1940. In 1940 cost per junior high 
school pupil was $96 and per vocational pupil was $140. 
For basic data, see Table XIX, page 189. 



Cost per White High School Pupil 



111 



TABLE 92 



Cost, Excluding General Control, Per Pupil Belonging, in Last Four Years 
of White High Schools, for Year Ending July 31, 1941$ 



County 


Salaries 


Other 
Costs of 
Instruction 


Operation 


Main- 
tenance 


Auxiliary 
Agencies 


Total 
Current 
Expenses 


Capital 
Outlay 


County Average: 
















.72 


$9 












1940 


$66 


.03 


$5 


.15 


$6 


.76 


$3 


.79 


$91 


.45 


$38 


.75 


1941 


67 


.57 


5 


.48 


6 


.92 


3 


66 


9 


.86 


93 


.49 


17 


.96 




59 


.68 


5 


33 


7 


07 


3 


96 


6 


43 


82 


47 


51 


09 


Anne Arundel . . . 


61 


.13 


5 


57 


5 


.66 


2 


65 


12 


67 


87 


.68 


1 


.05 


Baltimore 


62 


.36 


4 


16 


4 


61 


2 


20 


6 


32 


79 


.65 


11 


.38 


Calvert 


77 


.99 


5 


.46 


5 


53 


2 


03 


37 


31 


128 


32 


8 


.77 


Caroline 


76 


.75 


2 


80 


6 


.83 


2 


20 


15 


76 


104 


34 


4 


.46 




69 


.27 


5 


40 


5 


99 


3 


78 


*16 


65 


101 


09 


21 


.98 


Cecil 


75 


.05 


7 


38 


9 


51 


1 


45 


10 


63 


104 


02 


7 


.39 


Charles 


f81 
66 


45 


5 


96 


Ul 


60 


t7 


36 


21 


36 


U27 


73 


3 


.19 




24 


4 


25 


8 


33 


10 


49 


15 


06 


104 


37 








62 


.18 


6 


12 


5 


36 


2 


90 


§12 


07 


88 


63 


7 


ii 


Garrett 


64 


76 


4 


38 


4 


13 


3 


98 


23 


87 


101 


12 




20 


Harford 


72 


10 


4 


36 


6 


87 


3 


38 




41 


87 


12 


19 


16 


Howard 


59 


49 


5 


24 


8 


02 


2 


74 


15 


53 


91 


02 


1 


80 


Kent 


72 


06 


3 


22 


6 


60 


3 


05 


16 


39 


101 


32 




44 


Montgomery 

Pr. George's .... 


90 


40 


10 


96 


10 


77 


4 


43 


1 


34 


117 


90 


77 


07 


60 


08 


6 


37 


7 


68 


6 


76 


4 


59 


85 


48 


2 


78 


Queen Anne's . . . 


84 


43 


4 


85 


10 


03 


1 


97 


17 


82 


119 


10 


58 


68 


St. Mary's 


58 


98 


5 


72 


7 


90 


3 


97 


37 


73 


114 


30 


11 


83 




67 


59 


3 


95 


8 


43 


3 


63 


16 


47 


100 


07 


9 


92 


Talbot 


74 


41 


4 


97 


6 


42 


2 


31 


14 


13 


102 


24 




15 


Washington 

Wicomico 


71 


77 


3 


71 


6 


38 


1 


99 


6 


75 


90 


60 


3 


70 


63 


28 


4 


62 


7 


14 


3 


86 


11 


16 


90 


06 


1 


21 


Worcester 


74 


73 


4 


81 


8 


33 


4 


06 


16 


21 


108 


14 




80 


Balto. City .... 


91 


49 


4 


62 


11 


52 


2 


88 


1 


82 


112 


33 


3 


76 


Vocational .... 


109 


75 


11 


02 


18 


17 


4 


97 


2 


93 


146 


84 


55 


35 


Junior High. . . 


81 


15 


3 


89 


10 


06 


2 


09 




27 


98 


46 




61 


Senior High. . . 


102 


12 


4 


63 


12 


44 


3 


59 


2 


37 


125 


15 




27 


Total State 


$76 


56 


$5 


26 


$8 


35 


$3 


64 


$7 


91 


$101 


72 


$13 


36 



f Includes expenditures of Federal Government at Indian Head. 

* Includes 5 cents for payment by Frederick County for transporting 6 pupils to a high 
school in Carroll County. 

§ Includes 41 cents for payment by Washington County for transporting 43 pupils to « 
high school in Frederick County. 

% For actual expenditures, see Table XIX, page 189. 



112 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



co 

OS 

W 
PQ 



J2 



03 

O ^ 



03 S3 

«S „ 
J © 

CS OS 
rH 

Jh CO 

* CO 
£ OS 

■So 

a co 

4) OS 
H rH 

^ OS 
W rH 

.t* as 

T3 rH 

SS „ 

*1 

Hi 

. be 





OS 

++ 


$2,536 


wcjsN^c<J^co^^ooiiOiocot>egcoco , rj<t^asTtiast- 




1940 


$2,417 


+1 H H C0CM tH 


ies for Salaries 
inds of Dollars) 


1935 


$1,677 


W^liHT)iiO(0iOC0(M00HHWHOt~HM00NHO(0 
rH-r-C* rHrH 


1932 


$1,891 


t^cx3ifScot--cgt-ioooiocDooo«Da30t--fOiOrMint>t- 
asaocorHuoco^co^cotooocococvicocorH^io-^soio 

HH- (M rH rH HH rH 
+— +- -r- 


'ENDITUI 
n Thous; 


1930 


$1,674 


rHoot-oaiocooo^rH-^c-o-^t-co-^^eooocoCNiio 
a>t>t^rH^o<o<Nioc^inc-eoeooo«rH-<*Tj<oj<oin 


W 


1925 


$1,193 


rHlOOast— a5t>00C0?Ot>mTj<CS0000CO » !C h w to o 

Tj<Tj<cg ccoo-^ as co io <m Co us m eo co-tft-iom 




1920 


$490 


csioco •«dtj«oo • n< to r-i t> as im oo o t- • co <o m o 

'J'HIO 'HNH .^-(Tj<rHlM HHCCH • rH rH Tl» CO CO 



t~oot>ocoas^ascoco^cocMCoasascoascoe<iin<OT* 
TjnoN(NoooseoHci3HNt-X'i"<fiOTfneciOHiMO 

C050C<IOJOOOOCOtOOiOC<]iOC^-iCC\10Cif3Ti<t--t>t--COOO 



t>Tj<00t>C0iO-^ , ^£>!Ot>iOr-H000O-<^C0l>iML0'OC0C<I 

40 00 00rHlrtCO'<*COOO!MC-'MrH(MOO^t , rHasaSrHI>0 

HTf^oiooxcotooiownt-'OoiniO'^ t-'<o t- <n oo 



00 rt< CO m 



co'fooostotDHtrixosHWTiiiot-coTfot^'fioo 
•^t~ooiot>oooocoasrHoorHoocoiO'*co-^ < 0!£>asioas 
woiciMt-iOHioxoa)'>*ioinMeciocot-t-coMi> 



C0<M -tf Hi 



rH rHIM 



aiNMOOOW'JlNN^nO'J'HOt'NNHOCiJO 

TfTjmt-HTjiMoncotoot-ONXt-HHCxoaieo 

(OHOSHt>NOS'<tMaiC-H'!}HOTf?0-*Nt-«OOOC- 



C0OC0^rHt^T*lO05lOt~l>U0C<100l000C0rHrHt--?0t>- 
OSCOT)<t-OTj<rHC--in?£lC<ICCCO-^-^<CgrHrHOOrHa3-5}<->* 
00t000rH^)O<0rH«>TflO00C0C000aSTtlrHlOmc0a5«O 



CO CO tD •rHrHOS • CO OS CO t- lO CO LO rH rjl . C- E- CO t- t- 

co ascoio -T}<t>(M • as as rH ire o o co <x> -asoomt-as 
co oeoas • cotoco • co oo co t t-h co co co • CO co t- io -!* 




to w 



Growth in White High School Enrollment, Teachers and 113 
Salary Costs; Cost per Colored Elementary Pupil 



CHART 25 



COST PER COLORED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CURRENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 



County 
Co. Average 

Allegany 

Montgomery 

Ceoil 

Washington 

Queen Anne's 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel* 

Prince George' 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Frederick 

Carroll 

St. Mary's 

Kent 

Harford 

Wicomico 

Dorchester 

Charles 

Howard 

Worcester 

Calvert 

Somerset 



Baltimore City 62 



1939 1940 1941 
$35 $ 38 



State 




* Excludes pupils attending elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 

t Excludes $80 per junior high school pupil. 
County average for 1941 includes $1.73, estimated health expenditures per pupil by 
State and county health offices, a decrease of 40 cents under corresponding amount included 
in 1940. 

t Excludes $81 per junior high school pupil. 
For basic data, see Table XXI, page 192. 



114 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 26 



County- 
Co. Average 

Washington 

Allegany 

Baltimore 

Pr. George's 

Calvert 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Howard 

Carroll 

Anne Arundel 

Queen Anne's 

Charles 

Caroline 

Talbot 

St. Mary's 

Montgomery 

Kent 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Dorchester 

Harford 

Worcester 

Baltimore City 
State 



COST PER COLORED HIGH SCHOOL PUPIL BELONGING 
FOR CDRRENT EXPENSES EXCLUDING GENERAL CONTROL 

1939 1940 1941 
$ 66 $ 64 




% Average tuition payment of $150 for 95 Baltimore County pupils attending school in 
Baltimore City senior high schools, included with Baltimore County cost per pupil. 

* Excludes average payment for Baltimore County pupils attending senior high schools 
in Baltimore City. 

** Cost per senior high school pupil excludes $81 per junior high and $144 per vocational 
school pupil. 

Cost per senior high school pupil in Baltimore City, $118, excludes $80 per junior high 
and $187 per vocational school pupil. 

f Excludes costs for junior high and vocational pupils in Baltimore City. 
For basic data, see Table XXII, page 193. 



Cost per Colored High School Pupil; Growth in Colored 
High School Enrollment, Teachers and Salary Costs 

1 SS$K8SS3S!Hflii3S&8! 

ftmmmmmmMm 

1 11 mmn iisiisssssi 



115 



I 

H 



! 

2 :l 



i 



"I 

! 

H 

I 



ii isiiiiii ; jiass iSissi 

t-" NHHNNM (NCOOO eo eo c<i ^ <M 

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§1 



18 



I 



WOOiOCO^OOOOOlOOOOOOOOt-UJO 



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| 35 : :S22SSS : :§ :§3 :§g 



i Ml 




116 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 95 



Federal Vocational Funds Allotted to and Expended in Maryland, 1940-41 





1941 


1941 




Unexpended 


Purpose 


Allotment 


Expenditures 


Balance 


Agriculture 


$66,003.56 


$f63,373 


.57 


$2,629.99 




101,503.03 


94,202 


.52 


7,300.51 




46,904.63 


46,904 


.63 




Teacher Training and Supervision 


25,572.30 


°23,433 


.13 


2,139.17 




15,061.81 


5,690 


.45 


9,371.36 


Total 


$255,045.33 


$233,604 


.30 


$21,441.03 



II 



TABLE 96 



Federal Vocational Funds Expended by Subject and Type of School, 1940-41 



Type of School 


Subject 


Total 


Agriculture 


Home 
Economics 


Industrial 
Education 


Distributive 
Education 


County Day 

White 


§$49,475.46 
§9,963.61 

1,584.00 
550.50 

1,800.00 


f*$34,130.57 
f6,005.00 

*3,074.50 
960 . 50 


*$27,628.08 
5,150.00 

°*13,819.84 
265.50 

34,256.10 
13,083.00 




$111,234.11 
21,118.61 

20,551.34 
1,776.50 

36,056.10 
18,248.39 






County Evening 

White 


*$2,073.00 


Baltimore City 

Day 




Total 


2,734.06 


2,431.33 


$63,373.57 


$46,904.63 


$94,202.52 


$4,504.33 


$208,985.05 



♦Includes cost of salaries and travel of county supervisor (s). 

t Includes cost of salaries and travel of selected teachers who visited homes during summer. 
Includes $7,138.70 paid to instructors at University of Maryland for 875 volunteer 
firemen and $1,500 paid for 95 in Allegany and Garrett Counties enrolled in mining classes. 
§ Includes travel for teachers who visited home projects. 



Federal Aid to Vocational Education in Maryland; 
the County Day School Program 



117 



TABLE 97 

Federal Aid for Vocational Education in Maryland County White Day 
High Schools for Year Ending July 31, 1941 





Agriculture 


Vocational 
Home Economics 


Industrial 
Education 


Total 


County 














Federal 




Enroll- 


Aid 


Enroll- 


Aid 


Enroll- 


Aid 


Aid 




ment 




ment 




ment 







White Schools 



2,049 
2,355 
2,355 

87 
36 
97 
33 
230 
138 

* 'ios 

89 
221 
224 
225 
115 
145 
24 
81 
122 
66 
23 
182 
25 
87 



$46,833.00 
47,667.00 
42,928.77 



,535.80 
672.00 

,641.67 
729.00 

,695.00 

,879.34 



,632.00 
,016.00 
,510.00 
,390.00 
,795.00 
,636.63 
,246.33 

650.00 
,050.00 
,960.00 

870.00 

720.00 
,070.00 

780.00 
,450.00 



2,613 
2,920 
3,287 

200 
365 



71 
159 
140 
104 
129 



405 
235 
179 
252 
354 
125 
171 



50 
301 



47 



$40,143.00 
32,934.00 
31,840.73 

2,171.48 
1,359.00 



375.00 
1.200.00 
1,022.00 
2,742.00 
1,202.25 



2,340.00 
5,600.00 
1,245.00 
5,075.00 
3,078.00 
1,114.50 
735.00 



519.00 
1,845.00 



217.50 



842 
892 
992 

288 

i06 



25 



130 
176 



267 



$25,489.00 
25,452.00 
27,628.08 

4,576.00 

4, 562150 



675.00 



3,902.08 
6,712.50 



7,200.00 



$112,465.00 
106,053.00 
102,697.58 



Colored Schools 



789 
925 
935 



63 
65 
42 
153 
101 



33 
74 
116 

77 

*87 
33 
52 
39 



$7,244.00 
9,792.00 
9,077.64 



720.00 
660.00 
516.00 
1,180.00 
495.00 



533.31 
813.33 
700.00 
500.00 



1,360.00 
400.00 
720.00 
480.00 



1,038 
1,116 
1,156 

29 
66 
97 
109 



220 
33 
50 
67 
25 

110 
49 



81 
136 
40 



$6,844.00 
6,879.00 
5,891.00 

450.00 
487.50 
277.50 
288.00 



510.00 
216.00 
225.00 
950.00 
165.00 
264.00 
700.00 



287.00 
555.00 
300.00 



216.00 



165 
194 
194 

43 
67 



44 



$4,074.00 
3,025.00 
5,150.00 

1,550.00 
2,300.00 



360.00 
500.00 



440.00 



Figures above include expenditures for coordinators, but exclude amounts for travel and 
summer visiting of homes as shown on next page. 



118 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 97— Continued 



Note for Table 97 Showing Expenditures for Purposes Other than 
Salaries of Day School Teachers 



County 


Agriculture 
Travel 


Home Economics 


Indus- 
trial 
Educa- 
tion 
Co- 
ordina- 
tor 


Co- 
ordina- 
tor 


Summer 
Home 
Visiting 


Travel 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


Total 


$6,546.69 


$885.97 


$543.00 


$1,920.41 


$104.00 


$369.43 


$10.00 


$4,123.33 


Allegany 


17.80 




143.00 


288.00 




10.74 




240.00 




209.57 
















Baltimore 


145.03 














300.66 


Calvert 


79.72 


















782.69 


100l27 




290 '. 00 




85^57 






Carroll 


286.36 


49.50 














Cecil . 








15o!66 




9.40 








14i!68 
















Dorchester 


393 . 57 


44^ 67 
















747.08 


















612.46 
















Harford 


270.20 


















297.26 


22.07 












Kent 




119.37 














Montgomery 


187i97 




200! 66 


759 .91 




18i!37 




l,433i33 


Prince George's . . . 






200.00 


187.50 




21.67 




1,750.00 




474! 07 
















St. Mary s 


329.95 


237! 03 




62^50 




13^95 








171.34 
















Talbot 


127.07 


141^20 




122! 50 


104^00 


2l! 83 


10! 00 




Washington 


574.09 






60.00 




24.90 




406! 66 




160.09 


91.70 














539.29 


80.16 


.... 













Federal Aid for Vocational Education; Expenditures 
Adult Education in Maryland 



for 



119 



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120 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 99 



Federal Aid for Vocational Education in Baltimore City Schools for School 
Year Ending July 31, 1941 







Enrollment 






Total 






Amount of 


Type of School 


Federal 






Federal 




Funds 






Aid per 






Boys 


Girls 


Pupil 










Enrolled 


Day Vocational 


$34,256.10 


2,238 


518 


$12.44 


Agriculture, Colored Vocational 

Part-time and Evening Industrial 


1,800.00 


13 




138.45 


13,083.00 


999 


222 


10.71 




2,431.33 


98 


141 


10.18 


Evening Home Economics 


2,734.06 




920 


2.97 


Total 


$54,304.49 


3,348 


1,801 


$10.55 



TABLE 100 



Expenditures for Administration, Supervision and Teacher Training in 
Vocational Education, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



Purpose 


Administration 
and Supervision 


Teacher 
Training 


Total 


State 
Funds 


Federal 
Funds 


University 
of 

Maryland 
Funds 


Federal 
Funds 


State and 
University 
Funds 


Federal 
Funds 


Agriculture 

Trades and Industries 


$1,305.05 
5,560.45 
3,089.73 
2,913.95 


$1,305.05 
4,744.17 
3,069.29 

°2,813.95 


$3,146.78 
6,523.46 
3,016.55 


$3,146.79 
6,523.45 
3,016.55 


$4,451.83 
12,083.91 
6,106.28 
2,913.95 


$4,451.84 
11,267.62 
6,085.84 
°2,813.95 


Total 






$12,869.18 


$11,932.46 


$12,686.79 


$12,686.79 


$25,555.97 


$24,619.25 



° In the report to the Office of Education, $1,186.12 is charged to distributive education, 
and the remainder, $1,627.83 to supervision : $516.45 to agriculture, $615.20 to trades and 
industries, and $496.18 to home economics. 



Federal Aid for Vocational Education in Baltimore City 121 
and for Administration and Supervision ; Transportation 



TABLE 101 



Maryland County Expenditures for Transporting Pupils to School 1910-1911 











fCost to 




Public 


Number of 


Number of 


Public per 


Year 


Expenditures for 


Counties 


Pupils 


Pupil 




Transportation 




Transported 


Transported 




$5 ,210 


A 
4 








1 1 ,6 IV) 








1920 


64,734 


18 






1921 


84,870 


18 








90 , 011 


i a 

IB 








132 , 591 




A QAA 
4 , Oil 


^ou . oy 




1 aa r.i c 
lots , OID 


91 


6 499 


29 01 


1925 


242,041 


22 


8,618 


28.09 


1926 


312,495 


22 


10,567 


29.57 




o to , loo 


OQ 


JIO , OOO 


§27 92 




AQG (TOO 
4oo , OOO 


OQ 

bU 


+1 K Qf<7 

jio , yu I 


§<i / . 4y 




*512 ,385 


&o 


+1 a Q«?a 
ji o , y^o 


£07 i o 


1930 


*603,148 


23 


t22,814 


§26.51 


1931 


*744,400 


23 


f29 , 006 


§25.71 




*oo4 , o <y 




-i-Q mo 
jo o , u i y 


§23 88 


1933 


858,274 


23 


t40,308 


§21 ^33 


1934 


863 , 549 


23 


j42,241 


§20.47 


1935 


892,422 


23 


t44,576 


§20.04 


1936 


952 , 598 


23 


f49,051 


§19.48 


1937 


1,019,872 


23 


t52,248 


§19.55 


1938 


1,121,498 


23 


t56,268 


§19.96 


1939 


1,202.784 


23 


T 61,753 


§19.50 


1940 


1,285.520 


23 


t66,036 


§19.50 


1941 


1,326,389 


23 


f70,162 


§18.94 



TABLE 102 

County Pupiis Transported to Public School at Public Expense, 1923- 1941 



Year 


Pupils Transported to School at Public Expense 


Public 
Expenditures for 
Transportation of 


Number Transported 


Percent Transported 


Elementary 


High 


Elementary- 


High 


White 
Pupils 


Colored 
Pupils 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


1923. . . . 


3,485 


133 


843 





3 




6 





$129,738 


$2,853 


1924. . . . 


4,682 


133 


1,701 





5 


1 


11 





185,263 


3,253 


1925. . . . 


6,269 


144 


2,197 


1 


6 


1 


13 





238,094 


3,947 


1926. . . . 


7,613 


105 


2,835 


14 


8 





15 


2 


308,596 


3,899 


1927. . . . 


9,778 


tl40 


3,424 


15 


10 


1 


17 


1 


368,089 


5,079 


1928. . . . 


11,774 


t201 


3,870 


20 


11 


1 


18 


2 


431,065 


5,517 


1929. . . . 


14,028 


f247 


4,632 


*23 


14 


1 


20 


2 


506,478 


*5,907 


1930 


16,670 


tsio 


5,660 


*174 


16 


1 


23 


9 


594,473 


*8,675 


1931. . . . 


20,593 


t493 


7,746 


*215 


20 


2 


29 


10 


726,747 


*17,653 


1932. . . . 


24,787 


f724 


9,019 


*477 


23 


3 


32 


19 


807,373 


*27,305 


1933 


28,741 


t847 


10,157 


502 


27 


3 


34 


19 


828,067 


30,207 


1934. . . . 


29,969 


tl,051 


10,581 


740 


28 


4 


35 


27 


826,817 


36,732 


1935 


31,147 


tl,096 


11,517 


1,035 


29 


4 


37 


35 


850,481 


41,938 


1936. . . . 


32,676 


tl.389 


13,191 


°1,795 


31 


6 


41 


51 


890,325 


°62.272 


1937. . . . 


34,076 


tl,807 


13,970 


°2,395 


32 


8 


42 


59 


944,922 


°74,951 


1938. . . 


35,980 


f2,749 


14,556 


°2 , 983 


34 


12 


43 


68 


1,013,356 


°108,142 


1939. . . . 


38,201 


t4,147 


16,147 


°3,258 


36 


18 


45 


70 


1,066,880 


°135,904 


1940 


40,633 


t4,834 


17,122 


°3,447 


38 


21 


45 


71 


1,134,161 


°151,359 


1941 


42,765 


f5,472 


18,326 


°3 , 599 


40 


24 


47 


70 


1,160,242 


°166,146 


Increase: 






















1923-41. 


39,280 


5,339 


17,483 


3,599 


37 


23 


41 


70 


$1,030,404 


$163,293 



f Includes county pupils transported to elementary school at Bowie Normal School or 
State Teachers College at expense of State. 

* Includes Rosenwald aid toward transportation of pupils. 

° Includes Baltimore County pupils toward whose transportation costs to Baltimore City 
hisrh schorls Baltimore County contributed. In 1941 there were 05 pupils and the cost to the 
county wrs $1,358.00. 

§ Pupils transported at State expense to Bowie Normal School or Teachers College ex- 
cluded in obtaining cost per pupil transported. 



122 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 103 



Maryland County Pupils Transported to School in 1941 at Public Expense 



Phttvtv 


Pupils Transported 


Public Expense for Transportation 


















To Ele- 


To 




To Ele- 


To 




Total 


mentary 


High 


Total 


mentary 


High 






School 


School 




School 


School 




t°70,162 


t48,237 


°2 1,925 


§$1,326,388 


$898,848 


§$427,540 




°9,564 


6,468 


°3,096 


°§129,434 


93,970 


°§35,464 




*4,716 


3,377 


*1,339 


105,346 


72,036 


33,310 




t5,507 


t3,444 


2,063 


94,153 


57,225 


36,928 




5,174 


3,798 


1,376 


93,146 


66,888 


26,257 


Carroll 


J4,367 


J3,091 


Jl,276 


89,207 


58,179 


31,028 


Garrett 


2,275 


1,424 


851 


70,452 


44,067 


26,385 




5,897 


4,625 


1,272 


§65,248 


59 , 579 


§5,668 




3,378 


2,508 


870 


57,942 


41,064 


16,878 


Prince George's 


t4,181 


t2,603 


1,578 


57,191 


31,647 


25,544 




2,341 


1,508 


833 


51,863 


33,666 


18,197 


Dorchester 


1,968 


1,239 


729 


51,092 


32,466 


18,626 




2,008 


1,226 


782 


47,227 


27,158 


20,068 


Worcester 


2,176 


1,532 


644 


46,575 


31,946 


14,628 


St. Mary's 


1,485 


847 


638 


42,715 


23,889 


18,826 


Caroline 


2,122 


1,452 


670 


42,050 


28,488 


13 , 562 




1,923 


1,361 


562 


40,499 


25,452 


15,047 




2,239 


1,535 


704 


40,307 


28,668 


11,639 


Cecil 


2,077 


1,308 


769 


38,676 


24,808 


13,868 


Queen Anne's 


1,362 


894 


468 


35,275 


23,867 


11,408 


Calvert 


1,187 


834 


353 


35,036 


23,414 


11,622 


Talbot 


1,467 


959 


508 


34,512 


23,046 


11,466 


Harford 


1,457 


1,386 


71 


§ 30,056 


29,993 


§63 


Kent 


1,291 


818 


473 


28,386 


17,328 


11,058 



f Includes 119 pupils, 27 from Anne Arundel and 92 from Prince George's transported to 
the elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College. 

° Includes 95 pupils toward whose transportation costs to Baltimore City high schools, 
Baltimore County contributed $1,358.00. 

* Includes 43 Washington County pupils attending a Frederick County high school. 

% Includes 37 elementary and 6 high school Frederick County pupils attending Carroll 
County schools. 

§ Supplemented by payments of high school pupils in Baltimore, Montgomery and Harford 
Counties and elementary pupils in Harford County. 



Pupils Transported to School and Cost per Pupil Transported 123 



TABLE 104 

Cost Per Maryland County Pupil Transported to School at Public Expense 
for Year Ending July 31, 1941 



Average Cost to Public Per County Pupil Transported to 







White 


Colored 


County 














All 












County 


Elementary 


High 


Elementary 


High 




Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


County Average. . . 


$18.94 


$18.93 


$19.14 


$16.68 


$21.35 


Garrett 


30.97 


30.95 


31.00 






Calvert 


29.52 


32.90 


36.34 


14.18 


28.60 


St. Mary's 


28.76 


35.64 


35.69 


16.96 


16.91 


Dorchester 


25.96 


28.46 


27.49 


20.22 


20.69 


Queen Anne's 


25.90 


24.96 


22.90 


47.44 


30.18 


Talbot 


23.53 


27.58 


25.18 


15.81 


15.70 




23.52 


25.13 


25.70 


12.91 


25.61 




t22.34 


21.44 


f23.07 


19.98 


42.43 


Wicomico 


22.15 


23.25 


23.63 


18.71 


18.33 


Kent 


21.99 


21.98 


25.70 


18.89 


18.51 




21.40 


24.17 


25.74 


13.97 


15.32 


Somerset 


21.06 


21.69 


31.69 


11.47 


18.27 


Harford 


♦20.63 


♦21.88 


♦.89 


18.21 




Carroll 


J20.43 


J18.78 


J24.ll 


19.88 


27.40 


Caroline 


19.82 


21.12 


21.35 


15.49 


16.09 


Cecil 


18.62 


18.73 


17.70 


21.38 


20.42 




18.00 


17.57 


18.69 


59.88 


45.91 


Howard 


18.00 


19.43 


16.32 


13.14 


20.57 


Anne Arundel 


17.18 


16.60 


16.01 


26.43 


32.61 


Washington 


17.15 


15.85 


19.35 


84.81 


39.75 


Prince George's . . . 


°13.99 


12.71 


13.46 


°8.28 


23.46 




§♦13.53 


14.42 


♦11.45 


16.12 


§♦11.64 




♦11.06 


12.50 


♦2.40 


14.99 


♦10.65 



* Supplemented by payments of high school pupils in Baltimore, Montgomery and Harford 
Counties and elementary pupils in Harford County. 

t Includes average cost of $22.70 for 43 Washington County pupils attending a Frederick 
County high school at a cost of $975 to Washington County. 

t Includes average cost of $15.00 for 37 elementary and 6 high school Frederick County 
pupils attending schools in Carroll County at a cost of $645 to Frederick County 

° Cost to Prince George's County for transporting V2 pupils to Bowie State Teachers 
College Demonstration School is excluded in computing average cost per pupil transported. 

§ Includes average cost of $14.29 per Baltimore County pupil transported to high 
schools in Baltimore City. 



124 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 105 — Number and Percent of Maryland County Pupils Transported 
to School at Public Expense, Year Ending July 31, 1941 





White 


Colored 


Elementary 


High 


Elementary 


High 


Number 


Percent 


x^i uniut 1 


Percent 


NTnmVipr 

IN UIUUCl 


Percent 


XT K 

in um Der 


Jrercent 


X Ot.31 311(1 Average 


















1939 


38 201 


35.9 


16 147 


44.7 


4 147 


17 7 


3 258 


69 8 


1940 


40 633 


38.4 


17' 122 


45*2 


4 834 


20. S 


3 447 


70 . 5 


1941 


42 765 


40 4 


18 326 


46 . 7 


*t5 , 472 


£•0 . 


J3 , 599 


7ft ft 




510 


65. 1 


428 


99 3 


337 




210 


94 2 


Cnrrnll 


2 962 


66 '. 8 


1 197 


64 2 


129 


42 2 


79 


74 '. 5 




1 351 


65.2 


669 


87. 9 


184 


30 8 


00 


60 . 3 


r\ rcA 1 n o 


1 065 


62 .2 


529 


62 2 


387 


66 '. 7 


141 


81 . 




825 


62 .5 


373 


72. 9 


69 


12 7 


95 


76 . 




1 034 


58.8 


457 


57. 8 


498 


43 .0 


187 


62 8 




' 619 


80 .6 


197 


90 8 


215 


20 5 


156 


97 5 




927 


65 1 


446 


75.2 


299 


22 ! 2 


336 


90 . 1 


Kent 


608 


52 .*5 


320 


6l!3 


210 


33!7 


153 


83!2 




963 


54.3 


356 


49.4 


398 


31.8 


206 


75.7 




3,130 


48.5 


1,214 


49.0 


247 


33.6 


125 


62.2 




1,424 


40.0 


851 


70.9 










Tnlhnr 


670 


44.9 


368 


54.0 


'289 


36i6 


iio 


67^6 




3,365 


55.8 


1,828 


71.1 


*79 


1.9 


235 


52.3 


Cecil 


1,193 


41.0 


675 


51.8 


115 


31.6 


94 


80.3 




900 


38.0 


521 


51.0 


339 


30.7 


208 


62.5 




1,201 


38.8 


552 


42.4 


307 


25.5 


281 


68.5 




6,067 


36.8 


2,947 


48.5 


401 


22.7 


J149 


51.9 




3,923 


39.2 


955 


30.4 


702 


41.6 


317 


88.8 


Allegany 


3 , 794 


33.8 


1,356 


31.7 


4 


2.0 


20 


20.2 




2,489 


23.9 


868 


32.5 


19 


8.3 


2 


3.8 


Prince George's 


2,451 


23.1 


1,148 


30.9 


•f-152 


2.1 


430 


89.6 


Harford 


1,294 


32.3 


71 


4.7 


92 


12.3 







* Includes 27 pupils transported to elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College 
at State expense. 

t Includes 92 pupils transported to elementary school at Bowie State Teachers College 
at State expense. 

t Includes 95 pupils transported to Baltimore City senior high schools at expense of 
Baltimore County. 



TABLE 106— Number of County Schools to Which Transportation Was 
Provided at Public Expense, Year Ending July 31, 1941 







White 




White Schools 








Schools With Elementary 


Having 








Grades Only 










County 














Total 










Both 


High 


Colored 


Number 










High 


School 


Schools 


of 




One- 


Two- 




and Ele- 


Pupils 




Different 




Teacher 


Teacher 


Graded 


mentary 


Only 




Schools 




Schools 


Schools 


Schools 


Grades 






Total Counties 


44 


68 


170 


103 


43 


144 


572 


Allegany 




2 


16 


6 


4 


1 


29 


Anne Arundel 




3 


18 


2 


4 


3 


30 






5 


21 


9 


3 


11 


49 


Calvert 




1 


4 




1 


5 


11 






2 


2 


5 




4 


13 


Carroll 


2 


2 


5 


9 




4 


22 


Cecil 


3 


3 


1 


7 




4 


19 






1 


1 


5 




8 


15 




*7 


2 


5 


5 


i 


14 


34 






6 


14 


5 


2 


7 


34 


Garrett 


18 


5 


4 


5 


1 




33 


Harford 


2 




3 


a8 




7 


20 








4 


3 


i 


3 


11 


Kent 




6 


1 


3 


l 


8 


19 


Montgomery 


2 


3 


15 


4 


7 


14 


45 








15 


b6 


4 


5 


31 




2 


3 


7 




5 


6 


23 




4 


8 


1 




2 


9 


24 






2 


4 


2 


2 


7 


17 


Talbot 


3 


2 


3 


3 


1 


10 


22 


Washington 




5 


17 


5 


3 


2 


32 




i 


2 


6 


6 




4 


19 






4 


3 


5 




8 


20 



To Elementary To High 

Only Only 

a Harford 6 

b Prince George's - 3 



Number and Percent of Pupils Transported; Schools to 
Which Transported; School Capital Outlay 



125 



TABLE 107 
Capital Outlay, Year Ending July 31, 1941 



County 



Total Counties. 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel . 
Baltimore. 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . . 

Frederick 

Garrett , 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. . 
Pr. George's. . , 
Queen Anne's. . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



Balto. City 

Elementary . 
Vocational . . 
Junior High. 
Senior High. 



Total State $46.51 



White Elementary 



One- 
T'cher 
Schools 



$46.51 
36.50 



Two- 
Teacher 
Schools 



$5,813.82 

73.00 
39.30 
204.03 



3.37 

300 ! 25 
533.15 

63.00 
337.46 

86.50 
540.00 

3li!64 
2,342.14 
979.98 



$5,813.82 



Graded 
Schools 



$310,661.13 

6,434.94 
5,515.92 
36,706.48 

191.95 
2,662.82 
1,049.98 
1,473.38 

460.53 



6,400.76 
1,638.08 
27.521.84 
392.54' 
35.671 
119,539.69 
63,915.29 
25.00 



All 

Elementary 
Schools 



$316,521.46 

6,544.44 
5,555.22 
36,910.51 

191.95 
2,662.82 
1,049.98 
1,473.38 

463.90 



26,770.72 
9,318.39! 
607. 15j 

7,819.28 
7,819.28 



6,701.01 
2,176.12 
27.584.84 
735.12 
122.17 
120,079.69 
63,915.29 
336.64 
2,342.14 
979.98 



26,770.72 
9,318.39 
607.15 

7,819.28 
7,819.28 



White 
High 
Schools 



$679,116.23 

206,970.80 
2,563.43 

66,114.87 
1,772.50 
3,617.77 

39,929.81 
9,195.85 
1,807.86 



21,698.67 
1,382.35 
27,882.37 
1,306.77 
222.11 
231,668.70 
9,847.31 
29,632.48 
4,921.04 
6,865.09 
100.00 
9,492.18 
1,517.12 
607.15 

130,876.71 



106,665.18 
10,391.78 
13,819.75 



Colored 
Schools 



$92,736.10 



2,597 
72,288 
192 
1,580 



60 
436 
5,792 
4,371 



4 
29 
34 
3,924 
327 



10 


02 




550 


00 


535 


34 



6,796.37 
5,532.61 
329.96 
641.23 
292.57 



$318 , 480 . 41 $324 , 340 . 74 1$809 , 992 . 94 $99 , 532 .47 



Grand 
Total 



fabc 

$1,088,373.79 



fa 213. 
10, 
175, 
2, 
7, 
b40. 

tio, 

2. 

tc32, 
t3, 
55 
2 

f355 
74, 
29 
7, 

l\ 

36, 
11, 
1, 



515.24 
715.70 
314.13 
157.33 
861.42 
979.79 
730.08 
708.52 
792.25 
771.14 
558.47 
471.26 
070.94 
379.25 
672.43 
090.40 
969.12 
273.20 
845.07 
100.00 
812.90 
370.85 
214.30 



dl45,492.36 
13,351.89 
106,995.14 
11,033.01 
14,112.32 
fabcd 

$1,233,866.15 



a Includes $5,000 spent for the administration building, 
b Includes $258.65 spent for the administration building, 
c Includes $1,783.22 spent for the administration building, 
d Includes $10,297.72 spent for the administration building, 
t Includes $215,497.37 from P. W. A. distributed as follows : 

Allegany 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Montgomery 

See Tables XVIII to XXII, pa;*es 188 t* 192. 



$203,537.31 
2,354.65 
1.S96.87 
70.14 
7,338.40 



126 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 108— School Bonds Outstanding as of July 31, 1941 







1941 Assessable 




Percent that 






Basis Taxable 


Assessable Basis 


Indebtedness 


COUNTY 


ocnool rJonos 


at r ull Kate 


rJack 01 itiacn 


for School Bonds 




Outstanding 


for County 


Dollar of School 


Is of Total 




July 31, 1941 


Purposes 


Indebtedness 


County Basis 




<pIO , OO 1 , DUO 


<C1 919 K'it 1 Q7 
<pl , 616 , Ooo , 13 1 


<pDD 


1 ^ 
1 . o 


Allegany 


a2, 629, 000 


98,018,434 


37 


2.7 




Dl , 6W , 4oo 


ao nQ7 799 


Ol 


1 Q 


Baltimore 


2,900.000 


257,391,732 


89 


1.1 


Calvert 


c66,000 


6,834,032 


104 


1.0 


Caroline 


dl32,000 


15,164,732 


115 


.9 












Cecil 


335,000 


43,986,155 


131 


.8 


Charles 


115,000 


11,826,396 


103 


1.0 


Dorchester 


506,000 


24,832,187 


49 


2.0 


Frederick 


1 , 194,000 


68,293,485 


57 


1.7 






19,443,874 






Harford 


d257,250 


59,971,170 


233 


.4 


Howard 


348,650 


19,558.367 


56 


1.8 






17,703,072 








e4, 499, 170 


155,485,820 


346 


2.9 


Prince George's 


f 1,652, 600 


103,608,703 


63 


1.6 


Queen Anne's 


gl84,000 


18,175,791 


99 


1.0 




9,457,074 






Somerset 


h66,500 


12,548,605 


189 


.5 


Talbot 


kl84,000 


23,323,345 


127 


.8 




ml, 181, 000 


87,832,241 


74 


1.3 




o718,000 


33,874,641 


47 


2.1 


Worcester 


pl89,000 


21,586,124 


114 


.9 


Baltimore City 


sl7,636,429 


1,256,023,960 


71 


1.4 




$36,004^032 


$2,468,557,157 


$69 


1.5 



a Excludes $800,000 authorized but unissued, 
b Reduced by $89,567 in sinking fund. 

c Excludes $100,000 authorized but unissued and $23,000 in short term loans, 
d Excludes $10,000 in short term loans. 

e Reduced by $301,460 available through issue of refunding bonds. 

f Excludes $500,000 authorized but unissued and $232,900 available in the sinking fund. 

g Excludes $30,000 authorized but unissued. 

h Excludes $7,000 in short term loans. 

k Excludes $20,000 due on note. 

m Excludes $100,000 authorized but unissued. 

o Excludes $450,000 authorized but unissued. 

p Excludes $1,137 in short term loans. 

s Reduced by $1,233,864.13 in sinking funds. Excludes $10,000,000 authorized but unissued. 



TABLE 109 — School Bonds Authorized and Issued in 1940-41 



County 


*Authorization 


Amount 
Authorized 


Date 
of Issue 


First 
and Final 
Payment of 
Principal 


Rate 
of Interest 
Percent 


Year 


Chapter 


and Issued 
for Schools 


Queen Anne's 

Washington 


1941 
1941 
1941 


252 
68 
200 


a$301,460 
180,000 
100,000 


1941 
1941 
1941 


bl946-1961 
1944-1958 
1942-1961 


cl.86 
2 

1.6 



* For Kent County an issue of $400,000 authorized by Chapter 270 of the Laws of 1941 was 
rejected in a special election held June 24, 1941. - . 

a Part of $800,000 issued in June, 1941 to pay off bonds maturing totaling $o88,000 in 
1941-42 and $412,000 in 1942-43. Of this total $301,460 is for schools. . 

b Bonds maturing in 1946 and 1947— $25,000 ; in 1948 to 1959 inclusive— $50,000 ; in 1960 
and 1961— $75,000. . , . 

c Bonds maturing in 1946 to 1948 inclusive — 4 percent; in 1949 to 1953 inclusive — iy 2 
percent; in 1954 to 1961 inclusive — 1% percent; average 1.86 percent. 



School Bonds Outstanding and Authorized; School Debt and 127 
Interest Payments per Pupil; Value of School Property 



TABLE 110 

School Debt and Interest Payments Per Pupil Belonging, 1941 



County 



Average County 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel . . 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard , 



School 
Debt per 

Pupil 
Belonging 



$108.64 

170.15 
105.29 
121.14 
30.94 
40.53 



73.37 
32.06 
106.66 
123.07 



40.95 
103.55 



Interest 
Payments 
per Pupil 
Belonging 



$4.62 

7.10 
4.95 
5.65 
1.38 
1.59 

'2.ii 

1.46 
3.79 
4.84 

'iios 

3.77 



County 



Kent 

Montgomery . . 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's. . 
St. Mary's. . . . 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington .... 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City. 

Total State 



School 
Debt per 

Pupil 
Belonging 



304.00 


13 


45 


95.99 


4 


61 


72.81 


1 


21 


16.87 




61 


58.45 


2 


47 


89.90 


3 


46 


122.01 


4.21 


48.12 


2 


62 


158.14 


7 


45 


128.31 


5 


75 



For basic data, see Table XVII, page 187. 



TABLE 111 



Value of School Property, 1922-1941 



Year 


Value of School Property 


Value Per Pupil Enrolled 


Maryland 


Counties 


Baltimore 
Cityf 


Maryland 


Counties 


Baltimore 
Cityf 


1922 


$20,453,646 


$10,014,638 


$10,439,008 


$82 


$68 


$103 


1923 


22,236,638 


11,796,630 


10,440,008 


87 


77 


100 


1924 


28,264,507 


12,813,396 


15,451,111 


110 


85 


147 


1925 


33,622,503 


14,946,810 


18,675,693 


129 


97 


164 


1926 


38,865,024 


16,704,564 


22,160,460 


148 


108 


205 


1927 


48,654,045 


17,889,796 


30,764,249 


182 


114 


277 


1928 


51,765,517 


18,994,670 


32,770,847 


191 


120 


291 


1929 


52,801,013 


19,920,102 


32,880,911 


193 


124 


290 


1930 


55,741,316 


21,483,720 


34,257,596 


201 


132 


297 


1931 


61,141,759 


23,830,725 


37,311,034 


217 


144 


321 


1932 


64,116,448 


24,608,923 


39,507,525 


222 


146 


331 


1933 


66,030,676 


25,350,740 


40,679,936 


225 


147 


335 


1934 


72,241,647 


25,501,303 


46,740,344 


246 


149 


384 


1935 


74,116,872 


26,847,518 


47,269,354 


251 


156 


384 


1936 


74,429,453 


26,778,790 


47,650,663 


250 


155 


380 


1937 


♦78,573,662 


♦29,656,237 


48,917,425 


♦264 


♦171 


395 


1938 


♦81,336,202 


♦31,702,972 


49,633,230 


♦277 


♦184 


410 


1939 


♦82.477,467 


♦32,801,326 


49,676,141 


♦278 


♦188 


408 


1940 


♦86,373,506 


♦36,605,396 


49,768,110 


♦307 


♦218 


440 


1941 


♦87,253,746 


♦37,426,526 


49,827,220 


♦311 


♦221 


447 



* Includes value of equipment in Maryland counties, but excludes value of administration 
buildings. 

t Excludes value of equipment, and also of administration buildings, warehouses, and 
storage buildings. 



128 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 112 



f Value of School Property, ^Including Equipment, Per Pupil Belonging, 1941 



County 


School Property Used 
by White Pupils 


School Property Used 
by Colored Pupils 


tValue 


Average 
Number 
Belonging 


Value 

Per 
White 
Pupil 


-(-Value 


Average 
Number 
Belonging 


Value 
Per 
Colored 
Pupil 


Total Counties . . . 


J 1940 


$34,576,202 


140,802 


$246 


$2,029,194 


27,194 


$75 


'\1941 


35,402,368 


141,939 


249 


2,024,158 


27,136 


75 






5,106,118 


15,163 


337 


85,217 


288 


296 


Anne Arundel 




1,907,800 


8,329 


229 


°148,715 


3,167 


47 






4,706,200 


21,997 


214 


162,900 


1,942 


84 






133,400 


961 


139 


°48,875 


1,172 


42 


Caroline 




639,325 


2,520 


254 


73 , 500 


737 


100 


Carroll 




1,171,579 


6,216 


188 


29,200 


410 


71 


Cecil 




1,162,265 


4,098 


284' 


45,623 


468 


98 






$334,450 


1,944 


172 


°tll2,385 


1,643 


68 


Dorchester 




963,050 


3,343 


288 


93,100 


1,401 


66 






1,890,445 


8,790 


215 


112,350 


912 


123 






°503,245 


4,710 


107 








Harford 




tl, 088, 650 


5,390 


202 


°73,400 


892 


82 






683,250 


2,737 


250 


23,250 


630 


37 


Kent 




192,024 


1,663 


115 


25,685 


789 


33 


Montgomery 




5,673,700 


12,802 


443 


137,600 


1,998 


69 






2,861,700 


13,972 


205 


283,900 


3,245 


87 


Queen Anne's. . . . 




453.300 


1,826 


248 


°49,900 


701 


71 


St. Mary's 




169,450 


1,168 


145 


°34,430 


1,012 


34 


Somerset ........ 




°432,000 


2,452 


176 


68,300 


1,489 


46 


Talbot 




529,277 


2,161 


245 


56,276 


987 


57 


Washington 




2,670,695 


12,861 


208 


48,400 


276 


175 






1,617,295 


4,320 


374 


223,152 


1,565 


143 


Worcester 




513,150 


2,516 


204 


88,000 


1,412 


62 


Baltimore City. . . 




*42,402,034 


80,617 


526 


*7, 425, 186 


30,910 


240 


State 




$77,804,402 


222,556 


$350 


$9,449,344 


58,046 


$163 



t No valuations are included for administration buildings, warehouses, or storage buildings. 
* Excludes value of equipment for Baltimore City. 
° Excludes value of rented buildings. 

t Excludes value of property owned by the Federal government. 



Value of School Property; County Tax Levies 1941-42 



129 



TABLE 113 
County Tax Levy 1941-42 



County 



Total 
County 
Levy 



Levy for Public Schools 



Current 
Expenses 



Debt 
Service 



Capital 
Outlay 



Total 



Levy for 
Purposes 
Other than 
Schools 



Total Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundelf 
Baltimore - }" . . • . 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . . 

Frederick! 

Garrettf 

Harfordf 

Howard 

Kentt 

Montgomery. . 
Pr. George's . . . 
Queen Anne's . . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washingtonf. . • 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Balto. City 

Entire State . . . 



$18,236,636 

1,882,463 
al, 540, 734 
b4, 169,939 
117,563 
217,640 
436,402 
465,767 
170,152 
454,885 
869,937 
c408,301 
645,023 
324,394 
276,835 
de2,390,411 
1,276,533 
209,440 
fglll,232 
192,579 
h270,565 
1,016,316 
482 , 649 
306,876 

k40,001,572 

$58,238,208 



$6,872,772 

716,117 

435,836 
bl, 109, 485 

38,060 

88,000 
233,893 
240,400 

69,150 
135,848 
405,800 
105,933 
280,800 
109,000 

93,859 
979,752 
645,998 

99,550 
f48,109 

65,143 
128,865 
536,615 
193,500 
113,059 

k9, 177, 772 

$16,050,544 



$1,641,623 

*210,900 
109,755 
281,361 
*1 1,654 
*1 1,820 



*33,930 
*11,000 
*54,047 
*125,548 
45,186 
*27,893 
*23,409 



*d251,025 
*159,444 
*7,900 
g350 
*8,748 
*h45,050 
*128,518 
*70,775 
*23,310 

1,767,435 

$3,409,058 



$527,184 

6,000 
47,525 
20,500 
4,100 
5,000 
36,000 



6,600 



5,000 
28,709 
2,700 
1,000 



317,550 
34,000 



5,000 



7,500 



$527,184 



$9,041,579 

933,017 
593,116 
bl, 411, 346 

53,814 
104,820 
269,893 
274,330 

86,750 
189,895 
536,348 
179,828 
311,393 
133,409 

93,859 
1,548,327 
839,442 
107,450 
fg48,459 

78,891 
173,915 
665,133 
264,275 
143 , 869 

kl0,945,207 

$19,986,786 



$9,195,057 

949,446 
a947,618 
2,758,593 

63 , 749 
112,820 
166,509 
191,437 

83,402 
264,990 
333 , 589 
c228,473 
333,630 
190,985 
182,976 
e842,084 
437,091 
101,990 

62,773 
113,688 

96,650 
351,183 
218,374 
163,007 

k29,056,365 

$38,251,422 



t Calendar year 1942. 

* Paid directly by county commissioners. 

a Excludes $57,330 from other revenue and surplus for roads, 
b Includes $6,600 for teachers' retirement prior to 1927. 

c Excludes $6,000 to be received from State for indigent sick, $10,000 advance costs for 
relocation of Friendsville — Pennsylvania line to be received from Federal government, 
$62,750 for repayment of money borrowed on uncollected taxes, orders or warrants payable. 

d Excludes $141,730 for redemption of school bonds paid from receipts of refunding bonds. 

e Excludes $246,270 for redemption of bonds paid from receipts of refunding bonds. 

f Includes $8,490 from sale of liquor licenses. 

g Includes $350 from tongers' licenses. 

h Includes $20,000 for payment of note. 

k Excludes $19,084,108 receipts from loan funds (bond issues), State and Federal aid, 
State income tax, motor vehicle licenses, fuel tax, lateral roads and grade crossing tax. and 
water service, fire hydrant and conduit rentals. 



130 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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132 



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1941 Assessable Basis; Tax Rates 1941-42 



133 



TABLE 117 



Calculated Countv School Tax Rates and Published County Tax Rates, 

1941-42 





1941-42 Calculated County 








Tax Rate for School* 


Total 


Additional 












Published 


Rates in 


County 










County 


Districts 












Tax Rate 


and In- 




Current 


Debt 


Capital 




1941-42 


corporated 




Expenses 


Service 


Outlay 


Total 








$.567 


$.135 


$.043 


$.745 






Equalization Fund Counties 


.613 


.150 


.027 


.790 








.731 


.215 


.006 


.952 


$1.43 


$.40-1.10 


Anne Arundelf 


.702 


.177 


.076 


.955 


1.65 


.67-3.00 


Calvert 


.557 


.170 


.060 


.787 


1.55 


60.-1.10 


Caroline 


.580 


.078 


.033 


.691 


1.28 


.25- .80 


Carroll 


.563 




.087 


.650 


.90 


.30-1.10 


Charles 


.585 


.093 


.056 


.734 


1.25 


.50- .65 




.547 


.218 




.765 


1.25 


.65-1.10 


Frederickf 


.594 


.184 


!667 


.785 


1.16 


.35-1.25 


Garrettf 


.545 


.232 


.148 


.925 


1.33 


.15- .80 




.557 


.120 


.005 


.682 


1.30 




Kentf 


.530 






.530 


1.25 


. 40-1 ! 05 




.623 


!i54 


!633 


.810 


1.38 


.20-1.06 




.548 


.043 




.591 


.88 


.30- .90 


St. Mary's 


.510 


.004 




.514 


1.18 


.80 




.519 


.070 


!040 


.629 


1.30 


. 75-1 . 53 


Talbot 


.553 


.193 




.746 


1.15 


.75-1.00 




.611 


.146 




.757 


1.10 


.22- .80 


Wicomico 


.571 


.209 




.780 


1.19 


.40-1.00 




.524 


.108 


.035 


.667 


1.25 


.55-1.20 


Non-Equalization Fund Counties. . . . 


.505 


.115 


.066 


.686 








.431 


.109 


.008 


.548 


1.25 


.03- .23 


Cecil 


.547 


.077 




.624 


1.04 


.40-1.13 


Harfordf 


.468 


.047 


.004 


.519 


1.10 


.88 




.630 


.161 


.204 


.995 


1.50 


.24- .92 




.730 


.141 




.871 






Entire State 


.650 


.138 


.021 


.809 







* Obtained by dividing county levy for school purposes by assessable taxable at the full 
rate for county purposes, 
t Calendar year 1942. 



134 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 118 

Parent-Teacher Associations in County White and Colored Schools 



County 



Total and 

County Average 

Anne Arundel .... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Kent 

Queen Anne's .... 

Montgomery 

Wicomico 

Howard 

Prince George's . . 

Allegany 

Worcester 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Carroll 

Charles 

Frederick 

Harford 

Garrett 

Dorchester 

Cecil 

Washington 

St. Mary's 



White Schools 



Number 



1940 1941 



475 

30 
52 

7 

9 
14 
18 
38 
19 
15 
44 
43 

7 
14 
15 
18 

7 
29 
24 
21 
17 
15 
15 



463 

30 
51 

7 

9 
13 
19 
39 
18 
15 
43 
34 
10 
13 
12 
18 

7 
21 
22 
33 
17 
14 
15 

3 



Percent 



1940 1941 



68.5 

100.0 
100.0 
87.5 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
95.0 
95.0 
88.2 
81.5 
84.3 
53.8 
82.4 
88.2 
69.2 
70.0 
72.5 
60.0 
32.3 
51.5 
42.9 
23.1 
21.1 



69.9 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
97.5 
90.0 
88.2 
82.7 
79.1 
76.9 
76.5 
75.0 
72.0 
70.0 
60.0 
59.5 
51.6 
51.5 
45.2 
24.2 
16.7 



County 



Total and 

County Average 

Anne Arundel .... 

Baltimore 

Cecil 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's . . 
Queen Anne's. . . . 

St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Charles 

Somerset 

Harford 

Dorchester 

Caroline 

Howard 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Allegany 

Frederick 

Washington 



Colored Schools 



Number 


Percent 


1940 


1941 


1940 


1941 


331 


323 


90.4 


92.6 


39 


39 


100.0 


100.0 


18 


18 


100.0 


100.0 


8 


8 


100 ro 


100.0 


12 


12 


100.0 


100.0 


19 


20 


95.0 


100.0 


44 


45 


100.0 


100.0 


18 


18 


100.0 


100.0 


17 


17 


89.5 


100.0 


16 


16 


100.0 


100.0 


14 


15 


100.0 


100.0 


9 


12 


60.0 


100.0 


26 


23 


89.7 


95.8 


19 


15 


100.0 


93.8 


15 


14 


88.2 


87.5 


22 


19 


88.0 


86.4 


5 


3 


100.0 


75.0 


5 


6 


62.5 


75.0 


16 


12 


88.9 


66.7 


4 


4 


66.7 


66.7 




1 




50.0 


' "5 


5 


45^5 


50.0 




1 




33.3 



County School Administration and Supervision 135 



COUNTY SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION AND SUPERVISION 

The salary of a Maryland county superintendent as fixed in 
the State minimum salary schedule depends on size of teaching 
staff and years of experience. Counties, however, may and in 
most instances do pay salaries above those in the minimum 
salary schedule, the range in salaries in 1940-41 being from 
$3,040 to $6,600 in Allegany and $8,000 in Baltimore County. 
In 1941 the average salary was $4,380 and the median $4,350. 
(See Table XIV, page 184.) 

There were ten counties with fewer than 150 teachers, four 
having from 150 to 199 teachers, and nine with more than 200 
teachers. The average number of teachers per county was 230, 
while the median county had 160 teachers. The smallest county 
had 63 teachers and the largest 623. Several counties which 
would have had more than 200 teachers had they not carried 
forward a policy of school consolidation and transportation have 
replaced the additional problems of a large teaching staff with 
those of the transportation service. (See Table X, page 180.) 

Conferences of County Superintendents with the State Department Staff 

At the conference of the superintendents held on September 
13, 1940, a committee of superintendents presented the follow- 
ing questions needing consideration in connection with extension 
of the program of education : 

Should elementary instruction consisting of six grades be limited to 
children who have not developed beyond the elementary stage? 

Should the seventh grade be organized to meet the needs of children 
who have matured beyond the elementary stage and be considered as 
high school work? 

t Will legislation be necessary to provide for a twelve-grade system 
since Section 193, now 187, of Article 77 provides for a four-year 
course of high school instruction? Such legislation might empower 
the State Board of Education to establish a twelve-year system under 
rules and regulations and in such places as the State Board might 
approve. 

When should the extended 6-3-3 or 6-6 program become effective? 
September, 1943, was suggested subject to earlier approval in counties 
ready at an earlier date. 

Will a preliminary survey be needed in each county concerning 
course of study, centers for elementary, junior, senior, or junior- 
senior high school work, number of teachers, transportation, buildings 
and costs in the light of estimated enrollment figures? 

What methods of financing by State and County must be worked out 
whenever the extended program becomes a part of the State minimum 
program ? 

Can the different approach needed for the curriculum of an extended 
program be developed under the leadership of the professional staff 
of the State Department and the counties, or will additional services 
be advisable? 

What procedures are most appropriate in developing public under- 
standing and acceptance of the extended program of education? 



136 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



Following this conference each county estimated enrollment 
for the extended program for elementary schools feeding to 
junior high, or junior-senior high schools and junior high schools 
feeding to senior high schools. This involved estimates of 
changes in enrollment and teachers, estimates of additional 
pupils who would require transportation, and of unused or addi- 
tional rooms needed for the extended program should it be 
initiated in 1943-44 for pupils leaving the sixth grade at the 
close of 1942-43 and should these pupils still in school complete 
the twelfth year in 1948-49. 

At the conference of superintendents and State Department 
Staff held on May 16, 1941, the following subjects were discussed: 

Status of the farm shop building program. 

Policies for "in-school work projects" for NYA students for 1941-42 on 
the following points: 

a. Eligibility: age; economic need; quality of school work 

b. Kinds of work to which students should be assigned 

c. Approval of each case by the County Superintendent 

d. Principal's summary report each month to Superintendent: 

(1) Number of recipients in each school 

(2) Type of work each participant is performing 

e. NYA representative to visit a school or schools in any county 
only after conferring with the County Superintendent 

f. After each visit to a school, NYA representative to furnish 
written report to the principal, with copy to the Superintendent 

Suggested changes in "out of school work projects" for NYA youth 
involving concentration in Baltimore and Hagerstown of boys on a 
resident basis so that they can be offered training for defense in- 
dustries. Question was raised regarding the attitude school officials 
should take toward proposed new NYA shop buildings for Frostburg, 
Cumberland, Salisbury, and Greenbelt. The advisability of limiting 
work experience projects available to youth from ages 18 to 24 instead 
of from ages 16 to 24 was discussed. 

Programs planned by representatives of out of school agencies such 
as the WPA, NYA, Surplus Commodities, State Employment Service, 
and others through movies, talks to pupils or faculty, interviews with 
pupils and distribution of materials should be permitted only when 
approval is given by the County Superintendent and Board of Education. 

The defense training program is to be promoted by distributing 
printed material to high school pupils, registration of high school 
seniors by the State Employment Service, and by aiding the personnel 
service of the Glenn Martin plant to secure workers. 

Dr. Pullen told of plans for giving publicity to the Survey Report. 

Dr. Weglein reported on his trip over the country to study school 
conditions to promote vocational training. 

The superintendents approved the following certificate require- 
ments for library work proposed by the Committee on Certifi- 
cation : 

Part-time library work — college degree with professional and scho- 
lastic requirements necessary for high school teacher's certificate with 
12 semester hours in library science, including cataloguing, classifica- 
tion, bibliography, reference work, and book selection. 



Conferences of Superintendents; the 1941 School Survey Report 137 

Full-time library work — college degree, with professional and scho- 
lastic requirements necessary for high school teacher's certificate with 
30 semester hours in library training, including cataloguing, classifica- 
tion, bibliography, reference work, and book selection. 

This was later approved by the State Board of Education as 
an amendment of By-law 57 on May 28, 1941. 

Recommendations of the 1941 School Survey Report 

The 19Jfl Survey of the Maryland Public Schools and Teachers 
Colleges — a cooperative undertaking of the school authorities 
of the State with the survey staff — a report of 428 pages, was 
published in February, 1941 and made available to the members 
of the Legislature and the general public. Its major recom- 
mendations relate to the proposed long-term study of the curric- 
ulum, with the purpose of fitting it to the demands of the 
times, and the lengthening of the school course from 11 to 12 
years in the 20 counties now operating on the 7-4 or 6-5 plan. 
There are now only three counties (Allegany, Montgomery, and 
Washington) providing the 12th year, and each on a somewhat 
independent and unstandardized basis. There is need of develop- 
ing standards by which the school authorities of each county 
would be governed as they work out plans for lengthening the 
number of school years. 

Answers to the following questions should emerge from a 
long-term study program of the purposes of education, accord- 
ing to the Survey Report : 

"How can we, through the strenuous and difficult years of conflict that 
seem to lie immediately ahead, acquire the social, economic, and 
spiritual understanding demanded by the times and how can we evolve 
the methods by which these can be put into effective practice for the 
good of all, not only during the conflict, but also when war throughout 
the world has ceased? 

"There follow five essentials of such an education, each of which in- 
volves a number of important issues and problems: 

"1. The development of a social philosophy among our educators and 
people everywhere that will do most to forward the ultimate aims of 
our American democracy. This philosophy should recognize the dynamic 
character of our society and should demand that the school be an active, 
conscious agent for the preservation of the best in our American democ- 
racy and, in addition, that the school put forth every effort to bring 
about needed improvements. 

"2. An educational philosophy and psychology, the chief aim of which 
will be to assist each individual in finding and in perfecting his gifts to 
the end that our American living may be improved through satisfying 
individual growth in socially desirable directions. 

"3. A curriculum made up of the kinds of experiences that assist each 
individual to discover and develop promising interests and purposes 
and to employ these for the general good. 

"4. Subject matter of life itself — subject matter that is authentic, 
adequate, significant, and of real use. 

"5. Challenging and educative opportunities for each individual to 
appraise his own progress in the development and social use of the 
talents and gifts with which he has been endowed." 



138 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

According to the Educational Policies Commission: 

"If an individual is to make satisfactory contributions to the main- 
tenance and improvement of the desirable aspects of living in a 
democracy, he must engage in activities, both individual and social, 
which for successful culmination require a range of skills which go far 
beyond those usually stressed in the schools as important. Not only 
reading, writing, and numbers are requisite, but also methods of deal- 
ing with other human beings; ways of developing tolerance; a sense 
of responsibility, and a willingness to share; procedures in learning 
how to earn a living; and techniques in participating in the making of 
a better school community, or nation. The skills acquired must help 
the individual to become a happy, well-rounded member of an ever 
improving democratic society." 

The Survey Report summarizes the reasons for extending the 
educational opportunities in 20 counties from 11 to 12 years 
as follows: 

"1 — Economic conditions make job-getting difficult. 

2 — Aims and objectives of education are changing. 

3 — Twelve years of education is the general practice in the United 
States. 

4 — The twelve-year system is needed for the proper enrichment of 
educational offerings. 

5 — The twelve-year program will make educational opportunities more 
nearly equal. 

6 — The enriched twelve-year program will help solve the difficult 
over-age problem. 

7 — The present difficulties when pupils transfer from an eleven- 
to a twelve-grade system and vice versa will be eliminated if 
the twelve-grade system is adopted throughout the State." 

No laws were enacted in 1941 to carry out the recommenda- 
tions of the Survey Commission regarding the lengthening of 
the school course, but the question was referred to the Legisla- 
tive Council for study and report to the 1943 Legislature. Mean- 
while, the educational leaders of each county have the problem 
of bringing before the friends of education and the teaching 
staff the changes which face the schools if the needs of youth 
are to be met more effectively than at present. 

State Supervision of Elementary Schools 

In addition to the usual activities devoted to improvement of 
elementary school practice and to considerable time devoted to 
assistance on the Maryland School Survey, the Assistant Superin- 
tendent in charge of Elementary Instruction gave major empha- 
sis in 1940-41 to promoting careful study and discussion by- 
teachers and supervisors of the content and underlying philos- 
ophy of the social studies bulletins for primary and intermediate 
levels which were published in November and December, 1940. 
At the all-day conference held on November 28, 1940, the follow- 
ing questions discussed dealt with ways and means of making 
the social studies program more effective: 



The 1941 School Survey Report; Supervision of 139 
White Elementary Schools 

1. How may the social-studies program assist in developing some 
of the personal qualities needed for successful living? 

What are these needed qualities? 

How secure more pupil planning and assumption of respon- 
sibility ? 

How provide for individual differences? 

2. How may the social-studies program assist in promoting balance 
in living? 

What do you understand by balance in living? By a balanced 
education ? 

What relationship should exist between information and 

activity in an effectively organized program? 
Is art a general or a special subject? 

3. What difficulties are involved in using new course-of -study units ? 

Do teachers prefer one basal text with supplementary refer- 
ences, or several basal texts to fit various units ? How 
teach children to use reference material? 

What are the advantages of larger blocks of time devoted to 
work on the social-studies unit? 

In what ways is the social-studies program being initiated by 
various counties? 

How can we utilize community resources to better advantage ? 

How may teachers and children be brought to an appreciation 
of the newer directions in evaluation ? 

4. How may the social-studies program contribute toward the 
understanding and attainment of the democratic ideal? 

What is the democratic ideal? 

What criteria should be applied to the development of a 
unit of work? 



TABLE 119 



Number of Supervisors in Maryland Counties for Varying Numbers of White 
Elementary Teachers, October, 1940 



Number of 


Number of 






White 


Supervisors 


Number 




Elementary 


Allowed 


of 


Names of Counties 


Teachers 


By Law 


Counties 




Less than 80 


1 


11 


Calvert, Caroline, Charles, Dorchester, Howard, 
Kent, Queen Anne's, St. Mary's, Somerset, Talbot, 
Worcester 


80 to 119 


2 


4 


Cecil (1), Garrett, Harford, Wicomico 


120 to 185 


3 


3 


Anne Arundel (2), Carroll (2), Frederick (2) 


186 to 235 


4 




236 to 285 


5 


i 


°Prince George's (4) 


286 to 335 


6 


3 


ttAllegany (5), f*Montgomery (5), f*Washington (5 


336 to 385 


7 


1 


x§t*Baltimore 



( ) The number of supervisors actually employed in October, 1940, is shown in parentheses 
for counties which employed fev/er than the minimum number required by law. 
* Includes a supervisor of music, 
t Includes a supervisor of art. 

§ Includes a supervisor of physical education and health. 

° Includes a general supervisor who supervises art part-time, and another who supervises 
music part-time. 

% Includes a supervisor of special education. 

x Includes an assistant superintendent in charge of curriculum and instruction. 



140 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 
Supervision of High Schools 

In 1940-41 the State had three high school supervisors in 
charge of supervision in seven central, five western, and eleven 
eastern counties of Maryland, respectively. In addition, there 
were State supervisors of agriculture, home economics, in- 
dustrial arts and education, physical education, and guidance, 
who supervised the teachers in these fields. Four counties 
(Baltimore, Montgomery, Carroll, and Allegany) employed full- 
time high school supervisors, who worked directly with the 
principals and teachers in those counties and with the State super- 
visors, and one county, Anne Arundel, had one of its prin- 
cipals act as high school supervisor part-time. The number of 
teachers under the supervision of each of the three State high 
school supervisors, exclusive of the teachers in the special fields 
mentioned above, was from 425 to 450. 

High school supervision in Maryland is administered by the 
State Department of Education, the three supervisors working 
through the County Superintendent, sometimes through the 
county supervisor, and through the high school principal to 
improve the educational program and quality of instruction in 
the county high schools. As each high school supervisor has 
under his direct supervision over 400 teachers he has the prob- 
lem of distributing his time and selecting his activities to secure 
the best and most beneficent results for all schools, in view of 
the extent of territory to be covered and the number of schools, 
principals, and teachers to be served. 

The following supervisory activities of the three general State 
high school supervisors are outlined in Mr. Fontaine's new 
edition of 'The Evolution of State High School Supervision in 
Maryland :" 

1. Observation of classwork of beginning and inexperienced teachers, 
followed by personal conferences based on these observations. 

2. Directing county groups of experienced and capable teachers in 
curriculum construction and revision in the various subject-matter fields, 
at the request of the superintendent. 

3. Planning and holding high school teachers' meetings in county and 
regional groups, featuring the study and discussion of topics related to 
the latest approved methods of classroom instruction. 

4. Preparing high school bulletins in certain fields and in county and 
regional group meetings interpreting these bulletins and explaining 
their use. During 1940-41 bulletins entitled "A High School Reading 
Program," "A Guide to the Seasonal Physical Education Program," and 
"Practical Arts and the Vocational Education Program," the last a re- 
print from the "1941 Survey of Maryland Public Schools," were pub- 
lished. Preparation of bulletins by teachers of commercial subjects, 
literature, music, social studies, and science were in progress. 



Supervision of County High Schools 



141 



5. Planning and holding in small and large regional groups princi- 
pals' conferences based on the study and discussion of secondary school 
problems. 

At the 1940 fall conferences of high school principals the general 
topic was "Adapting High School Curricula to Pupil Needs and Chang- 
ing Conditions." The characteristics of the "educationally neglected 
pupil" with respect to language difficulties, attention span, capacity for 
self -evaluation, ability to generalize, etc., and their implications for 
methods of approach, classroom techniques, and curriculum were 
presented. Work opportunities, more extensive use of community 
resources, organizing a "core" curriculum around life problems, greater 
use of visual and auditory aids, difficulties in the way of reorganiza- 
tion, changes needed in State requirements for graduation, and the 
results of extending the program another year, were other problems 
taken up at these conferences. 

The spring regional conferences were held in Easton, Towson and 
Frostburg, April 28-30, 1941, centering around "The 1941 Survey Report 
as a Guide to Further Progress." Recommendations for (a) a long 
term study program, (b) better articulation between the high and 
elementary schools, (c) further consolidation of high schools, (d) 
equal credit and the single diploma, (e) in-service training of teachers, 
(f ) further expansion of vocational education, (g) additional assistance 
in curriculum development from the State Department of Education, 
and (h) meeting more adequately the needs of gifted pupils, were 
discussed by several high school principals. 

At these meetings there was distributed free library material made 
available to the schools by the Enoch Pratt Library and the Maryland 
Library Commission. 

6. Encouraging principals to form committees in small regional 
groups for the scientific study of the high school situation in their own 
sections in such fields as curriculum adjustments, library guidance, 
community relationships, pupil activity programs, and giving committees 
assistance and direction in such studies. 

7. Selecting principals as members of committees for school surveys 
using the materials of the Cooperative Study of Secondary School 
Standards. Twelve schools were surveyed during 1940-41 so that 71 of 
the largest county high schools had been evaluated by June 1941. 

8. Emphasizing with principals at every opportunity (in personal 
conferences and in group meetings) the paramount responsibility of 
the principal as a professional leader of his own teaching corps, mani- 
festing this leadership not only in classroom supervision but also in 
other important ways. 

It is realized that all principals are not qualified by training", 
experience and temperament to act as supervisors in their 
schools. Some of the county superintendents are alert to the 
desirability of developing their principals as supervisory leaders 
in their schools and to this end see that time is scheduled for 
this purpose, or relieve the principal of administrative routine 
and clerical duties in the larger schools by employing clerks. 



142 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



_ Some or all of the following characteristics are found in coun- 
ties or schools in which the principals act as supervisory leaders : 

Monthly supervisory reports of principals to the superintendent. 

Regular professional meetings of principals with the superintendent. 

Supervisory work of the principal with inexperienced teachers in- 
cluding follow-up conferences after classroom visitation. 

Use of supervisory checklists developed by the faculty. 

Planned series of professional faculty meetings. 

Encouragement of professional reading by the faculty. 

Critiques conducted by high school supervisor of the supervisory 
technique of the principal with an actual classroom situation. 

The enactment of Chapter 150 by the 1941 Legislature making 
it possible for adults to take examinations which would prove 
their ability to do work ordinarily completed by instruction in a 
high school makes it necessary to prepare examinations and plan 
procedures for giving them. The first examinations were sched- 
uled for October, 1941. 

Since the High School Stcmdards Bulletin is in need of revision 
the suggestions of principals are to be sought in making desir- 
able changes. 

As a result of a petition for clarification of By-law 60, passed 
on October 14, 1938, with reference to sororities and fraternities 
in the county high schools, submitted by the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Parents' Sorority and Fraternity Council, of the 
Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School of Montgomery County, 
Maryland, dated November 4, 1940, and after consultation with 
a member of the office of the Attorney General of Maryland, the 
State Board, at its meeting on May 28, 1941, repealed and re- 
enacted By-law 60 with amendments to read as follows : 

By-law 60 

No pupil enrolled in a public high school in any county of Maryland 
shall be a member of a fraternity or sorority or any other secret, 
exclusive, self-perpetuating social organization composed in whole or 
in part of public school pupils, which seeks to organize and perpetuate 
itself by taking in members from among the pupils enrolled in such 
school in which they are pupils, upon the basis of decision of the mem- 
bership of such organization, rather than from the free choice of any 
pupils in such school who are otherwise qualified to fill the special 
aims of such an organization. 

The county board of education is hereby authorized, upon finding 
that any pupil is a member of a high school fraternity, sorority, or 
social organization as above defined, to exclude such pupil from rep- 
resenting the school in any public activity, contest, or exhibition, such 
as athletic, literary, or dramatic, and from participating in any school 
activity other than class attendance, and from holding a position of 
authority in any school or class organization. 

Nothing in this regulation shall be deemed as prohibiting the county 
board of education from excluding any pupil from class in those 
instances where the behavior of such pupil is detrimental to school 
discipline. 



Supervision of County High and Colored Schools 



143 



Supervision of Colored Schools 

The State Supervisor of Colored Schools spends half of his 
time in the field working with the colored high school principals 
and teachers and the remainder in assisting the county super- 
visors of colored schools and in finding qualified teachers to 
nominate to the county superintendents. For the high schools 
it is necessary to do much searching to find teachers properly 
certificated to teach two subjects. 

Each of 13 counties received $750 from the State as reim- 
bursement toward the salary of a full-time colored supervisor. 
Two counties which had a small number of schools employed 
part-time colored supervisors. Ten of the colored supervisors 
employed were men and five were women. In five counties the 
supervisor devoted some time to high school instruction in 
industrial arts, home economics, mathematics, and the social 
studies. The attendance officers in Cecil, Howard, Queen Anne's 
and Somerset spent part of their time in supervising colored 
schools, the Assistant Superintendent of Schools in Baltimore 
County had the supervision of colored schools as part of his 
duties, and in Anne Arundel and Wicomico the attendance 
officers gave attention to the colored school program, although 
these counties employed colored supervisors. 

Conferences, study and procedures of the State and County 
supervisors of elementary schools for colored children in 1940-41 
were focused around the following centers of interest: 

1. Raising the level of scholarship of the teachers. 

2. Meeting the needs of pupils of varied learning abilities. 

3. Revitalizing techniques for helping teachers. 

4. Organizing subject matter for pupil learning about a core based 
on the experiences of pupils. 

5. Course-of-study construction. 

6. Creation of a better social atmosphere for pupils with respect 
to a. Use of leisure time; b. Improvement of home surroundings; 
c. Behavior in the community. 

7. Making guidance function for elementary school pupils. 

8. Promoting a directed play program in every school. 

9. Attacking the various elements of reading. 

10. Making literature an effective subject for pupil learning. 

11. Helping children with speech defects. 

12. Following testing with remedial programs to improve instruction. 

13. Interpreting and promoting use of the Social Studies Bulletins. 
At the conference of colored high school principals with the 

State Supervisor of Schools for Colored Children and during sub- 
sequent visits to the schools the role of the principal in effecting 
the following desirable outcomes for pupils was considered: 



144 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



1. Greater economic security for pupils. 

2. Livelier interest of pupils in citizenship. 

3. Appreciation of the aesthetic by pupils. 

4. A recreational and leisure-time program. 

5. Getting pupils into high school on the opening day, keeping 
them in regular attendance, and offering a program to main- 
tain their persistence in school. 

6. Helping children to make intelligent choices. 

7. Follow-up of graduates and other withdrawals over a five-year 
period. 

8. Loyalty of staff to interests of school. 

9. Definite objectives underlying each teaching act. 

10. Interpretation of the school and its curricular needs to the 
P. T. A. and community. 

In 1940-41 the State Supervisor of Colored Schools invited 
committees to participate in surveying five schools at Denton, 
Westminster, Cambridge, Upper Marlboro and Salisbury with 

the Evaluative Criteria of the Cooperative Study of Secondary 
School Standards. 

The State Supervisor of Colored Schools visited the Bowie 
State Teachers College during the year to study the quality of 
instruction and to confer with both faculty and students. He 
also continued to advise principals and teachers to direct to 
Bowie only those high school graduates who have maintained 
high scholarship records and who have the personal qualities 
necessary for a good teacher. 

The salary and travel expense of the State Supervisor of 
Colored Schools, except for $250, were paid by the General Educa- 
tion Board. 

Conference of School Attendance Workers with State Department Staff 
The annual meeting of Maryland county attendance workers 
was held on September 23 and 24, 1940. A minute was adopted 
regarding Mr. Martin N. Hihn, late Director of Attendance in 
Baltimore City who died January 3, 1940. 

The values of stimulating cooperative interrelationships of 
social agencies were brought out by descriptions of experiences 
in Baltimore City and Frederick. The former were described 
in the Baltimore City Annual Report for 1939 and the latter in 
the bulletin of the Baltimore City Council of Social Agencies 
for September 1940. This latter bulletin for April 1940 had a 
helpful article on School Clothing. The September 1940 Mid- 
monthly Survey magazine suggests methods of procedure and 
pitfalls to avoid in setting up a Council of Social Agencies. 



Supervision of Colored Schools; Conference of 145 
Attendance Workers 

The major part of the sessions was given to reports of the 
committees on "Diagnosis and Treatment of Problems of School 
Children" and "Procedures for Taking the School Census" of 
which Mrs. Lola P. Brown and Mr. Ramey were the respective 
chairmen. 

Mrs. Brown and members of her committee presented the 
need for a factual case study of maladjusted children whose 
behavior becomes a problem to teachers, attendance worker, 
and possibly others. Various forms were submitted for collect- 
ing factual data. One of these forms after revision became the 
new form of Cumulative Absence report adopted by a number 
of the counties to replace in whole or in part the yellow and pink 
Cumulative Absence and Withdrawal blanks in use since 1922-23. 

Mr. Ramey's committee brought out the lack of uniformity in 
the counties in plans for taking the biennial school census and 
recommended that the most efficient method be discovered and 
adopted by all of the counties. There was discussion of how 
often a complete new census should be taken. There is consider- 
able variation in the amount of time during the school day given 
to teachers to take the census, some counties allowing no time 
and others allowing from one-half day to two days. The length 
of the school year is so close to 180 days in some counties that 
none of these school days can be allowed for census taking. Those 
counties with a short school year, however, could plan for days 
in addition to the 180 days for census taking. In any case ade- 
quate time should be allowed teachers to take the census. 

The question of a permanent and continuous census such as 
is found in Denver and New Jersey was discussed from the point 
of view of its application to Maryland. There is paramount 
need of accounting for every child to assure that no child who 
can benefit is deprived of an education while he is within the 
borders of a county. The advantages of keeping census data up 
to date and available for use by superintendent and supervisor (s) 
was explained. The time required to keep data up to date by 
teacher and principal, filing space, and cost of clerical help are 
factors to be considered, but with a satisfactory system, these 
usually can be supplied. The tentative plan worked out for 
Baltimore County which is not in effect was presented. It was 
agreed that some plan for a permanent and continuous census be 
prepared by the committee, sent to the attendance workers for 
approval, and then presented to the county superintendents. 

Dr. A. W. Hedrich, Director of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, 
State Department of Health, reported on the findings which 
resulted from the check of 1936 and 1938 school census data 
showing place and date of birth with birth records of the State 
Department of Health. His checks indicated that registration 



146 1941 Report op Maryland State Department of Education 

of births and school census enumeration of children under age 
five were much more complete for some counties than for others, 
and inquiry indicated that a house to house canvass had been 
made in those counties with the most complete school census 
data. Dr. Hedrich emphasized the importance and advisability 
of everyone obtaining a birth record and indicated the types and 
amount of evidence which must be produced before such a 
record can be made available by the State Department of Health. 
It was urged that more counties require children to produce 
birth certificates upon their first entrance to Maryland schools. 

Dr. Edwin W. Broome, Superintendent of Montgomery County 
Schools, spoke to the group on trends in modern educational 
thought. Each act and attitude of the child must be studied on 
an individual basis and treated individually. Formerly, the out- 
ward manifestation of behavior was treated — treated the same 
way in each case. In law, for example, certain penalties have 
been prescribed for certain crimes. Now we are considering each 
act an indication of some problem within the child. Instead of 
punishing non-conformist behavior, it is analyzed, interpreted, 
and treated. To illustrate the meaning of this thought, a class- 
room was compared with a hospital ward. If fifty patients in 
the ward had a temperature of 100°, all fifty patients would not 
be given the same medicine, as there might be fifty different 
reasons for the fever. In school we must apply individual meth- 
ods according to the needs of each child. 

All action is expressive of something; it does not just happen. 
The behavior of the child is merely his way of adjusting him- 
self to his situation. All behavior is purposive and based on 
the total situation. Each little act fits into the total pattern 
of living : it is better to have a child act naturally than artificially. 
A child must do his own purposing or self -directing. 

A good teacher (1) makes the child a self-responsible individ- 
ual, (2) increases his ability to be a self-directing person, (3) 
relies on analysis and study of her pupils, not brute force, (4) 
develops human beings in terms of human beings. She must 
remember that the child does not go to school to learn but to 
learn to be a self-directed individual. 

In summary Mr. Broome pointed out that in contributing to 
the development of the child we think of each problem on an in- 
dividual basis, we realize that each act is part of the total living 
of the child, that the function of the attendance worker and 
teacher is carried out when it contributes to the total living of 
the child, and that we look at behavior to see what is back of it 
and see it as a part of total living. 



Conference of Attendance Workers; the State 
Teachers Colleges 



147 



THE STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES 
TABLE 120 



Graduates of Maryland State Teachers Colleges, 1920-1941 



YEAR 


Total 


Towson 

Baltimore 
City 


Counties 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 


Total 
White 
County 
Graduates 


• 

Bowie 


1920 


37 




37 


13 




50 




1921 


50 




50 


29 




79 




1922 


114 




114 


28 




142 




1923 


240 




240 


58 




298 




1924 


239 




239 


71 




310 




1925 


527 


*234 


293 


59 




352 


' io 


1926 


428 


214 


214 


84 


' '27 


325 


n 


1927 


353 


139 


214 


91 


72 


377 


20 


1928 


286 


97 


189 


82 


75 


346 


49 


1929 


268 


115 


153 


81 


82 


316 


44 


1930 


262 


133 


129 


72 


70 


172 


59 


1931 


248 


111 


137 


84 


78 


299 


42 


1932 


215 


106 


109 


44 


74 


227 


52 


1933 


ab49 


a25 


b24 


U5 


U9 


J58 


49 


1934 


tl99 


till 


t88 


t45 


t53 


tl85 


55 


1935 


cdl58 


c70 


d88 


e55 


t31 


del 74 


w44 


1936 


ef91 


e45 


f49 


g50 


h30 


fghl29 


t21 


1937 


m71 


c58 


kl3 


ml8 


h8 


hkm39 


x+37 


1938 


no85 


n48 


o37 


o29 


o21 


o87 


f33 


1939 


dollO 


d79 


o31 


o30 


o34 


o95 


yt39 


1940 


polOO 


p61 


o39 


o31 


o24 


o94 


t31 


1941 


s74 


s34 


o40 


o28 


o33 


olOl 


zl6 


1920-1941 


*4,105 


♦1,612 


♦2,493 


♦1,040 


♦678 


♦4,217 


♦. . . . 



* Excludes duplicates — who completed two-, three-, and four-year courses. 

t Graduates of the three-year course. g Includes 22 who completed the four-year course. 

t Includes 43 graduates of the three-year course, h Includes 8 who completed the four-yr. course, 
a Includes 22 who completed the three-yr. course, k Includes 12 who completed the four-yr. course, 
b Includes 9 who completed the three-yr. course, m Includes 15 who completed the four-yr. course, 
c Includes 3 Who completed the four-year course, n Includes 5 -who completed* the four-yr. course, 
d Includes 7 who completed the four-year course, o All county graduates completed 4-yr. course, 
e Includes 13 who completed the four-yr. course, p Includes 28 who completed the 4-yr. course, 
f Includes 10 who completed the four-yr. course, s All city graduates completed the 4-yr. course. 

w Includes 3 who completed the three-year course, two of whom had completed the 
two-year course in 1934. 

x Includes 2 who had previously completed the two-year course. 

y Includes 9 graduates of 1940 three-year course and 5 graduates of three-year course in 
preceding years who had had teaching experience. 

z Includes 1 three-year graduate and 15 four-year graduates. 



148 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Graduates and Enrollment at State Teachers Colleges 



149 



TABLE 122 



Enrollment at Maryland State Teachers Colleges 



Fall of 


Towson 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 


Total 
White Students 


Bowie 


City 


County 


County 


State 


1920 




184 


57 




241 


241 




1921 




397 


101 




498 


498 




1922 




506 


134 




640 


640 




1923 




569 


125 




694 


694 


"ii 


1924 


'5i8 


602 


149 




751 


1,269 


23 


1925 


411 


513 


197 


107 


817 


1,228 


36 


1926 


275 


475 


201 


158 


834 


1,109 


81 


1927 


268 


402 


192 


170 


764 


1,032 


104 


1928 


315 


359 


178 


186 


723 


1,038 


128 


1929 


346 


368 


173 


174 


715 


1,061 


120 


1930 


298 


348 


161 


165 


674 


972 


109 


1931 


348 


306 


111 


127 


544 


892 


106 


1932 


289 


257 


136 


101 


494 


783 


122 


1933 


230 


230 


116 


114 


460 


690 


99 


1934 


178 


193 


124 


108 


425 


603 


100 


1935 


193 


147 


137 


185 


469 


662 


96 


1936 


284 


175 


131 


201 


507 


791 


116 


1937 


290 


186 


170 


210 


566 


856 


138 


1938 


340 


222 


212 


239 


673 


1,013 


177 


1939 


322 


249 


223 


273 


745 


1,067 


131 


1940 


277 


234 


221 


221 


676 


953 


150 


1941 


210 


209 


195 


209 


613 


823 


155 



TABLE 123 



Distribution of Enrollment in Maryland State Teachers Colleges by Class, 

Fall of 1941 





Towson 


Frost- 
burg 


Salis- 
bury 


Total 
White Students 


Bowie 


City 


County 


County 


State 


Freshman 


38 


48 


48 


98 


194 


232 


37 




49 


56 


59 


48 


163 


212 


44 




59 


53 


40 


35 


128 


187 


30 


Senior 


64 


52 


48 


28 


128 


192 


44 


Total 


210 


209 


195 


209 


613 


823 


155 




14 


143 


76 


86 


305 


319 


153 


Day Students 


196 


66 


119 


123 


308 


504 


2 


Elementary School 


35 


203 


178 


116 


497 


532 


123 



















150 



1941 



Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Enrollment and Faculty of State Teachers Colleges 151 

TABLE 125 
1941 Entrants at White Teachers Colleges 

t 



State 
Teachers 
College 


Total 
Num- 
ber 


Percent Having Had Various High 
School Courses 


Percent from High 
Middle, and Lower 
Third of Class 


Aca- 
demic 


Gen- 
eral 


Com- 
mercial 


Voca- 
tional 


Unclass- 
ified 


High 


Middle 


Low 


City 

County. . . 
Frostburg. . . 
Salisbury .... 


86 
39 
47 
48 
94 


i66 !6 

80.9 
75.0 
67.0 


ii'.b 

6.2 
24.4 


ii'.6 

4.3 


'2.1 
4.2 


4.3 


77!6 
68.1 
45.8 
48.9 


23!6 
25.5 
43.8 
36.2 


'6.i 
10.4 
14.9 



TABLE 126 

Freshmen Who Entered White Maryland Teachers Colleges in September, 
1940, Who Withdrew at the Request of the School, or Voluntarily, Before 

September, 1941 





Towson 








City 


County 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 








Freshmen Enrollment, September, 1940 


65 


72 


85 


83 




5 


3 


9 


20 




1 


6 


2 


2 




9 


13 


17 


13 




1.7 


8.7 


2.6 


3.1 


Percent* of Voluntary Withdrawals 


15.0 


18.8 


22.4 


20.6 




16.7 


27.5 


25.0 


23.8 



Excludes withdrawals for removal, transfer, commitment or death. 



TABLE 127 



Faculty and Staff at Maryland State Teachers Colleges, 1940-41 





Towson 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 


Bowie 


President 


1 


1 


1 


1 
11 
1 




28 
4 


10 

2 


dl2 

3 




Campus Elementary School 


9 


6 


4 


3 


Training Centers: 


a27 
bl6 

9 
c3 


e7 


7 


City 






Office Staff 


2 


2 


3 




1 


1 


1 









a In six schools of Baltimore County, 
b In eight schools in Baltimore City. 

c Includes social director, physician, and resident nurse. 

d Includes director of training who acts as principal of elementary school, but excludes 
social director who acts as teacher of home economics. 

e Includes two in one school in Somerset County and five in three schools in Wicomico 
County. 



152 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 

TABLE 128 



Total and Per Regular Student Costs at State Teachers Colleges, 1928 to 1941 



Year 


Total 
Current 
Expenses 


1 

Fees 
Paid 
by 
Students 


Cost 

to 
State 


College 
Enrollment 


Percent 
Elemen- 
tary is of 
College 
Enroll- 
ment 


Average Annual 
Cost per College 
Student 


Total 


Percent 
Resident 


Total 


in 
Fees 


to 
State 



Towson 



\ 



1928 


$300,675 


$76,406 


$224,269 


734 


51 


34 


$410 


a$104 


$306 


1929 


301,590 


64,551 


237,039 


650 


51 


39 


464 


a99 


365 


1930 


314,699 


64,660 


250,039 


604 


49 


43 


521 


al07 


414 


1931 


311,674 


61,663 


250,011 


561 


51 


42 


556 


allO 


446 


1932 


277,642 


57,201 


220,441 


582 


43 


46 


477 


a98 


379 


1933 


261,686 


4°, 182 


219,504 


503 


36 


53 


520 


a84 


436 


1934 


210,135 


79,108 


131,027 


450 


36 


54 


487 


bl96 


291 


1935 


192,873 


58,317 


134,556 


354 


31 


71 


545 


bl65 


380 


1936 


179,751 


50,286 


129,465 


330 


25 


75 


545 


bl53 


392 


1937 


184,263 


65,395 


118,868 


438 


23 


54 


420 


bl48 


272 


1938 


217,359 


70,312 


147,047 


455 


26 


54 


478 


bl55 


323 


1939 


218,699 


81,737 


136,962 


531 


25 


47 


412 


bl54 


258 


1940 


224,929 


88,414 


136,515 


535 


31 


46 


420 


bl65 


255 


1941 


219,112 


82,597 


136,515 


482 


34 


49 


455 


bl71 


284 



Frostburg 



1928 


$71,247 


$16,770 


$54,477 


194 


38 


* 


*$368 


a$87 


*$281 


1929 


73 , 584 


14,566 


59,018 


178 


44 


' 65 


413 


a82 


331 


1930 


76,581 


13,221 


63,360 


161 


43 


65 


476 


a82 


394 


1931 


77,554 


14,290 


63,264 


154 


51 


80 


504 


a93 


411 


1932 


75,575 


9,809 


65,766 


113 


50 


166 


669 


a87 


582 


1933 


71,254 


9,175 


62,079 


121 


41 


175 


589 


a76 


513 


1934 :. 


61,359 


21,545 


39,814 


115 


49 


171 


533 


bl87 


346 


1935 


56,780 


23,230 


33,550 


117 


49 


171 


485 


bl99 


286 


1936 


59,558 


22,415 


37,143 


130 


42 


161 


459 


bl73 


286 


1937 


64,087 


23,444 


40,643 


131 


45 


153 


489 


bl79 


310 


1938 


77,755 


29,625 


48,130 


167 


44 


123 


466 


bl78 


288 


1939 


82,025 


33,895 


48,130 


204 


39 


93 


402 


bl66 


236 


1940 


80,919 


37,869 


43,050 


214 


46 


86 


378 


bl77 


201 


1941 


82,220 


36,535 


45,685 


210 


41 


85 


392 


bl74 


218 



Salisbury 



1928 


$85,688 


$21,216 


$64,472 


167 


81 


38 


$513 


a$127 


$386 


1929 


86,575 


28,437 


58,138 


180 


80 


35 


481 


al58 


323 


1930 


98,930 


27,456 


71,474 


168 


88 


53 


589 


al63 


426 


1931 


98,359 


28,005 


70,354 


160 


90 


59 


615 


al75 


440 


1932 


88,197 


20,475 


67,722 


124 


85 


79 


711 


al65 


546 


1933 


71,346 


12,575 


58,771 


98 


72 


108 


728 


al28 


600 


1934 


66,144 


24,267 


41,877 


114 


71 


102 


580 


b213 


367 


1935 


59,435 


20,706 


38,729 


109 


40 


121 


545 


b252 


293 


1936 


67,672 


32,289 


35,383 


184 


41 


69 


384 


bl92 


192 


1937 


70,185 


34,801 


35,384 


200 


40 


61 


351 


bl74 


177 


1938 


87,595 


36,608 


50,987 


210 


39 


58 


417 


bl74 


243 


1939 


89,119 


41,787 


47,332 


228 


49 


52 


391 


bl83 


208 


1940 


93,633 


48,746 


44,887 


268 


51 


49 


350 


bl82 


168 


1941 


84,281 


40,444 


43,837 


211 


55 


57 


400 


bl92 


208 



Bowie 





$46,779 


$13,598 


$33,181 


133 


94 


30 


351 


102 


249 


1929 


50,469 


14,220 


36,249 


128 


95 


24 


394 


clll 


283 


1930 


57,004 


14,799 


42,205 


108 


97 


61 


528 


dl37 


391 


1931 


55,917 


13,717 


42,200 


94 


98 


78 


595 


dl46 


449 


1932 


47,790 


13,600 


34,190 


97 


97 


71 


492 


dl40 


352 


1933 


55,064 


15,449 


39,615 


108 


98 


60 


510 


dl43 


367 


1934 


39,082 


13,385 


25,697 


89 


97 


65 


439 


el50 


289 


1935 


46,817 


14,723 


32,094 


87 


98 


68 


538 


el69 


369 


1936 


42,965 


13,571 


29,394 


86 


97 


79 


500 


el58 


342 


1937 


47,601 


17,673 


29,928 


111 


92 


59 


429 


el59 


270 


1938 


59 , 589 


19,275 


40,314 


128 


92 


75 


466 


el51 


315 


1939 


62,911 


19,069 


43,841 


158 


97 


65 


399 


fl21 


278 


1940 


57,695 


17,098 


40,597 


121 


98 


93 


477 


gl41 


336 


1941 


60,295 


19,270 


41,025 


140 


99 


86 


431 


gl38 


293 



* Elementary school paid for through Allegany budget, 
a Day students paid $20, women residents $200, and men boarders $72 
b Day students paid $100. women residents $316, and men boarders $128. 
c Resident students paid $115, day students $7. 

d Resident students paid $120, day students $9. Service rendered by students, 
e Resident students paid $164, day students $19. 

f Resident students paid $110, day students $15. Service rendered by students. 
g Resident students paid $140, day students $20. 



Total and Per Student Costs at State Teachers Colleges 



153 



TABLE 129 — Expenditures and Receipts at State Teachers Colleges from 
Sept. 1, 1940 to August 31, 1941 

Expenditures 







Expenditures 


or Instruction 


Expenditures for Dormitory 






c 






c 

oT.2 


c 


c 








o 








o 


fS 
a +3 




College 


Total 


trat 


tn 


c 

& _ 


c c a 


1 ral 


nan 
orta 








Adminis 


Salaries 
Instruc 


Other th 
Salaries 


Operatic 
Mainte 
Transp 


Adminis 


Operatic 
Mainte 
Transp 
Health 


Food 


Towson 


$219,112 


$19,945 


$106,559 


$5,355 


$34,903 


$4,039 


$29,272 


$19,039 


Frostburg 


82,220 


9,491 


42,670 


4,090 


7,725 


1,800 


9.645 


6,799 


Salisbury 


84,281 


7,415 


41,305 


1,232 


6,696 


4,759 


14,742 


8,132 


Total White 


$385,613 


$36,851 


$190,534 


$10,677 


$49,324 


$10,598 


$53,659 


$33,970 




60,295 


2,926 


19,717 


4,011 


7,758 


3,263 


12,309 


10,311 



Receipts 



College 


Average 
Enrollment in 


Receipts for 
Instruction from 


Average 
Resident 
Enroll- 
ment 


Receipts for 
Dormitory from 


College 


Ele- 
mentary 
School 


Students 


State 


Students 


State 


Towson 

Frostburg 

Salisbury 

Total White . . 


482 
210 
211 


235 
178 
121 


$48,662 
21,017 
21,012 


$118,100 
42,959 
35,636 


163 
87 
116 


$33,935 
15,518 
19,432 


$18,415 
2,726 
8,201 


903 
140 


534 
120 


$90,691 
2,396 


$196,695 
32,016 


366 
138 


$68,885 
16,874 


$29,342 
9,009 



TABLE 130 



College 


N. Y. A. 
Student 
Aid 


Approved 
Appli- 
cations 


Aid 
per 
Student 


State Teachers College, Towson 


$7,842.70 
4,327.80 
6,190.00 

3,320.00 
2,218.32 


109 
82 
93 


$71.95 
52.78 
66.56 

44.27 
59.95 


State Teachers College, Frostburg 


State Teachers College, Salisbury 


State Teachers College, Bowie 


75 
37 


Coppin Teachers College 





154 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



CHART 27 



1940-41 COST PER TEACHERS COLLEGE STUDENT 
TOTAL COST OF INSTRUCTION PER STUDENT 



State Average 
Teachers Number of 
College College Elem. Total 
at Students Pupilst Cost 



Total Cost 



Tows on 



482 



235 $346 
Frostburg 210 178 305 
Salisbury 211 121 269 



Bowie 



140 



120 



246 




Paid by 
State □ Student 



TOTAL COST PER RESIDENT STUDENT 

State Resident 
Teachers Students 

College Average *Per Total 

Number Cent Cost H | Total Cost ^ Stat e | | Student 



Paid by 



at 



Tows on 



163 



34 |667 



Frost burg 


87 


41 


515 | 


Vb<o 1 


Z79 












Salisbury 


116 


57 


507 ■ 







Bowie 



138 



99 



434 



f Not considered in calculating cost per college student. Elementary pupils were follow- 
ing percent of college enrollment in 1941 : Towson, 49 ; Frostburg, 85 ; Salisbury, 57 ; Bowie, 86. 
* Percent that resident students were of total college enrollment. 



TABLE 131 

Inventories at State Teachers Colleges, September, 1941 





Towson 


Frostburg 


Salisbury 


Bowie 




$127,970 


$80,590 


$17,872 


$14,992 




1,156,500 


354,718 


700,046 


433,791 


Equipment 


210,669 


41,386 


87,056 


79,792 


Total 


$1,495,139 


$476,694 


$804,974 


$528,575 



Per Student Costs and Inventories, State Teachers Colleges ; 155 
Contributions and Membership, Md. Teachers' Retirement System 



TABLE 132 

Contributions by Teachers to the Annuity Savings Fund of the Teachers' Re- 
tirement System of the State of Maryland for the Year Ended July 31, 1941; 
Number and Percent of October, 1941, County Teaching Staff Who Are 
Members in Active Service 



County or Institution 



Amount 
Contributed 
Year Ending 
July 31, 1941 



Members 
in Active Service 
October, 1941 



Number 



County: 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Total Counties 

Teachers Colleges: 

Towson 

Frostburg 

Salisbury 

Bowie 

Department: 

Education 

Library 

Retirement 

National Defense Training Program 

Other Schools: 

Maryland Training School for Boys 

Montrose School for Girls 

Maryland Training School for Colored Girls 

Rosewood State Training School 

Maryland School for the Deaf 

Total Schools and Departments . . . 

Grand Total 



$33,433 


93 


468 


94.2 


20,887 


78 


339 


92.4 


46,512 


59 


621 


95.8 


3,421 


37 


67 


98.5 


6,765 


26 


104 


94.5 


13,635 


26 


217 


95.6 


10,436 


18 


158 


97.5 


6,270 


51 


112 


95.7 


8,500 


11 


155 


96 9 


18,867 


59 


294 


97^0 


9,556 


31 


155 


96.3 


12,345 


96 


211 


92.9 


5,804 


23 


109 


96.5 


5,122 


34 


84 


100.0 


37,705 


00 


512 


94.6 


30,064 


30 


506 


89.7 


5,832 


00 


94 


96.9 


4,199 


53 


81 


95.3 


6,582 


60 


116 


95.1 


6,246 


29 


104 


92.9 


26,444 


78 


377 


94.7 


9,988 


51 


173 


89.2 


7,234 


84 


124 


96.1 


$335,857.27 


5,181 


94.4 


6,508.57 


50 


94.3 


2,228 


60 


23 


100.0 


2,557 


83 


23 


100.0 


1,319.31 


16 


88.9 


4,325.14 


30 


100.0 


417 


40 


5 


100.0 


298 


94 


3 


100.0 


266 


85 


4 


100.0 


2,467 


40 


23 




660 


20 


8 




362 


73 


5 




1,276 


'88 


11 




2,003 


02 


25 




$24,692.87 


226 




$360,550 


14 


5,407 





156 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 133 

High Schools of Maryland Which Received N. Y. A. Student Aid 1940-41 



County 



Total 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel . . 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester. . . . 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. . . 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's. . 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Baltimore City. 

Entire State . . . 



Public Schools 



No. of 
Schools 



White Colored 



116 



14 
130 



26 



32 



Approved 
Applications 



White Colored 



430 
37 
79 

' 25 
32 
69 
49 
65 
64 
77 
44 
35 
32 
90 
86 
14 
27 
78 
43 
152 
104 
37 

366 

2,335 



540 



29 
539 
1,079 



Expenditures 



White 



$65,911.72 

15,170.59 
1,031.94 
2,229.53 



3,947.26 
1,314.27 
2,172.62 
1,220.97 
2,117.31 
1,829.43 
6,628.55 
1,588.93 
1,009.87 
1,183.68 
2,493.77 
5,743.08 
472.10 
976.49 
2,674.08 
1,650.44 
5,434.38 
3,674.26 
1,348.17 

9,241.41 

75,153.13 



Colored 



$17,604. 



913.50 
747.24 



266.60 
498.80 
571.17 
,723.45 
498.15 
541.75 



1,796.75 
469.50 
540.00 
1,129.15 
2,390.25 
648.25 
288.55 
1,858.07 
1,353.87 
134.80 



1,234.95 
14,762.73 
32,367.53 



Parochial and Private 
Schools 



No. of 
Schools 



Ap- 
proved 
Appli- 
cations 



385 
168 
' 93 



27 



208 



N.Y.A. High School Student Aid; School Services of 157 
Maryland Public Library Advisory Commission 



TABLE 134 

Services of Maryland Public Library Commission to Maryland County Schools 
for White Pupils by Year 





Total Number 
Supplied 


Traveling Libraries 
(30-35 Books in Each) 


Package Libraries 
(1-12 Books in Each) 


Year 
Ending June 30 








Supplied to 


No. 


Supplied to 




Volumes 


Pictures 


No. 


Schools 


Teachers 




Schools 


Teachers 



White Elementary Schools 



1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



12,022 
9,799 

16,606 
8,609 
8,675 
7,029 
8,255 
5,577 
4,258 
4,249 
3,751 



569 
1,814 



299 


157 


196 


393 


89 


124 


275 


165 


206 


266 


79 


84 


419 


182 


275 


334 


87 


112 


225 


96 


128 


210 


91 


107 


219 


81 


144 


247 


77 


88 


184 


66 


80 


150 


46 


56 


207 


44 


52 


237 


56 


73 


133 


39 


43 


199 


47 


52 


92 


26 


31 


279 


66 


82 


86 


22 


25 


375 


64 


75 


69 


17 


21 


353 


56 


75 



White High Schools 



1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 
1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



3,236 
4,562 
6,266 
4,148 
6,172 
3,723 
3,082 
3,937 
3,208 
5,076 
5,432 



323 
125 



77 


31 


47 


125 


27 


32 


105 


31 


48 


189 


49 


54 


148 


35 


45 


331 


47 


57 


91 


35 


39 


324 


37 


63 


148 


42 


79 


338 


48 


67 


95 


31 


46 


134 


24 


29 


61 


18 


21 


281 


37 


48 


54 


16 


17 


405 


35 


37 


51 


11 


11 


284 


26 


28 


37 


13 


13 


809 


37 


46 


35 


13 


13 


828 


43 


48 



158 



1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Services to School Libraries of Library Commission, 159 
Rosen wald Fund 



TABLE 136 



Services of Marvland Public Library Advisory Commission to the County 
Colored Schools, 1940-41 



County 


Total Number 
Supplied 


Traveling Libraries 
(30 to 35 Books in Each) 


Package Libraries 
(1 to 12 Books in Each) 


Number 


Supplied to 


Number 


Supplied to 


Volumes 


Pictures 


Schools Teachers 


Schools Teachers 



Colored Elementary Schools 



Total 


441 


295 


3 


3 


3 


74 


11 


11 


Baltimore 


10 










3 


1 


1 


Calvert 


75 










7 


2 


2 




5 


8 








2 


1 


1 




30 


237 








19 


1 


1 




98 


50 


i 


i 


i 


6 


2 


2 


Prince George's 


223 




2 


2 


2 


37 


4 


4 


Colored High Schools 


Total 


154 


27 


2 


2 


2 


48 


8 


7 


Baltimore 


1 










1 


1 




Calvert 


4 


4 








3 


1 




Caroline 


55 




i 


i 


i 


10 


1 






43 




l 


l 


1 


6 


2 




Kent 


20 


23 








12 








8 










7 


1 




Wicomico . . . / 


23 










9 


1 





There are public libraries in counties available to colored children and adults in the 
high school at Catonsville, Baltimore County, and in Cambridge in Dorchester County. 



TABLE 137 

County Schools for Colored Pupils Which Received Libraries Through Aid 
from the Rosenwald Fund, 1940 -41 



County and School 



Anne Arundel; Bayard 
Caroline: 

Ridgely 

Jonestown 

Federalsburg 

Carroll: 

Johnsville 

Parrsville 

New Windsor 

Ridge 

Dorchester: 

Pine Street (3) 

East New Market. . 

Vienna 

F. D. St. Clair 



Value 
of 

Library 



$36 

36 
36 
36 

36 
36 
36 
36 

81 
15 
15 
15 



County and School 



Dorchester, (cont.): 

Hurlock 

Circulating (4) 

Harford: 

Havre de Grace El. . 

Swan Creek 

Cedars 

Howard: Cooksville.. 
Kent: Coleman Cor.. 
Montgomery: 

Laytonsville 

Stewardtown 

Clarksburg 

Germantown 



Value 
of 

Library 



$15 
96 

30 
30 
30 
15 
36 

30 
36 
30 
30 



County and School 



Montgomery, (cont.) 

Smithsville 

Quince Orchard. . . . 

Norbeck 

Washington Grove. 

Sellman 

Linden 

Lincoln High 

Talbot: 

Trappe 

Moton High 

Total Number of 
Libraries Aided 

Rosenwald 
Contribution* 

County Contribution 



Value 
of 

Library 



$36 
36 
36 
36 
36 
15 
15 

30 
15 



37 



$349 
$698 



• Excludes cost of transportation of books paid by the Rosenwald Fund as well as one- 
thira of the value of ea~h library supplied. 



160 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



SERVICES TO MARYLAND COUNTY SCHOOL CHILDREN OF STATE AND 
COUNTY HEALTH OFFICES 



TABLE 138 

Cost of Health Offices in Maryland Counties for Year Ending September 30, 
1941, Excluding Appropriations for Venereal Disease Clinics, Maternal 
and Child Health Care 



Data Furnished by Maryland State Department of Health 



County 


Number of 


Es- 
timated 
Budget 
Affecting 
School 

PhilHrpn 


Percent from 


He 
Offi 

Full 

Time 


alth 
cers 

Part 
Time 


Nurses 


Clerks 


Other 


State 


Federal 
Aid 


County 
Levy 


Other 
County 


All Counties . . . 


27 


29 


128 


45 


*144 


t$437,639 


30.3 


16.3 


46.3 


7.1 


Allegany 


2 




10 


4 


13 


49,659 


17.9 


6.6 


74.7 


.8 


Anne Arundel . . 


2 




19 


6 


14 


30,502 


14.7 


30.3 


33.2 


21.8 




2 




9 


4 


4 


42,257 


15.7 


4.4 


65.5 


14.4 








2 


1 


5 


9,369 


47.6 


20.0 


30.4 


270 








4 


1 


2 


10,314 


55.0 


8.1 


35.7 


172 


Carroll 






3 


1 


1 


9,464 


40.5 


19.0 


38.6 


1.9 


Cecil 






4 


1 


6 


12,120 


29.4 


30.0 


39.4 


1.2 


Charles 






3 


1 


8 


14,725 


48.8 


33.1 


15.8 


2.3 


Dorchester. . . . 






5 


2 


11 


14,794 


66.2 


4.2 


17.4 


12.2 


Frederick 






4 


1 


6 


24,727 


21.1 


39.1 


34.4 


5.4 


Garrett 






6 


2 


4 


11,538 


52.2 


5.5 


41.1 


1.2 


Harford 






2 


1 


2 


12,898 


17.3 


11.6 


44.9 


26.2 








2 


1 


1 


9,678 


37.5 


5.2 


50.3 


7.0 


Kent 






4 


1 


4 


14,128 


47.8 


13.7 


36.2 


2.3 


Montgomery. . . 






10 


3 


10 


42,289 


20.9 


10.2 


60.5 


8.4 


Prince George's 






6 


2 


5 


26,957 


19.5 


16.5 


54.9 


9.1 


Queen Anne's. . 






5 


2 


4 


9,036 


39.5 


24.0 


31.4 


5.1 


St. Mary's 






2 


2 


5 


8,966 


60.2 


22.2 


16.6 


1.0 








5 


2 


4 


11,412 


39.4 


24.3 


35.5 


.8 


Talbot 






4 


1 


6 


12,997 


35.3 


35.6 


24.8 


4.3 


Washington .... 






• 6 


1 


12 


30,464 


30.6 


11.8 


50.5 


7.1 


Wicomico 






8 


2 


12 


16,885 


47.8 


13.9 


34.3 


4.0 


Worcester 






5 


3 


5 


12,460 


36.7 


13.1 


44.8 


5.4 



* Includes sanitary inspectors : bacteriologists, technicians, laboratory helpers in branch 
bacteriological laboratories ; physicians and janitors in venereal disease clinics. 

f Excludes Federal appropriations for venereal disease clinics and for maternal and child 
health care, as well as $64,489 Federal funds and $49,000 State funds for services for crippled 
children. 



Health Service to Maryland County School Children 



161 



TABLE 139— Examination of School and Pre-School Children 
By State and County Health Officers, 1941 



County 


Number of 
Schoolchildren 


Pre-School Children Ex- 
amined During 1941 


Percent of Pre-School 
Children Examined 


Examined 


Inspected! 


Number 


♦Percent 


Requiring 
Vaccination 
vs. Smallpox 


Not Immu- 
nized vs. 
Diphtheria 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


White 


Colored 


Total 


31,090 


123,967 


4,797 


1,167 


35.3 


39 


3 


35.0 


30.2 


26.4 


14.2 


All OCT Q Y\ V 




15 766 


960 


9 


65.5 


31 





5.5 


22.2 


38.6 




Annp AriinHc»1 


2,750 


17^024 


475 


230 


61.5 


68 


5 










Baltimore .... 


5,662 


38,009 


1,151 


199 


51.8 


93 


9 


5i!6 


68 1 3 


28l6 


45.7 


Calvert 


878 


1,877 


22 


45 


26.8 


28 


7 


9.1 


11.1 


31.8 


8.9 


Caroline 


1,592 


2 , 773 


102 


38 


51.3 


46 


9 


63.7 


15.8 


58.8 


39.5 


Carroll 


4,566 


7,354 


329 


16 


63.0 


48 


5 


89.7 


100.0 


71.7 


100.0 


Cecil 


246 


1,174 


71 


16 


17.7 


28 


6 


16.9 


56.3 


2.8 


6.3 


Charles 


740 


2,930 




87 




46 







12.6 




1.1 


Dorchester 


1 


2,244 


"'2 


94 


' ' .1 


70 





50 16 


92.6 


5o!6 


17.0 




2,008 


6,314 


25 


21 


2.9 


23 


6 


20.0 


42.9 


12.0 


19.0 




123 


3,937 




















Harford 


360 


734 


'246 


' 30 


49^2 


34 


9 


i2i2 


36!7 


'9.8 


i6!7 


Howard 


765 


1,745 


122 


39 


44.4 


50 


(i 


20.5 


59.0 






Kent 


185 


1,865 


65 


46 


48.5 


65 


7 


41.5 


6.5 


3.i 




Montgomery . . 


5,072 


2,697 


399 


143 


33.3 


75 


3 


19.8 


20.3 


5.8 


4.9 


Pr. George's. . 


1,370 


2,321 


1 


4 


.1 


1 







75.0 




75.0 


Queen Anne's. 


244 


1,814 


3 




1.7 














St Mary's.... 


200 


887 




















Somerset 


114 


1,366 




















Talbot 


1 


1,399 




' ' 9 




6 


6 










Washington . . . 


207 


3,445 


'618 


17 


55^0 


70 


8 


70 '. 4 




25.1 


5.9 


Wicomico .... 


2,855 


4,766 


193 


100 


50.8 


74 


6 


33.2 




25.4 




Worcester .... 


339 


1,526 


13 


24 


6.5 


14 


.5 




12 1 5 


38.5 





* Based on the number of six-year old children enumerated in the r 1940 census. 



TABLE 140— School Dental Clinics Conducted Under the Auspices of the 
Maryland State Department of Health, August 1, 1940 to July 31, 1941 



County 



Total 

Allegany .... 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore. . . 

Calvert 

Caroline* 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery. 
Pr. George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's . . 
Somerset*. . 

Talbot 

Washington. 
Wicomico . . 
Worcester* . 

Health- 
mobile*. . 



Time Given 
to Servicef 



Full. 
Part 
Part 
Part 
* 

Half 
Part 
Part 
Half 
Half 
Half 
Part 
Half 
Part 
* 

Half 
Full 
Half 
Half 



Full, 1 mo. 



Number of 
Children 



Examined 

by 
Dentist 



29,667 

3,375 
3,527 
6,884 
380 

* 

1^427 



865 
992 
643 
,547 
,857 
666 



1,151 

, 2,256 
1,226 
*2,355 



516 



Treated 



11,814 

1,607 
1,207 
1,486 
275 

* 

959 

'825 
255 
304 
1,197 
879 
189 



217 
1,387 
517 
*355 



1 r,r, 



Number of 



Fillings 
Inserted 


Teeth 
Extracted 


Clean- 
ings 


Treat- 
ments 


Total 
Opera- 
tions 


26,248 


15,830 


4,645 


4,723 


51,446 


905 


4,196 


509 


2,031 


7,641 


2,834 


1,207 


476 


88 


4,605 


3,640 


1,400 


789 


591 


6,420 


592 


284 


3 


25 


904 


* 




* 


* 


* 


2,754 


i;i36 


i44 


"17 


4^05i 


1 


94 






95 


1,629 


790 


*537 


"76 


3,032 


795 


331 


166 


129 


1,421 


1,300 


388 


203 





1,891 


2,811 


1,212 


541 


71 


4,635 


1,913 


801 


175 


140 


3,029 


653 


221 


197 


59 


1,130 


31 


34 






65 


* 


* 


*' ' 


* . . . 


* 


42i 


i76 


'211 


' 69 


883 


2,345 


1,883 


652 


118 


4,998 


2,156 


1,054 


2 


609 


3,821 


*1,296 


*494 


*34 


*470 


*2,294 


172 


129 





230 


531 



t The scope of service varies from full-time and half-time to "part-time," meaning one 
or more one-dav clinics per month. 

* For additional service in counties indicated, see "Healthmobile" which operated full-time 
for one month in Caroline, Somerset and Worcester Counties. 



162 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE 141 



Immunizations by County Health Officers During 1941 and Services for 
Crippled Children Given by State Department of Health, 1940-41 



County 


♦Immunizations by 
County Health Officers 
Against 


Services for Crippled Children Given by 
State Department 


Diph- 
theria 


Small- 
pox 


Typhoid 
Fever 


No. of 
Clinics 
Held 


Attend- 
ance 


Children 


Cos 


t of 


Hospi- 
talized 


Hospital 
Care 


Appliances 


Total Counties. 


19,375 


7,647 


6,736 


89 


2,651 


459 


$52,610.45 


$5,293.05 


Allegany 


827 


1,052 


1,290 


6 


658 


52 


4,951.00 


91.25 


Anne Arundel . . 


2,450 


1 , 132 


115 


27 


251 


41 


4,948.45 


409.20 


Baltimore 


1,461 


591 


1 




44 


57 


3,090.00 


849.05 


Calvert 


370 


187 


9 


' ' 2 


36 


4 


1,525.00 


172.20 


Caroline 


272 


122 


309 


2 


30 


5 


1,122.50 


99.65 


Carroll 


767 


33 


35 


2 


57 


20 


2,630.00 


157.50 


Cecil 


227 


254 


69 


4 


103 


12 


1,831.50 


144.30 




1,164 


552 


719 


2 


58 


12 


1,105.00 


35.80 


Dorchester. . . . 


165 


21 


263 






9 


1,640.00 


17.00 




188 


347 


58 


3 


147 


25 


4,547.50 


449.45 




468 


305 


4 


4 


251 


24 


3,872.50 


553.85 




1,113 


437 


54 


4 


107 


24 


3,067.50 


284.20 




339 


381 


2 


2 


46 


9 


1, 565.00 


146.85 


Kent 


278 


186 


406 


2 


48 


11 


1,614.50 


59.65 


Montgomery. . . 


1,213 


450 


88 


3 


114 


21 


1,085.00 


310.80 


Pr. George's . . . 


5,225 


506 


203 


3 


110 


49 


2,492.50 


144.85 


Queen Anne's. . 




70 


6 


2 


65 


11 


1,057.50 


203.05 


St. Mary's 


' 35 


240 


676 


2 


47 


5 


630.00 


130.75 


Somerset 


71 


42 


327 


3 


52 


9 


1,505.00 


95.70 


Talbot 


118 


126 


64 


6 


122 


11 


632.50 


72.90 


Washington .... 


1,504 


256 


57 


4 


137 


21 


1,382.50 


363.55 


Wicomico 


438 


321 


1,842 


3 


123 


16 


2,840.00 


318.05 




682 


36 


139 


3 


45 


11 


3,475.00 


183.45 



♦Excludes 19 immunized against scarlet fever: 4 in Allegany, 1 in Frederick and 14 in 
Garrett. 



List of Financial and Statistical Tables 



163 



LIST OF STATISTICAL AND FINANCIAL TABLES 1940-41 



Subject of Tables 



Table No. 


Page 




Financial Statements 


164-166 


I 


Number of Schools 


167 


II 


Total Public School Enrollment 


168-169 


III 


Cathollic Private Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff .. 


. 170-171 


IV 


Non-Catholic Private Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff 172-173 


v 


Non-Public Schools: Enrollment and Teaching Staff 


174 


VI 


Average Number of Public School Pupils Belonging 


175 


VII 


Average Daily Attendance 


176 


VIII 


Aggregate Days of Attendance 


.. 177 


IX 


Average Days in Session; Percent of Attendance 


178 


x 


Number of Teaching Positions, Public Schools 


179-180 


XI 


Receipts from State and Federal Government 


181 


XII 


Receipts from All Sources 


182 


XIII 


Total Disbursements 


183 


XIV 


Disbursements for General Control 


184 


XV 


Disbursements for Instruction and Operation 


185 


XVI 


Disbursements for Maintenance, Auxiliary Agencies, and Fixed 




Charges 


186 


XVII 


Disbursements for Debt Service and Capital Outlay 


187 


XVIII 


Disbursements for White Elementary Schools 


188 


XIX 


Disbursements for the Last Four Years of White High Schools. ... 189 


XX 


Disbursements for Junior, Junior-Senior, and Senior Hi 


gh 




Schools 


190-191 


XXI 


Disbursements for Colored Elementary Schools 


192 


XXII 


Disbursements for Colored High Schools 


193 


XXIII 


Cost, Enrollment, Attendance, Graduates, Courses in Individual 




County High Schools 


194-199 


XXIV 


Enrollment by Subject in Individual County High Schools ... 


200-205 



164 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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Financial Statements, 1940-41 



165 



FINANCIAL STATEMENT 
For Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 



1941 



Source or Purpose 


State 
Department 
of Education 


Towson 
State Teachers 
College 


Frostburg 
State Teachers 
College 


Salisbury 
State Teachers 
College 


Bowie 
State Toachers 
College 


Receipts 


Students' Fees 


$65,283.00 
a683.33 


$136,515.00 
b85,214.58 
7,700.76 


$45,685.00 
c36,750.90 
121.69 


$43,837.00 
43,700.21 
2,299.65 


$41,025.00 
19,277.28 
889.23 


$65,966.33 


$229,430.34 


$82,557.59 


$89,836.86 


$61,191.51 



Disbursements 



Salaries, Wages and Special Payments 

General Repairs. . 

Motor Vehicle Repairs 

Light, Heat, Power and Water 

Travel 

Transportation 

Communication 

Printing, Other than Office Supplies. . 

All Other Contractual Services 

Food 

Forage and Veterinary Supplies 

Fuel 

Office Supplies 

Medical and Laboratory Supplies 

Laundry, Cleaning and Disinfecting 
Supplies 

Refrigeration Supplies 

Educational, Vocational and Recrea- 
tional Supplies 

Agricultural and Botanical Supplies. . 

Motor Vehicle Supplies 

Power Plant Supplies 

Wearing Apparel 

Household Supplies 

All Other Supplies 

Building Materials 

Plumbing Materials 

Electrical Materials 

Painting Materials 

Motor Vehicle Materials 

Materials for Equipment 

Highway Materials 

All Other Materials 

Office Equipment 

Household Equipment 

Medical and Laboratory Equipment . . 

Agricultural and Botanical Equipment 

Motor Vehicle Equipment 

Educational, Vocational and Recrea- 
tional Equipment , 

Tools and Machinery 

All Other Equipment 

Rent 

Insurance 

All Other Fixed Charges 

Total Disbursements 

Refund of Students' Fees 

Returned to State Treasury 

Grand Total 



$52,021.04 
49.20 
335.31 

3i823!87 
55.30 
1,714.93 



710.90 



195.05 
i,'544!37 



34.95 



281.24 



617.00 
81.85 



4,215.34 
208.17 
14 . 50 



$65,903.02 
'63!31 



$163,321.35 
2,328.14 
575.84 
5,772.72 
472.78 
23.01 
1,756.19 
594.25 
434.32 
28,129.29 
333.65 
8,841.85 
979.84 
105.12 

992.15 
88.29 

2,087.05 
147.92 
826.42 
183.07 
65.72 

2,450.10 
169.08 
703.05 
427.06 
150.76 
662.86 



688.65 
145.00 



315.72 
151.00 



635.00 

2,423.57 
632.62 
13.14 

' '685! 58 
175.95 



$228,488.11 

942.00 
.23 



$65,966.33 



$229,430.34 



$61,217.60 
290.46 
21.80 
1,817.40 
324.55 
30.24 
524.96 
753.37 
1,335.04 
7,591.58 

i!475!67 
149.04 
454.39 

129.77 



1,750.70 
' 75.07 
384.76 
171.11 

' '97i!60 
68.03 
184.87 



201.14 



61.61 
383.25 
199.12 



$82,376.34 
181.25 



$64,163.10 
360.05 
94.30 
2,531.14 
88.30 

' * 754 .'33 
60.00 
1,701.40 
9,927.86 

2i 452 .*21 
455.30 
567.12 

284.54 
45.90 

778.65 
7.50 
528.62 



361.53 
31.10 

263.56 

119.26 
26.69 

308.38 
1.65 
52.87 



78.28 
1.90 
3.60 
174.17 



$82,557.59 



$86,581.35 

d3,255.30 
.21 



$89,836.86 



1,496.21 


79.38 


606 


39 


50.57 


15.07 


64 


75 




20.90 










203.03 


242.69 


238 


78 


60.00 









a Includes $568.98 transferred by budget amendment from Night Schools, 
b Includes $380 for rent of cottajre and $1,275.92 for faculty board, 
c Includes $792.47 in dormitory income and $91.67 miscellaneous receipts, 
d Includes $3,145 paid in room rent for men students. 



166 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 
FINANCIAL STATEMENT 
For Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 1941 



Source or Purpose 


Vocational 
Rehabilitation 


Vocational 
Education 


Physical 
Education and 
Recreation 


Bureau of 
Educational 
Measurements 


Retirement 
System 
Expense Fund 


Supervision 
of Colored 
Schools 


receipts 




$15,500.00 
a21.460.85 
$36,960.85 


$11,000.00 
bl0,152.55 
$21,152.55 


$20,000.00 


$9,600.00 


$12,000.00 


$250.00 
c5,250.00 
$5,500.00 


Receipts (including transfers 
by budget amendment) . . . 


$20,000.00 


$9,600.00 


$12,000.00 





DISBURSEMENTS 



Salaries, Wages and Special 

Payments 

General Repairs 

Motor Vehicle Repairs 

Travel 

Transportation 

Communication 

Printing, Other than Office 

Supplies 

Other Contractual Services . . 

Office Supplies 

Educational, Vocational and 

Recreational Supplies 

Motor Vehicle Supplies 

All Other Supplies 

Office Equipment 

Motor Vehicles 

Educational, Vocational and 

Recreational Equipment . . . 

Rent 

Insurance 

All Other Fixed Charges 



Total Disbursements . 



Returned to State 
Treasury 



Grand Total. 



$11,700.00 


$17,400.00 


$7,975.00 


71.55 
d3,716.81 


213.17 
2,243.70 


77.33 
e2,118.16 
69.91 
516.04 

1,933.26 
el, 209. 50 
303.63 

483.84 
442.98 
f4,306.46 


395.38 


383.93 


dl6, 195.82 
171.95 

280.44 
304.17 




188.70 

125.21 
431.52 


9.10 






495.00 
38.41 


d3,294.64 
804.66 
16.33 


7.58 
120.00 
36.74 
2.00 

$21,152.55 


20.41 
10.00 

$19,999.93 
.07 

$20,000.00 


$36,960.85 


$36,960.85 


$21,152.55 



$7,666.67 





2 


70 




873 


19 


49 


35 


214 


72 




292 


50 




429 


94 





$9,529.07 

70.93 
$9,600.00 



$5,100.00 
17.00 



509.10 
6.00 
540.00 

300.00 
3,207.00 
178.00 



415.90 



1,592.00 
125.00 
10.00 

$12,000.00 



$12,000.00 



a Includes $20,382.19 from Federal funds, 
b Includes $10,152.55 from Federal funds, 
c From General Education Board. 

d Includes transportation, tuition and equipment for trainees. 

e Includes transportation and fees of officials for State athletic meets. 

f Includes cost of medals and badges. 

g Carried forward to 1942 travel by General Education Board. 



CONSTRUCTION ACCOUNTS— STATE TEACHERS COLLEGES 



The amounts indicated below were available from the Bond Issue accounts for the State Teachers 
Colleges. No expenditures were made from these funds during the fiscal year ended September 30, 1941, 
except for the advertising of bids ($18.60) and for the first payment of the architects' fees ($4,736.12) 
at Towson on September 19, 1941. 

Loan of 1937 and PWA Grant for Bowie $1 , 042 . 01 

Loan of 1939 for Frostburg 100 , 000 . 00 

Loan of 1939 for Towson $100,000.00 

Loan of 1941 for Towson 50 , 000 . 00 

Loan of 1941 for Towson 1,000.00 151,000.00 



Total 



$252,042.01 



Financial Statement; Number of Schools 



167 



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1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



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170 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE III 



Number of Pupils and Teachers in Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools in 
Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



County and School 



Enrollment 



•2 g 



6 B 



6 C 

<D o 



County and School 



Enrollment 



Allegany _ 
fS. S. Peter's and Paul s, 

Cumberland ••. • • • • 

tSt. Patrick's, Catholic Girls 
Central High, Cumberland . . 

tSt. Mary's, Cumberland 

St. Michael's, Frostburg 

St. Patrick's, Mt. Savage . . 

tLa Salle Institute, Cumberland . 

tSt. Peter's, Westernport 

St. Joseph's, Midland 



Total (8) , 



Anne Arundel 

St. Mary's, Annapolis 

St. Mary's (Col.), Annapolis. . . 



Baltimore 
tSchool of the Immaculate and 

Catholic High, Towson 

tLoyola High, Towson 

Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, 

Middle River 

St. Mark's, Catonsville 

St. Michael's, Overlea 

tSt. Stephen's, Bradshaw 

St. Joseph's, Fullerton 

St. Clement's, Rosedale 

St. Rita's, Dundalk 

Ascension, Halethorpe 

St. Charles', Pikesville 

St. Agnes,' Woodlawn 

St. Clement's, Lansdowne 

St. Ursula, Parkville 

tSt. Charles' College High, 

Catonsville 

Mt. de Sales Academy, Catons- 
ville 

St. Vincent's Orphanage, Towson 

St. Joseph's, Texas 

Sacred Heart, Glyndon 



Total (19) 



521 
323 



252 
191 



156 
106 



1,888 



296 
69 



313 



429 
334 
291 
193 
228 
214 
202 
196 
169 
164 
153 
151 



37 



510 



84 



11 



141 
14 



},336 



11 



852 



17 



145 



Calvert 

Our Lady Star of the Sea, 
Solomon's 

Caroline 

St. Gertrude's Academy, 

Ridgely 

Carroll 

fSt. John's, Westminster 

St. Joseph's, Taneytown 

Total (2) 

Cecil 

Immaculate Conception, Elkton 



Charles 
fSacred Heart, La Plata. 
St. Mary's, Bryantown. 



44 



26 



129 
24 



153 



110 



211 

120 



Total (2) 

St. Mary's (Col.), Bryantown. 



Frederick 

St. Euphemia's, Emmitsburg. 

fSt. John's, Frederick 

tSt. Joseph's College High, 

Emmitsburg 

St. Anthony's, Emmitsburg . . 

Visitation, Frederick 

St. Peter's, Libertytown 



Total (6) 

St. Euphemia's (Col.), 
Emmitsburg 



331 
110 



175 
108 



103 
17 
11 

414 



Garrett 

St. Peter's, Oakland . 



Harford 

St. Margaret's, Bel Air. 



f Secondary school accredited by Maryland State Board of Education. 



Catholic Parish and Private Schools 



171 



TABLE III— (Continued) 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools 
in Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



County and School 



Howard 

St. Paul's, Ellicott City 

fSt. Louis,' Clarksville 

St. Augustine's, Elk Ridge 

tTrinity, Ilchester 

Total (4) 

St. Augustine's (Col.), Ellicott 
City 

Montgomery 

St. Michael's, Silver Spring 

Academy of the Holy Name, 

Silver Spring 

St. Martin's, Gaithersburg 

tGeorgetown Prep., Garrett Park 

Total (4) 

Prince George's 

St. James,' Mt. Rainier 

Holy Redeemer, Berwyn 

tSt. Mildred's, Laurel 

St. Mary's, Marlboro 

tLa Salle Hall, Ammendale 

Total (5) 

St. Mary's (Col.), Marlboro. . . . 

St. Mary's 
tSt. Mary's Academy, Leonard- 
town 

tSt. Michael's, Ridge 

Little Flower, Great Mills 

St. Joseph's, Morganza 

St. John's, Hollywood 

Holy Angels, Abell 

Our Lady, Medley's Neck 

Sacred Heart, Bushwood 

Leonard Hall, Leonardtown 

Total (9) 



Enrollment 



155 
76 



314 



43 



441 



124 
91 



656 



413 

238 
138 
83 



872 
95 



101 
160 
199 
180 
151 
134 
122 
111 
74 



1,232 



S§3 



28 



28 



15 



15 



u c 

a> o 



71 



118 
12 



130 

53 
31 
84 



lis 

58 



176 



33 



48 



County and School 



St. Peter Claver's (Col.), Ridge 
St. Joesph's (Col.), Morganza. . 

Washington 
fSt. Mary's, Hagerstown 



Total County White Catholic 
Schools 

Total County Colored Catholic 
Schools 



Baltimore City 

tSeton 

tMt. St. Joser>h's 

fln^! itutt of Notre Dame . . 

fCatholic High 

fCalvert Hall 

fNotre Dame of Maryland . 
tMt. St. Agnes 

Mt. Washington Country. 

Visitation 

Calvert Hall Country 



Total (10) . 



fSt. Martin's 

50 Other White Parish Schools. . 
4 Institutions for White Children 



Total White . 



fSt. Francis Academy 

3 Colored Parish Schools . 

4 Institutions for Colored 
Children 



Total Colored. 



Enrollment 



is 



157 

85 



326 

10,152 
562 



23 
238 



148 
79 

126 
42 
42 



698 



1,112 
25,155 
406 



27,371 



55 
1,089 



191 



1,335 



Entire State 

White 137,523 

Colored | 1,897 



537 



6.270 
112 



1,311 
78 



t Secondary school accredited by Maryland State Board of Education. 



172 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE IV 

Number of Pupils and Teachers in Non-Catholic Private Elementary and 
Secondary Schools in Maryland Counties, Year Ending June 30, 1941 



County and School 



Enroll- 
ment 



Ele- 
men- 
tary 



Sec- 
ond- 
ary 



No. OF 
Teachers 



Full- 
time 



Part- 
time 



County and School 



Enroll- 



Ele- 
men- 
tary 



Sec- 
ond- 
ary 



Full- 
time 



Allegany 
*Waddell. 



Anne Arundel 

Cochran-Bryan 

fSevern, Severna Park 

Holladay 

JAnnapolis Nursery and 

Kindergarten 

JTwenty-four Hour Day .... 

Primary, U. S. Naval Ac 

U. S. Naval Academy Prep. 

Thomas, Annapolis 



Total 



Baltimore 

tMcDonogh 

Hannah More Ac, Reisters- 

town 

Garrison Forest, Garrison . . . 
St. Timothy's, Catonsville. . 

Greenwood, Ruxton 

Oldfields, Glencoe 

JMiss Crater's Country, 

Woodlawn 

°Blue Bird, Ruxton 

xHarford Park Kindergarten, 

Parkville . 

xLutberville Kindergarten. . . 
xMiss Barnhart's Kinder- 
garten, Dundalk 

JThe Playground, Pinehurst . 
°Crestmont, Stevenson , 



Total . 



Cecil 

*t Jacob Tome Institute, Port 

Deposit 

fWest Nottingham Academy, 

Colora 

Seventh Day Adventist, 

Perry ville 

Reynold's, Rising Sun 



Total . 



Frederick 

Buckingham (Boys), Buck- 
eystown 



Harford 
§Tiny Tot Nursery, Bel Air. 



22 



50 

40 
30 
30 

io 

160 



26 



288 



16 



549 



213 
17 



264 



35 



12 



199 



316 

69 
31 
86 
54 
60 



616 

122 
66 
10 



198 



32 



125 



33 



24 



Montgomery 

Columbia Jr. College, Ta- 

koma Park 

Landon (Boys), Edgemoor. 

Bullis 

JCountryside, Silver Spring . 
JChevy Chase Country .... 

Slade, Olney 

National Park College, 

Forest Glen 

JGreen Acres, Bethesda .... 
Chevy Chase Jr. College. . 
Lady Isabel's 



Total . 



Prince George's 

Briarley Military Academy . 

Longfellow (Boys), College 
Park 

Avondale Country, Laurel . 

Hillside Seventh Day Ad- 
ventist, Bennings, D. C. . 

Seventh Day Adventist, 

Laurel 

§Mrs. Ballinger's Nursery. . . 



Total. 



Queen Anne's 

Gunston, Centreville. 



St. Mary's 

fCharlotte Hall (Boys) 

fSt. Mary's Seminary, (Girls), 
St. Mary's City 



Total . 



Talbot 

Country, Easton. 



Washington 

St. James 

*Misses Hoffmeier and Camp- 
bell, Hagerstown 

Hagerstown Church 

Seventh Day Adventist, 
Smithsburg 



Total . 



Wicomico 

Mrs. Herold's. 



Total County White . 



165 
115 

67 
53 
45 



498 



34 



15 



136 



19 



17 



17 



29 



11 



17 



21 



182 
71 

78 



405 



24 



24 



17 



123 
33 



156 



62 



64 



1,621 



f Secondary school accredited by Maryland 

State Board of Education. 
* Includes kindergarten. 
° Includes nursery school. 



x Kindergarten only. 
§ Nursery school only. 

| Includes nursery school and kindergarten. 



Non-Catholic Private Schools 173 



TABLE IV— (Continued) 



Number of Pupils and Teachers in Non-Catholic Private Elementary and 
Secondary Schools in Baltimore City, Year Ending June 30, 1941 









Number of 




Enrollment 


Teachers 


- 

oCHOOL 










Elemen- 




Full 


Part 




tary 


Secondary 


time 


time 




$259 


129 


29 


g 




184 


107 


33 


5 






106 


27 


12 




*242 


20 


16 






J175 


73 


16 


"\2 


Park 


*158 


86 


29 


3 


Calvert 


*243 




19 


4 




106 


' *89 


10 


2 


Boys' Latin 


69 


50 


10 


2 


fFranklin Day (Boys) 


23 


71 


5 


2 




§88 




10 


2 




J85 




2 


1 




76 




3 


fSamuel Ready (Girls) 


42 


' 33 


4 






J75 




11 


2 




19 


' '50 


7 


7 


Edgecombe Academy 


29 


29 


3 


2 




$40 




2 


1 




§40 




3 


1 


Cathedral Kindergarten 


J8.1 




4 


. . „ 




§27 




2 




The Little School in Guilford 


°25 




3 


2 




*22 




2 




Har Sinai Center Nursery School 


§15 




2 


"i 




14 




4 


l 


Chapel of the Nativity 


§12 




2 




§12 




1 






§10 




1 




Epiphany Kindergarten 


x6 




2 




Morven (Girls) 


6 




1 




Total White 


2,298 


843 


263 


74 


Colored School 










Seventh Day Adventist 


68 


19 


3 





i Secondary work accredited by Maryland State Board of Education. 

* Includes kindergarten. 

° Includes nursery school. 

% Includes nursery school and kindergarten. 

§ Nursery school only. 

x Kindergarten only. 



174 1941 Report of Maryland State Department of Education 



TABLE V 

Number of Pupils Reported Enrolled in Maryland Non-Public Elementary and 
Secondary Schools, for the Year Ending June 30, 1941 





White 


Colored 


County 




Enrollment 






Enrollment 




Number 

of 
Schools 


Elemen- 
tary 


Com- 
mer- 
cial 


Second- 
ary 


Number 
of 

Teachers 


Number 

of 
Schools 


Elemen- 
tary 


Second- 
ary 


Number 
of 

Teachers 



■("Catholic Parish and Private Institutions, Fall of 1940 





8 


1.888 


37 


510 


77 


. ... 










1 


296 






10 




' '69 




' ' 2 




19 


3,336 


ii 


*852 


145 










Calvert 


1 


44 


9 


9 


4 












1 


26 




7 


7 










Carroll 


2 


153 




43 


9 












1 


110 






3 












2 


331 




' 90 


15 




110 




' ' 2 




6 


414 


' 44 


211 


49 


1 


3 




1 




1 


64 






3 












1 


90 






3 


. ... 






... 




4 


314 




' 'ii 


20 




' '43 






Montgomery 


4 


656 


' '28 


130 


44 


... 










5 


872 


15 


84 


33 




' 95 




' ' '2 


9 


1,232 


3 


176 


48 


2 


242 




6 




1 


326 




95 


13 










Total Counties 


66 


10,152 


147 


2,278 


483 


7 


562 




14 


Baltimore City 


64 


27,371 


390 


3,992 


828 


8 


1,335 


112 


64 


Total State 


130 


37,523 


537 


6,270 


1,311 


15 


1,897 


112 


78 



*Non-Catholic Private Schools 



Allegany 


1 


22 






1 










Anne Arundel 


8 


160 




199 


33 












13 


549 




616 


149 












4 


264 




198 


36 












1 


35 




2 


2 












1 


12 






1 












10 


498 




405 


88 












6 


136 




24 


21 










4 


19 




17 


6 












2 


17 




156 


16 












1 


29 






5 












4 


68 




' 64 


17 












1 


21 






2 










Total Counties 


56 


1,830 




1,681 


377 


. . .. 








Baltimore City 


30 


2,298 




843 


337 




' '68 


' 19 


' " 3 


Total State 


86 


4,128 




2,524 


714 




68 


19 


3 



^Schools for Atypical Children 



Maryland Training School for Boys . . . 

Maryland School for Deaf 

Maryland Training School for Colored 

Girls 

Montrose School for Girls 

Maryland School for the Blind 

Maryland Tuberculosis Sanitorium . . . 

Children's Rehabilitation Institute 

Reinhardt School for Deaf Children. . . 



274 
161 




20 
25 


7 
18 








' 64 

61 

51 
65 
9 




"53 
10 

1 

8 


' " '4 
16 

1 

7 

2 


, deaf 
\ blind 


81 

49 
23 


11 

. ... 



t Figures furnished by Rev. John I. Barrett, Superintendent of Catholic Schools. 
* Figures furnished by principals of schools. 



Non Public Schools; Average Number Belonging, Public Schools 175 



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276.1 
139.8 


415.9 
125.2 
78.6 

274.4 
268.1 
90.4 
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692.1 
268.1 
103.5 

324.5 
221.8 
62.2 
54.1 


662.6 
156.9 
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121.4 

255.0 
128.4 


383.4 
112.9 
67.7 

258.4 
258.4 
84.2 
54.1 


655.1 
258.4 
98.1 

301.6 
203.6 
57.1 
50.2 


612.5 
139.0 
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No. of 
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Stato High 
School and 

Federal 
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Aid for 
Day Salaries 
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$5,424.43 
3,555.00 
2,550.00 
3,018.92 
3,049.22 


$17,597.57 
2,618.00 

$5,375.85 
4,262.55 


$9,638.40 
2,885.50 
2,491.36 

$4,720.67 
4,350.00 
3,520.67 
1,500.00 


$14,091.34 
1,755.00 
1,650.00 

$4,725.00 
4,231.50 
3,466.40 
2,280.00 


$14,702.90 
3,507.53 
1,012.50 


Current 
Expense 
Cost 
Per 
Pupil 


$108.08 
118.24 
112.66 
136.39 
137.49 


$118.49 
73.31 

$105.04 
130.77 


$114.32 
65.74 
78.09 

$102.11 
88.61 
139.17 
81.44 


$99.95 
49.31 
51.47 

$88.41 
98.57 
141.28 
139.73 


$100.97 
67.04 
77.70 



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INDEX 



A 

Academic course, each high school, 194-199 
Administration 
General control 

Cost per pupil, 105, 106 
Expenditures, 184 
Percent for, 103-104 
Superintendents, 135-138 
Adult education, 93-94, 96-98, 116, 119-120 
Agriculture 
Enrollment 

County day schools, white and colored, 

48, 49, 54, 117 
Each high school, 200-205 
Evening schools, 94 
Failures and withdrawals, white pupils, 60 
Federal aid, 116-118, 120 
Schools having, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Aid from State and Federal funds to 
Counties and Baltimore City 

Distributed by type of fund, 181 
1921-1941, 99-100 
1940-1941, 6, 101-102, 164 
State teachers colleges, 6, 152-154, 164-165 
Vocational education, 6, 116-120, 164, 166 

Defense training, 97 
Vocational rehabilitation, 6, 96, 164, 166 
Appropriations 
County, 1941-1942, 129-130 
County and State 
1921-1941, 99-100 
1940-1941, 6-7, 101-102, 181, 182 
State, 1940-1941, 6-7, 101-102, 164-166, 181 
Architect, consultant, 6, 164, 166 
Art, white high schools 

Enrollment, 48, 54, 200-205 
Teachers of, 61 
Assessable basis, 131-132 
Attendance 

Aggregate days of, 177 
Average daily, 176 
Index of elementary, 24 
Officers, 144-146, 184 
Percent of, 22-24, 178 
Summer school pupils, 93 
Teachers at summer school, 74 
Audiometer tests, 37-38 
Auxiliary agencies 

Cost per white pupil for, 108, 111 
Expenditures for 
Colored, 192-193 
Total by purpose, 186 
White elementary, 188 
White high, 189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 



B 

Badge tests, 57 

Bands, orchestras, glee clubs, 56 
Belonging, average number, 175 

Each high school, 194-199 , 

Per teacher, 75, 76-79 

Proportion in high school, 21 
Birth certificates, 146 
Birth rates, 20 

Board of Education, State, 2, 164, 166 
Bonds for schools, 8, 10, 126 
Books and instructional materials 
Cost per white pupil 
Elementary, 108 
High, 111 
Expenditures 
All schools, 185 
Colored, 192-193 
White elementary, 188 
White high, 189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 
State aid for, 1940-1941, 181 
Boys and girls 

Enrollment, 168-169 
Grade enrollment, 25-27 
Graduates 

Elementary school, 28, 29-30 
High school, 40-41, 42-47 
Non-promotions 

Elementary, 28, 31-35 
First grade, white, 35 
High school subjects, white pupils, 
Each subject, 60 
One or more subjects, 58-59 
Budget (s) 

Local, county and Baltimore City 
1921-1941, 99-100 

1940- 1941, 101-102 

1941- 1942, 129-130 

State public school, 1941-1943, 6-7, 164-166 
State teachers colleges, 1941-1943, 6, 164-165 
Buildings, grounds and equipment 
Cost, (see capital outlay) 
Number of, 167 

Value of school, per pupil, 127-128 
By-law re high school fraternities, sororities, 
142 

c 

Capital outlay, school 
By year, 1921-1941, 100 
By sites, buildings, equipment, 187 
By types of schools, 125 
Colored, 192-193 
White elementary, 108, 188 
White high, 111, 189 



206 



Index 



207 



C— (Continued) 

Census, 1940 school, 11-15 

Census and attendance fund, 6, 164, 181 

Certificates held by county teachers, 62-65 

Classes 

Evening school, 93-94, 119 

Size of, 75-79 

Special for handicapped, 38-39 
Summer school, Baltimore City, 93 

Clerks, county high schools, 62 

Clinics, 37, 38, 141 

Colleges 

High school graduates 
of 1940 entering, 44-46 

of 1941 entering teachers colleges, 42-43. 
194-199 

State teachers 6, 147-154, 164, 165, 194-199 
Training teachers appointed in Maryland 

counties, 1940-1941, 72-73, 148 
White high school graduates of 1940 enter- 
ing Maryland, 46 
Commercial subjects, white high schools 
Enrollment 

Each high school, 200-205 
Total and by county, 48, 55 
Failures and withdrawals, 60 
Schools having, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Conference programs of 

Attendance Officers, 144-146 
Superintendents, 135-137 
Supervisors 

Colored, 143-144 
White elementary, 138-139 
White high, 140-142 
Consolidation 

Decrease in one-teacher schools, 88 
Schools closed by, 167 
Transportation of pupils, 121-124 
Cost per pupil 

Analyzed for white elementary and high 

school pupils, 108, 111 
By types of schools, 106 

Colored elementary and high schools, 113- 
114 

General control, 105, 106 
Individual high schools, 194-199 
One-teacher schools, white, 109 
State teachers colleges, 152, 154 
Transported, 123 

White elementary and high schools, 105-111 
Costs (see expenditures) 

Courses in individual high schools, 194-199 
Crippled children, services for, 36, 37, 162 
Current expenses 
Cost per pupil 
Colored, 113-114 
Individual high schools, 194-199 
White elementary and high schools, 105-111 



C— (Continued) 

Current expenses (Cont.) 
Expenditures 

Colored, 192-193 
Total, 183 
White, 188-189 
Curriculum construction, 135, 137, 138-139, 
140-141 

D 

Dates, opening and closing of schools, days 

in session, 16, 178 
Debt service 

1940- 1941, 187 
Per pupil, 127 

1941- 1942, 129-130 
Tax rate for, 133 

Defense training program, 96-98 
Dental clinics, 161 
Disbursements (see expenditures) 
Distributive education, 94, 116, 120 

E 

Employment of high school graduates, 42-47 
English, high school 
Enrollment 
Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 50 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 122-124 
Schools offering, 48, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Enrollment 
Adult, 93-94 

Elementary, 17, 168, 169 
Grade or year, 25-27 
High school 

Course, each school, 194-199 
Growth in, 18, 19, 112, 115 
Subjects 
Colored, 49 
Each school, 200-205 
White, 48, 50, 56 
Year, 25, 27 

Each school, 194-199 
White. 47 

Non-public, private and parochial schools, 

19, 170-174 
Public schools, 17-19, 168-169 
State teachers colleges, 149-151, 152 
Subject 

Colored high, 49 

Each high school. 200-205 

White high, 48, 50-56 
Summary, elementary and secondary, public 

and non-public, city and county, 19 
Summer schools, pupils, 93 
Total public schools, 17-19, 168-169 



208 



Index 



E — (Continued) 

Equalization fund 

1940- 1941, 101, 102, 164, 181 

1941- 1942, 6 

Percent of total current expenses, 101, 102 
Evaluative Criteria of Cooperative Study of 
Secondary School Standards, 141, 144 
Evening schools and courses 

Enrollment, 93-94 

Expenditures, 6, 119, 186 
Expenditures, 183-193 

(See also general control, instruction, oper- 
ation, maintenance, auxiliary agen- 
cies, fixed charges, tuition to adjoin- 
ing counties, current expenses, debt 
service, capital outlay) 

Colored schools, 192-193 

Elementary schools, 188, 192 

Evening schools, 94, 119, 186 

Health, 160, 186 

High schools, 189, 193 

Junior and junior-senior high schools, 190- 
191 

Libraries, 186 
Salaries 

All schools, 185 

Colored high, 115, 193 

Vocational teachers, 97, 116-120 

Elementary, 188, 192 

White high, 112, 189 
State teachers colleges, 152, 153, 164, 165 
Summer schools, 186 
Total, by major classifications, 183 
Transportation, 121, 122, 186 
Vocational work, Federal, 97, 116-120, 164, 
166 

F 

Failures (see non-promotions) 
Federal aid 

N.Y.A., 153, 156 
P.W.A., 125, 181 
Vocational education, 164, 166 

Administration and supervision, 120 
Defense training, 97 
Salaries of teachers 
Baltimore City, 120 
County day, 116, 117-118 
County evening, 119 
Financial statements, 1940-1941 
County schools, 181-187, 188-193 
State public schools, 164, 165, 166 
State teachers colleges, 164, 165 
First grade non-promotions, white, 36 
Fixed charges, 186 

Fraternities and sororities, high school, by- 
law, 142 



F — (Continued) 

French 

Enrollment 

Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 54 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 60 
Schools offering, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 

G 

General control 

Cost per pupil, 105, 106 
Expenditures, 184 
Percent for, 103-104 
Glee clubs, bands, orchestras, 56 
Graduates 

Elementary school, 28, 29-30 
High school 

Entering teachers colleges, 42-43 
From each school, 194-199 
Occupations of, 42-46 
Teachers colleges, 147-148 
Growth in high school enrollment, teachers, 

and salaries, 112, 115 
Guidance, vocational, 120, 140, 143, 144 

H 

Handicapped children 

Expenditures, 36, 164 

Home instruction, 36 

Hospital schools, 36, 37 

Opportunities for education of, 36-39 

Receipts from State, 6, 36, 181 

Transportation, 36 
Hard-of-hearing children, 37, 38 
Health 

Activities of State Department of, 160-162 
Cost per pupil, 107, 108, 109, 113 
Expenditures 

All schools, 186 

By county health offices, 160 
High schools 

Disbursements, 189, 190-191, 193 
Individual, 194-205 
Home economics 
Enrollment 

Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 54 
Evening schools, 93, 94 
Federal aid, 116-120 
Schools having, 48, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Home instruction of pupils, 36 



Index 



209 



I 

Immunizations, 162 
Incorporated towns, levy for, 130 
Index of school attendance, 24 
Industrial arts (see also trades and industries) 
Enrollment 
Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 54 
Schools having, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Instruction 

Cost per white pupil. 108, 111 
Expenditures 

Colored, 192-193 

Junior and junior-senior high, 190-191 
Salaries, supervision, books, etc., 185 
State teachers colleges, 152-154 
White elementary and high, 188-189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 

J 

Junior and junior-senior high schools, 190-191 

K 

Kindergartens, enrollment, 26, 27 

L 

Language (see English, French, Latin) 

Late entrants, 24 

Latin, (see French) 

Length of session, 16, 178 

Levies, county, 129, 130 

Libraries 

Colored schools, 159 

Expenditure all schools, 186 

Service fron. Library Advisory Commission, 
157-159 

Library Advisory Commission, service from, 

157-159 
Lip reading classes, 39 

M 

Maintenance 

Cost per white pupil for, 108, 111 
Expenditures 

By type of repair, 186 

Colored, 192-193 

White elementary, 188 

White high, 189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 



M — (Continued) 

Materials of instruction and books 
Cost per white pupil for, 108, 111 
Expenditures 

Colored, 192-193 

Total, 185 

White elementary, 188 

White high, 189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 
State aid for, 181 
Mathematics, high school 
Enrollment 

Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 
White, 48, 53 
Failures and withdrawals, white, 60 
Schools having, 48, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Medical examinations 
Pupils, 161 
Teachers, 6, 164 
Mental hygiene clinics, 38 
Mentally handicapped children, 38, 39 
Music, high school 
Enrollment 
Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 54 
Orchestras, bands, etc., 56 
Schools having, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 

N 

National Youth Administration, aid to 
High school pupils, 156 
State teachers college students, 153 
Night schools (see evening schools) 
Non-promotions, 28 

Colored elementary schools, 32, 33, 35 
Subject, white high schools 
Each subject, 60 
One or more subjects, 58-59 
White elementary schools, 31, 33, 34 
First grade, 36 
Number belonging, 175 
Each high school, 194-199 
Per teacher, 80 
Colored, 78-79 
White elementary, 75, 76 
White high, 77 
Proportion in high school, 21 
Number of schools 

Having one teacher, 88 
Non-public, 170-174 
Public. 167 

Elementary, 87 
High, 89-92 



210 



Index 



O 

Occupations of high school graduates, 42-47 
One-teacher schools 

Decrease in, 88 

Number of, 167 

White 

Capital outlay for, 125 
Cost per pupil, 106, 109 
Decrease in, 88 
Number belonging in, 175 

Per teacher, 80 
Percent of attendance, 23 
Salai-y per teacher in, 81 
Operation 

Cost per white pupil, 108, 111 
Expenditure 

By fuel, janitor's wages, supplies, 185 
Colored, 192-193 
White elementary, 188 
White high, 189 
Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 
Orchestras, bands, etc., 56 

P 

Parent-teacher associations, 134 
Parochial and private schools, 19, 170-174 
Part-payment of salaries, 6, 164, 181 
Persistence to high school graduation, 42 
Physical education and recreation 

Appropriation for, 6, 164, 166 

High school enrollment 
Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 
White, 48, 54 
Program, 57 

Schools offering, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Physical examinations (see medical examina- 
tions) 

Physically handicapped children, 36, 37, 39 
Services for crippled children, 37, 141 

Pre-kindergarten classes, 26 

Presidents of teachers colleges, 2, 151 

Private and parochial schools (see parochial 
and private schools) 

Programs of conferences (see conferences) 

Property, valuation of 
County and City, 131-132 
School, 128 

Pupils 

Non-public schools, 19, 170-174 
One-teacher schools, 88 
Per teacher, 75, 76-79 
Public school 

Enrollment, 168-169 

Number attending, 176 

Number belonging, 175 

Percent of attendance, 178 



P— (Continued) 

Pupils (Cont.) 

Transported, 122, 124 
P.W.A. aid, 125 

R 

Ratio of high school to total belonging, 21 
Receipts from 
All sources, 182 
Federal Government, 181 

Evening schools, counties, 119 
N.Y.A., 153, 156 
P.W.A. , 125 

Teachers' salaries, counties, 116-118 
Vocational education, 116-120 
Baltimore City, 120 
Defense training, 97 
Rosenwald fund, 166 
State 

Distributed by type of fund, 1940-1941, 6, 

164, 181 
1921-1941, 99, 100 

Teachers colleges, 6, 152-154, 164-165 
Total and percent, 101, 102 
Rehabilitation, vocational, 6, 96-97, 164, 166 
Resignations of teachers, 66-67 
Retirement System, Teachers, 
Financial statement, 6, 164 
Members, 155 
Rosenwald fund, 159, 166 

S 

Salaries 

Attendance officers, 184 
Growth in high school, 112, 115 
Percent of school budget, 103-104 
Superintendents, 135, 184 
Supervisors, 185 
Teachers 1 
Average per teacher, 81-85 
Cost per white pupil, 108, 111 
Total 

Colored elementary, 192 

Colored high, 115, 193 

White elementary, 188 

White high, 112, 189 

Vocational, 116-120 
School census, 1940, 11-15 
Science, high school 
Enrollment 

Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 

White, 48, 52 
Failures and withdrawals, white high 

schools, 58-60 
Schools offering, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 



Index 



211 



S— (Continued) 

Session, length of, 16, 178 
Sex of teachers, 179-180 
Size of classes, 75, 76-79 
Size of school (s) 

Each high, 194-199 

Elementary, 87-88 

High, 90-92 
Social studies 

Curriculum revision, elementary schools, 
138-139 

Enrollment in high school 
Colored, 49 

Each high school, 200-205 
White, 48, 51 
Failures and withdrawals, white high 

schools, 58-60 
High schools offering, 61, 200-205 
Teachers, 61 
Sororities and fraternities, high school, by- 
law le, 142 
Special classes for handicapped, 38, 39 
Special high school teachers, 61, 194-199 
State 

Aid to health, 160. 181 
Aid to schools 

Showing various school fund<, 6, 164, 181 

1921-1941, 99, 100 

1941-1943, 6 
Board of Education, 2, 164, 166 
Department of Education, 2, 6, 164, 160-166 
Department of Health 

Expenditures, 160 

School activities, 161-162 
Public school budget, 6, 164-166 
Teachers colleges, 2, 6, 147-155. 164-165 
Teachers Retirement System, 2, 6, 155, 164 
Statistical tables, 167-205 

Stenography, typewriting, bookkeeping, 55 
Subjects studied in high school 
Colored. 49 

Each high school, 200-205 
White, 48, 50-56 
Summer school attendance 
Baltimore City pupils, 93 
County teachers, 74 
Superintendents, 2, 135-138, 179, 184 
Supervision, Supervisors 
Activities 

Colored, 143-144 

White elementary, 138-139 

White high, 140-142 
Cost per white elementary pupil for, 108 
Cost, salaries, and expenses 

All schools, 185 

Colored elementary, 192 

White elementary, 188 

White high, 189 



S— (Continued) 

Supervision, Supervisors (Cont.) 

Curriculum revision, 135, 138-139," 140, 141 
Names of, white, 3 
Number of, 139, 179 

Percent of current expense budget, 103-104 
Survey, 5, 6, 137-138 

T 

Taxable basis, 131, 132 

Tax dollar, distribution of school, 103-104 
Tax rates, county, 133 
Teacher (s) 

Academic, high school, 61, 194-199 
Certification of, 62-65 
Colleges, 2, 6, 147-155, 164-165 
Number of, 179-180 

For each high school subject, 61 
In each high school, 194-199 
In schools of each type 
Colored, 87-92, 192-193 
Non-public schools, 170-174 
Public schools, 87, 90-92, 179-180 
White elementary, 87, 188 
White high, 90-91, 189 
White junior and junior-senior high, 
190-191 

Total public school, 179-180 
Pupils per, 75, 76-79 
Resignations of, 66-67 
Salaries of, 81-85, 112, 115 
Sex of, 179-180 

Special high school, 61, 194-199 
Summer school attendance of, 74 
Turnover of, 68-71 
Teachers' Retirement System 
Financial statement, 6, 164 
Staff, 2 

Teachers' contributions to, 155 
Tests, athletic badge, 57 
Trades and industry, courses in 
Defense training, 95-98 
Enrollment, day schools 
Colored, 49, 117, 120 
Each high school, 200-205 
White, 48, 117, 120 
Evening schools, 93, 94 
Federal aid, 116-120, 164, 166. 181 
Schools having, 61, 200-205 
Training centers, teachers college?:, 151 
Training of teachers new to Maryland coun- 
ties, 72-73, 148 
Transportation of pupils, 121-124 

Cost, total and per pupil, 121-123. 186 
Percent of pupils transported, 124 
Tuition charge, teachers colleges, 152-154 
Turnover in teaching staff, 68-71 



212 



Index 



V 

Value of 

Assessable property, 131-132 

School property, 128 
Vocational education 

Enrollment, day schools, 48, 49, 54, 1 
200-205 

Defense training, 96-98 

Evening schools, 93, 94. 119 

Federal aid. 116-120, 164, 166, 181 

State aid, 6, 164, 166 



V— (Continued.) 

Vocational guidance, 120, 140, 143, 144 
Vocational rehabilitation, 6, 95-96, 164, 166 

w 

Withdrawals of pupils 
Elementary, 24 

Teachers colleges, freshmen, 151 

Y 

Year, length of school, 16, 178 



DO J»OT CreCHT